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Category: Field Mice Control | 04.05.2015
BED BUG BITES SYMPTOMS: The bedbug bites usually show up where your body has been in contact with the bed or mattress. Blood spots found on one’s sheets, bites and the presence of bed bug feces and cast skins are some of the indications of a bed bug infestation.
Some individuals who are bitten by bed bugs develop itching, red welts or swelling the day after being bitten. Unlike those of other insects, bed bug bites may sometimes appear in tight lines of multiple, small, red marks where multiple bed bugs have fed along an exposed area. Bed bugs are blood feeders that depend on blood for their food source, so they must consume blood for survival. Scratching bed bug bites and failure to keep the bites clean and disinfected may lead to a secondary infection that can cause further swelling and bleeding. Bites on dogs and cats will look much like bites on people, and the pet owner may actually suspect a mosquito or flea bit the pet. One way to confirm the bites are from bed bugs is to check your bed, bedsheets and pillows for signs of bed bugs. If you find that you do in fact have bed bugs, treating the bites is only treating the symptom, you will want to treat the bites in the short term, but get rid of the bed bugs in the long term.
In most bed bug bite cases, over the counter medications work great for bed bug bite treatment. Oral Antihistamine allergy medicines are also very effective at reducing the itching, burning and swelling of bed bug bites.
While not as effective as the hyrdo-cortisone cream or Oral antihistamine’s, Calamine lotion works well for some people and has the added benefit of protecting the area during the healing process. Plantain is a common weed that is excellent for soothing skin irritations like bed bug bites. White cosmetic clay can be mixed with water to make a paste can be placed on the bed bug bite and allowed to dry. They were commonly found before WWII and then rarely seen after the DDT pesticide started between the year 1940 and 1950.
Bed bug bites are often not noticed as they are mistaken for mosquito bites, flea bites or other kinds of skin conditions because they look quite similar from each other.
There is no required treatment for a bedbug bite although there are certain creams that can be applied if the itchiness is severe.
The experts may recommend or advise you to do a thorough cleaning of the house like scrubbing off the eggs inside infested areas, filling up the crevices or cracks in the walls, moldings, and floors; dismantling the frames of beds and furniture, covering mattresses with special bags or use a very powerful vacuum on crevices and cracks. In order to prevent a bedbug bite, you will need to identify the areas that these bugs are infesting and avoid those areas because it usually needs proper treatment in order for them to be completely eliminated. Check out the bed bug photos to see how the formation looks on the skin and how a bed bug looks. Bed bugs can look like mosquito bites so even if you have bites it is best to always verify the presence of bed bugs visually before treatment. Bed bugs are well known as annoying biting pests, and they are increasing in importance, including in hotels and other lodging establishments in the U.S. At least 27 agents of human disease have been found in bed bugs, including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and parasitic worms. The five larval stages are completed in about a month under suitable conditions of temperature, humidity, and availability of hosts for blood meals.
Human dwellings provide bed bugs with a place to live and access to a source of blood meals. Humans can aid the dispersal of bed bugs from one structure to another via the movement of infested bedding, furniture, and packing materials.
Bed bugs typically do not travel far to feed and lay eggs once they become established in a building.
Bed bugs detect carbon dioxide emitted from warm-blooded animals and respond to warmth and moisture as they approach the potential host. When staying in a hotel room, it is good practice to inspect the room for bed bug infestation. Control of an infestation of bed bugs is very difficult and is best left to professional pest control companies that have both the approved insecticides and the application equipment to effectively treat the various places where bed bugs hide.
Training housekeeping and maintenance staff to check for bed bugs is strongly recommended in order to identify an infestation.
The following Web site contains accurate and detailed information about bed bug biology and bed bug control.
A recent symposium devoted to bed bugs took place at a meeting of the Entomological Society of America. Environmental Health may become involved in situations where bed bugs are reported at a public facility, long-term care residence or child care facility.
Bed bugs are flat and small in size, allowing them to hide easily from view during the day when they are not active. Bed bugs are commonly transported within luggage, allowing them to spread anywhere humans settle. The presence of only one fertile female bed bug in a friendly environment such as a single or multiple family dwelling is an infestation that is waiting to happen. If you have bites on only one side of you body, then it is a good sign that you have been bitten by bed bugs. Bites are commonly found on the parts of the body that are more likely to be exposed to bed bugs during sleep – the hands, neck, face, shoulders, legs and arms. Bed bugs inject an anti-coagulant along with their saliva when they pierce the skin to take a blood meal. Once a bed bug inserts its mouthparts and finds a suitable blood vessel, it will begin feeding.
