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admin | Category: Ed Treatment For Migraine | 11.11.2015
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Edema is swelling caused by fluid retention - excess fluid is trapped in the body's tissues.
You will also see introductions at the end of some sections to any recent developments that have been covered by MNT's news stories.
The cause of edema may be diagnosed by chest X-ray, blood tests, urine tests, liver function tests or heart function tests. If the capillaries (tiny blood vessels) leak fluid into the surrounding tissue the area will start to swell.
Leaking capillaries will cause the kidneys to accumulate higher than normal quantities of sodium (salt) and water in order to compensate for the capillary fluid loss. If a person stands or sits still for long periods of time, there is a much higher chance of swelling.
When a woman is resting in a reclined position the enlarged uterus occasionally compresses the inferior vena cava, causing obstruction of both femoral veins, leading to edema.
A pregnant woman's blood is hypercoaguble (clots more easily), raising the risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), a cause of edema. Around the period of the menopause, as well as after, hormone fluctuations can cause fluid retention. Such as vasodilators (drugs that open blood vessels), calcium channel blockers, NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), estrogens, several chemotherapy drugs, and some diabetes drugs, such as thiazolidinediones.
Dietitians say low consumption of thiamine (vitamin B1), as well as insufficient vitamins B6 and B5, may contribute toward fluid retention.
Patients with kidney disease may not be able to eliminate enough fluid and sodium from the blood.
Damage to the capillaries in the kidneys (glomeruli) that filter waste and excess fluids from the blood can result in nephrotic syndrome. Chronic lung disease includes many lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, COPD, emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis and sarcoidosis. A patient with diabetes may have edema for several different reasons, including cardiovascular disease and its associated complications, acute renal failure, acute liver failure, protein-losing enteropathy (disease of the intestine causing protein loss) and some medications. People with arthritis most commonly have swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, and calves - peripheral edema. A brain tumor will accumulate water around itself, especially as it builds new blood vessels.
A blow to the head may result in an accumulation of fluids in the brain or between the brain and the skull. If the damage is due to lymphedema it is called primary lymphedema, if it is caused by disease or medical condition, such as an infection or cancer, it is caused secondary lymphedema.
Individuals with diabetes have a significantly higher risk of developing diabetic eye disease. New research has found that in cases of lung edema, or fluid in the lungs, not only do the lungs fail to keep water out as previously believed, but they are also allowing water to pump in.
On the next page we look at the symptoms of edema, how it is diagnosed and the treatment options for edema.
Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:MLANordqvist, Christian. For any corrections of factual information, or to contact our editorial team, please see our contact page. Please note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care professional. Learn all about DVT (deep vein thrombosis), a blood clot that forms in a vein in the body (commonly the leg). Everyone in Bali is born with one of four first names, based on birth order: Wayan, Made, Nyoman, or Ketut. A swollen ankle is a common condition in which the ankle becomes inflamed due to an overabundance of fluid in the soft tissues around the ankle.
During pregnancy, it is typical for a woman to experience some type of swelling in the ankle. I have had a issue with constipation due to adhesions in the colon, and now I am on Metamucil every day to help me with bowel movements until I see the doctor again.My issue is that now I have suddenly developed swollen ankles.
Pitting edema can be demonstrated by applying pressure to the swollen area by depressing the skin with a finger. In non-pitting edema, which usually affects the legs or arms, pressure that is applied to the skin does not result in a persistent indentation.


