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Japan is an island nation situated off the eastern seaboard of the Eurasian continent in the northern hemisphere.
Since the Japanese archipelago is located in a zone of relatively young tectonic plate movement, it is particularly prone to various physiographical phenomena.
The Japanese archipelago has a temperate marine climate, with four distinct seasons, an annual average temperature of between 10 to 20 degrees centigrade, and annual precipitation of 1,000 to 2,500 millimeters.
From the eighteenth century through the first half of the nineteenth century, Japan's population remained steady at about 30 million. The Population Census shows that Japan had 51.84 million private households (excluding "institutional households" such as students in school dormitories) in 2010, surpassing 50 million for the first time since the Census began.
From the 1920s to the mid-1950s, the average number of household members remained at about five. The number of elderly households (private households with household members 65 years of age or over) in 2010 was 19.34 million. The population pyramid of 1950 shows that Japan had a standard-shaped pyramid marked by a broad base.
In Japan, the period when the percentage of persons aged 65 and older exceeded 10% was 1985, but when looking at the U.S. Population growth in Japan had primarily been driven by natural increase, while social increase played only a minor part. During the second baby boom, the live birth rate was at a level of 19 (per 1,000 population) between 1971 and 1973. The decline in the live birth rate may partly be attributable to the rising maternal age at childbirth. Average life expectancy in Japan climbed sharply after World War II, and is today at the highest level in the world. The annual number of marriages in Japan exceeded one million couples in the early 1970s, which, coupled with the marriage rate (per 1,000 population) hovering over 10.0, showed an apparent marriage boom.
In contrast, divorces have shown an upward trend since the late 1960s, hitting a peak of 290,000 couples in 2002. In 2010, Tokyo had the largest population of 13.16 million among Japan's 47 prefectures, followed in decreasing order by the prefectures of Kanagawa, Osaka, Aichi, and Saitama. In addition, the population density in Tokyo was the highest among Japan's prefectures, at 6,016 persons per square kilometer.
In October 1973, the fourth Middle East War led to the first oil crisis, triggering high inflation. In the 1980s, the trade imbalance with advanced industrial countries expanded because of the yen's appreciation.
At the end of the 1980s, Japan's economy enjoyed favorable conditions, with stable wholesale prices and a low unemployment rate. At the end of 1980, Japan's net worth (national wealth) stood at 1,363 trillion yen, 5.6 times the GDP. At the beginning of 1990, stock prices plummeted, followed by sharp declines in land prices. Massive bad debts were created in financial institutions' loan portfolios, as corporate borrowers suffered serious losses due to declining land prices. During the phase of Japan's economic recovery from the beginning of 2002, there was a common trend whereby exports were showing signs of steady growth, reflecting a brisk recovery of the world economy, but then a soft patch set in and pushed exports down, resulting in sluggish growth in both production and personal spending. At the start of 2008, the Japanese economy was faced with a standstill in its path to recovery as private consumption and investments in plant and equipment fell flat and so did production.
Based on this, there are expectations that the Japanese economy will recover at a moderate pace as the effects of policy measures are realized.
Japan's industrial structure has undergone a major transformation over the half century since the end of World War II.
In the future, it is anticipated that companies in the manufacturing industry in Japan will expand their overseas business. Japan's national budget consists of the general account, special accounts, and the budget for government-affiliated agencies. Special accounts are accounts established for the national government to carry out projects with specific objectives, and are managed and administered independently of the general account.
Government-affiliated agencies are entities established by special laws and are entirely funded by the government.
With regard to revenue sources for the fiscal 2015 initial general account budget, income tax, consumption tax and corporation tax account for 46.3 percent. There are two budget categories in local government finance: the ordinary accounts and the public business accounts. While expenditures such as national defense are administered solely by the national government, a large portion of expenditures that directly relate to the people's everyday lives are disbursed chiefly through local governments.
The revenue composition of local governments usually remains almost the same each fiscal year, while their budget scale and structure vary from year to year. The net total indicates the actual amount of government expenditures after eliminating duplications such as the transfer of funds between different accounts in the national budget, the local allocation tax grants and other subsidies from the national government to local governments. The settlement amount for fiscal 2013, the net total of national and local government expenditures was 166 trillion yen. Japan's ratio of outstanding general government debt to GDP, a stock measure in a fiscal context, has been increasing rapidly due to its public bond issues over a series of years and is now the worst among major industrial countries. Taxes consist of national tax (income tax, corporation tax, etc.), which is paid to the national government, and local tax, which is paid to the local government of the place of residence. In January 2013, the government and the Bank of Japan decided to strengthen policy coordination in order to overcome deflation and achieve sustainable economic growth with stable prices. In addition to the Bank of Japan, Japan's financial system is comprised of private and public financial institutions. As to the latest number of offices, including the branches of financial institutions operated domestically, post offices handling postal savings had the largest network with 24,182 offices. The Flow of Funds Accounts Statistics, which is a comprehensive set of records of financial transactions, assets and liabilities, indicates that financial assets in the domestic sectors totaled 6,434 trillion yen according to figures at the end of March 2014.