Children, the elderly, and individuals with weak immune systems, particularly those who are bedridden, may develop secondary infections that result from bed bug bites.


As with people, bed bugs do not stay on pets, but return to a protected harborage site after feeding.
They are generally found on areas where people sleep such as beds, mattresses, bed frames, and box springs although they do not infest on sleeping surfaces of the beds compared to the small crevices and cracks.
They are especially active during the night and bite any parts of the skin which is exposed while the person is sleeping. Oral antihistamines which can relieve itchiness may be an option to help relieve the symptoms. Look for shed bed bug skins, fecal stains and blood stains around your bed, on your mattress, behind the headboard, and in the nightstand. You are encouraged to learn more about the biology of bed bugs and their association with homes, apartments, hotels, and lodging establishments so that you can make more informed decisions about health risks, how to protect yourself when traveling, and whether bed bug control is warranted in a residence or lodging establishment.
The effect of bed bug bites varies among people, but they eventually produce red welts that itch.
None of these agents reproduce or multiply within bed bugs, and very few survive for any length of time inside a bed bug. There are five larval stages, and each one requires a blood meal before molting into the next life cycle stage. Bed bugs commonly infest larger buildings such as apartments, dorms, prisons, and theaters, but they also can occur in individual hotel rooms and in private homes. Even more widespread dispersal is associated with the movement of travelers via infested clothing, luggage, and lap top computers. They have a normal host with which they live and on which they feed, but they will feed on other species.
This involves thoroughly searching for bed bugs or signs of infestation in any suitable hiding place, such as bedding, upholstered furniture, or packing materials that might be introduced into your home or apartment. Upon arrival in a guest room, check the mattress, box springs, and behind the headboard before using the bed.
Avoid placing bags and personal items on beds or upholstered furnishings because these types of fixtures may harbor bed bugs.
The representative of the pest control company should examine the residence and describe any pre-treatment responsibilities of the homeowner.
In infested rooms, sheets and pillowcases used by guests who are bitten by bed bugs may have small bloodstains, which appear as small reddish brown spots. Look carefully especially in and around the mattress seams.The chances of having bed bugs increases if you or someone in your family has recently traveled or has gotten used furniture before noticing the bed bug marks on your skin.
They hide in mattresses, bed frames, bedding, furniture, carpets, baseboards and bedroom clutter. Infestations have become a problem in domestic households, hotels, dormitories and other places of residence.
While not always the case, bed bug bites are often grouped together in a small area and at times may occur in a line or a zigzag pattern. This anti-coagulant is mostly responsible for how a person reacts to the bite and determines the size of the bug’s bite. Many people do not react at all to the bite of a bed bug—many bites leave no mark and go completely unnoticed. In addition to bites, the presence of the bug’s feces, cast skins and the animal’s irritation at night are also indicators of bed bugs biting pets.
There are reports saying that the bedbugs can be found in areas with poor sanitation or they can live near mammals, specifically bats and birds that are nesting near houses; but they can live longer in cleaner environments as well. Other places where these bed bugs can be found are on carpet edges, curtains, wallpaper cracks especially near beds, corners inside the dressers and also the insides of wicker furniture. There is a wide range of aerosol insecticides, mild odor dusts and sprays that can eliminate bed bugs.
It is noted that some people experience symptoms identical to mosquito bites, while some people hardly have any effect to these bites. There is no evidence that bed bugs are involved in the transmission (via bite or infected feces) of any disease agent, including hepatitis B virus and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Assassin bugs, instead of being blood feeders, are predators on other insects, including crop pests. A third species of bed bug, Leptocimex boueti, lives with and feeds on both humans and bats in West Africa.
Both adult male and female bed bugs feed on blood and take repeated blood meals during their lives. Typical hiding places include beneath loose flooring, behind loose wallpaper, inside box springs, in mattresses, and in upholstered furniture. There is a common misconception that bed bug infestations occur only in poorly constructed and poorly maintained buildings with unsanitary conditions.
International travelers from countries that have heavy bed bug infestations can be a source of bed bug infestations in hotel rooms, and there has been an increasing incidence of bed bugs in lodging establishments around the world, including in the U.S. For example, bed bug larvae and adults feed readily on humans, bats, and chickens, and they do so when the host is at rest. Again, the bites are painless, and the host typically is not disturbed while bed bugs feed. It is very important to report suspected bed bug infestations to the hotel management immediately so that steps to control the infestation and prevent subsequent spread can be implemented as quickly as possible.
