Survival rates for breast cancer 2012 standards,education usa brasil tenis,yates gardening calendar,best books quantitative aptitude - PDF Review

admin | Category: What Causes Ed 2016 | 25.01.2014
These numbers are bound to scare anyone and create a negative impression about breast cancer survival rates.
An understanding of breast cancer survival rates is going to help you tackle this disease in a better and positive way.
When a doctor presents the prognosis of a breast cancer patient, he will usually site the survival rates of breast cancer patients in the last five years.
What this means is that you have to look at the breast cancer survival rates in a positive manner. Second, there is a high chance that your cancer treatment at present will include medicines and therapies that were not available five years ago. Overall, women who have been diagnosed with stage 0 (in situ) have a 98% five year survival rate and 95 % ten year survival chances.
In stage 1 in which the cancer has not spread to the lymph nodes, the survival rates are pretty good.
On the other hand, younger women have a better chance of surviving stage 3 and 4 breast cancer than older women.
A woman who has been detected with a type of breast cancer for which there is no effective treatment is likely to be given a very poor survival chance. Breast cancer that tests positive for progesterone receptors and estrogen receptors means that the cancer spreads by taking in these two hormones. The prognosis that your doctor will give you will depend on your cancer stage, age, type of cancer, and the treatment options available. The below cancer facts were presented to survey participants to provide a basic understanding of these cancers and how they affect the Western Australian population.
Excessive red meat consumption, being overweight, insufficient fibre and alcohol consumption are all causes of bowel cancer. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, with 1600 new cases reported each year in Western Australia. In 2012, there were a total of 1031 new cases and 849 deaths due to lung cancer in Western Australia.
Five year survival from lung cancer was 14% for men and 17% for women in Western Australia. People with lung cancer spent a total of 82,914 days in hospital in 2012 in Western Australia.
86% of all lung cancer cases are directly related to smoking and therefore could be prevented. Australia ranks the highest in lung cancer survival compared to Canada, New Zealand, The UK and USA. In 2012, Oesophageal and stomach cancer affected more than double the amount of men than women in Western Australia.
Smoking and insufficient fruit and vegetable consumption are risk factors for both oesophageal and stomach cancer.
This time around, Kurzweil will focus on a specific topic: reverse-engineering of the brain to understand precisely how it works, then applying that knowledge to create machines that are vastly more intelligent than us. Cutting-edge research in neuroscience, compelling thought experiments, and the latest breakthroughs in artificial intelligence are explored together with Kurzweil's own theory of how the neocortex works, to show how our physical and mental capacities will be vastly expanded in the future. How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed will be published by Viking on 13th November 2012.
Pre-orders for Oculus Rift developer kits were announced this week, following a highly successful Kickstarter campaign.
The Oculus Rift is designed by Palmer Luckey, founder of California-based Oculus LLC, who claims it will offer a "truly immersive experience" for video gaming and simulations.
According to Oculus, game integration will begin with PCs and smartphones and be followed by consoles. The device will feature an incredibly wide field of view (110° diagonal), high resolution (1280 x 800 pixels), and ultra-low latency head tracking, as explained in the video below. The first continent-wide survey of African ape habitat shows a dramatic decline in recent years. Over the last few decades, great ape numbers have plummeted across Africa – due to increasing rates of commercial hunting, environmental destruction, and disease. The regions that experienced the greatest loss of suitable ape habitat were the Congo Basin rainforest and the West African coastal forest in Liberia.
Transient electronic systems harness and extend various techniques that the Rogers' group has developed over the years for making tiny, yet high performance electronic systems out of ultrathin sheets of silicon. The team has built transient transistors, diodes, wireless power coils, temperature and strain sensors, photodetectors, solar cells, radio oscillators and antennas, and even simple digital cameras. Next, the researchers are further refining these and other devices for specific applications, conducting more animal tests, and working with a semiconductor foundry to explore high-volume manufacturing possibilities. New research shows that the full impact of climate change on future food prices is being underestimated. Oxfam's new report, Extreme Weather, Extreme Prices, highlights for the first time how extreme weather events such as droughts and floods could drive up future food prices.
