What can cause pitting edema in the legs treatment,financial aid for special education teachers,education for 5th graders ideas,massage therapy continuing education in texas kriminalit?t - PDF 2016

admin | Category: What Causes Ed 2016 | 25.12.2013
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You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Edema is the noticeable swelling resulting from fluid accumulation in certain body tissues.
The swelling, also referred to as dependent edema, is brought about by the accumulation of excess fluid beneath the skin in the interstitial spaces or compartments within the body tissues that are outside of the blood vessels.
Occasionally pitting edema and non-pitting edema can occur without an underlying disease and it is then known as idiopathic edema.
Pregnancy can cause edema in the legs as the uterus puts pressure on the vena cava, a major blood vessel that returns blood to the heart from the legs, and progesterone relaxes the walls of the blood vessels. Standing or sitting for long periods of time particularly in hot weather can cause excess fluid to accumulate in feet, ankles and lower legs. Low protein levels in the blood caused by malnutrition, kidney and liver disease can also cause edema.
Congestive heart failure is a condition in which the heart can no longer pump efficiently, and causes fluid buildup in the lungs and other parts of the body. Severe chronic (long-term) lung diseases, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis, increase pressure in the blood vessels that lead from the heart to the lungs. Tiny valves inside the veins of the legs can become weakened, causing a common problem called venous insufficiency.
Most incidences of edema in children and infants are related to serious health conditions, so changes in your child should be monitored to avoid complications.
Children with acute or chronic upper airway obstruction are at risk for negative-pressure pulmonary edema, associated with upper airway obstruction. While quite rare, Nephrotic Syndrome (NS), a disorder of the kidneys, can cause edema in children.
Periorbital edema should be closely monitored, as it may be the result of a more serious condition, such as congestive heart failure and liver diseases. Children and infants with diabetes may also experience edema as a side effect from insulin treatment.
The diagnosis of pitting and non-pitting edema are determined by the symptoms on physical examination. Edema itself is usually a symptom of an underlying condition and can be noticed as swelling or puffiness of your face, hands, feet, legs, or around your eyes. If you experience shortness of breath, chest pain, redness or heat in a swollen edematous area, or a swelling of only one limb, consult a doctor immediately.
Depending on the causes of edema and whether it is temporary or permanent, treating edema usually focuses on treating the condition that is causing it. If a blocked or damaged blood vessel is suspected as one of the causes of edema, surgery may be needed to improve the flow of blood. Treating edema should include protecting any swollen, edematous areas of the body from pressure, injury and extreme temperatures. Hypervolemia is also known as “fluid overload” and occurs when the body retains more water than it needs. One of the characteristics of hypervolemia is pitting edema on the parts of the body that have a lot of tissue to hold fluids and the legs due to gravity pulling the fluid down. Intravenous Fluids – If intravenous fluids are given at too fast a rate, hypervolemia can develop.
Kidney Disease – Kidneys that are not functioning well are unable to excrete the proper amount of fluids. Heart Disease – This happens when the heart becomes weakened and can no longer pump proper amounts of fluid through the body. Good foods that can help season foods are; lemon juice, lime juice, lemon pepper, herbs and spices that do not contain salt. Doctors may prescribe a “water-pill” or diuretic which helps the body to pull off excess fluid. Immobility due to surgery or any other causes can force fluid pressure on the immobile part of the body. Varicose veins can cause edema that develops due to increased fluid pressure from the veins.
Liver cirrhosis or kidney failure or gastrointestinal problems like ulcerative colitis, or Crohna€™s disease can cause pitting edema.


