Fema tornado fact sheet,earthquake survival kit contents,natural disasters textbook website,www ready com login - Step 2

Tornado Safety Initiative: Saving Lives When Tornadoes StrikeTornadoes are incredibly violent events and sufficient warning is not always possible. National Tsunami Mitigation Program: Preparing for Tsunami HazardsThe National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (NTHMP) is a Federal and State program designed to protect people and reduce property losses in the event of a tsunami.
Rebuilding After a Wildfire Fact SheetReturning to your fire-damaged home will undoubtedly be an emotional experience. Role of Mitigation Post-Disaster Fact SheetFollowing a disaster, FEMA’s mitigation programs play a critical role developing and integrating disaster operations policies, procedures, and training under the National Response Plan. Be Aware of Potential Dam Failure in Your Community Fact SheetThis 2 page flyer is for the general public. Reengineered FEMA BCA Earthquake Structural Module (Version 4)A comparison between Benefit-Cost Analysis Software Version 3 and Version 4 for Earthquake Module. Benefit Cost Analysis Reference GuideFormerly the BCA Handbook, the BCA Reference Guide provides BCA software users with an overview of the grant programs, application development, benefits and costs, and the location of BCA guidance documents and helpful information.
Data Requirements for HMGP ApplicationsProvides information to assist the applicant on types of data required, types of documentation to use and what to submit in an application to determine feasibility.
Facility Data Fact SheetProvides list of property information that should be submitted when creating a hazard mitigation grant application. Engineering Data Fact SheetWhile the project type determines the specific engineering data requirements, typical engineering data needed is included in this fact sheet and divided into a variety of project types.
What are In-Kind Contributions?Provides information on meeting the 25% non-federal cost share match through cash, in-kind, or a combination of both. Plan Tip SheetProvides the applicant with the basic requirements in submitting a hazard mitigation planning grant application under the HMGP 7% set aside allowance. Property Data Fact SheetProvides list of property information that should be submitted when creating a hazard mitigation grant application. Examples but not limited to: Generators, Safe rooms, Acquisitions and Demolition, warning sirens, drainage and culverts.
Scope of Work Fact SheetExplains the SOW requirement when applying for an grant and provides tips on the development of a good SOW. Guidelines for Preparing an Environmental Assessment for FEMAThis document is an outline for how to prepare an Environmental Assessment (EA) for FEMA-funded grant projects, including specifications for the public comment period. Environmental and Historic Preservation TipsEHP review is required for all Mitigation projects, regardless of program, with the exception of Mitigation Plans.
After your comments regarding President Bush on your website, I hardly feel it necessary to again check this website or to put any status to the site. Sadly you injected politics ("Bush to Stoughton: Drop Dead") into an otherwise meaningful website.
While your intentions were appropriate, your personal political viewpoint has no place in such a well-intentioned effort. I hardly think that President Bush said "drop dead," in fact, I doubt that he had anyhing to do with FEMA's decision. Today the Farm Service Agency began to make disaster loans available to affected farmers in the Stoughton Area. I would have preferred a standard-issue "Stah-ton, our prayers are with ya'" soundbite from G.W. In 2002 a Tennessee disaster was declared after 30 homes were destroyed (Stoughton lost 89). Also, in 2002, Indiana nabbed a disaster declaration after flooding and an F2 tornado that destroyed 32 homes. About 150 buildings were destroyed and another 60 were heavily damaged, but there were no fatalities. Do you think the early television coverage of "golf course homes destroyed" hurt our FEMA chances?
The main goal of a backup is to be able to recover data that has been lost either by accidental deletion, physical disk failure, or some other corruption. The secondary reason for a backup is to create an archive copy and thereby be able to restore previous version of a file. Keep in mind this, often overlooked, fact: The backup software and tape drive you use today need to be available and functional for as long as you plan to keep your data, should you ever need to actually restore your data. Replication – Within IT, and especially when discussing Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity, replication refers to the act to sending an exact copy of live data to another system or location. Replication can be synchronous or asynchronous – With synchronous replication, the data is sent to the other system or location in real time and the other system acknowledges the receipt of each piece of data.
Replication can be used to send backup data or live system data to a secondary failover location. Business Continuity – While Disaster Recovery aims to allow an organization to recover its IT systems and data within a specified time frame that may be hours, days or even weeks, Business Continuity encompasses much more than just IT. A Business Continuity Plan (BCP) is usually developed from a Business Impact Analysis (BIA) that, depending on the size and complexity of the business, may take weeks and months to complete. DR is an important subset of BC, but DR is event-based and IT specific, whereas BC is a continual, ongoing process that encompasses people, buildings, supply chain, crisis communications, transportation, security, public relations, etc., etc. After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and the anthrax attacks in the fall of 2001, federal and state personnel provided response, recovery, and remediation under trying circumstances, including unprecedented demand on their capabilities to analyze environmental samples. In response, EPA formed the Homeland Security Laboratory Capacity Workgroup to identify and implement opportunities for near-term improvements and to develop recommendations for addressing longer-term laboratory issues. These certifications qualify our team to work in, around and supervise employees during clean-up operations required by a governmental body and OSHA whether Federal, state local or other entities involving hazardous substances that are conducted at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites as well as Emergency response operations for releases of, or substantial threats of releases of, hazardous substances without regard to the location of the hazard. Commercial buildings, private and public facilities, processing plants and industrial sites affected by disasters have a need to out-source the technical components of their loss. When any electrical equipment has been infiltrated by water whether by flash flood or long term flooding, or has been sprayed, splashed, hosed, extinguished or has standing water in, on or around it, or housed in high humidity conditions or is sweating and or at the dew point it must be professionally assessed. Indeed, it’s almost like getting an entirely new iOS device — not just for all the new features Apple has built into it, but because they’re all designed to hew to a single design vision and hit that intersection Cook describes above. It is true that many people tend to use these phrases in conjunction to an event, typically used in a setting where everyone asks “What happened?” In actuality the definitions of these terms don’t vary, but the parameters, scope, and process of how these words are defined for the individual customer or client changes. This is essentially true, though I have a problem with the term “backup solutions”.  A raw backup of any files would just be an exact copy of that file. What this post neglects to point out, however, is that in every backup solution, there is a recovery solution that has to tie into the process. Flash rusting and corrosion enhanced by flooding and drying can be adverted with proper mitigation protocols. Fast action is the key to being able to restore sensitive electronics, equipment and electrical gear.