Stock prices in Japan rose sharply in the second half of the 1980s, spearheading the bubble economy. A survey conducted of 250 securities firms by the Japan Securities Dealers Association (JSDA) showed that 24.0 percent of those companies offered Internet trading at the end of September 2014. Over the course of Japan's economic growth, its agricultural, forestry and fishing industries employ fewer and fewer workers every year, and their GDP share has also dropped. Japan's forest land area is 25.08 million hectares (approximately 70 percent of the entire surface area of the country).
In the forests, many planted forest resources have matured and are entering their harvest period. The slowdown in domestic lumber production activities has resulted in a decline in the number of workers engaged in forestry. In Japan, a country surrounded by the ocean, the fishing industry has played an important role in supplying animal protein and bringing a healthy and rich diet to the population. The number of workers in the marine fishery industry (the workers who engage in work at sea for 30 days or more yearly) has been decreasing constantly.
As the aging of fishing vessels progresses and the fishery workers aging increases, fisheries have been gaining attention as a place for employment, based on the diversification of values regarding work and life, and support is also being provided for new fishery workers.
Japan's food self-sufficiency rate in terms of calories, although there is a downward trend over the long term, the ratio has been fluctuating at a level of around 40 percent since fiscal 1997. In fiscal 2013, the self-sufficiency rate (on an item-specific weight basis) was 100 percent for rice, 12 percent for wheat, 9 percent for beans, 79 percent for vegetables, 39 percent for fruits, 55 percent for meat, and 60 percent for seafood.
Japan's present food self-sufficiency rate is the lowest among major industrialized countries, and Japan is thus the world's leading net importer of agricultural products. The proportion of added value produced in Japan's manufacturing sector to its nominal GDP has been around 20 percent recently, and the sector has a large ripple effect on other sectors. In 2013, there were 208,029 establishments (with four or more persons engaged) and a total of 7.40 million persons engaged in the manufacturing sector. The construction industry, accounting for about 10 percent of both GDP and all employed persons, is one of the core industries in Japan. In fiscal 2013, the total primary energy supply in Japan was 21,973 petajoules, up 1.1 percent from the previous fiscal year. Joule (J) is employed as a common unit (International System of Units: SI) for energy across all energy sources in presenting international statistical information. As a result, the government has been working to construct a new energy supply-demand structure oriented toward stable supply of energy and lowering energy costs. Total primary energy supply per GDP is lower in Japan than in other industrialized countries. Approximately half of Japan's primary energy supply of petroleum, coal and other energy sources is converted into electric power. Electricity output (including in-house power generation) in Japan totaled 1,091 billion kWh in fiscal 2013, down 0.3 percent from the previous fiscal year.
Gas production was 1,352 petajoules in fiscal 2013, up 2.1 percent from the previous fiscal year. Japan's expenses for the research and development (R&D) of science and technology are at a top level among major countries, and support the technology-based nation of Japan. As of the end of March 2014, the number of researchers amounted to 485,300 persons in business enterprises, 38,600 persons in non-profit institutions and public organizations, and 317,700 persons in universities and colleges. Universities and colleges spend more than 90 percent of their R&D expenditure on natural sciences for basic research and applied research, while business enterprises allocate over 70 percent for development purposes.
Based on the Science and Technology Basic Law, which was promulgated and enforced in 1995, the Japanese government has formulated a Basic Plan since fiscal 1996, and has promoted science and technology policies.
Technology trade is defined as the export or import of technology by business enterprises with other countries, such as patents, expertise, and technical guidance. The total number of patent applications remained robust in and after 1998 as more than 400,000 applications were filed every year, but a gradual drop has been seen since 2006. Over 140 countries, including Japan, have joined the international patent system of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) as of May 2014.
The United States Patent and Trademark Office ranked first among major patent offices for applications filed by Japanese applicants in 2013, with 84,429 filings. The population of Internet users, the commercial use of which began in 1993, continues to increase.
