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admin | Category: What Cause Ed | 11.02.2014
Bushcraft survival skills, from the basic to the most advanced, can take from hours to years to master. So start learning the following skills and have that mindset of using the resources in your surroundings to get through any disaster, be it in the wilderness or an urban setting. Take it from the survivors of the Great Depression, these people have learned invaluable survival lessons the hard way which should not be taken for granted. If you’re an experienced survivalist or just starting out, these basic skills are the foundations of every prepper in order to survive. With nothing more than what nature provides in your surroundings, you can already protect yourself from the elements. You’ll never know when you need to fortify your makeshift shelter in order to withstand the elements or be able to cook inside without worrying that it’ll catch fire.
With the use of your feet to keep the paracord in place and friction from the same paracord you can create friction through a sawing motion to sever it at your desired length. These bracelets may look fashionable, yet in times of survival these little handiworks can do wonders from sawing trees, catching fish, starting a fire to keeping survival tools inside them. From tying down your tent, for survival bow and arrows, setting up traps, use as a tourniquet to sutures. One of the best household items that can be used as fire starters is by dipping cotton balls in Vaseline.
You can actually start a fire without the use of a lighter, a match, a fire starter and a lighter.
Knowing which technique to apply depending on the body of water and type of fish you wish to catch will not leave you starving for hours while waiting for a catch. Many survivalists know that cotton dryer lint that has been coated heavily with petroleum jelly can be used successfully as fire tinder. Be sure to use lint from cotton dryer loads only – man-made fibers will not do the trick.
Once you start collecting dryer lint for tinder kits, you’ll never grumble about cleaning the lint trap on the dryer again. While I have a stock of disposable lighters that I plan on giving out or using for barter, I also keep a good, old-fashioned refillable lighter both in my home and my car.
When you think of the phrase “outdoor survival” what usually comes to your mind? But if you live in a more wet environment, those picture-perfect images will be far from your reality.
In the event you find yourself wading through the soggy terrain of a swamp without an airboat or floatation device you’ll want to protect yourself with a long, hard stick.
In addition to using a stick make your presence known by making lots of noise as to not startle your carnivorous friends. Shelter and a fire would be the next step, especially if night is nearing; alligators come out to feed in the dark. If you have some type of flammable liquid or any paper products available to you, DO NOT use them! Fire is important beyond measure and everyone either has something to contribute or something to ask. Practice now in the comfort of your own home, or you WILL NOT be able to do it on your first try in the wilderness. Finally quite a time later, I found the right combination of speed and pressure (and proper balance) in order to get the board smoking. The easiest material to start smoldering with a spark or a beam from a magnifying glass is charred cloth. To make charred cloth, save an old metal container with a compression or screw on metal lid (e.g.
When a spark catches on the charred cloth it will show as a tiny white spot that is slowly expanding. I have a flint and magnesium stick (where you shave off magnesium and throw a spark onto it,) but I've never tried actual flint and steel. I apologize for an omission and after a little experimentation I'll amend that chapter accordingly.
Flint (Blast Match, or even the flint bars with the small red 2 finger tab like handles, with the black cords, and silver scrapers.. The Above Top Secret Web site is a wholly owned social content community of The Above Network, LLC. If you’re a survivalist who tends to spend a lot of time in the nature your chances of ending up in a critical situation are pretty high.
So, before you go hiking or camping next time, practice the below listed methods until you succeed.
This is a similar process to the above described, but the hand drill method is far more often used than the friction-based. You need to gently blow at the heated nest until you actually see some actual fire starting. This method is considered the most efficient and helps you maintain a steady speed while trying to start the fire. Next, take the bow and spindle and make a loop with the string around the spindle (so when you move the bow, the spindle will move with it, since the loop holds it). If you need to put this into practice and see it in real life, watch this YouTube video from Discovery.
Now if you take your steel knife and strike with its back on the flint, sparks will fly off the edge of the flint and hopefully land on the char which is right below (and your index finger supports it).
