Earthquake procedures in japan,earthquake site nepal,crisis management communication plan,sample business continuity plan for banks - Reviews

A mock emergency announcement will be made to passengers, and if it is safe, buses will slow and pull over as they would in an actual earthquake. Displaying an Omnitrans Travel Training bus to instruct children on bus safety during an earthquake as a part of the ShakeOut event at the San Bernardino County Museum in Redlands.
Distributing refresher awareness material to Omnitrans Coach Operators on the proper procedures to be taken if an earthquake strikes while they are on the road. The San Bernardino County Fire Department, Office of Emergency Services reminds you to prepare now so you can get back to normal sooner after the next major earthquake. The Great East Japan Earthquake that struck last year caused enormous loss and damage in Japan. It is important to bear in mind the two principles of actions to take during an emergencya€”Protecting yourself and protecting your town with neighborsa€”and to prepare for disaster on a regular basis. Note: Clicking on one of the language options provided at the upper right on the top page automatically switches the website content to that language. During the simulated magnitude 7.8 earthquake along the San Andreas Fault, Omnitrans coach operators will practice safety procedures that would be followed in the event of a major earthquake. If a major earthquake struck here in metropolitan Tokyo where we live, it is estimated that there would be loss and damage on a major scale as well. Shinagawa City also pours great efforts into planning to make the city strong in the face of a disaster. After the automatic translation is done, you can obtain information on disaster preparedness in the language specified. Since historical times the area has experienced many quakes of magnitude 6 and above and is vulnerable in future. Promoting child and family resilience to disasters: Effects, interventions, and prevention effectiveness.
In this issue, we will describe some of the disaster preparedness measures Shinagawa City pursues. In English, for example, you would click on the a€?For disaster anda€? link under the a€?Just in Casea€? section found on the right side of the page. Thus, the present study exercise was done in one of the multispecialty tertiary level hospital of North India to evaluate a hospital preparedness to overcome any disaster. Methodology: To conduct the drill, administrative block of the hospital was specifically chosen. Seismologic ally, the city lies in highly earthquake prone zone (Zone IV) and have experienced earthquakes of magnitude 6 and above since historical times and is vulnerable to possible future large earthquakes in the Central Himalayas. One day before prior to the drill, the whole staff was familiarized with preparedness plans and expectations.
The Himalayan Frontal Thrust, the Main boundary Thrust, the Krol, the Giri, Jutogh and Nahan thrusts lie in this region. Besides that there are scores of smaller faults, like the Kaurik Fault which triggered the 1975 earthquake.
After one minute time, siren was put off; rest of the stuck staff ran out and moved away from building to the evacuation place. Within minutes rescue teams (police control vans, fire fighting vehicles and ambulances) arrived.


Large earthquakes have occurred in adjoining state of Himachal Pradesh, the biggest being the Kangra Earthquake of 1905. Number of important structures and monuments of this moderately populated city could be prone to damage due to an earthquake of considerable magnitude. The seismic hazard studies in the recent past also indicate Chandigarh in the high hazard zone. Critical patients were given first aid at the site and later were shifted to hospital for further management. In the Post Disaster evaluation roles and responsibilities and feedback was taken from staff.
If emergency and preparedness plans are in place before a hazard event occurs, and all are aware of the plans and their roles.
Educating individuals about what to expect and do before, during, and after an emergency event helps reduce fears and can increase their ability to respond and recover from what can be a potentially stressful situation. These bodies facilitate for proactive, holistic and integrated approach of strengthening disaster preparedness, mitigation and emergency response. NDMA also provides with comprehensive resources to create and evaluate preparedness plans and to run evacuation exercises. Health care organizations are required to have disaster plans ready in place for various types of emergencies, including those resulting from natural hazards.
The Medical Management Plan will address the need to create greater awareness in all medical teams and the medical community at large, to the most frequent type of injuries, illness and other health problems caused by earthquakes.
Much of the previous researches on emergency exercises focused on the frequency of drills rather than on the specific content and evaluation of exercises. The obvious step is to observe mock drill exercises while they are being practiced, so that the content and procedures of the emergency plans and preparation can be evaluated.
The present study is an attempt to evaluate a hospital emergency preparedness and evacuation exercise conducted in one of the multispecialty tertiary level hospital of North India.Background to the present studyThe hospital in the present study always works beyond its working capacity with an Emergency Bed Occupancy Rate (BOR) of 200-250%. At the conclusion of the exercise, the DMC team met again to discuss the gaps and possible modifications for improving emergency preparedness plans and plug the gaps.ParticipantsThe hospital has four blocks. A-block for emergency, B-block houses OPD, C-block has wards and main operation theatres and D-block with administrative offices. D-block was specifically chosen for the drill, thereby not affecting the ongoing patient activities in the hospital. On the ground floor of the D-block there is radiology department and radiotherapy department, on the second floor there is dental block and blood bank whereas the upper floors has departments and establishment branch offices. At one time there are around 300 staff members including doctors and office staff.Observation teamThe observation team comprised two members (observers itself were the members of the DMC). On 12 February 2013, all the hospital Faculty and staff members were conveyed through group message and official mails about the pre disaster brief.
Prior planning and preparation are the keys to conducting effective emergency response practices and evacuation exercises, and all participants must have a clear understanding of their roles and responsibilities in the exercise. Thus, prior to the drill, staff met to ensure familiarization with current preparedness plans and expectations. Authorities briefed about earthquake safety behaviors and discussed evacuation routes with the staff before the drill.