Among enterprises, the Internet usage rate at the end of 2013 was 99.9 percent, which was the same rate as that of the previous year. Residential schools were perhaps the most infamous and notorious of all colonial institutions imposed on the native peoples of Canada.
At first glance, it appears that residential schools (used as a cultural assimilation tool on the First Nation) and the child protection activities of the Ministry of Children and Family Development (MCFD) are unrelated. This government propaganda film made in 1955 portrays an image that residential schools are paradise for children.
According to the information provided in the video description, Indian children were being placed in foster care at a nationwide rate 10-20 times higher than non-Native children before 1978.
The Canadian residential school system was a place in which aboriginal children were abused and neglected.
Like supervised visits in modern child protection, parents of removed Aboriginal children had to camp outside the gates of the residential schools to see their children.
Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: Every [Hebrew] boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live. Since the expansion of colonialism in the 19th century, almost all English-speaking nations evolved from colonial governments have a history of removing aboriginal children from their families under the pretext of "improving" their welfare or "protecting" them from the "corrupting influence" of their "barbaric" parents. The main purpose is to weaken the targeted victims and to reduce the perceived threat of the regime. We will not attempt to answer all the aforesaid questions but to use them as food for thought. In 1857, Canada passed the Gradual Civilization Act to assimilate surviving Native Indians.
Like the discrimination against early Chinese Canadian immigrants by enacting the racist Chinese Immigration Act, 1923 (known in the Chinese Canadian community as the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1923), residential schools were mandated by a Canadian federal statute called the Indian Act. The timeline below was extracted from "In Depth Aboriginal Canadians A timeline of residential schools" (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). Removed native students at Old SunIndian Reservation School in Gliechen,Alberta, Canada in 1945. Irene Favel describes in a CBC interview (8 July 2008) how she witnessed the murder of a baby by staff at the Muskowekwan Indian Residential School, run by the Roman Catholic Church in Lestock, Saskatchewan. As locations of mass graves of Native Indian children from residential schools were revealed by eyewitness accounts, documents, survey data and physical evidence, the horror of the genocide in Canada's Native Indian residential schools became public. Since these allegations are not supported by archaeological evidence, they must be treated as personal beliefs at this time.
Residential schools provide a shred of evidence to suggest that state-sponsored child removal owes its origin and existence to an oppression of a very hideous nature against a weak and marginalized minority victim. Published on 2 Jun 2015 in the National, residential schools victims and their children and grandchildren spoke on the atrocities created by state sponsored child removal. Children are invaluable to most parents who are prepared to do anything to protect them and to keep them from being kidnapped. The National (CBC) documentary video on the right contains several citations from government officials during the residential school era that parellel statements made by politicians in modern child protection regime. However, the federal government still plays the role of financier of the child removal business by way of subsidies to Aboriginal child removals and Children's Special Allowances (CSA) which is a tax-free monthly federal payment made to agencies, institutions and foster parents who are responsible for the care and education of children (of any ethnic background) under 18 who physically reside in Canada and who are not in the care of their parents.
During the early stage of the residential school era, not all Canadians were allowed to vote. Politician, bureaucrats and service providers locked arms to defend their child protection regime after the media uncovered their failure to protect children, effort to cover up and lack of accountability.
Final solution of the Indian problem and a child intervention system is one of hope are merely self-serving excuses to mitigate the damage created by state sponsored child removal.
Science and technology are widely regarded as important for the growth and competitiveness of individual industries and for overall national economic growth. Five KI service industries that incorporate HT either in their services or in the delivery of their services. This report gives special attention to KTI industries in information and communications technology (ICT).
KTI industries have become a major part of the global economy and represent a growing share of many countries' total economic activity. The KTI shares of the total economic output of the United States, EU, and Japan rose by 4–7 percentage points from 1995 to 2010, reaching 40% in the United States, 32% in the EU, and 30% in Japan (figure 6-3). In the United States, value added of commercial KI services increased from 20% to 25% of GDP, the highest share of any large economy (figure 6-3 and appendix table 6-3).
The trend in large developing economies varied, with the shares of China and Brazil remaining roughly steady at 12%–14% (figure 6-3 and appendix tables 6-2 and 6-3).
The global value-added output of HT manufacturing industries increased from about $700 billion in 1995 to $1.4 trillion in 2010 (appendix table 6-11).