The focus of the rest of this article is on pitting edema, as it is by far the most common form of edema.
Edema is caused by either systemic diseases, that is, diseases that affect the various organ systems of the body, or by local conditions involving just the affected extremities. The most common local conditions that cause edema are varicose veins and thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the veins) of the deep veins of the legs. In some cases, however, edema may be a sign of a more serious underlying medical condition. This disease causes scarring of your liver, which interferes with liver function, causing changes in the hormones and chemicals that regulate fluids in your body, as well as increasing pressure within the large blood vessel (portal vein) that carries blood from your intestine, spleen and pancreas into your liver. When you have kidney disease, your kidneys may not be able to eliminate enough fluid and sodium from your blood. Damage to the tiny blood vessels in your kidneys (glomeruli) that filter waste and excess water from your blood can result in nephrotic syndrome. Swollen body refers to swelling appearing in some regions such as legs, feet, hands, face, etc, for kidney failure patients.
Since damaged glomeruli are the root cause, some treatments that can help repair damaged kidney cells are also needed such as Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy and Stem Cell Therapy. It can appear suddenly, but usually develops subtly - the patient may first gain weight, or wake up with puffy eyes. This results in more blood circulating in the body, which in turn causes even more capillary leakage into the surrounding tissue, which produces additional swelling - a vicious cycle.
Acute mountain sickness can lead to high altitude pulmonary edema or high altitude cerebral edema. During high temperatures, the body is less efficient at removing fluid from tissues, especially around the ankles. Eclampsia, which results from pregnancy-induced hypertension (high blood pressure), can also cause edema. During the days before menstrual bleeding, there will be a reduction in the levels of the hormone, progesterone, which may cause fluid retention.
Low levels of albumin may also play a part - low albumin levels can also be caused by kidney disease. This results in more pressure on the blood vessels, which causes some of the liquid to leak out. Among the many symptoms of nephrotic syndrome is an insufficient level of blood albumin, which leads to edema.
If one or both of the lower chambers of the heart lose the ability to pump blood effectively, the blood can accumulate in the limbs, causing edema. This affects liver function, which causes the secretion of hormones and fluid-regulating chemicals to change. Arthritis may cause swelling for many reasons, for example, sporadic ankle swelling in rheumatoid arthritis is common and occurs mainly, as a result, of active inflammatory synovitis (inflammation of the synovial membrane, the lining of the joint).
This causes an increase in pressure in the vein, which may result in leakage of fluids into the surrounding tissue, causing edema. Varicose veins usually occur because valves become damaged; static pressure increases, resulting in the bulging veins.
If this system is damaged the lymph nodes and lymph vessels which continually drain an area may not work as they should, it could result in edema.
But new research reveals that less than 50% of US adults with diabetic macular edema - retina swelling that can lead to blindness - are told by their doctor that diabetes is the cause of their condition, and less than 60% had a dilated eye exam in the last year.
An ankle can also become swollen when the ligaments that keep it in place become overextended. One type of chronic illness is ankle arthritis, which occurs when the area where the ankle bone and shin bone meet deteriorates. Gout is typically caused by an abnormal amount of uric acid fluid building up in the ankles. Causes of a swollen ankle may be due to calcium channel blockers, which are taken by people with high blood pressure. Edema most commonly occurs in the feet and legs, where it is referred to as peripheral edema. An accumulation of fluid in the interstitial air spaces (alveoli) in the lungs occurs in a disorder called pulmonary edema. If the pressing causes an indentation that persists for some time after the release of the pressure, the edema is referred to as pitting edema. Non-pitting edema can occur in certain disorders of the lymphatic system such as lymphedema, which is a disturbance of the lymphatic circulation that may occur after a mastectomy, lymph node surgery, or congenitally.


The most common systemic diseases associated with edema involve the heart, liver, and kidneys. These conditions can cause inadequate pumping of the blood by the veins (venous insufficiency). This swelling (edema) is the result of excessive fluid in your tissues — often caused by congestive heart failure or blockage in a leg vein. These problems can result in fluid accumulating in your legs and your abdominal cavity (ascites). One result of nephrotic syndrome is low levels of protein (albumin) in your blood, which can lead to fluid accumulation and edema. Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a condition in which the veins in your legs are weakened or damaged and can't pump enough blood back to your heart. When nearly all of kidney function is lost, swelling is more likely to develop in the body. In fact, some herbal medicines with fewer side effects also have the property of diuretics or steroid. However, always remember never accept any treatment plan blindly without doctors’ guidance. When a woman is pregnant, her face will typically swell, as will her hands, lower limbs and feet. People with cirrhosis of the liver also have increased pressure within the portal vein - the large vein that carries blood from the intestines, spleen and pancreas, into the liver. The static pressure also increases the risk of leakage of fluids into the surrounding tissue. The lump may press against a vein causing a build-up of pressure in that vein, which may result in fluids leaking into surrounding tissue. Often resulting in pain and limiting mobility, almost anyone can suffer from a swollen ankle. This condition, affecting an expectant mother sometime around the 20th week of pregnancy, also includes elevated blood pressure, protein in the urine, stomach pain, nausea, and headaches. Ankle arthritis is often classified as rheumatoid arthritis, as it is caused by an overactive immune system. The swelling is the result of the accumulation of excess fluid under the skin in the spaces within the tissues.
Any form of pressure, such as from the elastic in socks, can induce pitting with this type of edema.
Another cause of non-pitting edema of the legs is called pretibial myxedema, which is a swelling over the shin that occurs in some patients with hyperthyroidism. In these diseases, edema occurs primarily because of the body's retention of too much salt (sodium chloride).
The resulting increased back-pressure in the veins forces fluid stay in the extremities (especially the ankles and feet). Today, we are here to talk about causes and treatments of swollen body for kidney failure patients. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) estimates that the number of cases of diabetic retinopathy will triple from 5.5 million in 2005 to 16 million in 2050. Such injuries often occur when a person moves the ankle in a way it is not designed or prepared for. An individual who is severely overweight or experiences an ankle injury may develop ankle arthritis and also experience redness and warmth around the ankle. This type of arthritis is characterized by intense pain, often at night, and affects more men than women. Individuals who use a laxative, which is taken to relieve constipation, may experience swollen ankles as well. All tissues of the body are made up of cells and connective tissues that hold the cells together. Anasarca refers to the severe, widespread accumulation of fluid in the all of the tissues and cavities of the body at the same time. Diuretic medications are generally not effective, although elevation of the legs periodically during the day and compressive devices may reduce the swelling. In various diseases, excess fluid can accumulate in either one or both of these compartments.



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