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Dan Synge is a London-based journalist, writer and lecturer and has contributed to a number of newspapers and consumer magazines including The Guardian, Financial Times, Daily Telegraph, Independent, The Evening Standard and Esquire. The Broadcast Journalism Handbook has everything you ever wanted to know about working in the television news business but were afraid to ask!
The Broadcast Journalism Handbook: A Television News Survival Guide ePub (Adobe DRM) can be read on any device that can open ePub (Adobe DRM) files. Here's a novel Journalist Survival Guide, produced by the Beirut-based Samir Kassir Foundation (named after the late Lebanese journalist and intellectual Samir Kassir). Produced by the SKeyes Center for Media and Cultural Freedom at the Kassir Foundation, the guide displays a dozen short videos and tutorials in English and Arabic.
Introducing the exclusive tokidoki back-to-school collection, featuring innovative bags, stationery, and coloring products. The Student Newspaper Survival Guide has been extensively updated to cover recent developments in online publishing, social media, mobile journalism, and multimedia storytelling; at the same time, it continues to serve as an essential reference on all aspects of producing a student publication.
One of the bright spots in investigative journalism over the past decade has been the rapid spread of nonprofits dedicated to supporting in-depth journalism around the world. The list includes nonprofit newsrooms, online publishers, professional associations, grant-making funds, NGOs, training institutes, and academic centers.
What that means, say management experts, is that those in start-up mode need to do some hard-headed analysis about market conditions, funding, and sustainability. The reasons for their failure are varied–lack of funding, lack of fundraising, managerial problems, small and uncompetitive markets, poor editorial standards. Sheila Coronel, co-founder of the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, is wary of programs that are top-down attempts to instill an investigative culture into a nation’s news media. William Orme of the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report Office likewise warns of inapplicable models, particularly where basic journalism skills are lacking and the legal environment is onerous. As an alternative, donors and local journalists should consider the investigative journalism fund model. Key to the early success of the Bosnian Center for Investigative Reporting, for example, was a three-year, $1.8 million grant from USAID in 2004. Given the rapid growth of these centers, donors have raised the obvious question of how sustainable they are. The answer, say nonprofit management experts, is to diversify revenue and expand the pool of donors. Events and benefits: Some nonprofits hold regular events, such as public forums and lectures by famous speakers, as benefits for the organization.
Crowd-funding: Sites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo allow enterprising groups to fundraise online, and there are signs that the practice will only increase. See also part two of this series, Nonprofit Newsroom Survival Guide, with an infographic exploring types of revenue for nonprofit groups.
If you are leading a team in a small media organization, you need to get the best out of your people.
Learn the ropes-and how to head off amateur errors-from the authors' vast experiences and dozens of interviews with news professionals.
This engaging animated guide is designed to primarily aid journalists and activists working in war zones and conflict areas, but also includes tips on digital security and covering your tracks -- even for those of us with  experience in this realm. Enabling JavaScript in your browser will allow you to experience all the features of our site. A 2012 survey by the Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA) identified 106 investigative journalism nonprofits in nearly 50 countries – with more than half of them founded in the past five years. About half are based in the United States, where the hollowing out of traditional media has sparked the founding of dozens of these nonprofit newsrooms at the state and local level.