Compression of large veins or lymph nodes or undergoing hip replacement surgery or local infection on the hand or feet can cause generalized edema.
Blood vessels of the body may sometimes leak out fluid into the tissues nearby this leads to swelling of organs causing edema. With suitable treatment methods and controlled diet and persistent follow ups one can overcome the edema or swelling of tissues. An increased release of progesterone may cause the wall of some blood vessels to relax, and pitting edema may occur. The causes of pitting edema are usually linked to an underlying condition that affects various organs or limbs of the body, causing fluid retention. Edema is the swelling of a person’s body tissue, usually in the legs, feet, hands, or arms. The main causes of this condition include systemic diseases, or diseases that affect organs of the body. Other common causes of this condition include varicose veins and a condition called thrombophlebitis, or inflamed veins. It is most commonly found in the feet, ankles and legs although it may also affect the face, hands and other parts of the body and body organs.
Excess fluid accumulation in the lower regions of the body, such as the ankles, feet, and legs, is referred to as peripheral edema.
Pitting edema is the term used to describe edema when pressure applied to the skin of the swollen area is released and an indentation is left behind (e.g. This is most common in women who experience it in their legs and feet when they are pre-menstrual or pre-menopausal – it is then often known as cyclical edema.
Fluid retention during pregnancy also can be caused by a more serious condition called pre-eclampsia.
The proteins help to hold water inside the blood vessels so fluid does not leak out into the tissues. This pressure backs up in the heart and the higher pressure causes swelling in the legs and feet. This makes it more difficult for the veins to pump blood back to the heart, and leads to varicose veins and a buildup of fluid. This condition may also occur after head injury, seizure, or accidental chemical ingestion or inhalation.
As the main symptom of NS, edema is commonly seen around one or both of the eyes, also referred to as periorbital edema, but may be found in other parts of the body such as the legs. Other causes of periorbital edema in children and infants may include allergies or infections, such as conjunctivitis.
However, children with diabetes should report this to their pediatrician, as it may be a symptom of cerebral edema (brain swelling), a rare but serious complication of diabetes. The doctor will examine the skin over the swollen area to check whether it may be stretched or shiny. Amongst others edema can indicate disease of the heart, liver, thyroid, lymphatic system or kidneys (causing salt retention). A low dose of a diuretic (water pill) may be prescribed to reduce the swelling and help you expel the excess fluid, but it is important to remember this just treats the symptom and is not necessarily addressing the cause. The process of excreting excess water is mostly controlled by the kidneys and certain disorders can disrupt this mechanism and cause fluids to disperse into the tissues of the body.
Too much sodium increases the fluids in the body and too little sodium decreases the fluids in the body. It cannot effectively pump out all of the excess and the fluids begin to remain in the tissues of the body. This can happen from short term illness, injury or surgery and can also be due to long-term health conditions. Fluids need to be given at a rate that the heart can keep up with to maintain fluid balance. People with hypervolemia due to kidney disease, usually require kidney dialysis in which a machine pulls of the excess fluid. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions with these and eat foods high in potassium. When gentle pressure is applied on the affected part, it creates identification on that area. Suitable medications and treatments are given if edema occurs due to liver or kidney problems.


Edema occurs due to leakage of fluid into the tissues thereby accumulating more fluids in the same area.
It's worse on the side where she had a hip replacement, but she doesn't have any heart, liver or kidney issues.
Pregnant women and older adults are often affected with this condition, but it can happen to anyone. If a blood protein, called albumin, gets too low, fluid leaks out the blood vessels and edema occurs, especially in the feet, ankles and lower legs.
Because edema can be a symptom of a serious underlying disorder, and can cause serious consequences itself, it is always important to seek medical advice.
Cuts, scrapes and burns in areas that have edema take much longer to heal and are open to infection.
Normal sodium intake will not cause hypervolemia, however certain conditions cause the sodium levels to rise too high causing fluid retention or hypervolemia.
Places this is found are the; lower legs and ankles, hands and arms, abdomen and in severe cases, the lungs. Also, most intravenous fluids contain 0.9% Sodium Chloride which can keep the fluids from filtering through the kidneys at the proper rate. This type of hypervolemia sometimes requires a procedure to extract the excess fluid from the abdomen with a needle. Keeping a journal of daily weights over a week can help your doctor decide if you have hypervolemia.
At home, the doctor may only let you have up to 2 liters a day of fluids or less depending on the amount of swelling.
Further doctor may order for blood test, urine test, X-ray and ECG to find out the root cause of swelling. Diuretics are prescribed in suitable doses to help kidney to expel excess of water from the body. Degree of prognosis depends on the severity of the problem (kidney or liver failure) and also on the age and health condition of the patient. Getting my blood pressure down and taking the diuretic really helped the edema and now I don't have any at all. She probably has it from her blood pressure medication, which is a calcium channel blocker. If liver disease becomes too advanced, the patient may also require dialysis due to kidneys being overworked. Good foods that contain potassium are; Bananas, oranges and orange juice, baked potato with skin, strawberries and over-the-counter salt substitute. When you press the swollen area of the skin by giving gentle pressure with your fingers, it creates identification on the site even after you have released the finger from the site. If required, liver function and kidney function test is also done to rule out problems in these vital organs.
Her doctor is talking about changing her medication, but is a little reluctant since her blood pressure is well controlled with it. Mild episodes of hypervolemia may be able to be managed at home, but often more severe cases need to be managed in the hospital. This can be illustrated by simple examples like having indication on the body after removing tight clothing, tight socks etc. Identification on the affected area will not be present in case of non-pitting edema like lymphedema or lipoedema. The doctor will have to find out the exact cause of pitting edema to prevent leakage from tiny blood vessels. If your doctor gives the okay for alternative home remedies there are many safe home remedies that can help reduce the fluid excess right at home. Pitting edema is caused by various organ diseases or sometimes by local conditions that affect the hands and legs.
Pitting edema is scary because it's almost always a sign of something that isn't good, and may or may not be treatable.



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