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admin | Category: Ed Treatment San Antonio | 14.09.2015
Vermicomposting is a technique employed to feed the soil by decomposing organic matter using worms to create an heterogenous humus that is rich in high soil nutrients with less contaminants and good soil conditioner.
The worms are kept in containers with food source which could be food wastes,grass, and as they feed the matter that results is the vermicompost. The environment should be moist and with ambient temperature to allow multiplication of the worms. Harvesting is done when the food source is exhausted and beneath the container drains liquids resulting from the composting ,and this solution is also harvested and used to enrich the soil and even sold to farmers.
Vermicomposting can be done to multiply and sell the worms to other farmers for manure,and or use the worms as feed for poultry producing farmers. A healthy agriculture works towards feeding the nation while maintaining the safety of the environment by reducing contaminants to food ,water ways and this is what sustainable agriculture demands.
Vermicomposting is one of the methods that farmers should employ to ensure continuous food supply under a safe and healthy environment.
Dumps of organic waste materials dumped on barren lands is a regular sight around our neighborhood. Vermicomposting is a recycling process, where red earthworms are allowed to eat organic waste to convert it into compost rich with exceptionally high nutritional content. The process of vermicomposting can be carried out not only in large-scale agricultural farms, but also at our own homes to make organic manure for our kitchen garden.
Any biodegradable material that is high on carbon content to serve as bedding for the earthworms to live on as well as to keep the worm container moist. As earthworms feed on the waste, they begin to excrete a dark color, nutrient rich organic matter called ‘vermi-cast’.
When the worm container gets filled with the compost, it can be used as manure for gardening or for farming purposes.
The compost pit should be protected from direct sunlight and a certain temperature has to be maintained. Lakshmamma and four other women have set up a vermicomposting enterprise in a common place under a single roof.
Two farmers of Bundi nucleus watershed in Rajasthan have built a multiple compartment system of vermicomposting while many are following the regular vermicomposting. In Guna nucleus watershed in Madhya Pradesh, nearly 35 farmers from all the three micro watersheds are practicing vermicomposting. Maharashtra Agricultural Bioteks promotes the use of organic fertilizers in place of the chemical ones. Vermicomposting allows worms to convert organic matter into nutrient-rich compost which can improve soil quality and help to reduce waste in landfills.

According to scientists at the Ecology and Environment Division, Forest Research Institute in India, “management of solid waste has become one of the biggest problems we are facing today. Vermicomposting can be done both indoors and outdoors, which means it can be done year-round, an advantage for home gardeners and small-scale farmers. The worms need to be fed organic matter such as fruit and vegetable peels, eggs shells, tea bags, and coffee grounds while avoiding harder-to-digest and vermin-attracting matter such as meat, dairy, oily foods, and grains.
There are numerous types of worms which can be effective vermicomposters, depending on local conditions. Brett is a recent graduate from the Heller School at Brandeis University, where he studied Sustainable International Development.
According to a CIPS-ASCI study on waste management, the top eight cities in India generate an average of 4,500 tons of solid waste every day or 36,500 tons in total.
This recycling process not only converts organic debris into high quality compost but the chemical changes that the debris undergoes makes the nutrients available to the plants in such a manner that they are released when the plants need it. Vermicomposting is practiced through ‘Vermiculture’ literally means ‘worm growing’ or ‘worm farming’. Shredded cardboard paper, office paper, any paper towel, newspaper and coir fibers are often used as bedding. However, this method is not preferred as we have problems like water logging and poor aeration.
For a successful production of good compost, the castings need to be removed frequently, so that the worms can continue to harvest the remaining waste material.
Having begun with a population of 2,000 worms of three epigeic species they regularly harvest around 400kg of vermicompost every month collectively.
The organization has been able to convince over 2,000 farmers to switch to vermiculture, who produce over 5,000 tons of vermicompost annually. As primary consumers in the composting process, earthworms eat organic matter such as food particles and plant debris which they then convert to compost in which nutrients are more easily available to plants. It requires few materials: just a container, worms, moist bedding, and organic matter such as food waste. His interests include agricultural technologies and management practices that support sustainable livelihood development, food waste reduction strategies, culinary history, and the power of gardens and farms to bring communities together. Food Tank's coverage of the food movement is made possible by the support of our sustainers. Earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus) are cultivated in the farms to consume organic waste including all kinds of biodegradable wastes.

Before putting the bedding into the container, it needs to be hydrated with water for at least a day such that it retains the moisture. Here she learnt how to increase the per hectare yield of the crop with the help of vermicomposting in her farm. The organization has also been successful in creating a vermicompost unit in Madhya Pradesh, which produces 5tons of vermicompost per month. Worm composting, or vermicomposting, is an innovative way to address the increase in waste by turning organic matter into nutrient-rich compost for soils, as opposed to dumping waste in landfills. Vermicompost can improve soil structure and soil fertility by increasing porosity and aeration and improving soil moisture-retention, all of which can help increase crop yields. Managing the process does require some care in terms of providing worms the ideal amount of organic matter and maintaining the ideal amount of moisture in the compost pile.
It has also been found that the vermicomposting helps to reduce the presence of pathogens in organic matter significantly.
Maharashtra Agricultural Bioteks has promoted this eco-friendly technique in 13 Indian states and also distribute vermicompost kits to housewives so that they can practice it at their homes. It can be done by home gardeners, farms of various sizes, and in large commercial operations. Adding vermicompost to soil can increase microbial organism activity by up to 20 times higher than soil that has not been amended.
The end product can be used to amend potting soil, used as mulch, as a lawn conditioner, or added to water, which is then used to water plants. However, recycling processes can filter these waste materials into usable items benefiting our environment and society. These vermi-castings are rich in nitrate and contain minerals like phosphorous, potassium, calcium, and magnesium, which are excellent fertilizers and soil conditioners.
Vermicomposting also produces an excess liquid which can be captured and used as a liquid plant fertilizer.

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