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From a child to a 90-year-old, there are vital health checks we need to avoid serious risk. Healthista GP Dr. We as women go through the hustle and bustle of our lives, working a lot and looking after our loved ones without much thought of ourselves as long as we feel and look alright.
Here, I bring you the checks and therapies that are important throughout a female’s life, ranging from adolescence to postmenopausal. By age 12, one would expect most girls to show signs of puberty and start their periods by age 13, however this can vary from 11 to 15 years old.
In addition to the usual immunisation schedules, based on available evidence and because cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women under 35 years old, it is recommended girls from age 12 get vaccinated against HPV (human papilloma virus) before they are sexually active. Young women are usually fit and well, however, if you are sexually active or are about to become active, it is important that both you and your partner have a screen done for sexually ttransmitted infections (STIs).
One might be pleased to know that other than a sample of blood for hepatitis, syphilis and HIV, other sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea can be tested from a self-taken vaginal swab.
It is also important to start being aware of your body and know what various parts feel like. As well as continuing the checks above, it is important to have cervical smears every three years until the age of 49. If you are on contraception, having regular discussions and checks of your blood pressure and weight are also recommended as hormones can affect these.
This is the age range in which longstanding heavy periods can begin to show their effects and you may experience symptoms of tiredness and low energy. From the age of 50 onwards, it is even more important to be breast aware as the rusk of breast cancer goes up with age. Having maintained a healthy lifestyle throughout the years, we should be able to take this through into our 80s and 90s and remain fit and active. Important ones not to be missed are regular eye tests, to check for eye pressures, cataracts and degeneration. It is essential to regularly monitor our gut health and have regular screens for bowel cancer. The health of our bones becomes even more important especially as we are now post menopausal. The materials on our site are presented for general information purposes only and are not intended to amount to advice on which reliance should be placed. According to the ADA (American Diabetes Association) a little over 10% of women over the age of 20 will be diagnosed with this. Cholesterol plays a huge role in heart disease which claims the life of about 1 in every 4 women in the United States. If you end up seeing these lumps, go see your doctor and ask for a blood test to check for cholesterol levels.
If you start to get an abnormal amount of pimples and thick hair, go see your doctor for a blood work. At the moment there isn’t really a cure for this situation, but your doctor can tell you about specific lifestyle changes that you can make to manage the symptoms. Skin cancer has recently been on the rise, and it doesn’t appear as an abnormal looking mole. I hope I convinced you all to take part in these 5 health checks that women should perform regularly. This website is for informational purposes only and is in no way intended as medical counseling or medical advice. Smear tests check for abnormal cell changes in your cervix, the narrow passage at the opening of your womb.

Even if you don't think you've got any problems with your eyes, you should still get them tested every two years.
You'll be asked a few questions about your sexual history, and then your tests will be tailored to your personal circumstances.
There's no hard and fast official guidance on how often you flash your gnashers at your dentist, but a good rule of thumb is every year at least. According to Cancer Research UK, you don't need to check your breasts daily, or even monthly, but you do need to know what's normal for you, and figure out how to spot any changes.
This is fantastic, however we must sometimes stop and ensure that we aren’t missing vital health checks at various stages in our lives.
If your daughter has no pubertal changes (for example no breast buds by age 13 and no periods by age 15), it is recommended that you seek medical advice as this means puberty is delayed and needs investigating.
Chlamydia for instance is an important one to check for as it is common amongst people aged 18 to 24, easily detected and readily treated with antibiotics. The health changes we make now will sustain us for many years to come as long as we make it a lifestyle choice.
In particular, breast awareness is very important and knowing how to check for any abnormalities is vital.
Following this, every 5 years should be sufficient unless otherwise indicated by your doctor. It is therefore important to see a health care professional for preconception advice and checks (these include use of supplements and  weight, blood pressure checks respectively) should that be the case. This is the time to have regular health screenings such as your blood pressure, blood sugars, bone health and cholesterol (fat in the blood). Unfortunately, certain conditions are more common at older ages and it is vital to have more checks. A simple stool test is usually all that is needed on the NHS, everyone age between 60 to 74 years old are sent a home test kit every two years. When you’re in the bathroom or shower, at least once a month, palpate your breast tissue and areola.
If these white balls of cholesterol appear on your eyelids, then your cholesterol may be around 300! This is a serious condition that can occur in almost 10% of women in the child bearing age.
The good news is that if you catch it early, about 98% of the cases are completely curable.
Then you should have a sexual health screening on at least an annual basis, and if you've had unprotected sex with one or multiple new partners, it's time to schedule your next. If you've got dental problems you're already aware of, you could increase this to every six or even three months, or if your mouth is very healthy, you could push it back to once very two years.  What for? The good news is you don't need to make any appointments or go to a clinic – you can do this one yourself. There are two types of vaccines and they protect against the two high risk types of HPV that cause 70 per cent of all cervical cancers.
This involves taking a small sample from the cervix (the neck of the womb) to check for any abnormal cells that might lead to cervical cancer.
This is easily corrected with supplements and dietary changes as well as considering medication to make the periods lighter. This is especially important if you have a pre-diagnosed medical condition such as thyroid problems or diabetes or are on regular prescribed medications that might impact your fertility. Attending the NHS health check programme (offered to those between age 40 to 74) is advisable as it aims to help prevent heart disease, stroke, diabetes, kidney disease and certain types of dementia.

