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The companion PowerPoint presentation for Chapter Seventeen (Major Incident and Disaster Response) for the book Police Technology. We maintain a highly trained and equipped workforce to respond to and recover from daily incidents, local emergencies, and major disasters.
County residents' lives and property are protected from major bridge failures during earthquakes by implementation of the Bridge Seismic Retrofit Program.
Percentage of bridge inspectors and engineers trained annually on bridge inspection and reporting protocols for routine and emergency events.
Percentage participation of annual emergency response exercise by the Post-Earthquake Bridge Inspection team members. Of the remaining 22 bridges, 7 are currently under construction of retrofit measures and 15 are in the design phase. Training of bridge inspectors and engineers has ensured consistency in their reporting on performance of the bridges and identifying issues.
Protocol manuals and training exercises are updated annually to address issues encountered throughout the year.
Have a well trained and equipped workforce ready to respond to the types of daily incidents faced by the Department as well as be prepared to carry out our role in a larger disaster under the Statewide Emergency Management System (SEMS).
In 2011, the Department Operations Center (DOC) was activated on multiple occasions during periods of heavy rainfall and a major windstorm event. Ensure that adopted time standards are clearly communicated to those providing the function.
Ensure that a minimum anticipated completion rate is established for these First Responder Services. County residents' lives and property are protected from major dam failures during floods and earthquakes by implementation of the Dam Safety Program. Percentage of previously non-compliant dams meeting State seismic and spillway requirements. Percentage participation of annual emergency response exercise by Review Committee on Dam Safety MIDAS members. Of the remaining 5 dams, 1 is currently under construction of remedial measures, 2 are in the design phase, 1 has a completed concept being reviewed by the State, and 1 (Puddingstone Dam) is planned to be operated perpetually within the restriction imposed by the State. Training of Dam Operators has ensured consistency in their reporting on performance of the dams and identifying issues. Increased coordination with State to accelerate review of concept for Santa Anita Debris Dam.
Protocol manuals and training exercise are updated annually to address issues encountered throughout the year. Actions during the initial phases of incident response should be guided by checklist procedures established in the EOP. This flux in incident and response conditions is best managed using a deliberate planning process that is based on regular, cyclical reevaluation of the incident objectives. The timing of the development of incident action plans should be coordinated among disciplines so that updated information may be shared before strategies and objectives are established.
Transitional management meeting: This marks the transition from reactive to proactive incident management.
Planning meeting: Using the objectives set during the transitional (or a subsequent) management meeting, the incident management team, with leaders of key functional areas, sets strategies, general tactics, and major assignments.
Operational briefing: All components of the response system are briefed on the operational period objectives, strategies, tactics, and assignments. Tiers, and assets within tiers, should attempt to coordinate their planning cycles with that of the primary incident command.
A planning cycle is timed so the operational briefing occurs just before the beginning of work that is guided by the recently completed IAP. Throughout the action planning process, the Planning Section plays a critical role by stewarding the planning activities and processing data into information that is relevant to incident decision-making. During an emergency, the normal administrative structure for an organization must continue to operate while actions are carried out under the EOP to address the incident. For this reason, it is generally NOT advisable for the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) or other senior executive to automatically assume the position of the Incident Commander (IC) for an organization. This concept of an Agency Executive is important for organizations to understand as they seek to develop an effective EOP and interface with other organizations.


Multiagency Coordination Systems provide the architecture to support coordination for incident prioritization, critical resource allocation, communications systems integration, and information coordination.[17] The coordination center (EOC and others, see figure 1-7) is referred to in NIMS as the Multiagency Coordination Center (MACC) component of the MACS. Directly supports the UC by providing resources that are not available through incident-specific ICS capabilities. Directly manages emergency issues related to the incident, but that are outside the scope of the incident as defined by the UC. Example: In the event of a widespread outbreak of SARS in a jurisdiction, the UC (with lead participation by public health and the acute-care medical community) would establish protocols to guide the medical evaluation and treatment of confirmed and suspected cases, and to address surge capacity needs. Addressing the needs of travelers stranded when mass transit is disrupted, addressing requests to minimize the effect of school or business closures, and other significant issues may be considered to be functionally outside the scope of the incident response system. Because of its complex role, the EOC's organization and management processes must be well defined. While ICS descriptions of the meetings in the planning process vary across versions, this diagram encompasses the principle actions in all versions of the ICS planning cycle.
Supportive plans include the Safety Plan, the Medical Plan (for responders), communications plan, contingency plans, and others. Agency Executive is defined as the Chief Executive Officer (or designee) of the agency or jurisdiction that has responsibility for the incident (FEMA ICS definition).
The components of MACS (per NIMS) include facilities, equipment, emergency operation centers (EOCs), specific multiagency coordination entities, personnel, procedures, and communications.
Multiagency Coordination Group: A Multiagency Coordination Group functions within a broader multiagency coordination system. During lease signing you received information from the American Red Cross about preparing your own personal emergency response kit.
For the next 4 Mondays we’ll highlight some important ways that you can be prepared in the event of an emergency or natural disaster. This entry was posted in Community Living, Emergency Preparedness and tagged emergency prep, NAP sites by Betsy. In the event of a major incident, the demand for an orchestrated plan allowing for coordination of multiple agencies will facilitate resolving that incident safely and efficiently. Basic and advanced tabletop exercises, functional exercises, large-full-scale exercises - plan, design, develop, and conduct. BCFS EMD’s staff is comprised of emergency department physicians and nurses, EMS responders, disaster mortuary responders, and other emergency management professionals with extensive experience commanding and working on mass casualty and mass fatality incidents. BCFS Health and Human Services' Emergency Management Division is part of a global system of non-profit organizations serving communities around the world. For any response of more than a few hours, management should transition to a method of proactive response by establishing incident-wide objectives.
Commonly known in ICS as the planning cycle (see Figure 1-5), this iterative process enhances the integration of public health and medical assets with other response agencies that operate planning cycles. The transitional meeting brings together the leadership of key response disciplines, defines the primary incident management team, and allows managers to be briefed on the known incident parameters.
The purpose of the operational briefing is to impart information and to raise emergent issues, not to discuss alternative plans, debate choices made in the planning process, or undertake extensive problem solving. The incident command staff reevaluates the control objectives and progress made in meeting the operational period objectives, based on information collected throughout the operational period. This allows information exchange between assets and tiers to promote consistency in the development of incident objectives and strategies. Issues not related to the incident are best managed, to the extent possible, by the usual, day-to-day administrative system.
Even though the ICS for the organization may be clearly delineated, the role of the Agency Executive is not always well addressed. ICS has a designated model, Unified Command (UC), which allows multiple stakeholders to actively participate in incident management.
UC links response organizations at the leadership level, thus providing a forum for these entities to make joint decisions.
During an incident, clearly delineated goals and objectives are agreed on and formally documented to form the basis of the IAP. Relationship of UC and the MACS that provide emergency management operations support to the UC. It provides support and coordination to the Incident Command, facilitates logistical support, and develops and provides information.