NEMA’s Evaluating Water-Damaged Electrical Equipment, first published in 2004, contains excellent reference material to evaluate electrical equipment that has been exposed to water through flooding, firefighting activities, hurricanes, and other circumstances.
The document provides a table summarizing recommended actions for various types of electrical equipment to determine whether they need to be replaced or reconditioned. For the first time in the healthcare industry in the United States, business continuity planning and disaster recovery capability will become mandatory for all healthcare organizations. Currently, healthcare providers in the US are visited approximately every three years (pressure is being exerted to make this more often and even surprise) by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), which grades the entire environment of care.
Medical centers in the US, especially in California, have well documented and well practiced emergency response plans. Definition of minimum acceptable level of service and detailed actions to get to that level. Voice communications recovery planning must be done related to the overall contingency plan as well as the specific critical business units. In the 1980s, an inter-agency cooperative effort was formed to develop a common organizational system which fire protection agencies could use in response to a very large incident, as well as smaller, day to day operations. In 1987, the Hospital Council of Northern California completed work on an adaptation of ICS to hospital emergency response functions. Responsibility oriented chain of command, which provides a manageable scope of supervision. Wide acceptance through commonality of mission and language in both the public and private sectors.
Prioritization of duties with the use of Job Action Sheets, position job descriptions which have a prioritized list of emergency response tasks that promote documentation of the incident. Applicability to varying types and magnitudes of emergency events, a flexible program which can be expanded or scaled back to meet the particular needs of a specific crisis. Thorough documentation of actions taken in response to the emergency, which may improve recovery of financial expenditures.
The HEICS structure is a chain of command which incorporates four sections under the overall leadership of the Emergency Incident Commander (IC). There should be an Emergency Operations Center (EOC) and emergency management system in place that incorporates business recovery teams and the infrastructure necessary to support recovery. The intensity and frequency of major natural disasters is increasing, from 100 per year in the 1970s to more than 500 per year today, according to the Harvard School of Public Health. From hurricanes to fires and floods, ice storms and earthquakes, natural disasters are on the rise, and in no field is it more critical to be prepared than healthcare.
While major disasters are a critical risk, the majority of business interruptions are caused by unforeseen circumstances – singular events that can’t be predicted, such as fires, power outages, and server failures. This table is provided as a reference that can be used by both the health care staffing services (HCSS) firm and the reviewer. Eleven days before Valentine’s Day 2012, one of the biggest candy and confectionery holiday seasons of the year was seriously interrupted for our client by an early morning fire event.
Another Pittsburgh favorite, Disaster Restoration Services of Pittsburgh (DRS), was called upon to help Sarris Candies with the restoration process. At 7:30 AM on February 3, 2012 DRS received a call from the client and their insurance broker to help provide assistance and responded immediately.
To appreciate the sensitivities and stresses of the specific project it is important that the size and scope of the loss be understood as well as the impact on the business. The immediate and quick response by DRS and their subcontractor Electro-Mechanical Recertifiers, Inc (ER) to treat various pieces of production equipment saved the insurance carrier roughly $700,000 to $900,000 in equipment replacement. The client had a primary core goal to get into business with the shortest path to recovery. Unforeseen Code upgrades and various changes to electrical and structural building components had to be dealt with. Joint approvals from the client and then the insurance company for selections, work approvals or extra charges can be a challenge and take valuable time to obtain. Original drawings were not always available and nor were stamped engineered drawings therefor engineering and architectural services had to be relied upon for current designs and subsequent client approvals and then submitted to local code officials. Having multiple parties of experts show up and constantly ask questions sometime meaningful and other times seemingly redundant and how to accommodate that is a daily challenge. Finding hidden damages and items that need repaired as exposed to meet code and then having the carrier determine the validity of the upgrade or the coverage for an item can be a stressful especially when you are tempting to fast track a project.
Weekly meetings were held to review the work completed and the work in progress of the project. DRS work with reliable engineers and architects that could produce drawings in a timely fashion to ensure proper cooperation with building code officials and the State of Pennsylvania’s Labor and Industry Department. Times Observer photo by Brian FerryElectronic recertificationDipesh Pokhrel of Electro-Mechanical Recertifiers uses compressed air and a vacuum to clean ammonium phosphate dust and other contaminants from a keyboard from Youngsville High School. The clean-up is in response to damages allegedly resulting from vandalism by three former YHS students. The initial estimate from the Warren County School District for this phase of the work was $238,000.
The main problem in the school was the discharge of most of the fire extinguishers in the school and the resulting release of corrosive ammonium phosphate dust. Each box is moved to the company’s mobile lab, ER-1, which is one of two trailers parked in the YHS parking lot. Because of the nature of the problem at Youngsville, those features will not be used on many devices there.
Instead, Electro-Mechanical personnel will use compressed air to remove particles from the outside of each device, while using suction to remove those particles. Mice and keyboards are cleaned and every fifth one is tested beyond watching for errors when the CPU and monitor are tested. If the equipment works as expected, Taveras puts a green sticker on it – every piece.
The company handled several buildings in the New York area, including the JP Morgan Chase office, he said.
Mobile hepa filters and carts carrying the necessary tools are moved about the school to clean mounted projectors, wood shop electronics, the server cabinet, the intercom system, every device in the boiler room, and other stationary items. ER Electrician Ed McCarty is in charge of cleaning the building’s electrical distribution system, including the mains and panels.
Although ER personnel work in places that have suffered extensive damages, they are part of the healing process.
