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admin | Category: Male Dysfunction Treatment 2016 | 22.07.2014
Cold feet, many culpritsIf your toes are always cold, one reason could be poor blood flow - a circulatory problem sometimes linked to smoking, high blood pressure or heart disease. To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. Chemotherapy-induced acral erythema (also known as "palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia" or "hand-foot syndrome") is reddening, swelling, numbness and desquamation on palms and soles that can occur after chemotherapy in patients with cancer. Synonyms for acral erythema (AE) include: hand-foot syndrome, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, peculiar AE, chemotherapy-induced AE, toxic erythema of the palms and soles, palmar-plantar erythema, and Burgdorf’s reaction. Painful red swelling of the hands and feet in a patient receiving chemotherapy is usually enough to make the diagnosis. The main treatment for acral erythema is discontinuation of the offending drug, and symptomatic treatment to provide analgesia, lessen edema, and prevent superinfection. Zimmerman G, Keeling J, Burris H, Cook G, Irvin R, Kuhn J, McCollough M, Von Hoff D (1995).
List of cutaneous conditions — This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness.
Adverse drug reaction — Classification and external resources Adverse drug reaction leading to hepatitis (drug induced hepatitis) with granulomata.
Warfarin necrosis — Classification and external resources Examples of coumarin induced skin necrosis, late (left) and early (right) in the disease course. DRESS syndrome — stands for Drug Reaction (or Rash) with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms.
For anyone who experiences symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), it is very crucial that they seek medical attention.
Treatment for HFMD: Medical practitioners here in Singapore say that there are no specific treatments. Preventing HFMD: If you identified HFMD’s symptoms or you suspect your child has HFMD, it is important that you seek medical attention right away. Overview of Mammary Gland Swelling in Dogs Mammary gland swelling in dogs is a thickening, proliferation of tissue or a lump in the mammary glands (breasts) and in the surrounding tissue. Mammary gland swellings are much more common in intact female dogs, particularly during or after heat cycles, lactation and parturition. It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. Existing theories are based on the fact that only the hands and feet are involved and posit the role of temperature differences, vascular anatomy, differences in the types of cells (rapidly dividing epidermal cells and eccrine glands).
The problem can also arise in patients after bone marrow transplants, as the clinical and histologic features of PPE can be similar to cutaneous manifestations of acute (first 3 weeks) graft-versus-host disease. Support for this and a variety of other approaches to treat or prevent acral erythema comes from small clinical studies, although none has been proven in a randomised controlled clinical trial of sufficient size. Dermatologic Complications of Cancer Chemotherapy in Holland-Frei Cancer Medicine - 6th Ed., Ch. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. This is followed by peeling of the skin and resolution of the symptoms (Apisarnthanarax and Duvic 2003).
It is important to differentiate PPE, which is benign, from the more dangerous graft-versus-host disease.
Symptoms resolve 1–2 weeks after cessation of chemotherapy (Apisarnthanarax and Duvic 2003).
No antibiotics are indicated and more importantly, there are no vaccines available for HFMD.
You need to check the child’s mouth if there are mouth ulcers present and lastly, check the soles, buttocks and legs if there are blisters. A doctor can look for any underlying problems - or let you know that you simply have cold feet.
Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site.
As time progresses, patients with graft-versus-host disease progress to have other body parts affected, while PPE is limited to hands and feet. Singapore is not an exemption of HFMD no matter how modern or perfect medical practice we have. Serial biopsies every 3 to 5 days can also be helpful in differentiating the two disorders (Crider et al., 1986). Getting the right treatment is critical to feel your best and avoid serious health problems. However, pain that's not due to sky-high heels may come from a stress fracture, a small crack in a bone. What is the thyroid gland?The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. One possible cause: exercise that was too intense, particularly high-impact sport like football and distance running. It produces hormones that control the speed of your metabolism - the system that helps the body use energy.
Thyroid disorders can slow down or rev up your metabolism by disrupting the production of thyroid hormones. Red, white and blue toesRaynaud's disease can cause your toes to turn white, then bluish, and then red and then return to their natural tone.


