Natural disasters earthquakes wikipedia,thunder safety boot,flood kit contents - PDF Books

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To remove the photo permanently from the desktop, locate the photo on the hard drive and drag it to the trash. Guide to the most powerful forces on Earth: earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, and tornadoes. Earthquakes are common in Japan but this 1995 Kobe quake was a standout that spelled the end of the road for a section of asphalt highway, a fleet of trucks, and even a huge crane which collapsed under the force of the temblor. Haitian girls pick up the pieces by retrieving household goods from a Port-au-Prince neighborhood reduced to rubble by the magnitude 7.0 earthquake which struck on January 12, 2010.
Iranians stand near the steel shelters in which they were still living two years after a deadly 2003 quake killed some 30,000 people and destroyed much of the historic city of Bam.Earthquakes originate underground in the crust and upper mantle at depths of up to 500 miles (800 kilometers). A Port-au-Prince neighborhood lies ruined and reeling on January 16, 2010, just four days after one of the more devastating quakes in recent memory rocked the island nation of Haiti.Scientists with seismic equipment monitor about half a million earthquakes a year and very few of them are even strong enough to be noticed by people on the surface.
The human toll is high in Port-au-Prince Haiti, where the after effects of a massive earthquake will be felt for years to come. A bird’s-eye view reveals a colorful tent city sprouting among the ruins of Port-au-Prince as Haitians sought shelter in the wake of a deadly January 2010 earthquake.Truly epic disasters, the so-called “great quakes” which level cities or spawn giant tsunamis, happen about once every five years on average. With their homes in ruins and their nation’s infrastructure shattered, Haitians thronged their capital’s soccer stadium in hopes of getting relief supplies handed out by the U.S. Residents of San Francisco’s Marina District were rocked by a 1989 quake which left this row of houses precariously tilted and propped up by temporary support beams.Scientists cannot predict where and when earthquakes will occur, but they can use seismic data to estimate the likelihood of future events. Chinese women weep near one of many buildings leveled in Dujiangyan by a May, 2008 earthquake. The terrible toll of the earthquake which struck Sichuan province on May 12, 2008, is evident as parents perform funeral rites for children killed when their school collapsed. Chytrid fungus, responsible for amphibian declines and extinctions around the world, is now confirmed in Madagascar. With severe water shortages in Brazil's cities and destructive floods in the Amazon, the boom-and-bust phenomenon may be South America's new normal.
Eugenie Clark, a marine biologist and ichthyologist, helped the public understand and appreciate the much maligned shark. Nearly 200 pilot whales are stranded on a New Zealand beach, prompting a massive rescue effort.
The famed gray wolf that had journeyed to the Grand Canyon from the Northern Rockies late last year was shot dead in Utah, according to the U.S.
Tiny sea lion pups are washing up on beaches in unusually high numbers—for the third winter in a row. The passive-building standard is catching on in North America, but it also faces challenges.
The Yellowstone River oil spill raises drinking water alarms but is unlikely to affect Yellowstone National Park.
Half the state’s big trees have been lost since the 1930s, in part because climate change has cut their water supply. The National Geographic Society aims to be an international leader for global conservation and environmental sustainability. Did You Know?Hurricane Katrina, with an estimated damage of USD 108 billion, was the costliest natural disaster to have occurred in the United States.
The Northridge earthquake first hit the San Fernando Valley of Los Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, California on January 17, 1994 at 4.31 am. The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake hit the coast of Northern California and San Francisco, on April 18, 1906 at 5.12 am.
Hurricane Katrina was one of the most deadliest as well as costliest natural disasters to hit the US soil. The Great New England Hurricane formed near the coast of Africa, and made its landfall on Long Island on September 21 as a Category 3 hurricane. The Hurricane of 1900 made its landfall on September 8, 1900 as a Category 4 hurricane with a wind velocity of 145 mph.The hurricane was first detected on August 27, over the Atlantic Ocean, after which it reached Cuba as a tropical storm on September 3. Hurricane Sandy, also known as the Superstorm Sandy, was a Category 3 hurricane that first hit Cuba on October 25.
The Great Tri-State Tornado was the deadliest one of the 12 tornadoes that hit the Midwestern and Southern U.S. The Joplin Tornado was a massive catastrophic EF5 multiple-vortex tornado that struck the US on May 22, 2011. The devastating floods that took place in the Mississippi River basin in 2011 caused the maximum damage ever recorded. The Johnstown Flood or The Great Flood of 1889, hit Johnstown, Pennsylvania on May 31, 1889. On its 14-mile path to Johnstown, the deluge accumulated debris of houses, trees, cars, animals, and people.