The three students facing charges for allegedly causing the damage are scheduled for preliminary hearings Wednesday in Warren County Court. In its 2013 Atlantic hurricane season outlook issued today, NOAA’s Climate Prediction Centeris forecasting an active or extremely active season this year. For the six-month hurricane season, which begins June 1, NOAA’s Atlantic Hurricane Season Outlook says there is a 70 percent likelihood of 13 to 20 named storms (winds of 39 mph or higher), of which 7 to 11 could become hurricanes (winds of 74 mph or higher), including 3 to 6 major hurricanes (Category 3, 4 or 5; winds of 111 mph or higher). Three climate factors that strongly control Atlantic hurricane activity are expected to come together to produce an active or extremely active 2013 hurricane season. NOAA’s seasonal hurricane outlook is not a hurricane landfall forecast; it does not predict how many storms will hit land or where a storm will strike.
New for this hurricane season are improvements to forecast models, data gathering, and the National Hurricane Center communication procedure for post-tropical cyclones.
Also this year, Doppler radar data will be transmitted in real time from NOAA’s Hurricane Hunter aircraft. The National Weather Service has also made changes to allow for hurricane warnings to remain in effect, or to be newly issued, for storms like Sandy that have become post-tropical. NOAA’s outlook for the Eastern Pacific basin is for a below-normal hurricane season and the Central Pacific basin is also expected to have a below-normal season.
NOAA’s mission is to understand and predict changes in the Earth’s environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and to conserve and manage our coastal and marine resources.
Multi-Purpose Dry Chemical – Typically uses a chemical agent called mono ammonium phosphate. Purple K Dry Chemical – Uses a potassium-bicarbonate-based dry chemical agent which is a nuisance and acts as a simulator to electronics causing over heating issues. Install a HEPA air scrubber to reduce, control and remove effects of airborne particulate circulating around the area of damage. Because dry chemical fire extinguishers are very corrosive especially to metal surfaces, those surfaces should be cleaned and treated first to naturalize and restore materials.
Clean, rinse and dry as well as bake as needed all technical contents in batch processing method using correct chemistry for each substrate. Confirm proper operation after the commissioning of equipment and prior to handing over to the client. Warning: We always test substrates for chemical reactivity, etching, softening of substrates and colorfastness.
From printed circuit boards, chocolate molds, carburetors to precision instruments of all types, Electro-Mechanical Recertifiers, Inc. Our method is safer, faster, less expensive and more effective than traditional hand cleaning, pressure washing or chemical treatments. Non-toxic ultrasonic cleaning bubbles eradicate even microscopic grime in the tiniest crevices, outperforming conventional hand scrubbing with harsh chemicals. Mobile cleaning lab and our industrial parts cleaning tanks are large enough to handle any job. Our technicians have experience with cleaning expensive alloys, metals and composite materials of all shapes and sizes.
Using this method you’ll improve the quality of your products, increase production times, efficiency and decrease your impact on the environment. Springfield, Mass., July 8, 2011 -- The community of Springfield, MA begins to recover from the June 1 tornadoes that left devastation in western Mass. Led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the NTHMP consists of other primary participants , including the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
But as you go about the task of rebuilding, there are many ways to rebuild safer, stronger, smarter and more resilient to wildfires. The Regional and Disaster Support Branch within the Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration acts as the coordination point for mitigation disaster operations and activities. There’s much more you can do to protect your home and your family before a hurricane hits. Approximately 14,000 dams in the United States are classified as high-hazard potential, meaning that their failure could result in loss of life.
This guide also outlines sources of additional information needed to use the software to obtain a Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR) for a single project or multiple projects. The fact sheet defines in-kind contributions, qualifications for in-kind contributions, and determining the value of in-kind contributions.
Every fault line has an upper limit to its potency, determined by its length and width, and by how far it can slip. 1, 2005): Two other federal disaster request for tornado aid from similar made it past FEMA before the end of the year. Sometimes people use jargon to be deliberately obtuse or perhaps make something simple seem complex.
Virtually all computer users have lost or deleted files on their personal or work machines at some point. The number of versions of a file or the retention time of files is set within the data retention policies configured within the backup application or process.
After a disk crash, system failure or physical disaster, all systems will need to be rebuilt and configured from scratch and only then can the data be loaded onto the systems.

This is used only in very high capacity systems (credit card processing, stock market etc), has distance limitations (~60 miles) and will rarely be encountered at the customers we usually deal with. When the replication method is asynchronous, there is a delay (typically seconds to minutes) from when the data is written on the originating system until it is sent to the secondary system and no acknowledgement of receipt of the data by the secondary system is required. The key to understanding where replication fits in your DR or BC plan is that replication is a (more or less) live copy of the original data, so when the original file or folder is deleted or corrupted, that deletion or corruption is also replicated to the failover system. The goal of Disaster Recovery is to get the IT assets of an organization up and running within a specified time parameter and with a specified limit to the amount of data lost.
The goal of Business Continuity is the continual availability of critical business functions to customers and suppliers, and this goal is met by implementing standards, programs, and policies that are implemented on a day-to-day basis to maintain service, consistency, and recoverability. An organizations reaction to events we would not associate with DR, such as BP’s oil spill in the Gulf, the Bhopal accident in India, or a plane crash that takes the life of the CEO are covered by implementation of a proper BC plan. Each organization needs to look at its budget, how much lost data and downtime that it can realistically afford and make its decision accordingly. In reviewing these events, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) identified several areas where the country could better prepare itself in the event of future terrorist incidents. The EPA Homeland Security Laboratory Capacity Workgroup consists of representatives from the Office of Research and Development (ORD), Office of Air and Radiation (OAR), Office of Water (OW), Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER), Office of Environmental Information, Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, and several EPA regional offices. Machinery, electrical equipment and computers that are adversely affected need a fast track recovery plan. Water and the accompanying contaminates carried in through the roof rain water, firefighting suppression, rising flood waters and storm surge can cause immediate fire, explosion and shorting resulting in upstream and downstream damages to other system components, cabling and wiring as well as other equipment installed or electrically attached equipment. It’s a reconceptualization of the OS that aspires to unify Apple’s vision of hardware and software into a holistic experience, and it’s the result of the new era of collaboration at the company that began last year with the ouster of former iOS chief Scott Forstall and the elevation of Jony Ive to SVP of design. So when we say “Recovery” or “Continuity” we have to drill down further to specify for whom this is referring to. But consider the fact that something this definition overlooks is the process and procedures involved in restoring from a backup.