Oxfam's research seeks to go beyond this and look at the impact of extreme weather scenarios on food prices in 2030. Even under a conservative scenario, another US drought in 2030 could raise the price of maize by as much as 140 per cent over and above the average price of food in 2030, which is already likely to be double today’s prices. Drought and flooding in southern Africa could increase the consumer price of maize and other coarse grains by as much as 120 per cent.
A nationwide drought in India and extensive flooding across South East Asia could see the world market price of rice increase by 25 per cent.
Oxfam's Climate Change Policy Adviser Tim Gore said such price spikes would be a massive blow to the world's poorest, who today spend up to 75 per cent of their income on food. The research also warns that climate shocks in Sub-Saharan Africa are likely to have an increasingly dramatic impact in 2030 as 95 per cent of grains such as maize, millet and sorghum that are consumed in sub-Saharan Africa could come from the region itself. Governor Jerry Brown signed a bill into law this week, which comes into effect next year, though only with a human passenger along as a safety measure. A number of companies have already begun to develop these vehicles – including Google, with a fleet of Toyota Prius hybrids that have logged over 300,000 miles. GM's Cadillac division will have partially autonomous cars in significant numbers by 2015, with fully autonomous cars available by 2020. An international team of scientists have, for the first time, identified a key factor responsible for declining muscle repair during aging, and discovered how to halt the process in mice with a common drug.
The findings provide clues as to how muscles lose mass with age, which can result in weakness that affects mobility and may cause falls.
The researchers looked at old mice and found the number of dormant stem cells present in the pool reduces with age, which could explain the decline in the muscle's ability to repair and regenerate as it gets older.
Following this finding, the researchers attempted to inhibit FGF2 in old muscles to prevent the stem cell pool from being kick-started into action unnecessarily. Doctors may soon have a new weapon against zits: a harmless virus living on our skin that naturally seeks out and kills the bacteria that cause pimples.
The new findings by scientists at UCLA and the University of Pittsburgh are published in the American Society for Microbiology's journal, mBio.
The scientists looked at two small microbes that share a big name: Propionibacterium acnes, a bacterium thriving in our pores that can trigger acne, and P. Using over-the-counter pore-cleansing strips, the researchers lifted acne bacteria and the P. Acne affects nearly 90 percent of Americans at some point in their lives, yet scientists know little about what causes the disorder and have made narrow progress in developing new strategies for treating it. Astronomers at the ISON-Kislovodsk Observatory in Russia have discovered a new comet which is set to make a dramatic appearance in 2013.
According to preliminary calculations, it will reach perihelion (closest approach to the Sun) on 28th November 2013 and will pass just 1,100,000 kilometres (680,000 mi) above the Sun's surface. The technology at the heart of the Supercharger was developed internally and leverages the economies of scale of existing charging technology already used by the Model S, enabling Tesla to create the device at minimal cost. Each solar power system is designed to generate more energy from the sun over the course of a year than is consumed by Tesla vehicles using the Supercharger. The Supercharger is substantially more powerful than any charging technology to date, providing almost 100 kilowatts of power to the Model S, with the potential to go as high as 120 kilowatts in the future.
With the most energy-dense battery pack in the industry and best-in-class aerodynamics, Model S has the longest range of any production electric car in the world.
Without an internal combustion engine or transmission tunnel, the interior of Model S has more cargo space than any other sedan in its class and includes a second trunk under the hood.
When they inhibited one of these two specific molecules, they were able to protect the rodents against pathological heart growth and failure. Respiratory distress, fatigue, and attenuated performance are symptoms that can accompany heart failure. The hearts of mice that possess more of the microRNAs 212 and 132 (on the right) are distinctly larger than the hearts of normal mice (on the left). A brief window of opportunity exists to shape the development of cities globally before an infrastructure boom transforms urban land cover, according to a study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The growth in urban areas will coincide with the construction of new roads and buildings, water and sanitation facilities, energy and transport systems — transforming land cover and cities globally. Nearly half of the increase in high-probability (defined as greater than 75%) expansion is forecast to occur in Asia, with China and India absorbing 55 percent of the regional total. Africa’s urban land cover will grow the fastest, at 590 percent above the 2000 level of 16,000 square miles. In North America, where 78 percent of the total population currently lives in urban areas, urban land cover will nearly double by 96,000 square miles by 2030. Only 48 of the 221 countries in the study will experience negligible amounts of expansion. The researchers examined historical patterns of urban population growth and expansion, and used forecasts from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change on gross domestic product and projections by the United Nations on urban population growth for their analysis.