When hormone levels become too low or too high, you may experience a wide range of symptoms. Symptom: Weight gain or lossAn unexplained change in weight is one of the most common signs of a thyroid disorder. Stress or changes in temperature can trigger vasospasms, which usually don’t lead to other health concerns.
Raynaud's may also be related to rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease or thyroid problems.
In contrast, if the thyroid produces more hormones than the body needs, you may lose weight unexpectedly. Heel painThe most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis, inflammation where this long ligament attaches to the heel bone.
Arthritis, excessive exercise and poorly fitting shoes also can cause heel pain, as can tendonitis.
Symptom: Swelling in the neckA swelling or enlargement in the neck is a visible clue that something may be wrong with the thyroid.
Less common causes include a bone spur on the bottom of the heel, a bone infection, tumour or fracture. Dragging your feetSometimes the first sign of a problem is a change in the way you walk - a wider gait or slight foot dragging. Sometimes swelling in the neck can result from thyroid cancer or nodules, lumps that grow inside the thyroid. The cause may be the slow loss of normal sensation in your feet, brought on by peripheral nerve damage. Symptom: Changes in heart rateThyroid hormones affect nearly every organ in the body and can influence how quickly the heart beats. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication might be able to be used after consulting with your veterinarian.
Nerve damage also can be due to infection, vitamin deficiency, alcoholism, and nervous system disease. It can also trigger increased blood pressure and the sensation of a pounding heart, known as heart palpitations. Symptom: Changes in energy or moodThyroid disorders can have a noticeable impact on your energy level and mood. Lung disease is the most common underlying cause, but it also can be caused by heart disease, liver and digestive disorders or certain infections.
Swollen feetThis is usually a temporary nuisance caused by standing too long or long haul travel - especially if you are pregnant. Symptom: Hair lossHair loss is another sign that your thyroid hormones may be out of balance. Symptom: Feeling too cold or hotThyroid disorders can disrupt the ability to regulate body temperature. Burning feetA burning sensation in the feet is common among people with diabetes with peripheral nerve damage. Hyperthyroidism tends to have the opposite effect, causing excessive sweating and an aversion to heat.
It can also be caused by a vitamin B deficiency, athlete’s foot, chronic kidney disease, poor circulation in the legs and feet (peripheral arterial disease) or hypothyroidism. Sores that don’t healFoot sores that will not heal are a major warning sign of possible diabetes. If a thyroid problem is suspected, a simple blood test can determine whether the true culprit is menopause or a thyroid disorder – or a combination of the two.
Diabetes can impair sensation in the feet, circulation and normal wound healing, so even a blister can become a problem wound. Who should be tested?Seek medical advice if you think you may have an overactive or an underactive thyroid.
A diagnosis will be based on your symptoms, an examination, and a blood test that checks how well your thyroid gland is working.Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are more common in women than men. People with diabeties should wash and dry their feet and check them for any wounds every day.
Thyroid neck checkA careful look in the mirror may help you spot an enlarged thyroid that needs medical attention. Slow-healing of sores also can be caused by poor circulation from conditions such as peripheral artery disease.
Tip your head back, take a drink of water, and as you swallow, examine your neck below the Adam's apple and above the collarbone. Pain in the big toeGout is a notorious cause of sudden pain in the big toe joint, along with redness and swelling (seen here).
If the joint is rigid, it may be hallux rigidus, a complication of arthritis where a bone spur develops. Diagnosing thyroid disordersIf your doctor suspects a thyroid disorder, a blood test called a thyroid function test can help provide an answer. The test measures the level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), a kind of master hormone that regulates the work of the thyroid gland. Pain in the smaller toesIf you feel like you're walking on a marble, or if pain burns in the ball of your foot and radiates to the toes, you may have Morton’s neuroma, a thickening of tissue around a nerve, usually between the third and fourth toes.
In some cases, imaging studies are used and biopsies are taken to evaluate a thyroid abnormality.