Without that piece of the puzzle, backed up data that can’t be legibly visible would just take up space. Some items may corrode from the secondary effects of the flooding just by being in non-climate controlled conditions and being exposed to high moisture meaning relative humidity has reached condensing levels or the dew point has beenexceeded meaning these items have been exposed much higher levels of humidity than designed and energizing them without a thorough analysis of the effects of corrosion may result in premature failure.
It is voluntary for a healthcare organization to submit to a JCAHO inspection (a high grade confers prestige), but the JCAHO does not have enforcement power and also does not consider business recovery during the inspection. The cooperative plan, known as Firescope, produced a management system that has become standard operating procedure across the United States – Incident Command System (ICS).
This work served as the cornerstone of the original version of HEICS (1991) developed by Orange County Emergency Medical Services.
One facility in Virginia’s Clarion Health System, CRCH, was closed for 16 days as the result of a fire. In some instances, documentation is required to demonstrate compliance with standards and elements of performance (EPs).
At the time of the fire no one knew the extent of the loss and this took some time to grasp the damage.
First by providing initial emergency services and then working with their insurance carrier and consultants to provide a construction scope and estimate for the project. We dispatched project managers and emergency crew members to provide for immediate site containment and electrical safety concerns.
Chocolate was melted on and in equipment, bulk chocolate destroyed, as well as numerous finished goods. During the restoration process, reporters showed up at various stages, vendors arrived to help and clients who had not heard of the loss on the news had arrived for plant tours or ice cream parlor outings. They were very concerned about key staff leaving, extended rebuild times and the ability to phase in sections or areas of the buildings. Their experts included inventory specialists, forensic accountants, building consultants, salvage companies and engineers. The new electrical codes as well as structural loads and fire code issues had to be addressed in the scope.
We recognized our good standing with the client early on and embraced the partnership of working together to meet their goals and objectives.
Leading them to address all questions through a POC for the client or a project manager who can distribute the information to all parties helps manage the process and make it more efficient. This estimating and tracking of additional requirements and costs is important to the project’s success. At this time DRS would set goals for selections of materials and provide completion dates of certain tasks so Sarris Candies could prepare themselves moving forward. Architectual drawings and engineering services can be strenuous activity that stalls progress because the process must be fast tracked.
If necessary, the electronics can be dried in a heating cabinet or washed in the ultra-sonic acid wash.
In the case of computer CPUs, each case is opened and the same process applied to the interior.
Forecasts for individual storms and their impacts will be provided throughout the season by NOAA’s National Hurricane Center. In July, NOAA plans to bring online a new supercomputer that will run an upgraded Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) model that provides significantly enhanced depiction of storm structure and improved storm intensity forecast guidance. This will help forecasters better analyze rapidly evolving storm conditions, and these data could further improve the HWRF model forecasts by 10 to 15 percent. This flexibility allows forecasters to provide a continuous flow of forecast and warning information for evolving or continuing threats. NOAA will issue an updated outlook for the Atlantic hurricane season in early August, just prior to the historical peak of the season.
Carbon dioxide extinguishers leave no residue and are commonly used in computer rooms and food storage areas. Switches, contacts, circuited boards, power supplies and ports must be preserved until they can be treated. We follow all cleaning compound label directions, and we never mix products unless specified in the label directions and batch tested first. More importantly, by using our affordable compounds of water-based soaps and enzyme solutions instead of spray solvents and toxic cleaning products, you’ll save the environment and 70% or more from harsh chemical use. What is the actual replacement cost versus restoration cost if quick uptime is not a factor? Do you have a business continuity or resumption plan for your IT recovery in the event of a disaster? Typically following well written plans will most likely result in the quickest recovery time possible.
FEMA works with its partners to support initiatives that protect people from severe wind events.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has teamed with Firewise Communities, the Federal Alliance for Safe Housing, and the Institute for Business and Home Safety to provide this resource for rebuilding after a fire. FEMA’s Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration recommends you take the following additional steps to prepare for the hurricane season. This Fact Sheet provides additional information about the program and how to reach out to businesses.
The most important steps you can take to protect yourself from dam failure are to know your risk.
Many organizations have regulatory requirements such as HIPAA, SOX, FDA Title 21 CFR Part 11, etc.
Distance limitations and not a concern for asynchronous replication and it can be performed over a VPN connection on the public Internet as well as MPLS and Point-to-Point connections. A critical area identified by the workgroup was the need for a list of analytical methods to be used by all laboratories when analyzing homeland security event samples and, in particular, when analysis of many samples is required over a short period of time. EPA’s Standardized Analytical Methods for Environmental Restoration Following Homeland Security Events (SAM) provides information for analytical methods to be applied during the “Site Remediation” phase.
ER Inc also provides technical and engineering consulting reports.  Call our toll free day or night for emergency services   877-378-4183. In an effort to limit losses and expedite business resumption, ER has such a program in place. Left untreated and to dry slowly causes oxidation of the contaminates present resulting in corrosion of base metals. As programs are basically just combinations of files that are packaged together and reliant upon each other.
Some applications require a specific start up sequence or a process and procedure involved in order for the data or application to work. Any deviation from the original source of where the data originated could be a point of contention of stability and liability. If energized during the event the affected equipment and machinery may have sustained damage to the circuit breakers, in-line fuses, motors and main fuses which may have “blown and shorted” from the initial onslaught of water infiltration. The upgraded device is consistent with new equipment standards and technological advancements without disturbing the primary enclosure, incoming and outgoing cable connections, or operating controls.
It is not clear at this time which agency will be the enforcement arm of the federal government for HIPAA. Business recovery is different in that it considers what happens when the emergency response triage period of 24 or 48 hours is over. They have patients to protect, keep safe and possibly move, and new ones to care for as a result of the disaster. In other situations, documentation may help the reviewer determine if requirements are met; however, the standards and EPs do not require the organization to have material available in writing.