The Great Chilean Earthquake of 1960, with a magnitude of 9.5 Mw was the most powerful earthquake that was ever recorded. The loss of crops, the cool temperatures, the heavy rainfalls, and dramatic temperature swings caused starvation, malnutrition, and an increased fatality rate.

The Great Blizzard of 1888, that hit the Mid-Atlantic coast in March 1888, was the most disastrous blizzard in the history of the US. Though the fault that caused the earthquake passes about five miles (eight kilometers) to the south, the city's loose alluvial soil amplified the motion.
Nearly a year later as many as one million Haitians still live in refugee camps.Big quakes can be devastating and deadly but thousands of earthquakes take place around the world every single day.
Most big quakes happen at the faults where large tectonic plates of rock meet and move past one another in a slow, gradual process. Army.The January 2010 Haitian quake occurred at the boundary of the Caribbean and North American plates. The San Francisco Bay area has a 67 percent chance of experiencing a major earthquake sometime in the next 30 years. The temblor rocked Sichuan province, demolishing a staggering five million buildings and killing more than 70,000 people.The deadliest quake on record also struck in China.
The quake killed some 70,000 people and left more than five million homeless.Earthquake frequency appears to be relatively consistent through the years. When individuals pledge to use less water in their own lives, our partners carry out restoration work in the Colorado River Basin. It was also one of the deadliest disasters, having killed 1,833 people.Over the years, the United States has witnessed numerous disasters, both man-made and natural.
The magnitude of the earthquake was very strong (6.7 Mw), and was felt up to 220 miles of the epicenter. Hurricane Katrina first formed over Bahamas on August 3, 2005 as a Category 1 hurricane, and strengthened to a Category 5 hurricane over the Gulf of Mexico.It ultimately hit southeast Louisiana as a Category 3 hurricane on August 29, 2005.
It was centered 100 miles east of Cape Hatteras, with a forward speed of 50 mph.The highest recorded wind velocity of the hurricane was 160 mph. It then moved into the Gulf of Mexico on September 5, before it finally made its landfall on September 8. At the time of the hurricane, the highest point in the city of Galveston was 2.7 m above sea level.
It had first formed over the western Caribbean Sea on October 22, and gradually strengthened as it moved toward Greater Antilles.On October 24, it became a hurricane, and made its landfall in Jamaica, before it hit Cuba. It was a series of events in which severe storms affected the areas along with numerous tornadoes before it started flooding.It was said to be one of the worst monsoon seasons faced by the United States. The disaster occurred as a result of heavy rains and a catastrophic failure of the South Fork Dam on the Little Conemaugh River, situated 14 miles away from the town.The dam, which was built in 1881 by the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club, was in desperate need for repair by 1889. By the time it reached Johnstown, it was nothing but a 30-feet high rolling hill of debris, which had drowned 2,000 people with it. As a result of the earthquake, a 15 ft tsunami was generated, which killed a total of 189 people in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga.A 3-inch rise in the sea levels was recorded by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center near the epicenter.
The tsunami that resulted due to the earthquake caused huge destruction to US, Argentina, Chile, Japan, Philippines, eastern New Zealand, southeast Australia, and the Aleutian Islands.The tremors of the earthquake caused tsunamis with waves up to 82 ft.
The lack of sunlight became very severe, thus resulting into loss of crops and major food shortage in the Northern Hemisphere.It caused persistent rainfall in Europe, endless snowstorms in England and Ohio, and a prolonged drought in the eastern US. Another belt of high quake activity stretches through the Mediterranean Sea region eastward into Asia. The vast majority of all earthquakes are so weak that no one notices them-except for scientists who monitor sensitive seismic equipment at more than 4,000 scattered stations.
When stresses cause sudden shifts of these plates they move violently from side to side or up and down, sending shock waves through the crust which we experience as earthquakes.
About 10,000 people lose their lives to earthquakes each year, an average weighted by catastrophic events like the Haitian quake. California is crossed by the San Andreas Fault system, where the Pacific and North American plates are slowly moving past one another horizontally. Yet earthquake danger to human is increasing because populations in earthquake-prone areas, like urban California and Japan, continues to rise and put more people at risk. Although the man-made disasters are equally destructive, it is the rage of Mother Nature that sends chills down our spine. The magnitude of the earthquake was 7.8 Mw and its impact was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles. It strengthened into a EF1 intensity and hit the rural areas near Joplin, Missouri.It finally hit the southwest corner of Joplin near the Twin Hills Country Club at the intensities of EF1 and EF2. The first areas to be affected were Missouri and Illinois around May 3, and consequently the flood waters spread to Arkansas and Tennessee around May 10.
