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Bee stings are either exasperatingly painful or deadly a€“ depending on whether the victim is allergic to the venom. Localized a€“ a localized reaction results in swelling that normally spreads further than the sting site.
Normally severe reactions that are allergic in nature arena€™t common, but when they do happen they can cause shock, unconsciousness and cardiac arrest in approximately 10 minutes. Severe allergic sting reactions should be treated with epinephrine or adrenaline, either administrated by a medical professional or self-injected. Calamine lotion with an analgesic or Caladryl can calm the pain and itching of a bee sting within approximately 45 minutes. Maximum strength hydrocortisone cream reduces the symptoms in about an hour and should be used every 3 or 4 hours. This website is for informational purposes only and Is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Millions of adults have experienced leg swelling at one time or another, for one reason or another. Varicose veins:  Varicose veins are purplish, twisted, rope-like veins that appear under the skin. Hormone replacement or birth control pills:  Many birth control pills and hormone replacement drugs used for menopausal or premenopausal women can cause leg swelling.
Medications:  Some medications have also been known to cause venous insufficiency, for the same reasons as hormone replacement drugs and birth control pills. Activity:  In some instances, standing for long periods of time can lead to leg swelling, especially for those who must stand all day for their jobs. Heart problems:  Some serious medical conditions that involve the heart, such as cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure, can cause severe leg swelling.
Kidney or liver failure:  Kidney and liver failures are heavily characterized by leg, ankle, and feet swelling.
Blood clots:  Also known as deep venous thrombosis (DVT), some blood clots can cause swelling in legs.
If you’ve experienced the kind of leg swelling that lasts for just a few hours or a day, you know that it can hamper your lifestyle temporarily.
Sinus pain is the condition in which the sinuses develop swelling causing pain and tenderness on the face. They are air filled cavity present behind the forehead and inner part of cheekbones on either side of the nose.
Frontal sinuses are located in the forehead, maxillary sinuses are found behind cheek bones, ethmoid sinuses located between the eyes and sphenoid sinuses are found behind your eyes. When a person gets infected with cold, his nasal passages become stuffy making it hard for the air to get exhaled from the sinus. Acute form of sinuses may last anywhere between 5-7 weeks but chronic form of sinuses are long lasting.
There are four pairs of sinuses and the symptoms differ with respect to location and extent of infection.Ethmoid sinusitis is located behind the eyes and any infection in ethmoid may cause nasal congestion, postnasal drip, sore throat, pain on the inner corner of the eye, headache and fever.
For frontal sinusitis located behind forehead, some of the signs include fever, moderate to severe headache, nasal discharge and discomfort. The symptoms are severe for chronic sinusitis and the signs may recur after taking treatment. Prescription medicines include penicillin, amoxicillin like Trimox or Polymox for treating sinus pain.
If any of the home remedies does not work, you can try over the counter medicines and ointments for healing the ulcer.
They all secrete saliva into your mouth, the parotid through tubes that drain saliva, called salivary ducts, near your upper teeth, submandibular under your tongue, and the sublingual through many ducts in the floor of your mouth. Besides these glands, there are many tiny glands called minor salivary glands located in your lips, inner cheek area (buccal mucosa), and extensively in other linings of your mouth and throat. Obstruction: Obstruction to the flow of saliva most commonly occurs in the parotid and submandibular glands, usually because stones have formed. It is possible for the duct system of the major salivary glands that connects the glands to the mouth to be abnormal. Infection: The most common salivary gland infection in children is mumps, which involves the parotid glands.
Infections also occur because of ductal obstruction or sluggish flow of saliva because the mouth has abundant bacteria.
Tumors: Primary benign and malignant salivary gland tumors usually show up as painless enlargements of these glands. Malignant tumors of the major salivary glands can grow quickly, may be painful, and can cause loss of movement of part or all of the affected side of the face. Diagnosis of salivary gland disease depends on the careful taking of your history, a physical examination, and laboratory tests. If your doctor suspects an obstruction of the major salivary glands, it may be necessary to anesthetize the opening of the salivary ducts in the mouth, and probe and dilate the duct to help an obstructive stone pass.
If a mass is found in the salivary gland, it is helpful to obtain a CT scan or a MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). A lip biopsy of minor salivary glands may be needed to identify certain autoimmune diseases.