Within the manufacturing sector, many economies experienced a modest shift toward HT industries. Rapidly rising living standards, expressed as per capita GDP, accompanied the acceleration of productivity growth in developing economies and narrowed their gap with developed countries (figure 6-7 and appendix table 6-15). The United States has the highest ICT share of fixed capital investment (26%) of large OECD economies, with the United Kingdom a close second (figure 6-9).
The United States is the leader in ICT business infrastructure among the larger developed economies (table 6-2), with an index score substantially higher than those of France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan, and South Korea.
Employment data reinforce the close connection between ICT infrastructure and KTI industrial activity generally. Separate ICT infrastructure indexes for developing economies show wide variation among Brazil, China, India, and Russia (table 6-2). Of the four large developing economies, Brazil ties with Russia as having the highest score in business infrastructure and with China for second in consumer infrastructure (table 6-2).
Among the four large developing economies, Russia leads in consumer infrastructure, ties with Brazil in business infrastructure, and scores roughly the same as China in government infrastructure. The islands form a crescent-shaped archipelago stretching from northeast to southwest parallel to the continental coastline with the Sea of Japan in between. Therefore, the number of earthquakes in the country is quite high, and so is the proportion of active volcanoes. There are approximately 250,000 square kilometers of forestland and fields (which equates to 67 percent of the nation's surface area), followed by approximately 50,000 square kilometers of agricultural land (12 percent). Following the Meiji Restoration in 1868, it began expanding in tandem with the drive to build a modern nation-state. However, due to the increase in one-person households and nuclear families since the 1960s, the average size of households was down significantly in 1970, to 3.41 members.
The shape of the pyramid, however, has changed dramatically as both the birth rate and death rate have declined. In terms of their proportion of the total population, the aged (65 years and over) have surpassed the child population since 1997.
However, in 2005, the natural change rate (per 1,000 population) fell for the first time since 1899, and has since been on a declining trend.


Since 1988, however, it has been on an uptrend, reflecting the increased percentage of the elderly in the overall population. The declining marriage rate and rising marrying age in recent years as described above is one explanation for the dropping birth rate.
Subsequently, both the number of divorces and the divorce rate have been declining since 2003.
These five prefectures each had a population of seven million or more, and together accounted for 35.7 percent of the total population. Their total population topped 28 million, a figure equivalent to 22.5 percent of the national total. Accordingly, Japan recorded negative economic growth in 1974 for the first time in the post-war period. As part of administrative and financial reforms, Japan National Railways and Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation were privatized. Corporate profits were at their highest level in history, and corporate failures were at their lowest level, while investments in plant and equipment for manufacturing products, such as semiconductors, were very active. It then increased, reaching 3,531 trillion yen, 8.0 times the GDP, at the end of 1990, owing to increasing land and stock prices. This, however, was only a temporary phenomenon, as investments in plant and equipment were weak and the economy was too dependent on foreign demand and information and communication technologies. This occurred against the backdrop of soaring crude petroleum and raw material prices and repercussions from the American subprime mortgage loan problem that, since mid-2007, rapidly clouded future prospects for the world economy further. The chronological changes in the industrial structure during this period by industry share of employed persons and GDP show that shares in the primary industry in particular have fallen dramatically since 1970, when Japan experienced rapid economic growth.
Overseas expansion by companies in the manufacturing industry is progressing against the background of the advancing appreciation of the yen following the Lehman Shock, the decentralization of production bases that occurred after the Great East Japan Earthquake, and the increases in energy charges, etc., that have occurred over the past few years.
There are many companies that are planning on expanding their business to India, Indonesia, China, and Thailand. In setting the national budget, the government submits a proposed budget for the upcoming fiscal year to the Ordinary Session of the Diet, which begins in January. The number and particulars of special accounts change from year to year; for fiscal 2015, a total of 14 special accounts have been established, including the national debt consolidation fund, the grants of allocation tax and transferred tax and the Great East Japan Earthquake recovery fund. Currently, the Japan Finance Corporation, the Okinawa Development Finance Corporation, Japan Bank of International Cooperation, and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (Loan Aid Section) are operated as government-affiliated agencies. Since fiscal 2008 in particular, the worsening economy has decreased tax revenues, contributing to an increasing gap between revenue and expenditure.
Even with the addition of other taxes and stamp revenues, these revenue sources only amount to 56.7 percent of the total revenue. The former covers all kinds of expenses related to ordinary activities of the prefectural and municipal governments. The largest portion of fiscal 2012 (net) revenues came from local taxes, accounting for 34.5 percent of the total. In the initial budget for fiscal 2014, the gross total of national government expenditure was 510 trillion yen, the net total was 239 trillion yen after eliminating duplications. The national government disbursed 42 percent of this amount, while the local governments disbursed 58 percent.