The February 3, 2012 fire had affected the main operation center of the 50 year old candy manufacturer. Once the building was secure from the elements ,we were able to make building, equipment and inventory assessments jointly with the client to determine items affected and levels of damage.
This was a very public business that had a great reputation and wanted to be back in business.
In saving these moulds it was an estimated cost savings of $1.2 million dollars to Travelers Insurance.
This need had to be first recognized and then addressed to keep this goal as a priority for our team.
As is typical there were daily changes and some stumbling blocks but because we established a rapport and understood the client objectives they treated us like a true partner and team member from beginning to end of the project. There were 10 ER employees on site Tuesday; as many as 20 will be involved in the process at the height of operations. Very little residue is left however the event causes a blown down or release that moves operational dust and covers all surfaces with dust. Consideration for shipping, removal, proper disposal, conjuration, set ups and software installation costs as well as mapping, cabling and racking costs must be studied.
States, territories, and commonwealths at some level of risk to tsunamis along the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico, and elsewhere in the Pacific Ocean. Known as the Cascadia subduction zone, it runs for seven hundred miles off the coast of the Pacific Northwest, beginning near Cape Mendocino, California, continuing along Oregon and Washington, and terminating around Vancouver Island, Canada. Having standardized methods would reduce confusion, permit sharing of sample load between laboratories, improve data comparability, and simplify the task of outsourcing analytical support to the commercial laboratory sector. Extensive experience with equipment restoration allows us to provide unparalleled response.
However specific mitigation and emergency services steps must be taken to preserve this equipment. A solution (if it is financially feasible) would be to have an exact duplicate of the originating system on hand. I think the right way of asking these questions would be “What is an acceptable time frame for recovery?
The second onslaught of damage to electronics is “ongoing and continues” even as the water recedes. Electrical wiring, motors, computers, motor starters, contactors and control cabinets received contaminates from the flood water (ground water and salt water from flooding is very contaminated) this water contains chlorides, sulfides, heavy metals, hydrocarbons and other biological inhibitors and environmental waste chemicals that are unhealthy, toxic and corrosive. The business continuity plans that start implementation at the time of the disaster come to fruition while the triage period is happening, enabling the recovery of critical business functions and supporting information technology within the specified Recovery Time Objective (RTO). Conversely, the Harvard School of Public Health suggests that every dollar invested in disaster preparedness yields savings of $4–$11 in disaster response, relief and recovery. In those instances, the HCSS firm will demonstrate compliance with the standards and EPs by using other methods.
The Sarris Candies corporate facilities are located just south of the city of Pittsburgh in the Washington County town of Canonsburg.
The fire damaged the plant including portions of the main production facility, the ice cream parlor, the retail store and the general business offices. The client was very personable and carefully worded all press releases and news interviews. The company started on Monday, July 22, and Project Coordinator Dan Rafferty expects the work to take three to four weeks. This information could assist in the applications Benefit cost Analyses (BCA) Examples but not limited to: drainage and culvert, Acquisitions and Demolition.
The “Cascadia” part of its name comes from the Cascade Range, a chain of volcanic mountains that follow the same course a hundred or so miles inland.
Standardized methods would also improve the follow-up activities of validating results, evaluating data, and making decisions. Without the proper systems, applications, operating systems, hardware, or even situational environments: data will only be valuable in the environment it is created and used.
I know of various high finance high stress corporations that swap out systems on the fly that are matched pairs. Disaster Recovery and Business continuity do go hand in hand, but they can conceivably work independent of each other. As the water recedes the stainless, copper, aluminum and plain steel substrates of micro-circuitry and electrical components which have been covered in contaminated water continue to oxidize from the contaminates in the water as the oxygen hits the contaminated metallic surfaces which increases corrosion exponentially. In healthcare, business recovery planning by definition has an automated systems focus and works with the information technology dependent business functions in the planning process.
According to FEMA’s Hurricane Ike Impact Report, the facility lost $276 million in revenue after Hurricane Ike as a result of closure of the hospital’s facilities and the resulting downtime of business operations. The cause of the fire was deemed electrical but had also affected a large section of the roof structure, the first and second floor production areas and smoke had infiltrated 60% of the building before being extinguished.
Bill Sarris and management staff of Sarris Candies as well as various insurance representatives and consultants for an initial and ongoing plan. This also required large amounts of our time and expertise to help the navigate their specific questions, document the damages and understand the insurance coverage and limits. A flash drive is used to run PC Doctor software on all CPUs that fail to boot to determine if the problem is the setup or something more serious.
Hard to replace, harder to recover and even harder to re-create- data is costly work product.
If resuming business operations ASAP is a priority then restoration of IT systems makes sense!
The “subduction zone” part refers to a region of the planet where one tectonic plate is sliding underneath (subducting) another. To this end, workgroup members formed an Analytical Methods Subteam to address homeland security methods issues. We serve both union and non-union clients; working with strategic partners to bring together the most respected and experienced experts in the industry. Electrical powered gear, components and distribution equipment can be deemed safe as of a specific point in time.
But in a scenario where the application and files needed “float”, making a backup could conceivably exist in the same physical area. Do you have any leased items and anything that requires remote access or third party involvement?” Also “What amount of data can rely on to stabilize your company?
Any organization not showing due diligence in starting this process will be in noncompliance. Medical care can be provided without computers or technology of any kind in triage mode, but in a matter of days when the emergency response phase is winding down, dependency on information technology increases because the goal is to return to as close to normal operations as possible. It was clear that the Sarris priorities were about retaining their employees during this time and filling their various customer obligations much more than profits. Time to replace with new computers, installations and networking can be done over time and phased in later as a planned project. Tectonic plates are those slabs of mantle and crust that, in their epochs-long drift, rearrange the earth’s continents and oceans. Building wiring can also be tested using Insulation Resistance Testing to NETA standards ensuring the building compotes and combined systems are safe. There are many aspects that are involved in recovery that happen before and after system restoration.
