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20.11.2015
The other day I was out on the tractor and got to thinking about all the costs involved in mowing the lawn and keeping the back part of the property knocked down. I was pretty generous with the electric mower because there is less to breakdown or maintain. After years of mowing in shorts and sneakers, I switched over to boots, jeans and long sleeves. Interesting comparison – we mowed ourselves at our last house, but plan on having someone do the work at the new home.
I mowed my 1 + acre, (hilly throughout, necessitating getting on and off and using a push mower as well.) for 20 years. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.
Click image to host your site or blog with Bluehost, the best webhost service I have ever used. Part of the spending growth is due to the recession, but under President Obama’s proposed budget, food stamp spending will not return to pre-recession levels when the economy recovers. Unaffected by welfare reform in the 1990s, food stamps is an expensive, old-style entitlement program that discourages work, rewards idleness, and promotes long-term dependence. When the economy recovers, food stamp spending should be returned to pre-recession levels, and able-bodied, non-elderly adults receiving food stamps should be required to work, prepare for work, or at least look for a job as a condition of receiving aid. The farm bill is due for reauthorization, including the food stamp program, also known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).
The national debt has now topped $16 trillion and will continue to grow rapidly for the foreseeable future. Transfer control over food stamps from the Department of Agriculture (USDA) to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) .
Eliminate application loopholes that permit food stamp recipients to bypass income and asset tests.
These reforms are generally modeled on the 1990s welfare reform, which replaced the AFDC program with the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program. The food stamp program is very large and growing rapidly, but it is only part of a much larger system of government means-tested assistance. In the two decades before the current recession, means-tested welfare was the fastest growing component of government spending. According to the President’s FY 2013 budget, means-tested welfare will continue to grow rapidly for the next decade instead of declining as the recession ends.
An aggregate welfare spending cap of this sort is contained in the Welfare Reform Act of 2011 (H.R.
Just as it is critical to restrain the rapid growth of overall means-tested spending, it is also important to limit excessive spending in the food stamp program individually. The current recession has obviously caused part of the overall spending increase, but the USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service has also liberalized eligibility standards and operated aggressive outreach programs for more than a decade with the goal of maximizing the number of food stamp recipients. Moreover, President Obama’s FY 2013 budget shows that the President does not intend food stamp spending to return to pre-recessionary levels. In subsequent years, food stamp spending should grow no faster than the rate of inflation combined with population growth. Congress should provide each state with an annual food stamp allocation based on its pre-recession spending level adjusted for inflation and population growth. To implement this cap, the entitlement nature of food stamp spending should be eliminated.[7] Automatic open-ended increases in spending should be curtailed, and states should be given greater flexibility to determine program eligibility.
Overall, the government should make an effort to return food stamp caseloads to normal, pre-recession levels or to the even lower levels experienced during the Clinton presidency. Food stamps should be reformed along the lines of other modern welfare programs like TANF, not continued as a farmers’ aid program.
The food stamp rolls have skyrocketed, in part because the Obama Administration has promoted admission procedures that enable applicants to bypass ordinary income and asset tests for eligibility.
Traditionally, categorical eligibility in food stamps pertained only to individuals receiving cash assistance from selected other programs; in most cases, eligibility for these other programs was narrowly defined by the federal government.
This was a major change because, under the TANF program, states are given broad discretion in determining who will receive TANF cash aid.[12] In addition, most people in a state are potentially eligible for TANF non-cash services. Historically, the food stamp program was limited to persons with both low incomes and limited liquid assets. The Obama Administration has actively promoted use of the broad-based “categorical eligibility” loophole by states.
In states using this loophole, a middle-class family with one earner who becomes unemployed for one or two months can receive $668 per month in food stamps even if the family has $20,000 in cash sitting in the bank.
Categorical eligibility is an imprudent policy that automatically adds persons to the food stamp rolls without determining whether they are economically needy.
Another widely used loophole exploited by big-spending state governments is “Heat and Eat.” Food stamp benefit levels are based on “countable” income. The Heat and Eat loophole assigns a fictitious separate utility cost to food stamp recipients in order to increase their benefits. Moreover, the law allows states to grant the higher SUA to food stamp applicants who receive only a tiny amount of LIHEAP aid.