Now you need to just be patient and wait for the tinder to start smoking until you see some fire.
Now that the ice block has a lens shape, you have to polish it so that the surfaces are as smooth as possible. In the end, you should have a parabolic mirror and since it’s elliptical it will again act like a lens, by focusing the sunlight into a tiny focal point.

Of course for this method to make any sense to you, you should have brought along soda and chocolate (which are pretty luxurious items in your backpack), but it never hurts to know several more methods of lighting a fire.
The great thing about this method is that it will work in any conditions – dry or wet, cold or warm.
To stay safe, always try these methods above in your backyard or in a safe area where you live. Keeping some waterproof matches handy is always a good decision as you never know when you’re going to need them. Modern starting methods include matches, artificial flint strikers, butane lighters or convex lenses. Whatever your level of mastery, these skills will have you better prepared, boost your confidence, and enhance your ability to adapt to new challenges.
Start from the most basic ones which have more than a handful of uses in a survival situation. Having the ability to determine which ones make the best firewood will surely make your stay around the campfire enjoyable. Cartoons that show people rubbing two sticks or two rocks together don’t show how difficult this sort of friction fire starting can be. No matter how skilled you yourself are, you’ll want something that’s easy to do because you want any member of your family to be able to start a fire and make that cup of soup.
We make fire starter kits by coating our dryer lint in petroleum jelly (we buy multi-packs from Amazon) and stuffing it into toilet-paper roll cores.
Keep these stored in a special container away from heat and when you need to start a fire, these twigs will catch very easily. This one is excellent because it’s lightweight and easy to take along, and lasts for a very long time. You have several of these easy methods to start a fire already on hand when the big quake hit. We know we need to be ready to survive  even in an area where we’re knee deep in water and dealing with insects and animals that we may or may not be familiar with. In swamps and marshes, it is best to get to higher ground, find some water and set up shelter. Hopefully you have a knife, but you could also create a makeshift spear out of a fallen branch.
A solid stick, at least four feet in length, can extend your reach and help you ward off any gators before they are mistakenly bumped. If you are in the water, build a platform within a tree using fallen branches and palm fronds as bedding. I ended up clamping the board to a workbench at waist level so I could stand rather than sitting on my knees.
Once I successfully master one fire-by-friction method I will start attempting to self-learn various other survival skills. I was using pine (softwood) as the board and a dry branch from a fruit free (hardwood) as the spindle. You probably aren't that likely to have both of those items in your backpack either really, but worth a mention. I always thought that since I could do the flint and steel thing that the magnesium would be like cheating. I have a flint and steel bought from Ebay and a female tampon, still in its cardboard thingy. The opinions of our members are not those of site ownership who maintains strict editorial agnosticism and simply provides a collaborative venue for free expression. Or maybe you’re a casual hiker who always carries matches and has never considered the necessity of learning how to build a fire. Without it you can’t go on and hope to rub some sticks together and hope that they catch on fire. Even the tiniest moisture left in the peg will slow down the process (or obstruct it completely).
First, you need to cut a V-shaped notch in the bed, and make a smaller depression next to it.
You’re creating a primitive drilling technique since the spindle should rotate quickly thanks to the sawing movement. It’s also a great idea to carry some flint in your backpack, in case your matches are too wet and useless. Due to the shorter focal point of the balloon in this case, you’ll have to keep it closer to the tinder (1 or 2 inches). Without having smooth surfaces, the light from the sun will be partially reflected from the uneven surface. The first method in this section can be repeated with this one – just point the sunlight through the ice block into a sunbeam on a bed of dry tinder. And after all, knowing more methods gives you the experience of knowing what works and why it works, thus you can use you common sense to readjust some of the methods to fit your current situation and tools you have at hand.
If you like this method you can decide that this will be the only method you prefer and so always keep in your backpack some steel wool and batteries (e.g. Samuel is excited to share his knowledge and the things he learns while travelling in British Columbia, Canada where he lives and around the world. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. But now, you must stay out of your home as the aftershocks have made it unsafe to be indoors. When you’re trying to survive, you don’t have time for cartoon-inspired methods, no matter how cool they seem.
