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Earthquakes are common in Japan but this 1995 Kobe quake was a standout that spelled the end of the road for a section of asphalt highway, a fleet of trucks, and even a huge crane which collapsed under the force of the temblor.
Haitian girls pick up the pieces by retrieving household goods from a Port-au-Prince neighborhood reduced to rubble by the magnitude 7.0 earthquake which struck on January 12, 2010.
Iranians stand near the steel shelters in which they were still living two years after a deadly 2003 quake killed some 30,000 people and destroyed much of the historic city of Bam.Earthquakes originate underground in the crust and upper mantle at depths of up to 500 miles (800 kilometers). A Port-au-Prince neighborhood lies ruined and reeling on January 16, 2010, just four days after one of the more devastating quakes in recent memory rocked the island nation of Haiti.Scientists with seismic equipment monitor about half a million earthquakes a year and very few of them are even strong enough to be noticed by people on the surface.
The human toll is high in Port-au-Prince Haiti, where the after effects of a massive earthquake will be felt for years to come.
A bird’s-eye view reveals a colorful tent city sprouting among the ruins of Port-au-Prince as Haitians sought shelter in the wake of a deadly January 2010 earthquake.Truly epic disasters, the so-called “great quakes” which level cities or spawn giant tsunamis, happen about once every five years on average. With their homes in ruins and their nation’s infrastructure shattered, Haitians thronged their capital’s soccer stadium in hopes of getting relief supplies handed out by the U.S. Residents of San Francisco’s Marina District were rocked by a 1989 quake which left this row of houses precariously tilted and propped up by temporary support beams.Scientists cannot predict where and when earthquakes will occur, but they can use seismic data to estimate the likelihood of future events.
Chinese women weep near one of many buildings leveled in Dujiangyan by a May, 2008 earthquake. The terrible toll of the earthquake which struck Sichuan province on May 12, 2008, is evident as parents perform funeral rites for children killed when their school collapsed. Chytrid fungus, responsible for amphibian declines and extinctions around the world, is now confirmed in Madagascar. With severe water shortages in Brazil's cities and destructive floods in the Amazon, the boom-and-bust phenomenon may be South America's new normal.
Eugenie Clark, a marine biologist and ichthyologist, helped the public understand and appreciate the much maligned shark. Nearly 200 pilot whales are stranded on a New Zealand beach, prompting a massive rescue effort.
The famed gray wolf that had journeyed to the Grand Canyon from the Northern Rockies late last year was shot dead in Utah, according to the U.S. Tiny sea lion pups are washing up on beaches in unusually high numbers—for the third winter in a row.
The passive-building standard is catching on in North America, but it also faces challenges. The Yellowstone River oil spill raises drinking water alarms but is unlikely to affect Yellowstone National Park. Half the state’s big trees have been lost since the 1930s, in part because climate change has cut their water supply. The National Geographic Society aims to be an international leader for global conservation and environmental sustainability. To delete this file, click the file name with your mouse, then right-click and scroll down the menu to the "delete" option. To remove the photo permanently from the desktop, locate the photo on the hard drive and drag it to the trash. Guide to the most powerful forces on Earth: earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, and tornadoes. Disaster Report: This natural disaster list covers important natural disasters in the world with detail update report. Very strong earthquake in Myanmar-Magnitude 6.8 very strong earthquake shakes Myanmar today. M 4.1 light shallow earthquake in Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India with epicenter located 17 km north of Baijnath in Douladhar ranges. Flooding in Tuscany and Venice, Italy-More than 200 people evacuated due to Flooding in Tuscany.
Flash flooding in Epworth, Canada-Heavy rainfall caused flash flooding in Epworth on the Burin Peninsula. The major natural disasters are linked to definite page containing update report on that disaster. The natural disaster data are collected from different sources like USGS, EMSC, GDACS, EDIS.. Update 2 April 2014 (15:05 UTC) -Death toll from earthquake in Northern Chile has risen to six. Earthquakes, also called temblors, can be so tremendously destructive, it’s hard to imagine they occur by the thousands every day around the world, usually in the form of small tremors.Some 80 percent of all the planet's earthquakes occur along the rim of the Pacific Ocean, called the "Ring of Fire" because of the preponderance of volcanic activity there as well.