To reduce this type of fraud, state bureaucracies should be required, in a timely and consistent manner, to cross-check the National Directory of New Hires against their food stamp rolls to detect evidence of new employment. If an illegal immigrant gives birth to a child inside the United States, that child by law is an American citizen. Illegal immigrant parents routinely apply for welfare assistance for their children born in the U.S. This policy should be changed and brought in line with existing policy on the earned income tax credit. Food stamps is a fossilized program that, except for greatly increased costs, has changed little since its inception in the early years of the War on Poverty. Untouched by reform, it is an old-style entitlement program offering billions in unconditional aid. There is a common misperception that the food stamp program is a program of temporary, short-term assistance.
Following the welfare reform model, food stamps should be transformed from an open-ended entitlement program that gives one-way handouts into a work activation program. Many food stamp households contain adults who are capable of working but work little or not at all. A work activation program would seek to increase employment among able-bodied, nonworking food stamp households that do not work and to increase the hours of work among those who are employed part-time. Experience with welfare reform and the TANF program in the mid-1990s demonstrates that work activation can dramatically reduce welfare caseloads. Work activation could be designed to provide an incentive for states to reduce future dependence.
As noted, a work activation program will have administrative costs, but most states run their food stamp programs in tandem with their TANF programs, which already have a work requirement. Means-tested welfare assistance should not be a one-way handout or an open-ended entitlement. As welfare spending approaches $1 trillion per year, taxpayers have a right to know that their funds are being used frugally. Evidence shows that drug testing has the potential to significantly reduce unnecessary welfare spending and misuse of funds. Finally, all welfare programs, including food stamps, should be designed to promote self-sufficiency among able-bodied adults and to discourage long-term dependence. Simply put, there is an overwhelming positive correlation between illegal drug use and lower levels of employment. Because illegal drug use is linked to lower levels of work, any serious effort to promote employment and self-sufficiency should include steps to discourage illegal drug use within the welfare population. As the caseload fell, employment of single mothers surged and child poverty dropped at an unprecedented rate.
The uncapped funding entitlement of the AFDC program was ended, and state governments were given a fixed sum of money in future years. The open-ended legal entitlement of recipients to cash payments based on fixed eligibility formulae was ended. States were required to implement work activation programs for able-bodied TANF recipients.
However, “block grant” is also used in a second, much broader sense to mean a program in which fixed funds are collected at the federal level and turned over to state governments to spend with few or no requirements. Block grants in the second, broader sense are often viewed as vehicles of “federalism.” In reality, such block grants represent pseudo-federalism. Pseudo-federalism is particularly inappropriate within the current means-tested welfare system in which the federal government provides more than three-quarters of the total funding.
But none of Reagan’s new block grant programs—which included the Community Development Block Grant, Community Services Block Grant, and Low Income Energy Assistance Program—was ever a source of policy innovation.
In other words, President Johnson was not proposing a massive system of endlessly increasing welfare benefits doled out to an ever-enlarging population of beneficiaries. However, in terms of reducing the causes rather than the consequences of poverty, the War on Poverty has failed utterly.
The food stamp program gives state governments broad flexibility to determine benefit eligibility within the state by selecting different standards of categorical eligibility. Since the federal government pays for 100 percent of the cost of food stamp benefits, state governments have a financial incentive to enroll as many individuals as possible in the program. What began as a sideline business selling polished metal mirrors to pilgrims in Germany (to capture holy light) evolved into an enterprise that altered the course of art, religion, politics and industry: Johannes Gutenberga€™s movable type and printing press. We judge ourselves by our noblest acts and best intentions, but we are judged by our last worst act. There are 10,000 species of ants, and for several million years they have coved the earth, except Antarctica [no pun intended]. Credit has existed globally since the early days of trading and mercantilism, but it wasna€™t until the 1920s that oil companies issued a physical card to repeat customers who purchased fuel for their new-fangled automobiles.
Therea€™s nothing so hollow as the laugh of the person who intended to tell the story himself.
CHALLENGE #111: Why is the numeric keypad on a computer (7-8-9 at the top) upside-down from the numeric keypad on phones (1-2-3 on top)? English belongs to the very large Indo-European language family [Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Celtic, Latin, Hellenic, Iranian, Sanskrit et alia, which led to Polish, Welsh, French, Greek, Kurdish, Punjabi, and English, to name a few].