If you have health problems you should consult a doctor or other qualified health professional. Raised insulin levels in the blood causes excess skin cells and melanin to congregate in that area.
His degree is in health science and he's a certified personal trainer who loves helping people reach their goals. However, your doctor will investigate further and if the changes are significant, you'll be offered treatment to remove the cells before something serious develops. What happens?
Your risk of developing problems with your sight increases from the age of 40, but as part of a generation who's grown up binge watching TV shows and spending hours scrolling Facebook, it's a no brainer to start taking care of your eyes as early as possible.
Dental check ups are used to check the overall condition of your mouth and teeth, as well as look out for anything more concerning, like signs of decay.
Breast cancer affects one in nine women and checking for changes helps greatly in decreasing its impact. The test is usually a dexa scan, this is a bone density X-ray using very low doses of radiation, which takes about 10 to 15 minutes, causes no discomfort and involves lying down whilst a scanning arm passes over you to take pictures of your spine and hip.
If you liked this article and found it informative, please take a second to share it on facebook. You'll usually be seen by a nurse, who'll ask you to undress from the waist down, hop onto a table and lie back with the soles of your feet touching. The most common problem in your twenties is eye strain, which comes from staring at screens, as well as concentrating on things like driving or reading, causing sore eyes and tension headaches. STI tests can check for a whole range of sexually transmitted conditions, from chlamydia and gonorrhea to hepatitis and HIV. Looking for certain symptoms can help to identify the early onset of breast cancer, and the earlier it's caught, the better your chances of beating it.
Your healthcare professional takes a comprehensive assessment and does tests including your cholesterol, blood sugar and weight.
She'll then use a speculum to open up the walls of your vagina, and insert a small, soft brush to take some cells.
It's easily fixed with a pair of glasses or contacts, or if you already have one of these solutions, an adjustment to your current prescription - but you'll need to visit your optician to figure out which option is best.  What happens? Your dentist will examine your mouth for basic oral health, as well as any other issues that might need addressing.
Based on the latest figures, only around 200 women in every 100, 000 will develop breast cancer in their twenties, but it can still happen in younger women, and checking your breasts is a good habit to get into for later life anyway.  What happens? It's kind of awkward, but for most women, it's not painful, and the whole process takes about 3 minutes, so even if you are embarrassed, it's totally worth it for three years of peace of mind. This varies depending on your needs, but there are standard things that happen during most eye tests.
Based on their findings, they may then recommend further treatment like a scale and polish, or a filling.
Changes in your breasts can be as subtle as a dimple on your skin and as obvious as bleeding from your nipple, so it's important to know your pair visually and through touch. Your optician will blow a few puffs of air into your eye to test the pressure inside, as this can be an early indicator of sight-threatening conditions, and ask you to read letters from a chart through a range of lenses, along with a couple of other simple procedures. When you're in the shower, make it part of your routine to feel each breast and armpit, right up to your collarbone, and look for any changes in size, shape, texture of the skin or discharge.

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