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admin | Category: What Cause Ed | 08.04.2014
In Greece there are appropriate geological conditions for the occurrence of large earthquakes, similar to that of Japan. However, if there is an earthquake somewhere in the world tomorrow, it will be a coincidence and not related to the earthquake in Japan.
This is underlined in a statement to Haniotika Nea newspaper by Professor of Natural Disasters, director of the Laboratory of Natural Hazards and Coastal Engineering, University of Crete and President of the Greek Center for Marine Research (HCMR), Costas Synolakis.
At the same time, he explains that the so-called Hellenic Arc that passes south of Rhodes and Crete has caused, in 365 AD and in 1303 AD, large earthquakes. During the battle between the Gigantes and the Olympian gods, Enceladus* was disabled by a spear thrown by the goddess Athena. According to the Euro-Mediterranean Seismological Institute, the earthquake was 6.4 on the Richter scale. According to the information so far from services, there were no accidents, injuries or serious property damage from the earthquake. On the way to Therissou is a lot of rock which almost closed access to one point, while landslides have occurred in many parts of the road network. Minor damage was caused to many shops and homes, though they are limited to falling objects or glass. The Chilean earthquake that hit during the early morning hours of February 27 has brought searing images of devastation; and international news coverage has shown scenes of looting and arson incidents occurring in its immediate aftermath. By providing a comparative perspective that considers both the magnitude of the natural disaster and Chile’s governance characteristics, we suggest that in spite of some important mistakes Chile has thus far fared relatively well. As of March 5, the Chilean government had confirmed 279 identified victims, although the death toll is likely to increase by the hundreds considering many have not yet been identified or are deemed missing. Yet, the Chilean earthquake was the fifth strongest quake for over a hundred years, measuring 8.8 on the Richter scale.
Fresh in our minds are the images of recent disaster in Haiti, with an earthquake of magnitude 7.0 and a death toll of over 220,000 people. It may be of little consolation for those in Chile, but when a natural disaster of this magnitude hits, the number of expected deaths would have been vastly higher in most other countries in the world. Chile’s good governance played a significant role in limiting the death toll resulting from this earthquake. Undoubtedly, as with past earthquakes, lessons will be drawn from damage assessments and building codes will be improved; but overall the existing system did work. More broadly, empirical evidence, such as that presented by Kahn’s study on natural disasters (gated, ungated), suggests that among other factors, governance and corruption control are determinants of the death tolls. Advance planning for earthquakes, including training drills, is an integral part of adult and child education in Chile. First, the tsunami alert was mishandled apparently by a responsible unit in the Navy, which failed to coordinate with the national emergency office.
Second, the government was initially slow in dispersing essential supplies to the most afflicted cities in the south, partly due to its inability to assess local needs as a result of the power failure. Third, the government hesitated and delayed the deployment of the army to assist in the relief effort and to maintain law and order—partly as a result of narrow political calculations and latent sensitivity to the use of armed force given the memories of the Pinochet regime. After these initial delays in the first few days, the central government, armed with better organization, more information and increased decisiveness has streamed help into affected areas, providing emergency supplies and restoring law and order.
This serious string of mishaps took place in a country with a generally effective government.
The real “governance test” is the ability and flexibility of a country's institutions to address and contain crisis, which does include learning and acting quickly to address and correct mistakes. Clearly right now the priority ought to be the continued expediting of the relief effort in a decisive, well-coordinated and targeted fashion. Relatively speaking, Chile will be well positioned for that challenge given its high level of governance. In the reconstruction effort, it will be important to apply the lessons learned and mistakes made during this earthquake, such as in improving the tsunami warning system, ensuring sufficient backup power and establishing emergency communication systems, and designating strategic locations for crucial human resources and supply stocks around the country. And more generally, the looting and arson is a potent reminder of the potentially explosive socio-economic tensions inherent in an unequal society. Indeed, a tragic natural disaster such as this can also become an opportunity for Chile to emerge even stronger and more equal.
Preparation for the air vacation is actually the beginning of the trip, because when you start planning, it gives you a thrill of anticipation.
Listen to local radio stations and TV programs to identify type of alert and consider what you can do to minimize damages .
Make sure all heavy items (like framed pictures and mirrors) are removed from the walls near beds and couches.
Contact your local Red Cross chapter to find out the locations of nearby disaster shelters.
