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admin | Category: Electile Dysfunction 2016 | 10.04.2015
Not too long ago I received yet another worm bin for testing – this time a hand-made, single-compartment flow-through bin from Wood Worm Farms. The screen floor at the bottom also seems better quality than the tray screens in my WWF stacking system, and it even comes with a nifty little tool for loosening up the vermicompost once it’s ready. I’ll likely leave the system to sit for at least a couple of days before adding any worms.
Is it not too late to put some 2″ of ready worm compost at the very bottom of the bin?
LAURA – the harvesting tool is similar to one of those utensils used for spreading icing on cake, but the end is bent upwards, so it can be moved around all over the place. SHARON – Our cat (Monty) is fairly hefty, but I would still describe this bin as fairly small. Below is a more detailed description of some of the more important components you’ll likely want to consider before starting up your first vermicomposting system (keep in mind that this section was actually written LONG before I made the fundamentals video).
When it comes to starting up your vermicomposting system there are four main components to consider: 1) Container (worm bin), 2) Bedding, 3) Waste material, and of course 4) Composting worms. Once you have read through those sections you should be well on your way towards being able to set up your own worm composting system. There are a wide variety of options when it comes to choosing the type of worm bin you want to set up. For anyone interested in simply trying out vermicomposting (or if you want to save some money), I would recommend heading to your local hardware store and grabbing yourself a standard Rubbermaid tub (with lid) or something similar.
Some things to keep in mind when you choose your vessel – 1) Light penetration, 2) Surface area vs depth.
Red worms (and earth worms in general) are very sensitive to direct light – it can lead to considerable stress and even death if they unable to escape from it. Something I would recommend is either setting up multiple small bins OR one decent sized bin.
Composting worms not only need food, but also some sort of habitat to live in – bedding materials provide both.
People often refer to the ideal composting moisture content as being similar to that of a wrung-out sponge. Some great materials for bedding include shredded cardboard (my favorite), shredded newspaper, aged straw, coconut coir, fall leaves and peat moss (although I prefer not to use this material since it is not harvested in a sustainable or environmentally-friendly manner). Usually people set up their own worm bin at home so they can compost their food scraps and leftovers. These are fairly basic guidelines and of course there are exceptions under certain circumstances. Something I alluded to in the previous section was the fact that letting your waste material sit for a period of time is better than adding it right away. As I mentioned above, a fantastic way to ensure that your new bin takes off successfully is to mix a decent quantity of waste material in with your fresh bedding, then simply letting the bin sit for a week or so before adding the worms. Should you choose not to wait (obviously if you get your worms at the same time you get your bin it doesn’t make sense to wait) I would highly recommend that you at least try to add some partially rotting materials so that the worms have something to feed on. One of the common misconceptions amongst vermicomposting beginners is that any earthworm can be used for worm composting, or kept in an indoor bin in general.
I can still remember the disappointment of discovering (during my teenage years) that I could not keep a population of soil dwelling worms in a bucket. Another option is to track down someone else with a worm bin in your area and ask them to share.
Here are three Youtube videos I made, demonstrating how to build and set up several types of worm composting bins (the third video only shows the building process, but you can certainly apply the same methods shown in the first two videos).
This was originally a system I created to sell as part of a worm bin kit for those who didn’t feel like making their own bin.
I have neem unable to find out exactly when the shift in eating habits happened or what authority changed it. Until fairly recently I have not seen all that much mentioned about the microbial diet of worms. While I can’t say with any certainty what might have brought about the more-widespread discussion of this finding as of late, it is important to mention that some researchers have been suggesting this for years. These early findings suggested that it was in fact primarily prozoans that worms fed on, although this may have changed as well. So if in fact the worms are feeding off the microbes that help break the waste down, do worms accelerate or retard this break down?
I’ve seen a pretty big difference between backyard composters with and without worms.