The ratio of taxation burden, which is the ratio of national and local taxes to national income, was 18.3 percent in fiscal 1975. In order to achieve price stability targets at the earliest possible time, in April 2013, the Bank of Japan changed the operating target for money market operations from the uncollateralized overnight call rate to a monetary base to facilitate quantitative easing. This was followed by domestically licensed banks, including city banks and regional banks, with a combined total of 13,713 offices and branches. Internet trading thus accounted for 25.5 percent of the total value of stock brokerage transactions from the period of April 2014 to September 2014.
In the one-year period of 2014, there were 6,930 hectares of new cultivation but also a 26,200-hectare decrease.
Of this, natural forests account for 54 percent while planted forests, most of which are conifer plantations, make up 41 percent. For forests to continuously exhibit their functions of soil conservation and prevention of global warming, it is necessary to smoothly follow the cycle of planting, tending and thinning planted forests.
In 2010, there were 69,000 workers engaged in forestry, a level that represented the same number recorded ten years before.
In 2014, there was a 4.4 percent decrease from the previous year, bringing the count to 173,000 workers.
Although completely self-sufficient in rice, the staple food of its people, Japan relied almost entirely on imports for the supply of wheat and beans.
Additionally, in 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake, the historically high yen, and the slowing global economy contributed to sluggish domestic production. This was attributable to an increase in the production and shipment of semiconductor and flat-panel display manufacturing equipment, etc. This was due to an increase in the production and shipment of electronic parts, integrated circuits, etc.
This was due to a decrease in the production and shipments of all types of information and communication electronics equipment. A decrease in the production of metal products for building contributed to the total production decrease in the industry.
Construction investments at current prices had been on a declining trend after reaching a peak of 84 trillion yen in fiscal 1992, and fell to half of this peak (42 trillion yen) in fiscal 2010, but turned upward in fiscal 2011. This can be considered to be the impact of recovery from the Great East Japan Earthquake as well as improvements in the economic climate. Since experiencing the two oil crises of the 1970s, Japan has taken measures to promote energy conservation, introduce alternatives to petroleum such as nuclear power, natural gas, coal, etc., and secure a stable supply of petroleum through stockpiling and other measures.
The unit Petajoule (PJ: 1015 or quadrillion joules) is used here to reduce the number of digits. In this process, energy-saving and renewable energy that takes global warming into consideration has been introduced, and aims are being made toward reducing dependency on nuclear power.
Researchers in the fields of science and technology (including social sciences and humanities) as of the end of March 2014 totaled 841,600. Currently, the Fourth Science and Technology Basic Plan (fiscal 2011 to fiscal 2015), which orients the recovery and reconstruction from the Great East Japan Earthquake as one of its main pillars, is being initiated. In 2013, the number of international patent applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) was 205,300, of which 43,918 were from Japan, accounting for 21.4 percent. The number of patent applications filed by Japanese applicants at the State Intellectual Property Office of the People's Republic of China was 41,193. Figures for the rate of Internet use by terminal by age group show that over 70 percent of people in each age group of between 13 and 49 use home PCs. Trends in the Internet usage rate remained flat, at around 99 percent, showing that Internet usage at businesses is fully diffused. The impact of the schools extended far beyond the regional constraints of the northern Northwest Coast, with individuals from virtually all Canadian native cultures subject to assimilation-orientated education as well as physical and emotional abuse to discourage cultural expression. Please hover your mouse over the navigation icons below to access the most frequently sought information by various categories of browsers. These children often lost all connections with their families, extended families, tribes, and cultural heritage.
The first residential schools were established in the 1840s with the last residential school closing in 1996. For example, Canada and another British Commonwealth country Australia both have a hideous history of using "cultural assimilation" policy to destroy the native people and get their lands. Some of us may think that they are legacy from the previous millennium and bear little relevancy to in modern time.
Can anyone of them bear the pain of having their own children seized by social workers under the pretext of "child protection"? Under this Act, the Canadian federal government provided funding to "educate" native peoples and integrate them into Western society with the intent of "encouraging self-sufficiency" within the First Nations.
It summarizes major events surrounding the issue of Native Indian residential schools in Canada.
An unknown number of Native Indian children (one source cites roughly 150,000 during the course of mandatory attendance of residential schools) were forcibly removed from their families.