Moreover, urban expansion will encroach on or destroy habitats for 139 amphibian species, 41 mammalian species and 25 bird species that are either on the Critically Endangered or Endangered Lists of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
The other co-author of the study is Lucy Hutyra of Boston University’s Department of Geography and Environment.
Researchers have set a new world record for data transmission over a single strand of optical fiber. Hugo de Garis is the past director of the Artificial Brain Lab at Xiamen University in China.
Affordably priced, versatile and safe enough to work shoulder-to-shoulder with people, Rethink's new line of robots could redefine how small, mid-size and large domestic firms use automation to compete with manufacturers in low-cost regions of the world.
Apply common sense to its environment – Baxter understands and can adapt to the way the world works.
Safely work alongside humans – Baxter comes complete with sensors and related software to help it see and understand its environment.
Be trained with no expertise required – Unlike traditional robots that require sophisticated software programming, Baxter can be trained just as you would teach a person.
Offer broad task flexibility – Because of its versatility and the short amount of time it takes to retrain, Baxter can be easily moved by production personnel to different and varying tasks over the course of a day, week and month.
Bring automation to manufacturers of all sizes – Baxter was specifically designed to be affordable for midsize and small manufacturers, companies that have never been able to afford robots before. Go from delivery to the factory floor in one hour – Baxter is a complete and self-contained system. Baxter is a complete system with application software that will be enhanced through regular software updates.
Coral reefs face severe challenges even if global warming is restricted to the 2°C commonly perceived as safe for many natural and man-made systems.
Warmer sea surface temperatures are likely to trigger more frequent and more intense mass coral bleaching events. This study is the first comprehensive, global survey of coral bleaching to express results in terms of global mean temperature change. Corals derive most of their energy, as well as most of their famous color, from a close symbiotic relationship with a special type of microalgae. To account for a possible acclimation or adaptation of corals to thermal stress, like shifts to symbiont algae with a higher thermal tolerance, rather optimistic assumptions have been included in the study. Previous analyses estimated the effect of thermal adaptation on bleaching thresholds, but not the possible opposing effect of ocean acidification. This comprehensive analysis highlights how close we are to a world without coral reefs as we know them. Researchers have identified five genes that determine the shape of the human face – a find that could lead to police identification sketches based solely on DNA evidence. Monozygotic twins have almost identical faces, and siblings usually have more similar faces than unrelated people, implying that genes play a major role in the appearance of the human face.
A new study, reported in PLOS Genetics, used magnetic resonance images of heads, together with portrait photographs, to map facial landmarks, from which facial distances were estimated.
Three of the five genes identified have been implicated previously by other approaches in vertebrate craniofacial development and disease; of these three, one was reported to be involved in facial morphology in a GWA study on children published earlier this year.
Professor Manfred Kayser from the Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam, leading author of the study: "These are exciting first results that mark the beginning of the genetic understanding of human facial morphology. This video was created for the Intel Developer Forum on 11th September and shown as part of Intel Executive Dadi Perlmutter's opening remarks. It seems even the most treasured, unspoilt and unique parts of the world are not immune to human influence.
In 2010, the Tanzanian government approved plans for a highway cutting through the northern area of the park.
Yes it is true that many women do not want to know their prognosis; however, you should keep in mind that knowledge about this disease will not hurt you in any way.
The five year survival rate is computed by looking at the percentage of women who have survived five years after their breast cancer was first diagnosed. First, since the survival percentage also includes deaths that have occurred due to other causes, it means that the overall survival rate is much better than what is being projected. Every year new cancer medicines and therapies are being introduced, thus improving the survival rate of cancer patients. Overall women with early stage of breast cancer have a better chance of surviving than those with advanced stage of breast cancer.