The real test of character comes when doing the right thing may not be in our self-interest. In the past 5,000 years the human genetic code changed 100 times faster than it had in any prevous period. In the 1880s, Samuel Augustus Maverick was a Texas cattleman who refused to brand his cattle, seeing it as cruel. CHALLENGE #111 was: Why is the numeric keypad on a computer (7-8-9 at the top) upside-down from the numeric keypad on phones (1-2-3 on top)? Researchers gave cash to experimental subjects who were instructed either to spend it on themselves or on others. BIG Q #26: Pericles argued in his Funeral Oration that democracy stimulates excellence because all citizens are stakeholders with public responsibilities.
When intensive-care units at Michigan hospitals followed a 5-step checklist for how to insert intravenous lines in patients, infections were virtually eliminated, saving the hospitals $175 million over 18 months. The peace symbol began as the emblem of the British anti-nuclear movement 50 years ago on Good Friday: a combination of the semaphore positions for N and D [Nuclear Disarmament] within a circle [the earth].
CHALLENGE #114: He was a fighter who was obsessed with boxing and he abused drink and drugs. BIG Q #27: Since poverty is deeper among children than the elderly, why does public spending on the elderly vastly outstrip spending on the young?
E-mail and Web searches consume 1.5% of the nationa€™s electricity last year, and if current trends continue, by 2010 the power bill to run a computer over its lifetime will surpass the cost of buying the machine. Biologically speaking, humans have changed little in the 100,000 years [or 3,000 generations] since modern humans emerged on the African savanna--not enough time for serious adjustments. Rembrandt was a master of chiaroscuro (kee-ahr-uh-SKYOOR-oh), the use of contrasts of light and shade to enhance the depiction of character and for general dramatic effect.
CHALLENGE #114 was: He was a fighter who was obsessed with boxing and he abused drink and drugs.
CHALLENGE #115: What proportion of the cells in your body are not actually yours but belong to foreign organisms? BIG Q #28: Why do girls, on average, lead boys for all their years in school, only to fall behind in the workplace?


Only 11% of CEOs of top 500 companies have an Ivy League degree, but 20% of the top 60 women in Forbes a€?most powerful womena€? list did.
The hormone oxytocin is naturally released in brain after a 20-second hug from a partner, triggering the braina€™s trust circuits. CHALLENGE #115 was: What proportion of the cells in your body are not actually yours but belong to foreign organisms?
CHALLENGE #116: A westerner and an easterner who each changed the world, but didna€™t want their names used to identify a religion--to no avail. Featured Quote: a€?The truth of the matter,a€? is that a€?we havena€™t sacrificed one darn bit in this war, not one. BIG Q #29: Why are the most powerful people in the world old white men and pretty young women? When lima bean plants are attacked by spider mites, they release volatile chemicals that summon another species of mites to attack the spider mites. Funeral directors promote embalming: replacing body fluids with formaldehyde, a carcinogen that eventually leaches into the environment when the buried body decays [800,000 gallons annually].
In 2001, President Bush exempted some 3,500 plants that spew toxic chemicals from the Right-To-Know law. Consultants get paid up to $500,000 to name a drug, and insist that letters are imbued with psychological meaning: P, T, and K, they claim, convey effectiveness.
CHALLENGE #116 was: A westerner and an easterner who each changed the world, but didna€™t want their names used to identify a religion--to no avail.
CHALLENGE #117: His father a€?bluffeda€? his way into law school using a faked transcript, and went on to finish first in his class and become a successful labor lawyer. Spoken language is instinctual, the brain collects the phonemes and abstracts the rules from what it hears, but written language must be taught. Busha€™s tax cuts for the rich have reduced annual tax revenue avaiable for public needs by $300 Billion each year. CHALLENGE #117 was: His father a€?bluffeda€? his way into law school using a faked transcript, and went on to finish first in his class and become a successful labor lawyer. FACTOID: Unusual English spelling shows the way the words were pronounced 100s of years ago. Chinoiserie (sheen-WAH-zuh-ree) is a style of ornamentation using motifs identified as Chinese. CHALLENGE # 118 was: If a tree falls in the forest and no one is there, does it make a sound?
CHALLENGE #119: Which a€?booka€™ won the Pulitzer Prize for literature and drama, in successive years?