I’m going to send you an email to see if I can help you a little more with your other questions! It has been a year or so that I have started to study about vermicomposting and how to use worms for making the powerful fertilizer. I have read alot on the internet, but I don’t know if they apply to all the varieties of worms around the world or not. I searched alot and figured that some companies do this, but as my hometown is Kerman, in the southeast of Iran, nobody there has set up a vermicomposting facility yet. I talked to a couple of my friends about it and one of them whose hometown is in north of Iran where the climate is VERY humid and the soil is fertile, told me that these worms are there in the ground! The mostly widely used species of worm, and the most versatile (able to do well in the widest range of conditions) is likely the red worm (Eisenia fetida).
As for the worms given to you by your friends, believe it or not those actually DO sound like E.
I have been eager to start red worm composting, but have been hesitant because I am not sure if I have enough kitchen scraps to keep the colony going.
This fall I ran my mulching lawn mower over fall leaves while I cut the grass – the result was a fine chopped mixture of grass clipping and leaves. I’d like to start vermicomposting at home, but am quite intimidated even though I was reading a lot of useful informaiton from your site (including the great video). If you are producing 1-2 pounds of food waste per week you will definitely want to start with more than 10-20 worms (unless you have a large separate system to store your rotting food waste before adding it to your worm bin).
In all honesty I try not to recommend exact formulas for feeding worms since every system is different and there is always a period of adjustment before your worms will start processing wastes efficiently.
If the worms are trying to crawl out of the bin it means conditions are not to their liking. I have cardboard on the bottom, a layer of finished compost and then some shredded paper on top. Everything sounds good to me – nothing jumping out at me as an obvious reason for your worms wanting to leave, other than the small population perhaps. I am planning on starting up a couple of experimental worm bins in my home as an investment of my volunteer place of work. So, I was just wanting to know if we bought a pound of each type of worm would that be too many for a basic worm tub? I guess I don’t have all that many questions, I just wanted to hear your take on my situation, and tell you how commendable your dedication to worms and composting is! The next time you are at the store it might not be a bad idea to check out the price of carrots. Hi Bentley, just wanted to give you the updates that I got my wigglers and they have been doing well in my bin for a week now. To make traps simply add some red wine vinegar (apple cider vinegar is great too), wine, or beer along with a drop of dish soap (reduces surface tension causing flies to sink) to a few small cups. I want to set up a worm bed and have found this site which is most helpful but I can not find and I have been keeping my eye out for a container like ya’ll have mention but I have had no luck. Using containers you already have is a great idea – you definitely do not need to use a plastic bin! That sounds like a LOT of waste – certainly way way more than my outdoor bed could process in a year (hard to guess what the actual capacity of it is). Apple and pear waste would be great worm food, but large quantities of it would likely be pretty acidic and very wet. You might want to test it out on a small scale and see how it works for you then expand from there. If you are really worried, you might think about dumping the contents of the bin out onto a tarp or garbage bag then simply going through the material to see how many worms there are. Hot composting is definitely a good option, but as you realize yourself it does generally require more management (turning etc). I’m really grateful that I haven’t experienced the “beached whale” look yet, but I do know some other pregnant mamas experience some bad swelling at this time.
In addition, know that sluggish circulation in your legs mixed with normal pregnancy water retention is pretty common and can cause swelling….


But still, it’s not fun to be puffy, so I’m working to avoid that pregnancy swelling as much as possible. Move-  I know that sitting in one place for long periods of time also contributes to swollen ankles, but thankful for Jackson, I don’t have to worry much about that right now.
You like the idea of turning your kitchen trash into fertilizer, but walking out to the back corner of the yard to deposit your compostables sounds like too much work. Vermicomposting, or composting with worms, produces great humus just like traditional composting.
I’ve wanted to give vermicomposting a try for a while and decided this fall was the time to make it happen.
With so many options, I looked at several ideas then picked the plans that looked best to me. My bin design comes from the Oregon Soil Corporation, which has nice printer-ready build instructions with illustrations and a materials list.