To put it in layman’s language, these women have a 98% chance of surviving five years after their diagnosis and 95% chance of surviving 10 years after their diagnosis. In this stage, there is an 85% five year survival rate and 75% ten year survival rate. Overall, it has been noticed that women between the 50 and 69 have the highest breast cancer survival chances in stage 1 of breast cancer. For example, women below the age of 40 have a poorer rate of surviving stage 1 and 2 breast cancers than older women. This is, because in older women breast cancer is often diagnosed only when it has reached the advanced stage. Genetics, age, geographical location, income, lifestyle, and more importantly the type and stage of cancer are some of the leading factors that influence survival chances in breast cancer patients. This is, because an educated woman is more likely to have a better understanding of the disease, to have had the disease diagnosed at an early stage, and have better access to treatment options. This will hold true even if the cancer has been detected at an early stage. Hormone Receptors Affect Survival Rates It has been noted that those women who have breast cancer that is positive to hormone receptors have a better survival rate than women with negative hormone receptor cancer.
Since the treatments available today are better than those available five years ago, your prognosis is likely to be good. He has amassed a cult following, thanks in large part to his uncannily accurate predictions – which have included the demise of the Soviet Union, the approximate year when a computer would beat a human chess player, the exponential growth of the Internet and the completion date for the Human Genome Project. This offered a profound and detailed analysis of past, current and future trends in a range of technologies.
Following a demonstration of the prototype at E3, a Kickstarter campaign was launched in August.
These results estimated the continent-wide distribution of suitable ape habitat conditions and changes over the past 20 years. Over 50% of eastern gorilla habitat has been rendered unsuitable, for instance, compared with about 10% or less for chimpanzees. Importantly, the lack of decline in other areas may reflect the fact that much habitat had already been lost before the 1990s, such as in the East and West African regions.
It highlights the urgent need to intensify conservation measures, including law enforcement and raising awareness. First are medical implants that perform important diagnostic or therapeutic functions for a useful amount of time and then simply dissolve and resorb in the body. In transient applications, the sheets are so thin that they completely dissolve in a few days when immersed in biofluids. All of the materials are biocompatible and, because they are extraordinarily thin, they can dissolve in even minute volumes of water. The structure of the silk determines its rate of dissolution – from minutes, to days, weeks or, potentially, years. As reported today in the journal Science, the researchers have already demonstrated several system-level devices, including a fully transient 64-pixel digital camera and an implantable applique designed to monitor and prevent bacterial infection at surgical incisions, successfully demonstrated in rats.
Previous research only tends to consider gradual impacts, such as increasing temperatures and changing rainfall patterns. The research warns that by then, the world could be even more vulnerable to the kind of drought happening today in the US, with dependence on US exports of wheat and maize predicted to rise and climate change increasing the likelihood of extreme droughts across North America. This could see domestic spikes of up to 43 per cent on top of longer term price rises in rice importing countries such as Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country.
The world needs to wake up to the drastic consequences facing our food system of climate inaction," Gore said. Earlier this year, the company pushed through legislation that allowed self-driving cars in Nevada.
The study, to be published in the journal Nature, involved researchers from King's College London, Harvard University and Massachusetts General Hospital. A dormant reservoir of stem cells is present inside every muscle, ready to be activated by exercise and injury to repair any damage. When these old muscles were screened, the team found high levels of FGF2, a protein that can stimulate cells to divide. By administering a common FGF2 inhibitor drug, they were able to prevent the decline in the number of muscle stem cells in the mice. Constructed in secret, Tesla revealed the locations of the first six Supercharger stations, which will allow the Model S to travel long distances with ultra-fast charging throughout California, parts of Nevada and Arizona. The electricity used comes from a solar carport system provided by SolarCity, which results in almost zero marginal cost after installation. This results in a slight net positive transfer of sunlight-generated power back to the grid. By 2013, Tesla plans to install Superchargers in high traffic corridors across the continental United States — enabling fast, purely electric travel from Vancouver to San Diego, Miami to Montreal and Los Angeles to New York.