Any of you who follow my menu plans know it already:I haven't done a "real" shopping trip in eight weeks. Ninety-five percent of what you see posted here gets done in that window when my older two are at school and my youngest is napping. Our thought is that we have so many other things to keep us busy that it’ll be worth the expense. We also have kids and busy lives and careers and it can be nice to have that time to do something for yourself, like learn as you mentioned, or even just decompress from a hectic lifestyle. Total federal and state means-tested spending—which excludes Social Security, Medicare, and Unemployment Insurance—rose from $431 billon in 2000 to $927 billion in 2011. Aside from enormous increases in cost, it has remained basically unchanged since its creation in the 1960s. To preserve the economy, government spending, including welfare spending, must be put on a more prudent course. The food stamp program is a means-tested welfare or anti-poverty program, not an agricultural program. Unlawful benefit overpayments should be reduced by acquiring more timely and accurate information about recipient earnings. Illegal immigrants who have children born in the United States routinely receive food stamps. Able-bodied food stamp recipients should be required to work, prepare for work, or at least look for a job as a condition of receiving aid.
As the federal government faces future bankruptcy, scarce taxpayer funds should not be used to provide welfare to individuals who abuse illicit drugs. That reform slowed the growth of welfare spending and increased employment while reducing both dependence and child poverty. State contributions to federal programs added another $201 billion, and independent state programs contributed around $9 billion. It grew more rapidly than Social Security and Medicare, and its rate of increase dwarfed the growth of public education and national defense.
The President’s budget would permanently increase annual means-tested spending from 4.5 percent to 6 percent of gross domestic product. These deficits are in part the result of dramatic, permanent increases in means-tested welfare.
When the current recession ends, or by 2013 at the latest, total federal means-tested welfare spending should be returned to pre-recession levels, adjusted for inflation. The federal government pays the full cost of food stamp benefits and splits administrative costs with state governments that administer the program.
These efforts, combined with the recession, have swollen the food stamp caseload to well above normal historical levels.
In keeping with the general aim of controlling the overall rapid growth of means-tested welfare, Congress should reduce the abnormally high levels of future food stamp spending by taking the following steps.
A food stamp spending cap of the sort described above would save the federal government roughly $150 billion over the next decade.
Given its background, it should be no surprise that the food stamp program grows rapidly and is highly resistant to the main ideas of welfare reform.
Its aim should be to provide support to low-income households while encouraging work and self-sufficiency.
One such policy is known as “broad-based categorical eligibility.” Within the welfare system, a single family may often be eligible for several welfare programs. Since virtually anyone can be eligible for a TANF non-cash service irrespective of income or assets, this rule gave states the option to substantially broaden their food stamp eligibility standards, weakening the income limits and waiving the asset limits entirely.[13] States could make this change without incurring added fiscal costs on themselves. Because of this, food stamps has been transformed from a program for the truly needy to a routine bonus payment stacked on top of conventional unemployment benefits. An analysis conducted for the USDA by Mathematica Policy Research estimated that eliminating the asset limits in the food stamp program would expand program caseload and costs by 22 percent in good economic times.[20] In periods of very high unemployment, this number presumably would be quite a bit higher. The lower the countable income of an individual, the higher that person’s benefits will be. Under this loophole, current law allows states to average out their utility costs and use a Standard Utility Allowance (SUA) when determining food stamp eligibility.
Consequently, states have begun issuing food stamps to applicants receiving LIHEAP benefits as low as $1 in order to boost their food stamp benefits.
However, recipients can unlawfully receive excess benefits by failing to report new jobs or increased earnings to the food stamp office. Recipients who have obtained employment but have failed to inform the food stamp office should have their benefits suspended. As a result, the child automatically becomes eligible for food stamps and many other means-tested programs. The welfare office will clearly recognize that the immigrant is illegal and in violation of U.S. For example, the program was largely unaffected by the welfare reform legislation of 1996, which replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, even though TANF and food stamp caseloads overlap to a great degree. Recipients are entitled to one-way handouts and are rarely required to engage in constructive behavior as a condition for receiving that aid.
In reality, at any given moment, the majority of recipients are or will become long-term dependents.
Non-elderly, able-bodied adults who receive benefits should be required to work, prepare for work, or at least look for work as a condition of receiving aid.
Altogether, each month, some 7 million to 7.5 million work-capable households received food stamps while performing no work or working less than 30 hours per week. Work activation should be phased in incrementally in the food stamp program when the current recession has ended.
In the four decades before welfare reform, TANF (formerly Aid to Families with Dependent Children) never experienced a significant decline in caseload.
If a state government operated its work activation program in a particularly effective way and reduced its food stamp caseloads below the pre-recession level, it might be allowed to retain a portion of the savings.
