Lightning safety tips ppt,tornado facts oklahoma,medical emergency and evacuation plans,wireless emergency alert system - And More

Lightning as a hazard is often overlooked, and there is a huge gap in knowledge alongside a large proportion of assumed but inaccurate knowledge about lightning strike.
On the 18th September 2004 a nationally televised college football game had to be suspended for 88 minutes because of lightning. The first 30 refers to the number of seconds between seeing a flash of lightning and hearing the thunder, the so-called "flash-to-bang" method of distance-ranging, that provides a measure of when the lightning is close enough to be viewed as dangerous. In the meantime I would appreciate it if anyone knows what advice is given elsewhere or whether school districts have any policy or guidelines on this. To what extent have you explored adapting the advice for the needs of people with disabilities?
What of people who do not use a wheelchair but who have other types of mobility impairments that might interfere with the ability to crouch as you describe? Also: a fully blind person will not see the flash (though they might see it if they have partial vision). The 30-30 rule is very appropriate, especially when linked to the practice of knowing the weather threats for the day. Of course, the school should have a business continuity plan as well as an emergency operations plan. This guide is part of a series developed through UN CC:Learn to facilitate access to existing state-of-the-art materials relevant for climate change learning on particular topics. Building Resilience with Hunter and Eve is an animated series featuring a young fox (Hunter) and owl (Eve) who together learn how to be resilient and cope with disasters and emergencies.
This guide illustrates graphically key concepts and good practices related to the maintaining and operating safe sites.
This booklet is designed as a tool to develop the ability to act spontaneously in case of an earthquake. Transformation is a term widely used in resilience thinking as a form of response to living with disaster risks. For the past four years project emBRACe (Building Resilience amongst communities in Europe) has been attempting to unpack what resilience means to a variety of communities.
As you may know, I am carrying out research for my PhD, which is related to Transformational Learning.
The United States Golf Association (USGA) makes available warning posters and stickers to inform players about lightning safety tips. If possible, get off the golf course or go to a designated lightning shelter (Note: open-sided buildings do not provide protection from lightning even if they have a lightning rod). The following Lightning Card produced by the USGA includes additional safely information from the National Lightning Safety Institute and American Meteorological Society.
The best way to avoid harm from lightning is to be inside a safe structure during a thunderstorm.
A safe structure is one that is fully enclosed with a roof, walls and a floor, and has plumbing or wiring.
Unsafe structures include tents, patios, carports, baseball dugouts, greenhouses, and sheds. Avoid showers, sinks, tubs, and electrical equipment such as computers, corded telephones, stoves and radios. Approximately 300 additional injuries are documented each year, however, many injuries are not reported. Lightning can heat the air as high as 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit and may carry as much as 1,000,000 volts. Myth:  A lightning strike victim may hold an electrical charge, making medical assistance dangerous! NOAA's National Weather Service has discovered that 64 percent of lightning deaths since 2006 occurred while people were participating in leisure activities, with fishing topping the list at 26 deaths.
Of the 152 deaths associated with leisure activities, fishing is followed by camping (15 deaths), boating (14 deaths), soccer (12 deaths) and golf (8 deaths).
Jensenius said the large number of fishing, camping and boating lightning deaths may occur because these activities require extra time to get to a safe place. Prior to the lightning safety campaign, lightning killed an average of 73 people each year in the United States.
The best way for people to protect themselves against lightning injury or death is to monitor the weather and postpone or cancel outdoor activities when thunderstorms are in the forecast. National Weather Service forecast offices throughout the country will promote lightning safety at local events all week. On June 22, the Binghamton, NY, forecast office participated in the Moscow Country Run in Moscow, PA, by announcing the starting commands of the race. On June 28, the National Weather Service will team up with the Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park to promote lightning safety awareness at the major league baseball game. NOAA's mission is to understand and predict changes in the Earth's environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and to conserve and manage our coastal and marine resources. While the two deaths at Rocky Mountain national park over the weekend were the ones in the headlines, there have actually been 10 other deaths caused by lightning this year, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). There are an average of 51 deaths caused by lightning each year, and chances are that you have no idea what the proper course of action to take is in the event you find yourself in a lightning storm.