Give your family members oral emergency plan instructions about how to shut off the gas, electricity and water. Assemble the emergency preparednesskit (see the second item of this given earthquake emergency plan). Nonperishable food (such as canned vegetables, canned meats) and stainless, nonelectrical can openers. Basic first-aid kit which includes bandages, antibiotic ointments, antihistamines, ibuprofen or paracetamol, prescription drugs, sterile pads. A battery-operated radio receiver (to be used as an earthquake tracker) with extra batteries.
Antibacterial liquid soap, garbage bags, toilet paper, feminine hygiene supplies, baby wipes. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Over the centuries there have been many natural disasters or “Acts of God” that have left a long trail of death and destruction behind in the history of mankind. The threat of earth being hit by an asteroid is accepted as the greatest natural disaster faced by humanity, having the potential to wipe off the entire human race.
If you see the water recede quickly and unexpectedly from a beach or if you are on the coast and there is an earthquake ,run toward higher ground or inland—there may be a tsunami coming. Volcanic eruptions are the most beautiful and eye-catching yet the most dangerous disasters of time. You should always be aware of the flood hazards no matter where you live, but especially if you are living in a low lying area, or near a river, a dam or a lake. There goes a myth in mountains that loud noises like shouts trigger avalanches, however loud noises do not have enough force to generate an avalanche. Choose the Best Realtor – How Can You Find the Best Real Estate Agent For You in Today’s Market?
On this fateful day, the 12th May 2008, at 14:28 Local Time, the earth shook for close for 2 minutes in Sichuan province.
Somewhere between 87,150 (69,227 dead and 17,923 missing) and 87,587 (69,195 dead and 18,392 missing) were killed, with 374,643 injured (a number exceeding the injured in Haiti). The collapse of URM buildings and to a lesser extent RC buildings, caused most of the shaking deaths. Students (19065 killed) were a heavy victim group in this earthquake with over 7,000 school buildings in Sichuan Province collapsing. Since 2008, much reconstruction has occurred for the almost 2.5 million households that needed rebuilt homes and housing. Earthquake-Report, hopes that the readers remember those lost in this quake on this, the 3-year anniversary, and also to remember the risk of earthquakes to all people on the earth. The Sichuan earthquake of May 12, 2008, occurred as the result of motion on a northeast striking reverse fault or thrust fault on the northwestern margin of the Sichuan Basin.
The northwestern margin of the Sichuan Basin has previously experienced destructive earthquakes. The selection of a weak Magnitude, a 24 hour delivery on a worldwide list would result in an avalanche of emails (each earthquake will generate an E-mail). As we have decided not to use a control panel or password, the parameters of your subscription can only be changed by canceling your subscription (link in each Email we send). We will not share your E-mail with anyone else, it will be used only for earthquake alerts. Please make sure that you are white listing our emails as otherwise they may be deviated to your spam folder. Volcano news by volcanologist Janine Krippner and Armand VervaeckVolcano news from all over the world.
Half the roof of a derelict house in the street Seiradakis Amperia collapsed in the earthquake.


We identify selected shortcomings, which present an opportunity for further reform and progress in Chile. Chile’s mega-earthquake was relatively deep, which may have partially mitigated its monstrous force at the surface. In particular, two dimensions of governance stand out—government effectiveness (the efficacy of the public sector), and control of corruption. The media has brought to international public knowledge a new high-rise that has collapsed in Concepcion and an apartment building near Santiago that has been rendered inhabitable since it is leaning more than the Tower of Pisa. In contrast with the devastating effects that corruption in the construction sector had on the cities affected by the earthquakes in Turkey (where many new residential buildings collapsed) and China (where many schools full of pupils collapsed), the low levels of corruption in Chile, coupled with effective institutions, help explain why building codes were largely enforced. A review of recent earthquakes, as shown in Table 1, and of the quality of governance (in terms of governance effectiveness and control of corruption) is also suggestive, as depicted in Chart 1.
Even if the tsunami threat would have been identified in a timely fashion by the responsible authorities (which it was not), it is unlikely that the information would have been relayed in time to the affected localities.
Looting and arson did take place in some localities, while the press widely reported those incidents that did occur.
Serious mistakes were made regarding the evaluation and maintenance of the old levees, the evacuation of citizens, availability of sufficient stocks of supplies before the hurricane, and in the coordination of rescue and recovery efforts in its aftermath. In the ongoing rescue and relief operation in Chile, it is obviously early to have a definitive assessment, but the evidence is already encouraging, and consistent with good governance: while building on its strengths, the government has already acknowledged mistakes made and has been moving decisively to correct them. The heroic efforts by many local government officials, community leaders and villagers often do not entice the TV cameras the same way that a building ablaze, a looted store, or a collapsed structure does. In sharp contrast to Haiti, it will not require a massive international aid effort (although it will require targeted technical and equipment support from other countries), nor will it require the inception of major new institutions (and particularly no foreign-driven institution will be needed). Applying lessons regarding standards for some types of construction, such as in the reinforcement of older structures and hospitals, may be required as well.
