What is in a burns first aid kit 61-piece,the best book covers 2014 prius,how to ease ear stretching pain - Videos Download

admin | Category: What Causes Ed 2016 | 13.12.2013
A 45-piece First Aid and Burns kit containing a selection of gels, dressings and other items for effective first aid upon minor to severe burns, grazes, cuts and much more.
In parts one and two, we discussed what a first aid kit is, and started to populate it with the broadest category of first aid supplies; that is, for treating penetrations of the skin.
In this part, we will look at a number of other hopefully minor problems and the first aid kit supplies appropriate for them. Generally we think of splinters as a sliver of wood which gets imbedded into the skin at or near to the surface. Of course, in both types of treatment, there is a problem – you have to have access to the end of the splinter for it to work. Once the splinter is removed, you have the situation of penetrated skin to deal with, as discussed in part 1. Whenever dealing with burns, the immediate response is to immerse the burn in cool, clean water, to stop any further progression of damage. For a partial thickness second degree burn which is confined to a small area, the equipment needed for treatment is a way to wet it for a few minutes each day (gauze sponges work well), antibiotic ointment, pain control and dressings. In addition to whatever pain is generated by the skin penetration, the irritant can cause itching or the venom can add substantial additional pain. Make sure you are aware of all the ingredients in whichever products you choose; all of the ones listed have risk of allergic reaction and serious problems from overdosing.
Second degree burns or frostbite can result in blisters which should be kept from bursting if practical and not deliberately drained, but otherwise are similar to friction blisters.
Rashes can be caused by contact with plants (poison ivy, poison oak, etc) as well as allergic reactions to exposure to the allergen either externally or internally.
The First Aid and Burns kit comes supplied in a weatherproof bag with handle and belt clips to be easily transportable on your forest school activities. We will run checks to establish your age, so please enter your correct date of birth at the checkout. The numbers after the problem will be used as a shortcut to indicate for which problem(s) an item in the summary list is used for.
For the purposes of first aid, we will also include slivers of metal or plastic, spines and thorns, fragments of glass, or even small birdshot as long as it is at or just under the surface.

In order to not add to any infection introduced by the splinter itself, make sure your hands and the surrounding area is clean and disinfected, and all your instruments are sterilized by boiling, burning in a flame or dipping into or wiping with a disinfectant. The stinger may or may not be left behind; if it is, do NOT grab it, as that could squeeze more venom into the wound. Diphenhydramine (an anti-histamine) or hydrocortisone (a steroid) cream can help with itching.
If you sense a blister starting, a piece of moleskin can be stuck to what is rubbing on you to provide protection between your skin and the source of friction.
Choices include a visor or stand (neither practical in a small kit), clip on (if you wear glasses), an eye loupe, a magnifier mounted on the tweezers (I find these to be hard to use due to the sideways torque applied by the magnifier) or a small, folding, free standing magnifier (called a thread counter or linen tester). Burns can be caused by heat, contact with hot liquids or solids, ultra violet and other radiation, electricity, fire and chemicals. There are lines of gel products, such as Burn Free, which are not only more portable than a bunch of water, but less risky as well. Pretty much the items indicated for treatment are an aloe vera (or other soothing) cream for comfort, and a dry gauze bandage applied loosely to protect the area and keep the air off of it.
Bites and stings both penetrate the skin, so the possible problems include bacteria, viruses or parasites, as well as an irritant or a small amount of venom.
Calamine lotion is obnoxious to carry and use (it is a staining, hardening, liquid), but also is effective at relieving itch.
Numerous illnesses and physical problems, minor and severe, can cause rashes, hives or similar skin problems. The needle or other sharp pointed instrument is used in an attempt to drag out the splinter. This can be done with the needle, a tip of the tweezers if they are sharp enough, or a separate splinter instrument which is kind of like a big needle with sharpened edges. As for light, a useful one will generally need to have batteries, which can die or leak while in storage, so they will need to be checked every so often. The product cools the burn to minimize further damage, and covers the exposed, damaged nerve endings to reduce the pain.
Even though with no break in the skin, infection is not a concern, antibiotic ointment can be applied for some comfort if no pain specific cream is available.

A Sawyer Extractor may suck out some of the venom, but this is usually not important enough to try to fit one of these into a small kit, unless allergy to bee stings is a consideration. Note that even trained doctors can have a hard time determining the type and cause of rashes from the rash alone. The light should be small and moderately bright, so consider one using a single AA, AAA or CR123 battery.
Electrical burns should be considered potentially serious even if they don’t appear very severe, as there may be internal damage not visible from the outside.
Once the burn progression is stopped, and the pain is under control, treatment is focused on avoiding infection and encouraging healing. There are some burn sprays and creams which include a topical anesthetic (often Lidocaine) which may provide good pain relief, but can also cause allergic reactions, particularly in children.
In the case of an embedded tick, use your fine tip splinter tweezers to grab the head and work it out. However, if it is too painful or too likely to be burst by continuing activity, you can drain the blister by disinfecting the blister and a needle, safety pin or splinter extractor, and poking a hole at the base of the blister and letting it drain, pressing gently to help clear out all liquid. With the tweezers, which need to be the right combination of fine point, correct alignment and strength, you just grab the end of the splinter and pull it out.
Many of the tweezers available have too broad a point, are not aligned quite correctly, or don’t have the strength to hold onto the splinter. Tweezerman point tweezerettes seem to be a good choice, although the price is higher than run of the mill tweezers. Photon Freedom, because it is small, very durable, water resistant, has easy battery replacement, infinitely variable brightness, a clip in cradle which prevents activation in storage, and a mounting accessory which allows you to mount the light to an iron surface or clip it to your hat or clothing.

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