This legislative mandate has a strategic goal of reducing costs in healthcare by standardizing data processing, as a prelude to establishing a centralized clearinghouse for claims processing, similar to the financial industry. Imagine the difficulty in scheduling appointments over a diverse and geographically dispersed healthcare system without information technology. If this is the only place your data is located then restoration can be extremely cost effective. Just as Business continuity may or may not be affected by a disaster (though typically it is, it’s not a constant actuality). The financial industry is highly regulated and audited for business recovery capability by both the federal and state governments.
Occasionally, at the borders where they meet, it is not.Take your hands and hold them palms down, middle fingertips touching. Your right hand represents the North American tectonic plate, which bears on its back, among other things, our entire continent, from One World Trade Center to the Space Needle, in Seattle. Your left hand represents an oceanic plate called Juan de Fuca, ninety thousand square miles in size.

When you try it, your right hand will slide up your left arm, as if you were pushing up your sleeve.
It is stuck, wedged tight against the surface of the other plate.Without moving your hands, curl your right knuckles up, so that they point toward the ceiling. Under pressure from Juan de Fuca, the stuck edge of North America is bulging upward and compressing eastward, at the rate of, respectively, three to four millimetres and thirty to forty millimetres a year. It can do so for quite some time, because, as continent stuff goes, it is young, made of rock that is still relatively elastic.
There is a backstop—the craton, that ancient unbudgeable mass at the center of the continent—and, sooner or later, North America will rebound like a spring.
That’s the very big one.Flick your right fingers outward, forcefully, so that your hand flattens back down again. When the next very big earthquake hits, the northwest edge of the continent, from California to Canada and the continental shelf to the Cascades, will drop by as much as six feet and rebound thirty to a hundred feet to the west—losing, within minutes, all the elevation and compression it has gained over centuries.
Some of that shift will take place beneath the ocean, displacing a colossal quantity of seawater. The other side will rush east, in a seven-hundred-mile liquid wall that will reach the Northwest coast, on average, fifteen minutes after the earthquake begins. By the time the shaking has ceased and the tsunami has receded, the region will be unrecognizable. Kenneth Murphy, who directs FEMA’s Region X, the division responsible for Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Alaska, says, “Our operating assumption is that everything west of Interstate 5 will be toast.”In the Pacific Northwest, everything west of Interstate 5 covers some hundred and forty thousand square miles, including Seattle, Tacoma, Portland, Eugene, Salem (the capital city of Oregon), Olympia (the capital of Washington), and some seven million people. When the next full-margin rupture happens, that region will suffer the worst natural disaster in the history of North America.
Almost three hundred died in Hurricane Sandy. FEMA projects that nearly thirteen thousand people will die in the Cascadia earthquake and tsunami.
Another twenty-seven thousand will be injured, and the agency expects that it will need to provide shelter for a million displaced people, and food and water for another two and a half million.
Thanks to work done by him and his colleagues, we now know that the odds of the big Cascadia earthquake happening in the next fifty years are roughly one in three.
Even those numbers do not fully reflect the danger—or, more to the point, how unprepared the Pacific Northwest is to face it.
The truly worrisome figures in this story are these: Thirty years ago, no one knew that the Cascadia subduction zone had ever produced a major earthquake. Forty-five years ago, no one even knew it existed.In May of 1804, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, together with their Corps of Discovery, set off from St. Eighteen months later, they reached the Pacific Ocean and made camp near the present-day town of Astoria, Oregon. The continent’s far expanses were so unknown to its white explorers that Thomas Jefferson, who commissioned the journey, thought that the men would come across woolly mammoths. Native Americans had lived in the Northwest for millennia, but they had no written language, and the many things to which the arriving Europeans subjected them did not include seismological inquiries. Geology, as even geologists will tell you, is not normally the sexiest of disciplines; it hunkers down with earthly stuff while the glory accrues to the human and the cosmic—to genetics, neuroscience, physics. But, sooner or later, every field has its field day, and the discovery of the Cascadia subduction zone stands as one of the greatest scientific detective stories of our time.The first clue came from geography. Almost all of the world’s most powerful earthquakes occur in the Ring of Fire, the volcanically and seismically volatile swath of the Pacific that runs from New Zealand up through Indonesia and Japan, across the ocean to Alaska, and down the west coast of the Americas to Chile.
Nearly all the earthquakes in the region are caused by continental plates getting stuck on oceanic plates—as North America is stuck on Juan de Fuca—and then getting abruptly unstuck. And nearly all the volcanoes are caused by the oceanic plates sliding deep beneath the continental ones, eventually reaching temperatures and pressures so extreme that they melt the rock above them.The Pacific Northwest sits squarely within the Ring of Fire. Inland, the Cascade volcanoes mark the line where, far below, the Juan de Fuca plate is heating up and melting everything above it. In other words, the Cascadia subduction zone has, as Goldfinger put it, “all the right anatomical parts.” Yet not once in recorded history has it caused a major earthquake—or, for that matter, any quake to speak of.
You can spend a lifetime in many parts of the Northwest—several, in fact, if you had them to spend—and not feel so much as a quiver. The question facing geologists in the nineteen-seventies was whether the Cascadia subduction zone had ever broken its eerie silence.In the late nineteen-eighties, Brian Atwater, a geologist with the United States Geological Survey, and a graduate student named David Yamaguchi found the answer, and another major clue in the Cascadia puzzle. Their discovery is best illustrated in a place called the ghost forest, a grove of western red cedars on the banks of the Copalis River, near the Washington coast. When I paddled out to it last summer, with Atwater and Yamaguchi, it was easy to see how it got its name.