In fact, among pre-earthquake governance challenges in Chile, consistently common crime would top the list, which in part is due to an insufficiently professionalized police force, and in part the result of socio-economic inequalities and under-employment among the poor. Try CentriQS complete task management solution for planning, tracking and reporting tasks, projects, and schedules.
A list of important phone numbers (to phone family members, fire department, Red Cross etc.), so that you can request emergency services teams for the actual earthquake map to know what locations are suffered most of all, and for the risk map to know which locations are still under the risk. If an earthquake catches you outdoors, find a clear spot (away from buildings, trees and power lines), and drop to the ground until the shaking stops. If an earthquake starts when you drive your car, stop the car immediately and stay in the car if it seems you are in a safe place (no buildings, trees and power lines are hanging over your car). It gives us a reminder, on a regular basis of the fact that Mother Nature and not humanity is in charge, after all. Its speed can exceed 155 miles per hour and it may even trigger tornadoes, floods and landslides due to extremely high speed winds and heavy rains. What makes volcano a deadly disaster is its effects which include, the volcanic eruption itself that is the explosion of the volcano, second is the lava erupting out of the volcano charring and burning everything in its way, and the third is the cooled-ash, which if inhaled even in small quantity by humans can be harmful.
Floods can take the shape of a serious hazard, carrying rocks, mud and other debris with its flow. The winds are fast, and you can hear the clouds thunder on and off, but that’s not bothering you from being outside and having fun. Brought forward to 2011 dollars, on the CATDAT list of damaging earthquakes this is the 3rd highest economic loss from an earthquake after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, and the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake. Estimates vary, however all that can be said is that much money has been pumped into the region, and that reconstruction is nearing completion.
The earthquake's epicenter and focal-mechanism are consistent with it having occurred as the result of movement on the Longmenshan fault or a tectonically related fault. The magnitude 7.5 earthquake of August 25, 1933, killed more than 9,300 people, of which 2,500 were killed by a quake lake burst. A more selective Magnitude, delivery option and area of your interest will give the best result. At the same time, it sparked questions in the Greek media and blogs, whether such a large earthquake could affect the seismicity elsewhere and especially in Greece. The great subduction zone known as the Hellenic Arc which extends from the coast of Turkey, south of Rhodes and Crete, west of the Peloponnese, west of the Ionian Islands to Dubrovnik was in 365 AD and and in 1303 AD the cause of large earthquakes.
The volcanic fires of Etna were said to be the breath of Enceladus, and its tremors to be caused by him rolling his injured side beneath the mountain (similar myths are told about Typhon and Vulcan).
Criticism has focused on the failure by the central authorities to alert coastal populations of the impending tsunami, its delayed and timid reaction to unrest in the most devastated region in the south (where most of the looting has taken place), and its slow initial distribution of essential supplies.
Nonetheless, the tragic death of hundreds of people is enormously saddening and brings grief to many others. Not only did the earth shake for a long time, but the earthquake’s epicenter was also very close to several highly populated centers. Over the years, Chile’s effective institutions succeeded in designing and adopting better building codes, which have been periodically upgraded, to take into account previous earthquake experience, innovations in preventative technologies and the country’s growing wealth (made possible in part by good governance).
Notably though, these examples indicate that non-compliance with building codes (and possibly corruption) is likely individualized, rather than systemic. This is because the warning system relied on the internet and telephony, both of which were disabled during the power grid failure.
Perfection is wholly unrealistic in any crisis situation of this magnitude and complexity, where thousands of critical decisions and steps need to be taken in a coordinated fashion by many officials in disparate locations and in a very short period of time.
Over 1,800 people died and tens of thousands were perilously stranded in their flooded homes, stadiums and convention centers for days. As a result, some modicum of calm is being restored as relief efforts are broadened and order is restored. Those deeds may go largely untold and uncounted (as of yet), but they do play a key role in complementing, and at times, supplanting the central government’s efforts. And while the reconstruction funding needs will be very large, in many billions of dollars, Chile's resilient economy and stellar macroeconomic discipline gives it substantial headroom to fund this reconstruction without excessive reliance on debt (or inflationary) financing.