The same general principles apply to masses in the submandibular area or in the minor salivary glands within the mouth and upper throat. Tonsillar hypertrophy, airway obstruction, alveolar hypoventilation, and cor pulmonale in twin brothers.
Reduced time in bed and obstructive sleep-disordered breathing in children are associated with cognitive impairment. Impact of adenotonsillectomy on quality of life in children with obstructive sleep disorders.
There are so many reasons that legs can swell, including but not limited to medical conditions and injury. These can range in seriousness from relatively harmless to severe or even life-threatening.
Because they can lead to venous insufficiency, blood flow to lower extremities is restricted, causing inflammation to legs and ankles. For instance, sitting for long periods of time at a computer for your job, or sitting in front of the computer playing a video game at a long stretch can cause leg swelling. It’s important for anyone experiencing leg swelling to see their doctor as soon as possible, as many causes can be life-threatening and can even lead to death. While some varicose veins aren’t serious, others can be severe and can even lead to serious medical complications from poor blood flow.
Totally there are eight such cavities which are responsible for bringing in the air into the nose with optimal temperature. In case of maxillary sinusitis there may be symptoms like pain in the cheeks, pressure or pain on either side of the face, nasal discharge, and intense pain when bending the head forward and tenderness on the cheekbone. For any infection on sphenoid sinusitis, there may be symptoms like fever, intense headache, and trouble in vision, nasal discharge and intense pain when lying on your back. In case if the person is allergic to penicillin, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics that contain sulfur. The exact cause of canker sore is not defined but some are of opinion that it is caused by virus. In severe cases, you can consult the doctor who may prescribe you mouth gel like Lidex and other mouthwash. Salivary glands produce the saliva used to moisten your mouth, initiate digestion, and help protect your teeth from decay. These ducts can develop small constrictions, which decrease salivary flow, leading to infection and obstructive symptoms. These lymph nodes are the structures in the upper neck that often become tender during a common sore throat. Tumors rarely involve more than one gland and are detected as a growth in the parotid, submandibular area, on the palate, floor of mouth, cheeks, or lips.
Benign diseases are best treated by conservative measures or surgery, whereas malignant diseases may require surgery and postoperative irradiation. However, radiation therapy to the mouth can cause the unpleasant symptoms associated with reduced salivary flow. She had restless sleep leading to daytime somnolence and poor school performance, and her family reported loud snoring. A person viewing it online may make one printout of the material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non-commercial reference. Often referred to by healthcare professionals as edema, swelling of the legs can show up one day and disappear the next, or it can occur as an ongoing symptom of something more serious going on within the body. It’s important to note, however, that leg swelling from inactivity has also been known to be severe and even lead to blot clots and death, in cases of prolonged inactivity. And, if you have more questions about the causes, symptoms, and treatments of leg swelling such as spider veins, varicose veins, and other blood circulation issues, contact a vein center to schedule a consultation.
Common cold is characterized by runny nose and sneezing and intense form would have throat infection. The sinus does the function of discharging the mucus from the nose when you are suffering from cold.
When the walls of the thin nasal passage get thickened due to the damage of cells caused by virus infection, it develops swelling. This type of infection is more common in people with autoimmune disorder like caner, aids and diabetics.
Repeat the process of steam inhalation 4-5 times a day and apply warm compressor over the face for relieving the sinus pain. You can also use decongestant obtained over the counter in the form of nasal spray or drops like Afrin or Forte for removing sinus. You can try home remedy like applying the mixture of hydrogen peroxide on the affected area. Saliva production starts to flow, but cannot exit the ductal system, leading to swelling of the involved gland and significant pain, sometimes with an infection. However, if an adult has swelling in the area of the parotid gland only on one side, it is more likely due to an obstruction or a tumor. In fact, many of these lymph nodes are actually located on, within, and deep in the substance of the parotid gland or near the submandibular glands. Rarely, dye will be injected through the parotid duct before an x-ray of the gland is taken (a sialogram).