If you have been backpacking, take off you backpack and place it at least 100 yards away from yourself. If you are using walking sticks or have a metal water bottle, again, you want to get rid of those. If you’re in a group, the automatic reaction to a scary situation is to huddle together to comfort each other. With lightning coming down around you, you want to make yourself as small as possible, and as low to the ground as possible while touching the least amount of ground as possible.
While the best safety tip is to know the weather so you don’t get caught in a lightning storm in the first place, if you do, taking the proper steps to protect yourself in a bad situation can save your life. I just read that this crouching position is useless, since most times the lightening will conduct down through a tree or other object and spread across the ground and come up though your feet. An example of this is within the education system,within the UK where teachers who take children out on a variety of field trips, some in outdoor locations where appropriate shelter may not be available such as outdoor fieldwork activities in rural areas, while not knowing what action to take or believing that they can just apply common sense and this will be best. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) of America have published guidelines in 1997 which led to a 30-30 rule to be developed by them and the American Meterological Society in 1998. However if you are having problems with flash or it is not enabled then I have now provided a link to a non-flash version of the quiz! When I have the text it still takes about 12-15 hours to change all of the files and give then the correct naming conventions.
And blind people would need to be reached in audio format (meaning, ALL visual format needs to be translated to an audio format --for example, pictures should be described in a clear, concise fashion that makes sense even to people who have never seen). In the USA, the Hazardous Weather Outlook from the National Weather Service is worth a look each day.
How different would the EBAY auction have been had NOLA schools used their school busses to evacuate NOLA? If there's any, it will be very interesting to mention lightning survivors during lectures with teachers and pupils.
John Jensenius, a lightning safety specialist with the National Weather Service, conducted the study by examining demographic information for 238 deaths attributed to lightning over the last seven years. The remaining 77 people were struck by lightning while participating in a number of other leisure activities like enjoying the beach, swimming, walking and running, riding recreational vehicles, and picnicking or relaxing in their yard. Lightning can strike from 10 miles away, so if people can hear thunder, they are in danger of being struck by lightning. NOAA experts joined partners from the Lightning Protection Institute, the Colorado Department of Homeland Security, local fire officials, other lightning safety partners and local TV meteorologist Jeff Womack for a public open house safety event at South Metro Fire Station #45. The run was a combination lightning safety event and fundraiser for Jason Penecek, who was struck by lightning while attending the Pocono 400 NASCAR race at Pocono Raceway last August. Meteorologists from the NWS Boston Forecast Office will host an information booth, and lightning safety information will appear on the video board during the 5th inning of the game against the Toronto Blue Jays. Much like people who stay around the beach when there is severe receding ocean tides which indicate a tsunami is coming, not knowing the proper procedures to protect yourself in a thunderstorm could cost you your life. In general, if you can hear or see lightning in the distance, you’re already in danger of getting hit. This is especially true if it has a metal frame since this is conductive material which will attract lightning.
In fact, any metal objects you may have on your person (phones, keys, belt buckles, etc) you want to take off and place at least 100 yards from where you will hunker down. You don’t want to sit on the ground or lie down on the ground as the more your body is touching the ground, the higher the risk of serious damage to your vital organs if you are hit. This distance is a conservative but not absolutely safe distance, particularly considering the time required to evacuate a large football stadium when storms are approaching. I have carried it out with over 240 students from my school and they REMEMBER how to do it!
I would personally like to help with the Persian (Farsi) version if there is not a tight deadline in submission. I'm going to add the text from the graphics files to is thread and you could start from there?
Is it safe to remain in the chair, or is it better to transfer to the ground in cases where this is feasible, even if the person cannot maintain the crouch as you describe it? And deaf-blind people (and some hearing blind people as well) need it in a tactile format, meaning in Braille etc. Some of which I will be able to address and some of which I do not have the information about, but can at least put you in ouch with someone that does.
I've been trying to teach this and remembered a teacher asking me if the lighting crouch really works. The advice is supported by NOAA and other safety professionals, but I would really like to see this tested, using a dummy and sensors to examine, where the lightning goes and how it affects when using or not using the lightning crouch. NOAA released these findings on the first day of National Lightning Safety Awareness Week to call attention to the danger of outdoor activities during a thunderstorm.