The construction of the cover for the bin was one of the details that attracted me to this design. To make the top as stable as possible and to make it easier to line up the lumber when I put the lid assembly together, I took the added step of joining the screen frame members together with my Kreg jig. With my worm composter built, I prepped my bin to be a new home to some hungry Red Wigglers. A week or so after I started the vermicomposter, I took some pictures of the worms’ activity. Pulling back the surface of the newspaper showed lots of worms hard at work eating my food scraps. For now I have kept the worm bin in our mud room, on the main floor just around the corner from the kitchen. This project cost about $30 for the materials, but readers without materials on hand or access to free worms might have to pay up to $50 for the project. Truth be told, when I happened upon an image and description of the bin on the site a little while ago I immediately emailed them to see if they’d be interested in having me do a review.
I mixed some (frozen-then-thawed) food waste and living materials together and added it over top of multiple layers of newsprint laid down inside the bin. Bentley is that harvest bar fixed to a rail and does it travel below the full bottom surface, or does it just move up and down in one spot? I definitely wouldn’t be able to put material like that directly over the screen (most would fall through). One question I have is – would it not be better to have the cutting bar below the steel wire mesh so there is not an opening above where works could vacate the system too easily ?
If you are the handy type you may want to build your own creation, OR if you don’t mind spending the money perhaps you will opt for purchasing a complete worm bin system (which may come with bin, bedding and worms). Ideal worm living conditions can be created initially by adding lots of bedding material with a decent amount of waste material (and likely some water to ensure adequate moisture conditions). Higher moisture levels do tend to work better for worm composting, but this is definitely a good guideline to start with (especially when using a water-tight bin). Worms seem to absolutely love rotting leaves, so definitely don’t be so quick to kick those bags to the curb in the fall.
In fact, a practice I highly recommend when starting a new bin is mixing bedding with a decent amount of moist food waste, then simply letting the mixture sit in a closed bin for a week or so before adding worms. Unfortunately not all waste materials are created equal from a worm’s standpoint (or a human health standpoint for that matter), so we should talk a little about what should and should not be added to an indoor worm bin.
I know this can be a challenge for those people anxious to get started, but it will go a long way in terms of ensuring your success. Before becoming interested in worm composting I was an avid aquarium hobbyist, always looking for ways to raise live food for my fish. If you are looking to start up your own worm composting bin this is definitely the worm for you. I prefer to build my population up to the ideal level, rather than using standard guidelines. For anyone just getting started, and looking for a very easy-to-build and inexpensive worm composting system, this is a great option. I later decided to stop offering the systems (didn’t really enjoy mass producing them), and instead have put more focus on providing DIY guidance. Many vermicomposting resources simply imply that the worms are eating the waste, end of story. I know it is used in much of the world, but I don’t know if it has made its way to Iran yet (not sure if it would occur there naturally). Every system is different and there are SO many variables involved that it is impossible to come up with precise values. I regularly have eggs shells, fruit peels, vegetable peels, and coffee grinds, but not a lot every day. As I’ve mentioned elsewhere, it is much easier to kill your worms via over-feeding than it is via under-feeding. If it looks like the scraps are disappearing faster than you can replace them then perhaps you’ll need to supplement. You should not add too much of this material at once – it can turn into a nasty mess and give off a lot of ammonia gas (bad for the worms).
They are very compact (I think they have a 3 gallon capacity) and won’t get in the way.
If you just want to play with a worm bin to see if you like it, and don’t care about quickly producing worm castings (compost), then starting with a tiny system is probably a good approach.
You might want to start two small Rubbermaid tubs and put half a pound of worms in each (make sure to get the bins ready before adding the worms, as shown in the videos). Once you see that much of the wastes you mixed in with the bedding have disappeared, you can then start adding small amounts of new (aged) wastes. Almost always, this has something to do with overfeeding (or at least too much of a certain type of waste material). With so few worms you definitely need to be careful with the amount of food added, but it sounds as though you have indeed been doing so. We’re thinking of trying out two different kinds of worm types (red wigglers and night crawlers) in two separate possibly rubbermaid bins (which we have yet to buy) in my basement. I tried to find on your site where you are in case you were closer and could help with recommendations of worm suppliers, but I couldn’t find anything. For bedding I have used cardboard, a couple of leaves from outside, shredded paper and a tiny bit of finished compost.