And Chile’s modern and transparent procurement system will now be put through a major test given the scope and urgency of the upcoming infrastructure investments that will be required.
A move toward some modicum of decentralization and devolution of central authority ought to be considered in light of this experience. The massive investment and job creation effort that will be needed in Chile’s south may offer a unique opportunity to also tackle these pending challenges. Increase productivity of your small business or office by better organizing your employees' tasks and time. If it seems you are in any dangerous earthquake zone , drive slowly to a safe spot and remain in the car until the shaking stops.
The probability of such a cosmos impact is 1 in 100,000 years that is less than 1% chance of hitting the earth. Hurricane Katrina was the deadliest and most destructive Atlantic tropical cyclone of the 2005. Scientists have unearthed the evidences that support the theory of dinosaurs’ extinction caused by a series of eruptions in the past. Though landslides may be triggered by heavy rains, but they are mainly prone in areas where the soil is loose due to loss of vegetation cover.The roots of trees tend to hold the soil together, in absence of which it becomes loose and with a little accumulation of water it turns into the flowing river of mud and slurry. The earthquake reflects tectonic stresses resulting from the convergence of crustal material slowly moving from the high Tibetan Plateau, to the west, against strong crust underlying the Sichuan Basin and southeastern China.
It is too early to draw conclusions, except to note how little we understand of earthquakes and tsunamis. As a result, a vast area was affected—from the south where Chile’s second largest city, Concepcion, lays very near the epicenter, to Santiago at the country’s center and further north. Naturally, there are many damaged structures, particularly (but not exclusively) those built long ago.
Looting, violence and disorder erupted and lasted nearly a week until 40,000 troops arrived belatedly to restore law and order. A powerful example was the life-saving efforts by local officers in some coastal towns who blared evacuation instructions through bullhorns once the earthquake struck, supplanting the failed “sophisticated” tsunami alert from the center.
Yet measures will need to be in place, including particular monitoring from civil society, so to mitigate the risk of capture by powerful private firms, a risk whenever there is a surge in large lucrative contracts. It devastated around 520 miles of area and resulted in more than 20 meters deep crevices and landslides, which collapsed numerous dwellings.
At least 1,833 people died in the hurricane and subsequent floods, making it the deadliest U.S. Human history has records of a whole civilization being wiped off from a volcanic eruption. Some floods can develop slowly while others can develop as Flash floods, destroying everything in its path.


Tornadoes have the potential to uproot trees and houses, pick them up into the funnel of cloud and carry over long distances, until the storm dies down.
Until you can realize what is happening, you are struck by lightning, with a prior though short warning. In mountainous regions, avalanches are counted among the most serious hazards to life and property, with their destructive capability to carry enormous masses of snow at high speeds. These calamities are ranked according to the number of lives that were lost because of it.10. For the earthquake of 1303 AD, there are as accurate as the earthquake in 365 AD to quantify the size, but it is generally accepted that it was more than 8. And additionally, not only did the earthquake cause massive surface destruction, it also triggered a tsunami and numerous and severe aftershocks (often exceeding a magnitude of 6.0). Even though there are many people close to the epicenter who are now homeless, the overall stock of houses was not decimated and the number of fatalities due to buildings collapsing was limited. Below is the countdown of nature’s most dangerous and deadliest calamities we have ever heard of. NASA has been shedding a lot of money on projects that may more or less avoid any such collision with our earth. The death toll of this devastating calamity was 830,000, which is over 60% of the region’s population though its magnitude was only 8.0 on the Richter scale. About 80% of tsunamis occur in the Pacific Ocean, but they can occur anywhere from oceans, seas to even lakes. It is believed that in 1600 BC, the whole Minoan civilization, which once existed in Greece, was removed from the face of the earth due to one of the biggest volcanic eruptions of all time. The Uttarakhand floods have been one of the worst disasters in India so far, claiming thousands of lives and rendering hundreds homeless. Major causes of avalanche are weather, snowfall, temperature, wind direction, snow pack conditions, sloppy terrain and man-made influences. But there is no physical explanation that forces us to assume that a large earthquake in the Pacific can generate earthquakes in the Mediterranean. In the English counterparts, such earthquakes occur somewhere in the Hellenic Arc about each 800 years. One such project is NEO Shield project, being commenced, with help from scientists across Europe, Russia and the US.
They are caused by underwater earthquakes, landslides, volcanic explosions and glacier calving.