The cedars are spread out across a low salt marsh on a wide northern bend in the river, long dead but still standing. Leafless, branchless, barkless, they are reduced to their trunks and worn to a smooth silver-gray, as if they had always carried their own tombstones inside them.What killed the trees in the ghost forest was saltwater. It had long been assumed that they died slowly, as the sea level around them gradually rose and submerged their roots. But, by 1987, Atwater, who had found in soil layers evidence of sudden land subsidence along the Washington coast, suspected that that was backward—that the trees had died quickly when the ground beneath them plummeted. To find out, he teamed up with Yamaguchi, a specialist in dendrochronology, the study of growth-ring patterns in trees. Yamaguchi took samples of the cedars and found that they had died simultaneously: in tree after tree, the final rings dated to the summer of 1699. Since trees do not grow in the winter, he and Atwater concluded that sometime between August of 1699 and May of 1700 an earthquake had caused the land to drop and killed the cedars. That time frame predated by more than a hundred years the written history of the Pacific Northwest—and so, by rights, the detective story should have ended there.But it did not. If you travel five thousand miles due west from the ghost forest, you reach the northeast coast of Japan. As the events of 2011 made clear, that coast is vulnerable to tsunamis, and the Japanese have kept track of them since at least 599 A.D.
In that fourteen-hundred-year history, one incident has long stood out for its strangeness. On the eighth day of the twelfth month of the twelfth year of the Genroku era, a six-hundred-mile-long wave struck the coast, levelling homes, breaching a castle moat, and causing an accident at sea. The Japanese understood that tsunamis were the result of earthquakes, yet no one felt the ground shake before the Genroku event.
When scientists began studying it, they called it an orphan tsunami.Finally, in a 1996 article in Nature, a seismologist named Kenji Satake and three colleagues, drawing on the work of Atwater and Yamaguchi, matched that orphan to its parent—and thereby filled in the blanks in the Cascadia story with uncanny specificity. At approximately nine o’ clock at night on January 26, 1700, a magnitude-9.0 earthquake struck the Pacific Northwest, causing sudden land subsidence, drowning coastal forests, and, out in the ocean, lifting up a wave half the length of a continent. It took roughly fifteen minutes for the Eastern half of that wave to strike the Northwest coast.
In 1964, Chief Louis Nookmis, of the Huu-ay-aht First Nation, in British Columbia, told a story, passed down through seven generations, about the eradication of Vancouver Island’s Pachena Bay people. Before his own time, he said, all the water had receded from Washington State’s Neah Bay, then suddenly poured back in, inundating the entire region.
In a 2005 study, Ruth Ludwin, then a seismologist at the University of Washington, together with nine colleagues, collected and analyzed Native American reports of earthquakes and saltwater floods. Some of those reports contained enough information to estimate a date range for the events they described.
On average, the midpoint of that range was 1701.It does not speak well of European-Americans that such stories counted as evidence for a proposition only after that proposition had been proved.
Still, the reconstruction of the Cascadia earthquake of 1700 is one of those rare natural puzzles whose pieces fit together as tectonic plates do not: perfectly. As Goldfinger put it, “In the late eighties and early nineties, the paradigm shifted to ‘uh-oh.’ ”Goldfinger told me this in his lab at Oregon State, a low prefab building that a passing English major might reasonably mistake for the maintenance department. Inside the freezer are floor-to-ceiling racks filled with cryptically labelled tubes, four inches in diameter and five feet long.
During subduction-zone earthquakes, torrents of land rush off the continental slope, leaving a permanent deposit on the bottom of the ocean. By counting the number and the size of deposits in each sample, then comparing their extent and consistency along the length of the Cascadia subduction zone, Goldfinger and his colleagues were able to determine how much of the zone has ruptured, how often, and how drastically.Thanks to that work, we now know that the Pacific Northwest has experienced forty-one subduction-zone earthquakes in the past ten thousand years.
If you divide ten thousand by forty-one, you get two hundred and forty-three, which is Cascadia’s recurrence interval: the average amount of time that elapses between earthquakes. That timespan is dangerous both because it is too long—long enough for us to unwittingly build an entire civilization on top of our continent’s worst fault line—and because it is not long enough.
Counting from the earthquake of 1700, we are now three hundred and fifteen years into a two-hundred-and-forty-three-year cycle.It is possible to quibble with that number.
Recurrence intervals are averages, and averages are tricky: ten is the average of nine and eleven, but also of eighteen and two. The devastation in Japan in 2011 was the result of a discrepancy between what the best science predicted and what the region was prepared to withstand. But the gap between what we know and what we should do about it is getting bigger and bigger, and the action really needs to turn to responding.
I’ve been through one of these massive earthquakes in the most seismically prepared nation on earth. If that was Portland”—Goldfinger finished the sentence with a shake of his head before he finished it with words. Compressional waves are fast-moving, high-frequency waves, audible to dogs and certain other animals but experienced by humans only as a sudden jolt.
They are not very harmful, but they are potentially very useful, since they travel fast enough to be detected by sensors thirty to ninety seconds ahead of other seismic waves.
That is enough time for earthquake early-warning systems, such as those in use throughout Japan, to automatically perform a variety of lifesaving functions: shutting down railways and power plants, opening elevators and firehouse doors, alerting hospitals to halt surgeries, and triggering alarms so that the general public can take cover.
When the Cascadia earthquake begins, there will be, instead, a cacophony of barking dogs and a long, suspended, what-was-that moment before the surface waves arrive. In theory, those who are at home when it hits should be safest; it is easy and relatively inexpensive to seismically safeguard a private dwelling.
But, lulled into nonchalance by their seemingly benign environment, most people in the Pacific Northwest have not done so.
Anything indoors and unsecured will lurch across the floor or come crashing down: bookshelves, lamps, computers, cannisters of flour in the pantry.
Houses that are not bolted to their foundations will slide off—or, rather, they will stay put, obeying inertia, while the foundations, together with the rest of the Northwest, jolt westward. Unmoored on the undulating ground, the homes will begin to collapse.Across the region, other, larger structures will also start to fail. Until 1974, the state of Oregon had no seismic code, and few places in the Pacific Northwest had one appropriate to a magnitude-9.0 earthquake until 1994.
Ian Madin, who directs the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI), estimates that seventy-five per cent of all structures in the state are not designed to withstand a major Cascadia quake. FEMA calculates that, across the region, something on the order of a million buildings—more than three thousand of them schools—will collapse or be compromised in the earthquake. For want of a nail, the war was lost; for fifteen independently insignificant errors, the jetliner was lost.