However, this was neglected by the club officials, which caused the dam to break down, when heavy rainfalls hit the town on May 31.
Around 80 survivors died when the debris piled 40 ft high and caught fire at the Old Stone Bridge. The earthquake occurred in the Kermadec-Tonga Subduction Zone, which is a part of the Pacific Ring of Fire where volcanic activities are common. The impact of the quake was so high that waves as high as 35 ft were recorded in Japan and Philippines, 10,000 kilometers away from the epicenter. The drought came in three waves - first in 1934, then 1936, and again between 1939 and 1940.

The cause of this disaster was the massive eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia in April 1815.
The wind velocity of the blizzard was more than 45 miles per hour, keeping people confined to their houses for several days.As much as 50 inches of snow was dumped in Connecticut and New Jersey, whereas New York and Vermont had a snow of up to 40 inches and 30 inches, respectively. California is in no danger of dropping into the Pacific, but Los Angeles and San Francisco will one day sit next to one another. These massive tragedies claim thousands of lives, wipe out entire cities, cost billions of dollars, and leave millions of families devastated.The natural disasters strike us in the form of floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, wildfires, droughts, etc. The earthquake lasted about 10 - 20 seconds, in addition to which two aftershocks occurred.
The main shock of the earthquake lasted for 42 seconds.It destroyed 80% of San Francisco, most of the Bay Area, and the nearby cities of Santa Rosa and San Jose. Around 1,833 people died in the hurricane and the subsequent floods, making it one of the worst natural disasters of the US. The hurricane also damaged a total of 4,500 cottages, 25,000 homes, 26,000 automobiles, and 20,000 electric poles. Due to this, around 20% of the population of the island was killed and over 3,600 homes in the city were destroyed. After killing 285 people, and causing severe destruction to USA, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, The Bahamas, and Canada, Hurricane Sandy finally dissipated on November 2, 2012. It greatly damaged the areas of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, destroying numerous homes and buildings along its path. It continued to strengthen, and destroyed several homes in the city, with the intensity increasing up to EF5. When the flood waters reached Mississippi, maximum property damage had already been caused.
The dam completely washed down as 20 million tons of water from the Lake Conemaugh roared down the valley toward Johnstown.
Four 20 ft high tsunami waves hit American Samoa, thus causing immense damage to the natural reserves, wiping out a beach village, and leaving thousands injured and homeless. The main tsunami crossed the Pacific Ocean with an immense speed, thus devastating Hilo, Hawaii, and killing 61 people. The drought affected 100,000,000 acres of land in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Kansas, and Colorado.The storms destroyed hundreds of houses. The eruption had built up an enormous amount of dust, due to which less sunlight passed through the stratosphere, resulting into a temperature drop worldwide. Due to the famine, a major typhus epidemic occurred in Ireland between 1816 and 1819 in Ireland, whereas India was affected by cholera due to late torrential rains. The hurricane caused a lot of destruction to Florida, Cuba, Mississippi, Louisiana, southeast USA, as well as Canada.
The water flow measured was found out to be 2,310,000 cubic feet per second, which was greater than what was estimated during the 1927 Great Mississippi River Flood. Apart from the tsunami, the earthquake, also triggered the RiA±ihuazo flood, eruption of CordA?n Caulle eruption, numerous landslides, as well as a seiche. The storm completely froze the Atlantic provinces of Canada and the East Coast, from Chesapeake Bay to Maine. Within three days of the quake, over 30 fires had broken out, destroying 25,000 buildings in the city. The hurricane destroyed thousands of homes, blew off various buildings, and left millions homeless.
However, twenty villages on Upolu island were completely wiped out, leaving an estimated 3,000 people homeless. The telegraph infrastructure was completely disabled as a result of which the northeastern US cities from Washington, D.C. Since the water mains were also broken, there were few resources to extinguish the fire―the reason why it lasted several days. Over 86,000 people moved out of the Great Plains states and moved to California in less than a year.
As many as 3,000 people were killed and 300,000 were left homeless as a result of the earthquake and the subsequent fires. Up to 500 residents of the Plains fell ill and died as a result of dust pneumonia and malnutrition.
Almost 200 ships were wrecked due to the storm, resulting in the death of up to 100 seamen. More than 400 people were killed due to the storm and the resulting cold.Most of the time, natural disasters are, in fact, man-made disasters, which occur as a result of exploitation of the environment.
So, when it comes to preventing such incidents, taking suitable measures to protect our environment becomes the only and primary solution.

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