Catch a glimpse of wildfires from a rare perspective, as firefighters open a window into their world.
Unlike earthquakes, which are often followed by aftershocks, the storms that birth tornadoes are independent of one another.
See heroic firefighters and breathtaking devastation shared with the #wildfire2014 tag on Your Shot. Twisters across much of the South and Midwest highlight seasonal dangers in vast strike zone.
See how you measure up against others, and how changes at home could do tons to protect the planet. Earthquakes are a common occurrence, rumbling below Earth's surface thousands of times every day. It’s a new name for a new geologic epoch—one defined by our own massive impact on the planet. The term "earthquake" or seismic tremor is a good description of the natural phenomenon which suddenly strikes an area causing damage that varies according to the intensity of the quake and local geological conditions. It is up to the governments of the states at risk to establish local seismic building standards ensuring that buildings are resistant to earthquakes, having a solid base and foundations with shock absorbers or dampers that can reduce the effects of seismic tremors. Logically, precautions against tsunamis can only consist in the establishment of an observation and warning system along the coasts which have been shown in the past to be subject to this type of disaster.
Short-term community protection measures are limited to the permanent monitoring of seismic activity in a state or region by a specialist institute having at its disposaI a reliable network of observation seismographs and acting as an earthquake information and alarm centre. Website of the Telegraph Media Group with breaking news, sport, business, latest UK and world news.
Nearly a year later as many as one million Haitians still live in refugee camps.Big quakes can be devastating and deadly but thousands of earthquakes take place around the world every single day. Most big quakes happen at the faults where large tectonic plates of rock meet and move past one another in a slow, gradual process. Army.The January 2010 Haitian quake occurred at the boundary of the Caribbean and North American plates.
The San Francisco Bay area has a 67 percent chance of experiencing a major earthquake sometime in the next 30 years. The temblor rocked Sichuan province, demolishing a staggering five million buildings and killing more than 70,000 people.The deadliest quake on record also struck in China. The quake killed some 70,000 people and left more than five million homeless.Earthquake frequency appears to be relatively consistent through the years.
When individuals pledge to use less water in their own lives, our partners carry out restoration work in the Colorado River Basin. Though the fault that caused the earthquake passes about five miles (eight kilometers) to the south, the city's loose alluvial soil amplified the motion.
Tremors were felt even in Thailand, Bangladesh and India.-Atleast 14 people are reported to be killed.
Light shaking of MMI IV will have felt by the people of Dailekh, Birendranagar and Dadeldhura.
More than 70% of Venice has been flooded.-Worst flood affected area in Tuscany is Massa and Carrara.
Flood washed away a bridge and the main road.-It is the same area where Hurricane Igor hit in September 2010. A daily natural disasters list (published everyday) includes details of all (almost) natural disasters occurred worldwide. Most earthquakes occur at fault zones, where tectonic plates—giant rock slabs that make up the Earth's upper layer—collide or slide against each other.
Close to the epicentre of the quake, the damage is direct, resulting in immediate destruction, such as collapsed buildings and other infrastructure, and indirect or secondary,  resulting, for example, in fires, landslides, ruptured water and gas mains, interruption of electricity supplies, floods, etc.. The damage they cause can, therefore, only be limited by taking long-term security measures to avoid the collapse of homes and important infrastructure, such as, for example dams, nuclear power stations, reservoirs of toxic or inflammable materials, power lines, communication networks, bridges, etc.
It is important to have access to experts who, using traditional observation methods (animal behaviour, water courses and water tables) and the most modern techniques of geophysics, are able to analyse the potential danger.
This should include identity papers, personal documents (medical certificates, vaccination certificates and blood group), personal medicines and a battery operated radio and pocket torch. Be careful of rubble and of damaged electrical cables, wires or other materials that carry electricity. Content from the Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph newspapers and video from Telegraph TV.