The California-based company designs and manufactures EVs and EV power train components for partners such as Toyota and Daimler. Two tiny RNA molecules play a key role in this detrimental development in mice, as researchers at the Hannover Medical School and the Göttingen Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry have now discovered. With these findings, the scientists hope to develop therapeutic approaches that could one day protect humans against heart failure. The scientists had observed that these microRNAs are more prevalent in the cardiac muscle cells of mice suffering from cardiac hypertrophy. Kamal Chowdhury, researcher in the Department of Molecular Cell Biology at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry.
When they gave them a substance that selectively inhibits microRNA-132, no pathological cardiac growth occurred — even when the hearts of these mice were subjected to stress.

That is equivalent to 20,000 football fields becoming urban every day for the first three decades of this century.
Recent estimates suggest that between $25 trillion and $30 trillion will be spent on infrastructure worldwide by 2030, with $100 billion a year in China alone.
In China, urban expansion is expected to create a 1,100-mile coastal urban corridor from Hangzhou to Shenyang.
In addition, based on independent space-borne GLAS LiDAR measurements, the researchers estimate the aboveground, biomass carbon losses associated with land-clearing from new urban areas in the pan-tropics to be 5 percent of the tropical deforestation and land-use-change emissions. For example, if Baxter drops an object, it knows to get another before trying to finish the task.
These design elements, coupled with its ability to apply common sense, allow Baxter to work next to people – eliminating the need for cages to keep robots and people separate. Typical factory workers can interact with the robot directly to train it to do a task in less than 30 minutes. This flexibility can make the difference for contract manufacturers who need to quickly make adjustments to meet demand.
The list price for the Baxter robot is $22,000 and with zero integration required, the solution is a fraction of the cost of a traditional industrial robot. Unlike traditional robots that require manufacturers to make additional capital investments and develop custom software, Baxter comes ready to be used on the factory floor in less than one hour. Rethink will also make a software development kit (SDK) available in early 2013, opening up Baxter-centered innovation to programmers, robot enthusiasts, inventors and anyone else with a passion for cutting edge technology. Global warming and ocean acidification, both driven by human-caused CO2 emissions, pose a major threat to these ecosystems.
It has been conducted by scientists from Potsdam, the University of British Columbia in Canada and the Universities of Melbourne and Queensland in Australia.
However, almost nothing is known about the genes responsible for facial morphology in humans. The researchers then applied a genome-wide association (GWA) approach, with independent replication, to finding DNA variants involved in facial shapes in almost 10,000 individuals. The remaining two genes potentially represent completely new players in the molecular networks governing facial development. Perhaps some time it will be possible to draw a phantom portrait of a person solely from his or her DNA left behind, which provides interesting applications such as in forensics. In it, Diamandis talks about Moore's Law and how exponential technologies are democratising the power to change the world. It would form part of a larger route going from the Tanzanian coast to Lake Victoria, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The five year survival percentage figure includes breast cancer patients whose deaths were not caused by cancer but some other factors. There is only 10% five year survival rate and 2% ten year survival rate. Women between the age of 40 and 49 have the highest survival chances for stage 2, 3, and 4 of breast cancer. This is, because younger women are usually diagnosed with more dangerous forms of cancer than older women between the age of 60 and 70.
For example, women in poor countries have a poor chance of survival than women in rich countries. At present the overall breast cancer survival rate is around 90% for all stages of breast cancer. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not imply endorsement and is not intended to replace advice from your healthcare professional.
In particular, the smooth and predictable nature of many trends was revealed, challenging the long-held view that the future is inherently unpredictable. Within four hours of the announcement, Oculus had raised the $250,000 needed to further develop the headset. This will be followed at some point by Doom 4, and by many other games over the coming years.
This, the authors say, may be due to differences in ecological requirements, such as dietary preferences, as well as differences in vulnerability to hunting related to the behaviour and social structure of the different species. Even more concerning is the finding that suitable habitat loss appears to have been particularly severe in the central African forest block - currently regarded as the remaining stronghold of great apes. Second are environmental monitors, such as wireless sensors that are dispersed after a chemical spill, that degrade over time to eliminate any ecological impact.