Fruit flies just seem to be one of those things that EVERY worm composter has to deal with – in my experience it is very difficult to avoid them altogether. A depth of 5″ IS a little shallow and might not provide the worms with enough safe habitat in case they are not happy with some food that has been added or conditions that have developed in certain parts of the bin.
You are starting with a relatively small quantity of worms (good idea), so you should be fine.
I would suggest shredding some corrugated cardboard (or egg carton cardboard – even better if you have it), putting a thick layer of it in the bottom of a bucket, then adding your scraps there (along with a little more cardboard each time you add scraps). As always, I’d recommend setting up the bin a good week or two before adding the worms so they arrive to find lots of food and moist conditions. You would likely very need to mix with something absorbent like shredded cardboard and likely also some lime (CaCO3) as well (to help balance pH).
You started with a fairly small number of worms and it has only been 2 months, so I’d guess (based on all the other details you provided) that everything is fine. I find it hard to believe that a tiny handful would be able to process a pound of worms every couple weeks (but I guess it depends on how many we are talking about). If you mixed it with some manure and left it to rot for awhile I bet it would be fantastic. If you can bulk up your manure enough with straw etc you can compost it passively, especially if you create some sort of raised bed that allows air to flow underneath the pile as well.
A mom who is on a mission to banish the muffin tops, thunder thighs, and jello arms of fellow new moms worldwide.
For the small effort of dumping your fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds and occasional leaf litter in a backyard bin or pile, you can produce a rich soil additive to use in gardens, windowboxes, planters and pots. But worms do their work in a container you keep in your house or garage and they work much faster than the microbes at work in a backyard compost pile. All it takes are the right worms and a suitable bin for them to live in. Besides, now that our monarch caterpillars are all gone, the house was feeling a little empty without some invertebrates to feed.
Certainly digging earthworms out of the garden isn’t likely to yield a successful worm bin.
Rather than perforating the lid or the top perimeter of the bin for ventilation (worms need to breathe, too) this design uses a big mesh-screened cutout in one of the lids, topped with a solid second lid. I started out with a nice bed of shredded newspaper and then added the worms given to me by my neighbor along with some compostable scraps from my kitchen.


When I opened the lid, there was some condensation on the inside of the lid indicating that the bin had a good moisture level for my wormy buddies. There is no discernable odor from the bin and if this continues and the room temperature stays cool enough I may keep the bin there because it’s such a convenient location. Before this, the only checking we had done was to lift the lid a couple times to listen to the worms wiggling through the compost. This is still a far cry from the $100+ cost of commercial worm bins that don’t pack all the awesome DIY fun. I have been compensated for my time commitment to the program and my DIY project as well as my posts about my experience. I have also been compensated for the materials needed for my DIY project.
I’ve been wanting to test a small single-compartment flow-through like this for quite some time, and this one looked way too cool to pass up! In a sense they do, but more specifically they are slurping up the microbial soup that forms on rotting materials.
This group tends to live in rich organic material (not soil), and are adapted to crowding and warmer temperatures. There are a wide variety of online merchants who will sell them to you, OR you may be able to track down a local supplier (I will be eventually setting up a comprehensive supplier directory to help people find merchants in their area). Getting in touch with your local gardening clubs or municiple waste management division should prove helpful. A widely accepted recommendation is to add 1lb of worms for each sq ft of bin surface area you have.
Just remember – you should always use a tub that is opaque, especially if you are going to keep the bin in a brightly lit location! By creating a system with a drainage reservoir you can help to eliminate this issue, and create some better quality worm compost in the process. Think of a rotten apple – there is only so much surface area available for attack by microbes.
This article is really only a brief introduction to worm composting, but I’m glad you found it helpful! Aside from being reddish in colour, one of the distinct features of the worm is the yellow tip of the tail. In a VERY well managed system (temperature, moisture content, feeding rate etc) these worms will reproduce very quickly. I would recommend moistening and mixing with shredded cardboard or leaves (brown fall leaves that is) and letting the miture sit in a separate container for a few days.
I’ve only added very small quantities of waste and will be leaving it to sit for some time before adding any more.