Thus, the burden on states of implementing a work requirement for the food stamp population would not be as great as starting a separate work requirement from scratch. An appropriate funding source for a food stamp work activation program is the TANF program. The reallocated $2 billion would then be split among the states to cover the costs of instituting a new work activation requirement in the food stamp program. Those who pay for the welfare state can properly insist that their aid go to those who are truly in need and not be wasted on frivolous or self-destructive activities, such as illegal drug use. For example, Florida’s policy of drug testing TANF applicants appears to have reduced new welfare enrollments by as much as 50 percent.[31] Potential applicants using illegal drugs simply chose not to enter the welfare system. Scientific evaluation of the Florida TANF drug testing requirement showed that earnings among welfare recipients who used illegal drugs were 30 percent lower than earnings among those who did not. Of course, it is possible that unemployment causes increased drug use: Unemployed persons could be depressed and therefore more likely to use drugs. A well-designed drug testing program would be an important tool in any effective welfare-to-work strategy.
In 1996, Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act (PRWORA), which replaced AFDC with TANF. For example, before reform, the poverty rates of black children and children of single mothers had remained stubbornly frozen for 25 years, but after reform, both dropped quickly. The poverty rate for both groups has risen sharply during the current recession but remains below the pre-reform rates for recessionary periods. Policymakers recognized that uncapped welfare entitlements tend to grow at a rapid and unsustainable pace. The TANF program, created by welfare reform, is often called a “block grant,” but that term is ambiguous and poorly understood. TANF was never a block grant in this latter sense; indeed, one of its defining features was that, for the first time, it imposed significant work-based performance standards on the states. Under pseudo-federalism, revenue is collected at the federal level and then turned over to state governments to be spent as the states choose.
Real federalism, or turning welfare back to the states, would require states to pay for their own welfare programs with state revenues—something that no state is eager to do.
It is true that during his first term in office, Ronald Reagan consolidated some 77 small separate government programs into nine block grants. Reagan’s primary focus in welfare was to require able-bodied recipients to work, not to give states unlimited flexibility in spending federal revenue. Not even the government can spend $9,000 per person without significantly affecting living conditions. His proclaimed goal was not to create a massive new system of government handouts, but an increase in self-sufficiency: to create a new generation of Americans capable of supporting themselves out of poverty without government handouts. He plans to spend $12.7 trillion on means-tested aid over the next decade—roughly $270,000 for each current poor person in the nation. According to USDA data, states may select one of three different categorical eligibility options. Under traditional categorical eligibility, a household where all members are eligible to receive means-tested cash aid from Supplemental Security Income, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, or General Assistance automatically becomes eligible for food stamp benefits as well.
Under this option, a household will become categorically eligible for food stamps if it receives cash aid from the three programs listed above or if a member receives an actual non-cash social service funded by TANF such as day care assistance, transportation aid, or general counseling. Under this option, a household becomes categorically eligible for food stamp benefits whenever it receives a TANF-funded brochure or pamphlet from the state food stamp office.
Consequently, the food stamp program operates like an ordinary uncapped entitlement program. Under AFDC, states were given more funds if they increased the number of persons enrolled in the program.
The categorical eligibility loophole waives the first two limits, but the value of benefits received will still be determined by the level of countable income.
Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, Contractor and Cooperator Report No.


Judge Scriven, who struck down the Florida drug testing law, refused to consider the strong evidence that the program substantially reduced new welfare enrollments. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Results from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Mental Health: Summary of National Findings, September 2011, p. Fagan, “The Continuing Good News About Welfare Reform,” Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. In the better sets, the traditional flaws of plasma (burn-in) and LCD (limited viewing angle, weak blacks, weak fast motion) have been largely eliminated. In 1958, Dinera€™s Club launched the first card available for payment to general merchants: 27 participating NYC restaurants. Kugel, an Orthodox Jew and author of a€?How to Read the Biblea€? says that there is essentially no evidence--archaeological, historical, cultural--for the events in the Torah. Koerner which he said depicts: a€?a horseman determinedly charging up what appears to be a steep and rough traila€?--representing his own political journey against steep odds and naysayers. The rope was not strong enough to carry them all; they decided 1 had to leave, or all would fall.
According to the Energy Department, vampire gadgets account for about 25% of total residential electricity consumption in the U.S. Guppy submitted a fish to the British Museum that was already classified, but the name stuck [and the fish is still in a jar at the museum].