This includes coordinating assistance from outside resources (Federal, State, and other jurisdictions) that cannot be obtained through tactical mutual aid. This may be determined geographically (outside a scene perimeter) or functionally (beyond the scope of the UC control objectives when no single scene exists or when the impact is diffuse). In addition, the UC would be responsible for limiting the spread of the disease (as defined by their IAP).
The jurisdiction's EOC would manage these issues using its emergency management team and Emergency Support Functions (ESFs), or other task groups. The MACS functions should be physically separate from incident management activities, even if they are co-located in the same facility. These systems assist agencies and organizations to fully integrate the subsystems of the NIMS (NIMS glossary). This is a great location for your roommates or family members to congregate and to find each other after a large scale emergency.  Housing Assistants or other volunteers will be deployed to each NAP site and will check folks in on a roster. A Mass Casualty Incident (MCI) plan implements a systematic delivery that integrates the immediate involvement of first responders when community resources, mutual aid, strike teams, and task forces are requested by incident commanders. ASG tailors and facilitates the design, development and implementation of a series of training seminars focused on improving the capabilities of the community. Our team works closely with the leadership of health care facilities, public health agencies and emergency managers to develop mass casualty and mass fatality plans that are realistic and specifically designed for your facility or jurisdiction’s needs. For public health and medical disciplines, documentation of an IAP has rarely been undertaken as an essential action during response, and yet it is one of the most effective means for coordinating between multiple locations, resources, and levels of government (see appendix C for an example of an IAP). In traditional descriptions of ICS, the operational briefing occurs in person, but it may also occur telephonically or through electronic communications. It is beneficial, therefore, for assets directly managed by the IAP to establish common operational periods. In a sense, the ICS structure works within and for the organization's usual administrative system. This individual maintains overall authority and responsibility for the organization, including the activated incident management team. When this occurs, the resulting UC team promotes cohesive action within the response system, and provides a uniform interface for integration with other tiers.
This commonly occurs through an emergency management operations function—known in NIMS as a Multiagency Coordination System (MACS)—that is usually based in an Emergency Operations Center (EOC).[16].
This critical concept, which is not widely addressed by many medical and public health managers, ensures that the roles and responsibilities of each remain distinct. Following the training, an exercise program with tabletop and functional exercises, in accordance with HSEEP, are conducted to validate the training received.
The end product is an emergency operations plan that meets regulatory requirements and grant funding compliance. The addition of supportive plans[14] completes the IAP for the upcoming operational period. A defined briefing process imposes discipline for the operational briefings so that time constraints are met, distractions are limited, and questions are kept to a minimum.
This concept may be obvious to some disciplines such as Fire Fighting (the entire Fire Department is not replaced by the ICS structure during response) but may not be as intuitive in the example of smaller organizations such as some healthcare facilities.
The executive is involved in the incident by providing policy and strategic direction to the IC, as well as allocating the authority to the IC to manage the incident. This concept is critically relevant for participation by public health and medical disciplines since they bear a primary responsibility for the well-being of responders and the general population during emergencies or disasters. Because event parameters and the status of the components of an asset will change, incident objectives will have to change as the response evolves.
The Agency Executive must have access to the IC and may be included in the incident planning meetings.
The UC model provides a mechanism for direct input from public health and medical practitioners at the decision-making level.
You are responsible for providing your own drinking water and food as well as any other personal items you might need in case of an emergency.



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