And now, you gather around a toasty fire and have a warm cup of soup and a reviving cup of coffee. These are the common images that come to mind because it’s what we see on outdoor nature shows on TV.

If you are in a situation where you must cross a river, wait until midday when the alligators are least active. In either case, you definitely should learn how to start your own fire, both with and without matches. You have to be prepared, both mentally (for the critical situation) and with practical skills. You have to prepare the base by cutting the peg in half (it doesn’t have to be thick, but at least several inches in width).
So, either find a perfectly dry peg, or dry it beforehand by laying it in a hot sunny place. Place tinder material and other tender dried vegetation (dry bark will also do) and place them in and around the notch, like a nest. When you see smoke coming up, you’re ready to actually start the fire by blowing at it first, and little by little you feed it more dry wood. Again, you need a spindle and a wooden board, and in addition you have to make a small bow and find a socket.
The idea with the socket is that you will use it to put pressure on the spindle, so that the spindle is positioned firmly against the wooden board. Also, if you place some dried grass, tinder, and such, they will easily catch fire when an ember hits them. This is a very useful piece to have, since it catches embers very neatly and keeps them alive, without actually beginning the fire itself.
The only drawback to this method is that you need two things – magnifying glass and sun.
Play and experiment with it, but keep the sunbeam sharp and concentrated, and not blurry and misshapen. As you probably already know a lens shape is thicker around the middle areas and thinner in the outer edges, so with that in mind, start shaping the ice block into a lens.
So, you have to polish it with your bare hands since the heat from your skin will melt the ice surface and all uneven parts will melt as well. Adjust the focal point so it’s nice and sharp, and just wait a bit for the tinder to catch on fire.
This sun beam is extremely powerful and like a laser so it will take no more than a few seconds to see the tinder smoke. Then take the battery and you only need to touch the battery to the steel wool (with one of the battery ends) and the steel wool will create embers almost immediately. You’ve been busy setting up camp in your backyard and helping your next-door neighbor craft a tent out of survival blankets.
There’s even a cotton ball and room for a spare in the bottom of this storm-proof match kit. Another possibly troublesome time transformed into what will someday be a happy memory of gathering with your family in front of the fire.
You should also cross as the narrowest point and watch the water for at least an hour to spot any movement. It’s much more challenging to do that without matches, and it requires both knowledge and personal experience. Then you may a tiny hole in the base, but not too tiny – you need to place the spindle in it, so you can start rotating the spindle in the hole in a vertical manner.
Now take the spindle and starting rotating it in the hole, again vertically, until you see some sparks and embers being produces.
If you have some oil, sprinkle some of it on the socket, where you’ll position the spindle later.
If you have one, but not the other (or have neither) you really have to think of another method.
Rotate the lens in such a way that you adjust the sunlight to focus on a very small point on the tinder. As long as the sun beam is well focused and the tinder dry enough, it won’t take more than several minutes to see the result. Whatever you use, balloon or condom, fill it with water so that it has an almost perfect spherical shape. Touch the wool in several places, then cover it with a few more tinder and even birth bark pieces, and you’ll have some nice flames.
Survivalists and outdoors enthusiasts always try new techniques and add more to their practical skills. It takes some practice, but since it requires no fuel it’s great to have on hand in case of an extended emergency. Things could get difficult in a hurry if you haven’t prepared to survive in such an environment. Hopefully they will fall on the surrounding dry tinder and it will quickly start to burn (you’ll first see the smoke coming). The closer to the nest you bring the lens, the larger the focus point, thus smaller chances for starting the fire. If you fill it with too much water, the spherical shape will be too distorted and the method won’t work. So, play with that, and keep the lens at a distance so the sunbeam is no more than half and inch in diameter. Make sure, if you use a balloon, that it’s transparent enough when you will it with water, so light can penetrate it and for the desired sunbeam at the end.

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