You should get a feel for things fairly quickly and become more confident in your abilities. Worms raised on manure as a food source tend to require an adjustment period in a food-scrap worm bin.
If all goes well we are going to try and get vermicomposting started on a larger scale in our small town community and get restaurants to give us their compost materials.
I’m very eager to start this up as soon as possible and get some new wormy friends as housemates! I understand about light getting in the box I have I spray it black just the outside so no light would get in.
This whole mix can then be used to start up a new worm bin (along with some additional shredded cardboard). Can you give me any idea about the capacity of your larger beds (I think you mentioned a 5X3x3 foot bed)? Click here to learn more about the secret fat-loss club you're going to want to be part of! For people in northern climates, like me, the worm’s comparative speed boost is even more dramatic because cold winter temperatures slow or stop the microbial decomposition in outdoor compost bins. The preferred compost worms are Red Wigglers because they eat voraciously, breed prolifically, live densely and don’t burrow deeply. With spacer blocks between the two lids this cover design provides great ventilation for air and moisture while retaining the dark environment worms prefer.
Looking into the compost bin itself, the newspaper was moist and there were visible worm castings on the surface.
That sound is undeniably gross but it’s also irresistibly cool, especially to my young boys.
However, my opinions are entirely my own and I have not been paid to publish positive comments. All worm composting experience aside, the sheer size of this system makes it very worry free. Aside from activating the important microbial community, this also allows for moisture to makes its way throughout the bin materials. If you throw in a bunch of fresh carrot peelings the worms won’t be able to start processing the material until sufficient microbial colonization has occured. So its not difficult to see why epigeic worms would do much better in an indoor composting bin than their soil dwelling cousins.
I was working at a horse farm and happened to dig into a pile of manure sitting behind the barn. I don’t actually use this type of system myself anymore, simply due to the fact that I used mostly open systems (which takes care of the excess moisture concern) and I just generally like to keep things as simple as possible.
Once that apple is broken apart and spread around it’s going to decompose so much more quickly (also helps oxygenate the process which is very important).
After it ages a bit try feeding some of the mixture to your worms – just put a small amount in the bin and see if the worms start consuming it. These are all good waste materials for a worm bin (better if aged first in a separate container). Rest assured, the next generation will be well adapted to the new environment (there are actually scientific studies that have shown that worms born in a certain type of waste material are able to adapt FAR more easily tha their parents (assuming the parents came from a different environment). We’ve got a community garden and will hopefully be using all the finished compost for it and other growing initiatives around town. Its amazing how much material you can get just by grating a few carrots (they are very resistant to break down so I suggest you shred them and maybe even cook them). If you make a few traps and suck up adults with a vacuum cleaner you should help to bring about a population crash.
You may want to get a few of these bins eventually to accomodate your worm population as it grows. The advantage of this approach is the cardboard soaks up excess moisture and helps to aerate the wastes so less chance of having a stinky mess on your hands (literally – haha). It is often the starchy materials (like bread) that can attract the most mold growth as well. The third bin is the base and retains a solid bottom to catch the leachate, but has holes on the upper sides to provide ventilation to the system. To make the cutout, I drilled holes at the corners of the cutout area then cut between them with my razor knife. Future additions to the bin will repeat the food-newspaper layering so that there is always newspaper covering the food scraps. Even if there are unfavorable conditions in one section of the bin, the worms can easily move into many other favorable zones.
I would personally rather add 1lb of worms to a bin this size and let the population reach an population equilibrium on it’s own. But don’t let that stop you from using this type of bin (lots of people seem happy with this approach! Vermicomposting sounds like the perfect idea for us because it’s hard to compost around here because there are all sorts of wild critters that can get into it. Red worms reproduce very rapidly under favorable conditions so it shouldn’t take too long. I think we had a wooden compost construction in our yard once but it got knocked over by a bear..
Mixing and covering scraps with shredded cardboard (or another bedding material) will definitely help – there will still certainly be fungal growth, but it will be more contained and spread out. If I had been into worm composting at the time this would have been like hitting the jackpot. I’ve read that night crawlers are excellent bait worms so we may even be able to sell some to local fishermen if we ever get an abundance.



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