Itchy feetItchy, scaly skin may be athlete’s foot, a fungal infection that's particularly common in young men. Hashimoto's diseaseThe most common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune reaction where the body attacks the thyroid gland. A reaction to chemicals or skin care products - called contact dermatitis -- can cause itching, too, along with redness and dry patches. If the skin of your itchy feet is thick and scaly, it may be psoriasis, an over-reaction of the immune system.
Other causes of hypothyroidismIn some cases, hypothyroidism results from a problem with the pituitary gland, which is at the base of the brain. Claw toeThis foot deformity can be caused by shoes that are tight and pinch your toes or by a disease that damages nerves, such as diabetes, alcoholism or other neurological disorder. This gland produces thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which tells the thyroid to do its job. Your toes will be bent upward as they extend from the ball of the foot, then downward from the middle joint, resembling a claw.
If your pituitary gland does not produce enough TSH, your levels of thyroid hormones will fall.
They may respond to stretching and exercises of the toes - or you may need special shoes or even surgery.
Other causes of hypothyroidism include temporary inflammation of the thyroid or medications that affect thyroid function. Foot spasmsA sudden, sharp pain in the foot is the hallmark of a muscle spasm or cramp, which can last many minutes. This is an autoimmune disorder that attacks the thyroid gland and triggers the release of high levels of thyroid hormones. Other causes include poor circulation, dehydration or imbalances in potassium, magnesium, calcium or vitamin D levels in the body. One of the hallmarks of Graves' disease is the eyes bulging out and appearing more prominent.
These are lumps that develop inside the thyroid and sometimes begin producing thyroid hormones.
Dark spot on the footWe associate skin cancer with the sun, so we're not as likely to check our feet for unusual spots. However, a melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer, can develop even in areas that are not regularly exposed to the sun.
Thyroid disorder complicationsWhen left untreated, hypothyroidism can raise your cholesterol levels and make you more likely to have a stroke or heart attack.
In severe cases, very low levels of thyroid hormones can trigger a life threatening drop in body temperature and loss of consciousness.
Treating hypothyroidismIf you are diagnosed with hypothyroidism, your doctor will probably prescribe thyroid hormones in the form of a tablet. Thick, yellow nails also can be a sign of an underlying disease, including lymphoedema (swelling related to the lymphatic system), lung problems or rheumatoid arthritis.
Spoon-shaped toenailsSometimes an injury to the nail or frequent exposure to petroleum-based solvents can create a concave, spoon-like shape. Long-term treatment can result in more energy, lower cholesterol levels and gradual weight loss. Most people with hypothyroidism will need to take thyroid hormones for the rest of their lives. White nailsInjury to the nail or illness anywhere in the body can cause white areas in the nails. Treating hyperthyroidismThe most common treatment for hyperthyroidism is anti-thyroid medication, which aims to reduce the amount of hormones produced by the thyroid. If part or all of a nail separates from the nail bed (shown here), it can appear white - and may be due to an injury, nail infection or psoriasis.If the nail is intact and most of it is white, it can sometimes be a sign of a more serious condition including liver disease, congestive heart failure or diabetes. The condition may eventually go away, but many people need to remain on medication for the long term. Pitting of the nailsPitting, or punctured-looking depressions in the surface of the nail, is caused by a disruption in the growth of the nail at the nail plate.
Another option is radioactive iodine, which destroys some of the thyroid gland so reducing the amount of thyroid hormone produced.
Once part of the gland is destroyed, or removed by surgery, many patients must begin taking thyroid hormones in tablet form. Surgery for thyroid disordersRemoving the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) can cure hyperthyroidism, but the procedure is only recommended if anti-thyroid medications don't work, or if there is a large goitre. Once the thyroid is removed, most patients require daily supplements of thyroid hormones to avoid developing hypothyroidism. What about thyroid cancer?Thyroid cancer is uncommon, accounting for less than 1% of all cancers in the UK, and is among the least deadly. The main symptom is a lump or swelling in the neck, but fewer than 10% of thyroid nodules turn out to be cancerous.
When thyroid cancer is diagnosed, it is often treated with surgery followed by radioactive iodine therapy or external radiotherapy.



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