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admin | Category: Electile Dysfunction 2016 | 08.04.2015
Burns are categorized according to severity and the severity determines the burn treatment options.
1st-degree burn – A first degree burn is the least serious of the type of burns you can receive and it is limited to only the outer layer of skin.
2nd-degree burn – When the burn goes past the first layer of skin to the second layer that is a second degree burn. Now that we have some reference on the types of burns out there, what are your treatment options?
If a minor burn occurs, there are several steps you can take for immediate treatment of the burn.
Cover the burn with a sterile bandage or clean cloth and protect it from pressure and friction. Over-the-counter pain medications may help reduce inflammation and swelling as well as help with the pain. If a major burn occurs, there are several steps you can take to immediately treat and care for the burn. If clothing cannot be removed from the victim make sure the victim is not in contact with smoldering materials. If the victim is breathing, cover the burn area with a moist, cool sterile bandage or clean cloth. Until medical help arrives, continue to monitor victims’ pulse, rate of breathing and blood pressure if possible.
Hopefully you will never be faced with anything more serious than a minor first degree burn, but it is important to know what to do just in case. 6th May is the start of Burns Week in South Africa, and it’s all about preventing, identifying and treating the different types of burns that can happen at home and work. Recently, we spoke about what you should do if you or someone else is burnt with boiling water.
And while it’s very important to know how to treat a minor burn, it’s equally important to know what you shouldn’t do – as some things can make the burn worse, cause infection or increase the chance of scarring. Some people swear they are a total klutz in the kitchen and they end up cutting themselves or burning themselves. More severe burns can result in permanent tissue damage, fluid loss (dehydration) and scarring.
For second and third degree burns, clothing may have burnt onto and melted into a burn wound.


Our Speech Pathologist, Dietitian and Skincare Nurse offer 15min free health screening consults.
When you can’t run to the Emergency Room or the neighborhood clinic, the responsibility for medical care may rest on your shoulders. A quick way to tell the difference between a first degree and second degree burn are the presence of blisters.
In a severe burn, the skin has been removed and fat, muscle and even bone areas may be affected. Since it is more likely that you will have and be able to survive first or second degree burns, we will cover those first. Treat a burn as a major burn if the area is more than 2 to 3 inches in diameter or if it is located on the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks or major joints. To prevent shock, lay the victim flat, elevate the feet 12 inches and cover the victim with a coat or blanket. Putting ice directly on a burn can cause a person’s body to become too cold and cause further damage to the wound. The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. Indeed one of the downsides to cooking up a storm in the kitchen can be getting a burn, but did you know there are also other types of burns?
Only the first layer of skin is burnt (the epidermis), and it will appear pink or red, and be painful. These types of burns are a lot deeper and have burnt through the epidermis into the dermis. The tissue has been burnt beyond the dermis and into the fat layers, muscle even down the bone in some areas. Any burn can leave the tissue susceptible to infection, and so all burns should be dressed and treated appropriately. Keep your wound covered with a clean dressing to prevent infection and to protect the site.
If someone has sustained a third degree burn, it is likely they are in an emergency situation needing urgent medical care and you should call an ambulance. Seriously, from simple sun burns to touching that hot item on the stove, or reaching into the over too quickly most of us have been burned to varying degrees. Knowing how to recognize and treat burns is a medical skill that everyone in your family should have.


1st and 2nd degree burns that do not cover an area of more than 3 inches (length of your finger) are considered a minor burn.
If someone else has caught fire, douse them with water, wrap them in a thick, non-synthetic material such as wool or cotton or lay them on the ground flat and roll them.
Do not put the victim in this position if he or she is uncomfortable or if you suspect a head, neck, back or leg injury.
The author may or may not have a financial interest in any company or advertiser referenced. Stick to first aid items recommended for burns, and remember: keeping the wound clean, cool, and free of infection should be your first concern.
This will only irritate the skin and leave the door open for infection – which will make the pain worse. First aid can be administered over the damaged clothing if necessary until further medical assistance arrives.
Speak to your GP if you are concerned about a first degree burn or if the burn is quite large, or the patient is very young or old.
Passionate about health and wellbeing, we write about issues relevant to our clinical practice. In their most minor form, burns seldom require much attention, the pain is brief and we go on with our lives. Any action taken as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the reader. Leave the wound alone, the blisters will burst on their own and your body will get rid of the old skin when it’s ready.
Using gauze and a bandage makes a great dressing for arms and legs, or an ‘island’ dressing for torso areas. In a real grid-down scenario you could easily get scalded when you are trying to boil your water to make sure it is safe for consumption or any one of hundreds of different possibilities. There could be accidents dealing with using fuel such as gas to power your emergency generator. Your skin has been doing that since you were born, so there’s no reason to interfere with its natural process after a burn.



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