As a first step, anyone hoping to launch an investigative journalism center should do a careful assessment of whether conditions are right for a new nonprofit. An innovative program in Tbilisi, Georgia, run by ICFJ and the Eurasia Foundation, created the Caucasus Investigative Reporting Center and trained more than 20 reporters in investigative techniques during 2005-06.
Donors’ attention spans – and funding cycles – are notoriously short, so a long-term strategy is essential.
Orme calls for more support to investigative reporting, but says the conditions must be right. The Philippine Center, considered by many to be a model, has lasted nearly a quarter century due to various factors, including a reformed legal environment, a lively and competitive press, public support, high standards, strong leadership, and a small but critical endowment. This requires less overhead than a fully staffed reporting center, and it can leverage local media resources by providing grants or matching funds to let editors and reporters develop project-length stories. As a group, they are heavily dependent on donors–84 percent of the CIMA respondents cited grants and donations as their major source of income, followed by story fees and membership and conference fees at 11 percent each, and teaching and training at 9 percent.
The Philippines center received a Ford Foundation endowment that provides as much as 30 percent of that center’s annual budget. The amount of funding available is not large, and new donors have not appeared in substantial numbers.
Many of the nonprofits give away their stories, a response to the controversial nature of their reporting and pressure from donors to maximize impact. Training journalists and students in investigative techniques can be an important source of revenue. By using social media, crafting clever pitches, and offering important, attractive projects, media professionals have raised tens of thousands of dollars through these sites.
Complete with job-searching tips, helpful web sites, and real-life scenarios, this book covers many newsroom positions, from assignment editors to producers, reporters, and anchors. Initial funding came from the State Department and the British government’s Global Conflict Prevention Pool, as well as from ICFJ’s Knight program.
Eighteen of the centers surveyed by CIMA make grants to outside reporters to do investigative projects. Even the best-run, most entrepreneurial centers have to fundraise for more than half of their budget, much like other NGOs.
Asked to rank what kind of assistance is most important to them, the various center respondents listed two kinds of funding at the top of the list, well ahead of such priorities as legal and physical protection, training, and equipment. At the same time, the number of groups is growing, and many appear overly dependent on grants from international aid agencies and the Open Society Foundations. The original Center for Investigative Reporting during the late 1980s had contracts with CBS’s 60 Minutes program and the San Francisco NBC News affiliate, built a production studio to co-produce documentaries with the Public Broadcasting System’s Frontline series, did day-rate work for foreign news media, syndicated its print work, and charged for newspaper and magazine stories. A number of groups, such as MinnPost, the Texas Tribune, and the Voice of San Diego, are scrambling to diversify their revenue streams, with positive results–and there are lessons for their counterparts overseas. But commercial fees from news media can make a substantial contribution to a nonprofit’s budget.
Members could receive a regular newsletter, briefings by staff members, and early announcements of major stories. He is former editorial director of the Center for Public Integrity, a senior editor at the Center for Investigative Reporting, and chief investigative correspondent for U.S. After cutting those that are outdated, too specialized, or tools of the PR industry, we found a handful worth consulting. New reporting centers or funds are being planned or seriously considered not only in the United States but in India, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and Zambia. Several organizations are dormant or no longer in operation, including groups in Bulgaria, Haiti, Mexico, and Timor.

Despite the program’s success, a lack of support left the Center “in suspended animation,” according to former program director Jody McPhillips.
This could be expanded, and non-partisan NGOs such as open government groups could be used as a base. In CIMA’s survey, just over half of the responding groups (53 percent) reported having a sustainability plan in place. Among the means of revenue: individual donors, commercial media fees, membership dues, online “crowd-funding,” university affiliations, events and benefits, database vending, newsletter subscriptions, and training and teaching. Those developing local funding sources, moreover, can face major obstacles: a lack of philanthropic traditions and economic incentives to donate, and attempts by powerful political and economic interests to influence coverage.
Affiliation with a university can also help, through teaching fees, subsidized office space, cheap or free student labor, and institutional protection. Writing a subscription-only “insider” newsletter, offered at a premium to interested clients, could also raise needed funds. You get the best out of people by helping them develop their own talents, overcome obstacles and reach their own professional goals. And what if you want to really, truly and permanently delete information from your hard drive? Here are six services with functioning, reliable databases used by journalists searching for expert sources. It requires genuine commitment–and you can’t program that from Washington.” A more effective strategy in some countries, such as Bangladesh, may be to work directly with receptive news outlets through targeted grants or a mentorship program.
Some observers believe that the large number of nonprofit groups is in fact not sustainable – funders will lose interest or be forced to cut back on grant-making. In the United States, the Investigative News Network maintains a growing library of resources on sustainability best practices for  nonprofits. But many groups appear relatively unsophisticated in fundraising and could do much to improve and diversify their donor base.
Doing contract work for foreign media can also be lucrative, and some groups are considering setting up a unit to do day-rate work for visiting reporters, helping on documents, research, and reporting. Excerpted from Global Investigative Journalism: Strategies for Support, Center for International Media Assistance.
It is not enough to simply dole out grants to promising projects and reporters, say veteran investigative journalists.
Pressure on Western governments to pare budgets may affect international assistance, for example, while poor yields on foundation investment portfolios can rein in private giving. Funding should be allocated so that a professional editor with global standards is working as a coach and mentor, and can follow the reporter from story inception to publication or broadcast. Many groups lack even a “DONATE” button on their websites or mailing lists to appeal for contributions. In Latin America several nonprofits have been successful in finding independent, local backers, while groups in Eastern Europe have tapped into expatriate communities for support. In the CIMA survey, the major sources of funding cited most by responding groups were, in order, private foundations, the EU and its member governments, the U.S.
Only 26 percent cited individual donors as a significant source, suggesting that this is a potential area of growth.

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