Guests also should be vigilant and keep suitcases, brief cases, and computers and their cases closed when not in use. For example, eliminating or at least reducing clutter in rooms to be treated is a necessity, and infested bedding may have to be discarded before the infestation is treated. Mattress seams should be examined for brown spots that could be bed bug feces, for shed skins, and for active bed bugs. They are rust colored and like to hide in mattresses, box springs, cracks of furniture, floors, walls, window sills and even picture frames located close to beds.


They suck blood from their host and inject saliva that can produce large swellings that itch. Because of their small size and propensity to hide within mattresses and furniture, controlling a bed bug infestation can prove difficult. Bites normally look like small, flat or raised areas that may become inflamed, itchy, red or blistered. Since people will have various sensitivities to the bed bug’s bite, the size of the bite will vary, as well.
Bed bug bites occur most commonly on exposed skin, such as the upper body, neck, arms and shoulders. Therefore, one of the best things to do is inspect the pet’s bedding and frequently groom the animal while being vigilant for the telltale signs of bed bug presence. These bedbugs can live long without feeding for months so they are especially seen in vacant homes as well. If the bitten area is exposed and becomes infected because of heavy scratching, antibiotics may be required.
These chemicals must be applied on all the areas where you find bed bugs are infesting, particularly in small crevices or cracks where they can run or hide. However, frequent feeding can disrupt people's sleep and make them irritable, and seeing bites may cause emotional distress in some people. They are beneficial insects, but they will bite humans if mishandled, and the bites are very painful. One common hiding place in hotel rooms is behind bed headboards that are fastened to the wall and another is behind moldings just above the floor.
Bed bugs do not require unsanitary conditions, and bed bugs do not discriminate between economy or luxury hotel rooms.
Thus bed bugs living with humans typically feed at night while a person sleeps, but they also will feed during the day in dark structures such as infested theaters with upholstered seats. It is a good idea to search these items prior to vacating the room and again prior to bringing the items inside your home. Bed bugs are most active at night preferring to feed in the dark, when most people are sleeping. These swellings or welts may become irritated and infected as a result of excessive scratching. However, it is not necessary to locate a specimen to identify an infestation. Their excrement leaves brown to black stains on mattresses and linens, and bloodstains may be visible where bed bugs have been accidentally crushed. Bed bug bite reactions don’t always appear immediately after you’re bitten and may take a few days to begin causing symptoms. Another factor that influences the size of a bed bug reaction is the number of times a person is bitten. In extreme cases, bites may swell dramatically or turn into blister-like skin inflammations.
Therefore, if a sleeping person moves, a feeding bed bug will probably withdraw its mouthparts and begin its search for a blood meal on another part of the body.
The adult bed bug grows to a length of 5 to 7 mm, while the juveniles or nymphs are small measuring only 1.5mm. There is a reasonable time delay between the incident of biting and the symptoms showing, sometimes even up to 9 days. Heavy rates of feeding can result in significant blood loss and eventually lead to anemia, especially in malnourished children. Modern construction has aided the spread of infestations by enabling bed bugs to move from room to room via central heating ducts.
Bed bugs only need a source of blood provided by humans, and they can exist in the cleanest hotels, motels, apartments, and homes.
These sites often are marked by masses of bed bug feces, which appear as yellowish to reddish-black specks and contain the remnants of digested blood. Male and female adults usually feed every 3-4 days and become engorged with blood in about 10-15 minutes. Sites to be searched include behind bed headboards, furniture seams, draperies, floor moldings, areas where wallpaper is loose, and behind picture frames and baseboards, especially those located near the beds. Their bites cause small, initially painless welts on the body — usually on upper extremities such as your arms, chest and neck. Bite reactions of people bitten many times are also variable, and their response may be either more or less intense as the number of bites increases. It’s important to remember that the number of bites a person receives is not indicative of the number of bed bugs that feed on that person.
However, sites that have surfaces consisting of plaster, stone, and metal typically do not harbor bed bugs. Large concentrations of bed bugs may be accompanied by a characteristic sweetish odor caused in part by secretions from scent glands. If a centralized forced-air heating system exists, the heating ducts in guest rooms should be checked for signs of bed bugs. The smaller ones which are the nymphs appear clearer than the adults and after feeding on blood they have bright red color. In case your skin is free of any complications at night, but you wake up with an itchy feeling and lumps, then bed bugs are the main reason.



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