The only safe places to be during a thunderstorm are in a building with four walls and a roof or in a car.
After hearing lightning safety education talks, visitors toured the fire station and spoke with lightning experts.


Jason, who lost his best friend of almost 20 years during the storm, continues to struggle with debilitating injuries. Many advised getting away from trees, which is sensible advice, as is finding appropriate strong shelter. The second 30 in the 30-30 rule refers to the time that people should wait before resuming outdoor activity after the last lightning is seen or thunder is heard, and the 30-minute count is re-started if any subsequent discharge occurs in the area (Murphy and Holle 2005). Have also finished the scripts for earthquake safety for Tashkent DRR team and am hoping that when these get recorded in Uzbek and Russian for the radio, they will also post on this website! These are questions that would necessarily need to be investigated with extremely close consultation with people who THEMSELVES have a very wide range of mobility impairments.
People with intellectual disabilities need information delivered to them in easy to understand language. It cannot be assumed that blind people, or deaf people, will necessarily be accompanied by sighted, hearing people. Firstly the lightning crouch is really a 'last resort' when a person finds themselves not able to reach a car or house.
It is important to not however that it is a LAST RESORT and any education should emphasise this.
A hut, cabana, tent, or other rain shelter will not protect a person from being struck by lightning. The run consisted of three events: The Lightning Bolt 5k, the One-Mile Shock Walk and the Kids Thunder Run. A large huddled group is more likely to attract lightning, and if it does hit, all of you are likely to be injured.
But my over-riding concern is that many teachers in charge of students or in loco parentis do not know what to do and that there assumed or previously taught knowledge is out of date. In terms of many open access trails in the countryside in the UK, many are within easy access of parking and transport which is also generally how people got their in the first place. If a tingling sensation is felt and a person is outside, then IMMEDIATELY drop and do the lightning crouch! Jason’s experience as a lightning strike victim and journey back to health inspired his sister and fellow runner, Kimberly McHale, to create a local Lightning Awareness Group, which visits local schools and community events to promote lightning safety awareness.
Even if the thunderheads seem to be miles off in the distance, you’re still not safe. If you are spread out and one person does get hit, the others won’t be injured and can help the one in need. I will follow this up with the Institute of Education in London where I undertook my post-graduate teaching training to see if something can be done about this.
People with intellectual disabilities can often understand more complex information than others assume. We simply need *accommodations*.) Alternate means for keeping apprised of the storm and judging the danger need to be identified. My advice would be if you hear a storm getting very near, try and get to a car or large building (not a cave or rain shelter as these are not safe). The difference is that they may need for this information to be broken down into far smaller chunks, and need it to be explained in plain language without a lot of idioms and eupheumisms).
The idea of the crouch has not been developed with disability in mind and I agree that it will need to be rethought. You should immediately seek the best available shelter upon seeing lightning or hearing thunder.
The 'drop cover and hold-on' advice given for earthquake safety also needs to be rethought as this has also not been thought out for people with disabilities. Any less than 30 seconds counting from flash to bang means that you should seek shelter in a building, car etc immediately.
I have to say that the only realistic way of addressing both of these issues is to talk directly with these people as they are the only ones that may be able to adapt to their situation in a way that an able bodied person may not have thought about. Now NOAA, the US Army and others talk about the lightning crouch, which is crouching low, on the balls of your feet with your heels together. It is therefore important that this type of advice is discussed and taught to people of all ages regardless of any disability and you are right to bring it up in this forum. This is so that if lightning strikes the ground nearby, it goes in one foot to your heel where it the grounds out, missing internal organs such as the heart and brain.
People also don't realise that lightning strike victims can be revived by CPR and the strike is not the same as an electric shock from electricity in a house etc. The reason I ask is that the advice many give to kids and teachers believe, is now seen to be VERY out of date. I am currently polling teachers of Physical Education and Geography here in the UK to find out what advice they would give and follow themselves.
So far ALL of them have suggested lying on the ground, which is now considered to be VERY dangerous.



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