Lightning safety tips,emergency preparedness merit badge answers,emp protector 3402.17.a,emergency items - Review

Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation. While the two deaths at Rocky Mountain national park over the weekend were the ones in the headlines, there have actually been 10 other deaths caused by lightning this year, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). There are an average of 51 deaths caused by lightning each year, and chances are that you have no idea what the proper course of action to take is in the event you find yourself in a lightning storm.
If you have been backpacking, take off you backpack and place it at least 100 yards away from yourself. If you are using walking sticks or have a metal water bottle, again, you want to get rid of those. If you’re in a group, the automatic reaction to a scary situation is to huddle together to comfort each other. With lightning coming down around you, you want to make yourself as small as possible, and as low to the ground as possible while touching the least amount of ground as possible.
While the best safety tip is to know the weather so you don’t get caught in a lightning storm in the first place, if you do, taking the proper steps to protect yourself in a bad situation can save your life.
I just read that this crouching position is useless, since most times the lightening will conduct down through a tree or other object and spread across the ground and come up though your feet. A fully-enclosed, all-metal vehicle is very safe, but don’t touch interior metallic areas on a vehicle, Richard Kithil, president of the National Lightning Safety Institute, said.


The lightning charge goes around the outside of the vehicle, creating a Faraday effect and protecting the occupants inside. Fiberglass vehicles, convertibles or a vehicle with windows open, however, help defeat the fully enclosed objective, Kithil said. There were more than 18 million cloud-to-ground lightning flashes in the continental United States during 2012, according to data provided by Vaisala Inc., the owner and operator of the National Lightning Detection Network. Lightning damage to a vehicle includes pitting, arcing and burning along with electrical system issues, the institute said. Much like people who stay around the beach when there is severe receding ocean tides which indicate a tsunami is coming, not knowing the proper procedures to protect yourself in a thunderstorm could cost you your life.
In general, if you can hear or see lightning in the distance, you’re already in danger of getting hit.
This is especially true if it has a metal frame since this is conductive material which will attract lightning. In fact, any metal objects you may have on your person (phones, keys, belt buckles, etc) you want to take off and place at least 100 yards from where you will hunker down. You don’t want to sit on the ground or lie down on the ground as the more your body is touching the ground, the higher the risk of serious damage to your vital organs if you are hit. Heavy equipment such as bulldozers and backhoes with rollover canopies are safe during thunderstorms, but riding mowers and golf carts are not.


Lightning often precedes rain, so don't wait for the rain to begin before suspending activities.IF OUTDOORS, avoid water. A large huddled group is more likely to attract lightning, and if it does hit, all of you are likely to be injured. Even if the thunderheads seem to be miles off in the distance, you’re still not safe.
If you are spread out and one person does get hit, the others won’t be injured and can help the one in need.
Avoid all metal objects including electric wires, fences, machinery, motors, power tools, etc. You should immediately seek the best available shelter upon seeing lightning or hearing thunder.
Where possible, find shelter in a substantial building or in a fully enclosed metal vehicle such as a car, truck or a van with the windows completely shut.



Emergency power outage
Make a small faraday cage


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