The national debt has topped $16 trillion and will continue to grow rapidly for the foreseeable future.
Part of that growth is due to the recession, but under Obama’s proposed budget, food stamp spending will not return to pre-recession levels when the economy recovers. Unaffected by welfare reform in the 1990s, it remains a program that discourages work, rewards idleness, and promotes long-term dependence. When the current recession ends, food stamp spending should be returned to pre-recession levels. State governments receive automatic increases in food stamp funding when they increase the number of recipients on the food stamp rolls. The USDA’s expertise is in farming, not welfare; the department has shown that it is unsuited to run the second largest means-tested aid program in the nation. This policy should be changed and brought in line with existing policy on the earned income tax credit (EITC).
These work activation requirements should be phased in gradually as the current economic recession ends.
In the food stamp program, taxpayers should not be required to pay for free food for individuals who waste their own money on illegal drugs.
Such an approach inevitably underestimates the level and cost of assistance provided to the poor. Second, individuals do not need to earn eligibility for benefits through prior fiscal contributions. While means-tested medical benefits have been the fastest growing part of the welfare system, most other forms of welfare aid also have grown rapidly. An important step in reducing future unsustainable federal deficits would be to return total welfare spending to pre-recession levels.
In subsequent years, aggregate federal welfare spending should grow no faster than inflation. Since taking office, the Obama Administration has more than doubled spending on food stamps again: Spending rose from $39 billion in 2008 to a projected $85 billion in 2012. For most of the next decade, food stamp spending, adjusted for inflation and population growth, would remain at nearly twice the levels seen during the non-recessionary periods under President Bill Clinton. To accomplish this, authority over food stamps and related USDA means-tested aid programs should by transferred from the USDA to HHS. As a way to avoid duplicative administrative costs, receipt of aid from one program may give categorical eligibility for another. Future food stamp expenditures could be substantially reduced if Congress eliminated categorical eligibility, restored normal asset limits on eligibility, and reestablished the gross income eligibility standard at 130 percent of the federal poverty level.
If a person or family pays for utility costs separately from rent, they can deduct both the utility cost and the rent from their countable income, thereby increasing the amount of food stamp benefits they receive. The law provides a higher SUA for individuals who pay for heat and air conditioning separately from their rent.
Because the federal government pays for the cost of both food stamps and LIHEAP, a state government loses no money from this sleight of hand and pulls in more food stamp spending. In addition, able-bodied adults receiving food stamps should be required to recertify for assistance every three months.
There are roughly 4 million native-born children of illegal immigrants residing in the U.S. In order to receive the EITC, parents must provide a valid Social Security number demonstrating that they are residing in the U.S.
Like the failed AFDC program, which it closely resembles, food stamps discourages work and rewards dependence.
This included around 7 million families with children and 3.5 million non-elderly, able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs).
These low levels of work are not simply the product of the current recession: They are typical of food stamp recipients even in good economic times. Typically, a work activation program will cause both the existing caseload and the number of new enrollments to drop rapidly. This would cover all current work-eligible recipients who are nonworking or underemployed as well as many new work-capable enrollees.
Federal TANF funding is currently $16.5 billion per year, but only 40 percent of this funding is actually used to pay benefits. Taxpayers should provide support to those in need, and recipients in return should engage in responsible and constructive behavior as a condition of receiving aid.
In the case of food stamps, taxpayers should not be required to pay for food for individuals who waste their own money on illegal drugs.
Under the Florida policy, drug users could enroll in welfare in the future, but they would first need to stop using illegal drugs. In reality, however, causation is likely to run more heavily in the opposite direction, with illegal drug use leading to lower levels of employment. To block grant a program sometimes means (1) to eliminate an automatic legal entitlement to benefits for certain categories of persons and (2) to replace an uncapped entitlement spending mechanism with funding that is set at a fixed level and subject to budgetary controls.
But collecting revenue at one level of government to be spent at another level of government is a recipe for inefficiency and non-accountability. Replacing myriad tiny categorical programs with larger, broader programs did give states greater flexibility. But the original goal of the War on Poverty was not to prop up living standards artificially through an ever-expanding welfare state.