If it is due to systemic diseases (diseases that involve the whole body, not one isolated area), then the underlying problem must be treated. When surgery is necessary, great care must be taken to avoid damage to the facial nerve within this gland that moves the muscles face including the mouth and eye. If the lump in the vicinity of a salivary gland is a lymph node that has become enlarged due to cancer from another site, then obviously a different treatment plan will be needed. Your doctor can prescribe medication or other conservative treatments that may reduce the dryness in these instances. Treatment is readily managed by an otolaryngologist-head and neck surgeon with experience in this area. Use the Options menu to expand or contract all items, display or hide summaries or sort the table of contents. Her medical history was unremarkable, except for recurrent upper respiratory tract infections.Physical examination revealed noisy respirations with an open mouth, halitosis, and tonsillar swelling (see accompanying figure). This material may not otherwise be downloaded, copied, printed, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any medium, whether now known or later invented, except as authorized in writing by the AAFP.
Depending on the biotypes of the above mentioned bacteria the severity of the disease varies. The list of causes of leg swelling is quite long, but some of the most common causes include injury or trauma to the legs, inactivity, varicose veins, medications, obesity, hormone imbalance, and medical conditions.
This thickened wall will disrupt the function of removal of bacteria through cilia causing more and more blockage and infection.
Unless stones totally obstruct saliva flow, the major glands will swell during eating and then gradually subside after eating, only to enlarge again at the next meal. When these lymph nodes enlarge through infection, you may have a red, painful swelling in the area of the parotid or submandibular glands.
When malignant masses are in the parotid gland, it may be possible to surgically remove them and preserve most of the facial nerve.
Since this disease is infectious it can spread by respiratory droplets or by contact with the infected person.
Following is more detailed information from vein centers in New Jersey about these common causes of leg swelling, as well as prevention and treatment options. Avoid going to dry places when you have sinus and if it is required you can carry a humidifier for keeping the air moist. You will also get some products that contain analgesics along with decongestant to relieve sinus pain.
Infection can develop in the pool of blocked saliva, leading to more severe pain and swelling in the glands.
If the disease process relates to salivary gland obstruction and subsequent infection, your doctor will recommend increased fluid intake and may prescribe antibiotics. This is typically administered four to six weeks after the surgical procedure to allow adequate healing before irradiation. Runner's Butt High Hamstring Tendonopathy Lower Leg & Knee Common Running Knee Injuries Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS) Runner's Knee Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome) Stress Fractures Osgood-Schlatters Disease Foot & Ankle Achilles Bursitis Achilles Tendonitis Achilles Tendonopathy Heel Pain Metatarsalgia Metatarsalgia, Morton’s Neuroma, and Ball of Foot Pain Morton's Neuroma Plantar Fasciitis Plantar Fasciitis & The Strassburg Sock Plantar Plate Sprains Sesamoiditis Bunions Misc.
Symptoms of respiratory diphtheria include fever, difficulty in breathing and swallowing and further spread of the disease can cause heart and neurological problems such as paralysis. After the diagnosis of the infected patient, proper treatment should be taken including diphtheria antitoxin which reduces the progression of the disease and later antibiotics like penicillin and erythromycin should be applied to eradicate it completely. Vaccination and immunization of infants at the age of 2,4 ,6 months is the finest way to prevent this disease. Hypertrophic tonsils can be caused by recurrent pharyngitis and local inflammation, especially in children and young adults. Achilles TendonosisTendinitis can correct itself using rest, ice, compression and elevation.
Although tonsillar enlargement may be asymptomatic, massive tonsils sometimes fall back and occlude the oropharynx, particularly when the patient is recumbent. Most cases of obstructive sleep apnea in children are associated with hypertrophic tonsils.Symptoms suggestive of tonsillar hypertrophy include difficulty in feeding with small children, mouth breathing, noisy respiration, loud snoring, restless sleep, hypersomnolence, secondary enuresis, night terrors, behavior changes, and poor school performance. Heel bursitis is a very painful condition that complicates the treatment of achilles tendonitis.
In patients with bilateral abscesses, examination reveals bilateral swelling of the soft palate with a midline uvula displaced anteriorly. Group A streptococci and anaerobic bacteria of the oral flora are common causes of this condition.
Surgical treatment and parenteral antibiotics may be required.Infectious mononucleosis usually affects patients 15 to 30 years of age. Physical examination reveals pharyngeal swelling, tonsillar erythema and exudates, and tender anterior cervical lymphadenopathy. Viruses are the most common causes of tonsillitis, although group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus accounts for 5 to 30 percent of cases. Runco will get back to you within 48 hours!Name* First Last Email* Please answer the following questions to your best ability.



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