The in-charges were sent the necessary information about their preparedness plans prior to drill, included reminders about specific exercises. As the siren rung, staff members, as instructed, took shelter under their working tables during the one minute 'earthquake shake,' ensuring their whole body was covered by the desk. The personnel in the ground floor ran out of their offices within 15-20 seconds.Once the 'all clear' bell had been rung (after the one minute period of shaking), members quickly left their offices, came out by the designated nearest emergency exit doors, and moved away from the buildings to their evacuation place (in the parks in front and rear of the D-block). All participants came out of the building rather than escaping to attached blocks through connecting bridges. All were out in the parks within 3 minutes.The observer checked the toilets and any other places where people would possibly be, to confirm that the whole staff is participating fully and whole block was empty.
Whilst the building check was happening, the authorities spoke to the staff about the emergency response practice done by all, congratulating them on their sensible behavior and their good listening, for following instructions quickly and for helping others.
Their points of the injuries were marked with red markings and draped with white clothing.• Response of the rescue staffWithin the minutes the police personnel reported followed by the fire fighting vehicles.
The police team cordoned off the area, the public which were standing closer to have a look of the ongoing drill was pushed to park, to vacate the area. Later the rescue team entered the building and started the rescue activity as guided, where to go, which area to approach and other not.The whole exercise went for 2 hours and 15 persons were rescued. One of the areas was designated where the fire has occurred due to some inflammable material. The fire fighting vehicle first put off the fire, entered the rear of the building with ladder and the exercise to rescue the two blocked personnel was completed.
Staff was well prepared and aware of their particular roles, and there were no instances of anyone being confused or unaware of what to do except for five members, who were not present on the day of briefing, and may have been confused by not knowing about the drillAll were fully engaged in the exercise, appearing confident in their ability to demonstrate appropriate safety behaviors and procedures. Some patients may experience difficulties and might need extra support in an emergency situationFire fighting equipments should be regularly checked. Staff members should be trained to use these fire fighting equipments in case of crisisThis is a first drill of its kind. As Chandigarh lies in the high seismic zone, there is need to do such exercises regularly to raise the awareness and strengthen the knowhow of the staffA greater understanding of earthquake preparedness and responses may be achieved by integrating the exercise with other areas of the curriculum.ThreatsPatient services were hampered for about 3 hours. Patients were seen waiting in the waiting area for the doctors to return back to their jobModifications to the plans were suggested where appropriate.
Conclusions emerging from the discussion and evaluation are reported below, followed by suggested modifications to the exercise.SummaryThorough briefing and participating in the mock drill exercise have increased the possibility of staff responding in an appropriate manner when involved in an actual emergency situation. Reassuring and comforting them, and telling them that they are doing the correct thing are integral to having confident and capable response actions from them. Mock drills need to be conducted regularly on all-hazards approach involving patients from patient care areas (Wards, Emergency, Intensive care Units and Operation Theatres), which can help in facilitating a timely and effective hospital-based response.



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