The survivors of lightning strikes often suffer from long term memory loss, attention deficits, sleep disorders, numbness, dizziness, fatigue, muscle spasms, irritability, and depression. Although primarily composed of flowing snow, large avalanches have the capability to bring down ice, rocks, trees, and other material on the slope with them, concreting everything in its way, under a pack of ice. This storm was so strong that it destroyed the Banqiao Dam, which further caused the death of approximately 229,000 people. Like the Pacific, the Mediterranean earthquakes happen, but until now we can not know the exact time.
It caused no other earthquakes in other parts of the world from this earthquake, which was almost the same size as that of Japan last week".
It is impossible to determine their true potential before they strike; hence the extent of damage they can cause is highly unpredictable.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which had a magnitude of 9.3, triggered a series of lethal tsunamis on December 26, 2004, killing approximately 230,210 people, making it the deadliest tsunami in recorded history. They can set objects in their paths ablaze and can hurl burning debris out into their surroundings. Though chances of being struck by lightning are estimated to be 1 in 600,000 but this number can be possibly reduced by following some safety measure and precautions. The worst case of Avalanche was the Huascaran avalanche, triggered by Ancash earthquake, 1970, in Peru.
A few smaller dams collapsed during the course of the storm, which also brought in heavy floods and a lot of structural damage.
If it is an earthquake somewhere in the world tomorrow, it will be a coincidence and not related to the earthquake in Japan.
The results from such a megaseismic event will depend on the focal depth and distance from land".
Identifying potential hazards before time and planning in advance can reduce the dangers of loss of life and property from an earthquake. Depending upon its magnitude it can cause other catastrophes like Tsunami, Volcanic eruptions, Landslides, Fires etc. Sometimes earthquakes are actually fore-shocks and an indication that a larger earthquake might occur. 1920 Haiyuan Earthquake Maximum Estimated Death Toll: 273,4000One of the strongest earthquake that hit China is the Haiyuan earthquake which happened that fateful day of December 16, 1920.
The destruction of the earthquake was slated at the maximum intensity of XII on the Mercalli scale.8. 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami Maximum Estimated Death Toll: 280,000One of the more recent calamities the figured in this list is the Indian Ocean Tsunami which epicenter was at the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.
The earthquake that caused the tsunami occurred on December 26, 2004, recorded at magnitude 9.1 on the Ritcher scale. 1737 Calcutta Cyclone Maximum Estimated Death Toll: 300,000The cyclone that hit India in 1737 claimed the lives of over 300,000 people. Back to that time when the official record of fatalities and damages is difficult to document, the effect of this natural disaster that hit Calcutta still went down in history as the city’s deadliest one ever.6. 1839 India Cyclone Maximum Estimated Death Toll: 300,000In 1839, another enormous cyclone that caused a 40-feet high storm surge hit Coringa, Andhra Pradesh.
Situated in India, this harbor city was technically wiped out by this very powerful, raging storm. 1976 Tangshan Earthquake Maximum Estimated Death Toll: 655,000If not storms, earthquakes prove to be the other major natural calamity that can claim many lives. The earthquake occurred on July 28, 1976 and it was regarded as the largest one to happen in the 20th century. The earthquake itself, and the equally strong aftershocks turned all of the buildings in the city into rubble.4. 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake Maximum Estimated Death Toll: 830,000The Shaanxi Earthquake is yet another deadly earthquake to happen in China. The fatalities of this quake were very alarming at 800,000 although most of the deaths were undocumented.
The earthquake hit on January 23, 1556 with a reported magnitude of 8.0 on the Richter scale.
The aftershocks that were felt just a few minutes after the major one were as high as magnitude 7.1. The earthquake said to have destroyed everything within an 840-kilometer radius from the epicenter. Even those who lived inside the artificial caves and cliffs were not spared by this epic earthquake hit.3. 1970 Bhola Cyclone Maximum Estimated Death Toll: 1,000,000The Bhola cyclone went down in history as the strongest storm that Bangladesh ever experienced. This tropical storm left an astounding number of people dead – almost a million in their last count. The hurricane, which formed in the Bay of Bengal on November 11, also hit India and West Bengal. Although the tragedy happened centuries back, it remained to be among the deadliest natural disasters to date. The cyclone that occurred on September 28, 1887 created a flood that covered 130,000 square kilometers of land. 1931 China Floods Maximum Estimated Death Toll: 4,000,000Another unbelievable and undeniably more deadly flood happened in China around five decades later. The 1931 Chinese flooding claimed the lives of some 4 million people, while affecting as many as 28.5 million.



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