Subduction-zone earthquakes operate on the opposite principle: one enormous problem causes many other enormous problems. The shaking from the Cascadia quake will set off landslides throughout the region—up to thirty thousand of them in Seattle alone, the city’s emergency-management office estimates. It will also induce a process called liquefaction, whereby seemingly solid ground starts behaving like a liquid, to the detriment of anything on top of it. Fifteen per cent of Seattle is built on liquefiable land, including seventeen day-care centers and the homes of some thirty-four thousand five hundred people.
So is Oregon’s critical energy-infrastructure hub, a six-mile stretch of Portland through which flows ninety per cent of the state’s liquid fuel and which houses everything from electrical substations to natural-gas terminals. Together, the sloshing, sliding, and shaking will trigger fires, flooding, pipe failures, dam breaches, and hazardous-material spills. Any one of these second-order disasters could swamp the original earthquake in terms of cost, damage, or casualties—and one of them definitely will. Then the wave will arrive, and the real destruction will begin.Among natural disasters, tsunamis may be the closest to being completely unsurvivable. The only likely way to outlive one is not to be there when it happens: to steer clear of the vulnerable area in the first place, or get yourself to high ground as fast as possible. For the seventy-one thousand people who live in Cascadia’s inundation zone, that will mean evacuating in the narrow window after one disaster ends and before another begins. They will be notified to do so only by the earthquake itself—“a vibrate-alert system,” Kevin Cupples, the city planner for the town of Seaside, Oregon, jokes—and they are urged to leave on foot, since the earthquake will render roads impassable. That time line does not allow for finding a flashlight, tending to an earthquake injury, hesitating amid the ruins of a home, searching for loved ones, or being a Good Samaritan.
You run for your life.”The time to save people from a tsunami is before it happens, but the region has not yet taken serious steps toward doing so. Hotels and businesses are not required to post evacuation routes or to provide employees with evacuation training. In Oregon, it has been illegal since 1995 to build hospitals, schools, firehouses, and police stations in the inundation zone, but those which are already in it can stay, and any other new construction is permissible: energy facilities, hotels, retirement homes. Now we’ve consulted.’ ”These lax safety policies guarantee that many people inside the inundation zone will not get out. Twenty-nine per cent of the state’s population is disabled, and that figure rises in many coastal counties. Washington State Park properties within the inundation zone see an average of seventeen thousand and twenty-nine guests a day. Madin estimates that up to a hundred and fifty thousand people visit Oregon’s beaches on summer weekends. Its height will vary with the contours of the coast, from twenty feet to more than a hundred feet. It will not look like a Hokusai-style wave, rising up from the surface of the sea and breaking from above. It will be a five-story deluge of pickup trucks and doorframes and cinder blocks and fishing boats and utility poles and everything else that once constituted the coastal towns of the Pacific Northwest. To see the full scale of the devastation when that tsunami recedes, you would need to be in the international space station. The earthquake will have wrought its worst havoc west of the Cascades but caused damage as far away as Sacramento, California—as distant from the worst-hit areas as Fort Wayne, Indiana, is from New York. FEMA expects to coordinate search-and-rescue operations across a hundred thousand square miles and in the waters off four hundred and fifty-three miles of coastline.
Whoever chooses or has no choice but to stay there will spend three to six months without electricity, one to three years without drinking water and sewage systems, and three or more years without hospitals. Many residents will flee as well. OSSPAC predicts a mass-displacement event and a long-term population downturn.
The earth is 4.5 billion years old, but we are a young species, relatively speaking, with an average individual allotment of three score years and ten. The brevity of our lives breeds a kind of temporal parochialism—an ignorance of or an indifference to those planetary gears which turn more slowly than our own.This problem is bidirectional.
The Cascadia subduction zone remained hidden from us for so long because we could not see deep enough into the past. That is no longer a problem of information; we now understand very well what the Cascadia fault line will someday do.
If you are so inclined, you can watch an earthquake destroy much of the West Coast this summer in Brad Peyton’s “San Andreas,” while, in neighboring theatres, the world threatens to succumb to Armageddon by other means: viruses, robots, resource scarcity, zombies, aliens, plague. But such apocalyptic visions are a form of escapism, not a moral summons, and still less a plan of action. Where we stumble is in conjuring up grim futures in a way that helps to avert them.That problem is not specific to earthquakes, of course.
The Cascadia situation, a calamity in its own right, is also a parable for this age of ecological reckoning, and the questions it raises are ones that we all now face. How should a society respond to a looming crisis of uncertain timing but of catastrophic proportions? How can it begin to right itself when its entire infrastructure and culture developed in a way that leaves it profoundly vulnerable to natural disaster?  The last person I met with in the Pacific Northwest was Doug Dougherty, the superintendent of schools for Seaside, which lies almost entirely within the tsunami-inundation zone.
Of the four schools that Dougherty oversees, with a total student population of sixteen hundred, one is relatively safe. When the tsunami comes, they will be as much as forty-five feet below it.In 2009, Dougherty told me, he found some land for sale outside the inundation zone, and proposed building a new K-12 campus there. Four years later, to foot the hundred-and-twenty-eight-million-dollar bill, the district put up a bond measure. The tax increase for residents amounted to two dollars and sixteen cents per thousand dollars of property value. The state makes money available for seismic upgrades, but buildings within the inundation zone cannot apply. At present, all Dougherty can do is make sure that his students know how to evacuate.Some of them, however, will not be able to do so.
When the tsunami comes, the only place to go in Gearhart is a small ridge just behind the school. At its tallest, it is forty-five feet high—lower than the expected wave in a full-margin earthquake.
For now, the route to the ridge is marked by signs that say “Temporary Tsunami Assembly Area.” I asked Dougherty about the state’s long-range plan. All day long, just out of sight, the ocean rises up and collapses, spilling foamy overlapping ovals onto the shore. Eighty miles farther out, ten thousand feet below the surface of the sea, the hand of a geological clock is somewhere in its slow sweep. Even with the Cascadia fault starting off the Northern California coastal waters it would be a Cascadia earthquake specific to the Northwest.

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