Together with soluble conductors and dielectrics, based on magnesium and magnesium oxide, these materials provide a complete palette for a wide range of electronic components, sensors, wireless transmission systems and more. It is time to face up to what this means for hunger and malnutrition for millions of people on our planet," Gore said. When needed, these cells divide into hundreds of new muscle fibres that repair the muscle. While encouraging stem cells to divide and repair muscle is a normal and crucial process, FGF2 was also found to activate stem cells even when they were not needed. The viruses are harmless to humans, but are programmed to infect and kill the aforementioned P. One hypothesis, the researchers say, is that those with healthy skin may have a population of phages that helps keep the P. If laboratory testing proves successful, the researchers will study the compound's safety and effectiveness in combating acne in people. In addition to lowering the cost of electricity, this addresses a commonly held misunderstanding that charging an electric car simply pushes carbon emissions to the power plant. Tesla will also begin installing Superchargers in Europe and Asia in the second half of next year. To determine the role that the two microRNAs play, the scientists bred genetically modified mice that had an abnormally large number of these molecules in their heart muscle cells.
In India, urban expansion will be clustered around seven state capital cities, with large areas of low-probability growth forecast for the Himalaya region where many small villages and towns currently exist. This bandwidth is equivalent to sending 5,000 HDTV videos of two hours each in a single second.
To project the cumulative heat stress at 2,160 reef locations worldwide, they used an extensive set of 19 global climate models.
Though corals can survive this, if the heat stress persists for long enough the corals can die in great numbers.
This acts to the detriment of the calcification processes crucial for the corals' growth and reduces their thermal resilience. It was the inspiration for the Disney film, The Lion King, and has featured in many documentaries by David Attenborough. Readers should note that over time currency and completeness of the information may change. Extrapolations were made of genetics, nanotechnology and robotics, suggesting that a technological singularity may emerge, not in centuries, but as soon as the mid-2040s. Even these vast and once-remote forest tracts have been interlaced with logging and mining roads and subsequent human immigration. Third are consumer electronic systems or sub-components that are compostable, to reduce electronic waste streams generated by devices that are frequently upgraded, such as cellphones or other portable devices.
At the end of the repairing process, some of these cells also replenish the pool of dormant stem cells, so that the muscle retains the ability to repair itself again and again. This meant that the pool was depleted over time, so when the muscle really needed stem cells, it was unable to repair itself properly. The Supercharger system will always generate more power from sunlight than Model S customers use for driving.
The interior features a 17" in-dash touchscreen with Internet capabilities, streaming radio, web browsing and navigation.
These animals had a slightly smaller heart than their healthy conspecifics, but did not differ from them in behavior or life-span," continued the biologist. This remarkable achievement was reported at the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), the largest conference on optical communication in Europe.
By applying different emission scenarios covering the 21st century and multiple climate model simulations, a total of more than 32,000 simulation years was diagnosed.
Another reason why these types of cancers have a better survival rate is, because there are better treatment options available for these cancers than for those cancers which are negative for hormone receptors.
All users should seek advice from a qualified healthcare professional for a diagnosis and answers to their medical questions. Kurzweil has critics, however, who contend that his predictions are too optimistic and ignore many factors. By adding even a small solar system at their home, electric car owners can extend this same principle to local city driving too. Model S is the first premium sedan designed from the ground up to take full advantage of electric vehicle architecture.
In order to boost the pumping performance, heart muscle cells enlarge — a condition that frequently results in heart failure if not treated.
The crucial point is when the scientists subjected the hearts of these mice to stress by narrowing the aorta, the mice did not develop cardiac hypertrophy — in contrast to normal mice. With these findings, the researchers hope to develop therapeutic approaches in the future that can also protect humans against heart failure. A revolutionary powertrain sits under the floorboard, creating an ultra-low centre of gravity. Paired with an aluminum body engineered for superior handling, Tesla has created a vehicle that raises the bar for performance and efficiency while meeting the highest standards for safety.

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