Another belt of high quake activity stretches through the Mediterranean Sea region eastward into Asia.
The vast majority of all earthquakes are so weak that no one notices them-except for scientists who monitor sensitive seismic equipment at more than 4,000 scattered stations.
When stresses cause sudden shifts of these plates they move violently from side to side or up and down, sending shock waves through the crust which we experience as earthquakes. About 10,000 people lose their lives to earthquakes each year, an average weighted by catastrophic events like the Haitian quake. California is crossed by the San Andreas Fault system, where the Pacific and North American plates are slowly moving past one another horizontally.
Yet earthquake danger to human is increasing because populations in earthquake-prone areas, like urban California and Japan, continues to rise and put more people at risk.
Moderate shaking of MMI V will have felt by the people of Puerto Madero, Pajapita, Mazatan and Retalhuleu.
The major natural disasters are linked to definite page containing update report on that disaster. These impacts are usually gradual and unnoticeable on the surface; however, immense stress can build up between plates. It should be noted that the main quake is regularly followed by after-tremors, which may occur a few hours, days or even months later and which can be as violent as the initial earthquake. However, the recent earthquakes in Kobe and Los Angeles have shown that full protection from earthquakes does not exist. However, because the duration of an earthquake is extremely short (generally less than a minute) it is clear that in practice protective and rescue measures are very limited.
California is in no danger of dropping into the Pacific, but Los Angeles and San Francisco will one day sit next to one another. People of Tuxtla Gutierrez, Guatemala City, Villa Nueva, Mixco and San Salvador will have felt weak shaking of MMI III. When this stress is released quickly, it sends massive vibrations, called seismic waves, often hundreds of miles through the rock and up to the surface. These can cause considerable additional damage which, unless protective measures are taken by the political authorities and their intervening bodies, can result in numerous victims.
It is clear that such long-term security measures will be adapted to the major dangers that threaten different regions.
It should be noted that states with civil protection shelters for use in wartime have at their disposal an additional safety measure to protect their citizens in case of an earthquake and, more particularly, from the aftershocks.
Essentially, these consist of behavioural rules and instructions for the population and the co-ordinated intervention of the rescue teams available at different political levels. Luckily it is least populated area.-Tremor was even felt in Rishikesh and Haldwani in Uttaranchal, India.
Other quakes can occur far from faults zones when plates are stretched or squeezed.Scientists assign a magnitude rating to earthquakes based on the strength and duration of their seismic waves.
Seismic waves (usually known by their Japanese name, "Tsunamis" or tidal waves) are caused by severe underwater earthquakes, or by collapsing sea or lake beds which often result from an earthquake or volcanic eruption. This is notably the case for areas subject to high tectonic pressure or situated over geological faults, the main causes of high seismic activity (for example the areas situated around the Pacific Ocean and the Mediterranean). Management of the rescue operations should be in the hands of established political authorities assisted by a coordinating high command and by a head of operations who will have available personnel who know the conditions inherent to this type of disaster. The waves produced spread in all directions at high speed (several hundred kilometres an hour) and, even after having travelled several hundred kilometres from their underwater epicentre, may become very high (tens of metres) when they reach shallow coastal waters or narrow bays.
It is important to ensure that specialised personnel (civil engineers) carry out a technical reconnaissance of the stricken area so as to identify the dangerous buildings and areas, warn of chemical or radioactive danger if need be and protect the public. Collapsing buildings claim by far the majority of lives, but the destruction is often compounded by mud slides, fires, floods, or tsunamis.
They thus give rise to major dangers for the exposed population and coastal infrastructure, such as hotel resorts, port installations and buildings on the coast. There should also be reconnaissance, rescue, protection and assistance teams who will help to deal with the secondary effects of the earthquake and any subsequent tremors. Smaller temblors that usually occur in the days following a large earthquake can complicate rescue efforts and cause further death and destruction.Loss of life can be avoided through emergency planning, education, and the construction of buildings that sway rather than break under the stress of an earthquake.

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