A significant portion of the population is now less capable of prosperous self-sufficiency than when the War on Poverty began. Much of this spending would be funded by borrowing from abroad and putting future generations further in debt. When the economy recovers, total means-tested spending should be returned to pre-recession levels adjusted for inflation. This gives states some flexibility because they can set the standards for receipt of cash benefits from these three programs; however, households that do not receive cash aid from these programs must apply for food stamp aid through the normal food stamp application process and are therefore subject to the normal food stamp limits on assets and gross income.
But after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine policy, and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship. No man spoke, but the woman said she would voluntarily let go of the rope, because, as a woman, she was used to giving up everything for her husband, kids and men in general, and was used to always making sacrifices with little in return. In addition, Congress should transform the program from one that rewards dependence into one that encourages work and self-sufficiency.
This practice encourages high levels of spending and unnecessary dependence on government aid. In order to receive the EITC, parents must provide a valid Social Security number demonstrating they are residing in the U.S. Similar requirements in the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program in the 1990s led to dramatic drops in welfare caseloads, surges in employment, and a large-scale drop in child poverty among groups that were most dependent on the program. Food stamp applicants and recipients should be tested for illegal drug use, and benefits should be terminated for those using drugs. Food stamps should be analyzed holistically as one component of a much larger means-tested welfare system of 79 federal programs providing cash, food, housing, medical care, social services, training, and targeted education aid to poor and low-income Americans. Means-tested welfare therefore does not include Social Security, Medicare, Unemployment Insurance, or Worker’s Compensation. Overall, President Obama plans to spend $12.7 trillion on means-tested welfare over the next decade. But the food stamp program and similar means-tested assistance programs such as the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food program and school lunch and breakfast programs are now two-thirds of the USDA budget. Reauthorization of the food stamp program should be accomplished as stand-alone legislation; it should not be part of the largely unrelated farm bill. However, a loophole in the law permits states to assign the higher SUA to anyone who receives aid from the Low Income Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) even if heating and air conditioning are already included in the individual’s rent or shelter deduction.[21] This allows the state welfare agency to falsely hike deductions for purposes of calculating countable income and thereby artificially boost the benefit levels. When the food stamp office provides aid for such a child, it gives the aid directly to the illegal immigrant parent in the form of an electronic benefit transfer (EBT) card. Requiring welfare recipients to stop using illegal drugs is a core element of reciprocal obligation. Therefore, a drug testing requirement for food stamps would, like the Florida TANF reform, be likely to reduce caseloads significantly.
This would occur because users of illegal drugs often have attitudes, capacities, and habits that make them less likely to seek, obtain, and maintain high levels of employment.
In some cases, uncapped entitlement spending was replaced by fixed funding, which slowed the growth of welfare spending somewhat. Food stamp spending should also be returned to pre-recession levels when the recession ends.
The figure in the text includes estimated state administrative expenditures equaling 9 percent of total federal spending. By contrast, in the TANF program, states are given a fixed annual funding that is not increased if the state increases enrollments.
So, plasma has truer color and does better in darker rooms, and LCD has more vivid color and does better in bright rooms. Congress and the Administration should transform food stamps into a program that encourages work and self-sufficiency, close eligibility loopholes, and, after the recession ends, reduce food stamp spending to pre-recession levels.
In addition, when the economy improves, able-bodied, non-elderly adults receiving food stamps should be required to work, prepare for work, or at least look for a job as a condition of receiving aid. Department of Commerce National Income and Product Accounts, farmers’ income represents about one-tenth of the cost of food and beverages consumed in the home in the U.S. Under this fixed funding principle, states were given very wide flexibility in determining who would receive TANF cash aid and services.
These are state funds that the state is required to contribute to TANF or a broad variety of TANF-related activities. I cannot imagine that I would feel happier or stronger for having given up, say, chocolate. When the current recession ends, Congress should return aggregate spending to pre-recession levels. It would also reduce drug use among food stamp recipients, thereby increasing their future employability.
Consequently, we can assume that each dollar in food stamp spending will result in around three cents in added farmers’ income. But, therea€™s no such thing as a 1080p TV broadcast (cable, satellite, anything), and wona€™t be for years. Actually, it was an illustration for a Saturday Evening Post short story, a€?The Slipper Tongue,a€? about a slick-tongued horse thief fleeing a lynch mob. All you have to do is to tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger.
Athens, to honor god of wine & drama, Dionysus [Baccus], where comic actors wore padded phalluses as part of their costumes. In subsequent years, the maximum allocation to states should grow no faster than inflation and population growth, although temporary increases above that maximum could be permitted in periods of high unemployment.



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