Mary Mission and Residential School was in the Fraser River Heritage Park located off 5th Avenue east of Stave Lake Street in Mission, British Columbia.
Despite the lack of scientific support, it is certain that helpless First Nation parents who lost the custody of their children had suffered severely. The Canadian federal government has decentralized child removal authority to provincial and territorial governments.
One of the first few things child protection workers do after removing children is to notify Canada Revenue Agency that parents no longer have custody of removed children so that the ministry or the foster parents could start collecting CSA while child tax benefit payments to parents cease. Before the mid 20th century, visible minorities, Aboriginal peoples, and women have no right to vote.
Child removal decisions are often made based on a bureaucratic opinion, not on good evidence.
Some people may say that this is hard, but if we want to civilize them we must do that." (A federal cabinet minister, 1883). There are numerous cases in children were removed without just cause or reasonable concern of child safety.
Desperate damage control cannot fool those with discernment of good or bad, right or wrong. Indeed, global economic growth increasingly depends on science, technology, and other knowledge-based assets. These are aircraft and spacecraft, pharmaceuticals, computers and office machinery, semiconductors and communications equipment (treated separately in the text), and scientific (medical, precision, and optical) instruments.[4] Trends in aircraft and spacecraft and pharmaceuticals are particularly sensitive to government policies. ICT combines the HT manufacturing industries of computers and office machinery, communications equipment, and semiconductors with the KI services of communications and computer programming (a subset of business services). Global value added of these industries totaled $18.2 trillion in 2010 (figure 6-1 and appendix table 6-1). China's KTI share grew by 3 percentage points to reach 20%, driven by a doubling of HT manufacturing share and increases in commercial KI services and education (figure 6-3).
In the 15 years leading up to 2010, commercial KI services increased their share of world economic activity from 15% to 18% (appendix table 6-2). For the EU, the comparable figure rose by 4 percentage points to reach 18%, with France and Germany near the EU average and the UK above it. India's and Russia's shares each climbed by 3 percentage points to reach 13% and 14%, respectively. The largest, business services, provided $5.7 trillion (52% of global total value added in 2010) (appendix table 6-6). As a result, differences in market-generated value added may not accurately reflect differences in the relative value of these services.
The United States and the EU have the largest health care sectors, as measured by share of global value added (34% each) (table 6-1). However, the share of HT manufacturing industries in the global economy remained broadly steady during this period (figure 6-2 and appendix table 6-2) because of stronger overall growth in service industries than in manufacturing.
In both developed and developing economies, the HT share of the manufacturing sector has increased by 2 percentage points since 1995, reaching 16% and 10%, respectively (figure 6-5 and appendix tables 6-11 and 6-12). Because of the shift to knowledge-based production, ICT infrastructure can be as important as or more important than physical infrastructure to raising living standards and remaining economically competitive. The growth and rise in the concentration of KTI industries in the United States, the EU, Japan, and many developing economies coincided with elevated or rapidly rising productivity. Growth trends in the United States and the EU were very similar to the developed world average. China drove this increase; its labor productivity registered the fastest growth of any large economy, from 6% in the 1990s to more than 10% for both periods in the 2000s.
Despite sustained rapid productivity growth by China and several other emerging economies, however, their gap with the United States and other developed economies is substantial and is likely to remain so for some time even if their high growth is sustained. ICT infrastructure compares favorably in these three indicators to other large developed economies.
Five countries, Australia, Canada, Japan, France, and Germany, have shares of 13%–15%.
The United States scores near the top in ICT government infrastructure and about the same as France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Australia, and Canada in consumer infrastructure. In the United States, for example, commercial KI service industries employed about 16 million workers in 2009, or 1 of every 7 workers in the private sector, and they had a higher share of highly skilled workers than other service industries. China scores third among these four economies in business infrastructure and second in consumer and government infrastructure. Brazil's score in business infrastructure reflects higher penetration rates of secure Internet servers and personal computers.
Russia's relatively high score in consumer infrastructure reflects its levels of fixed and mobile telephone penetration and strong Internet and broadband subscription levels. For example, KTI industries produce some goods or services that are neither knowledge intensive nor technologically advanced. The country is located between approximately 20 degrees to 45 degrees north latitude and stretches over 3,200 kilometers. The land is full of undulations, with mountainous regions including hilly terrain accounting for about three-quarters of its total area. Together, forestland, fields and agricultural land thus cover approximately 80 percent of the nation. The topography of Honshu, however, features a series of major mountain ranges running from north to south. Japan's population density measured 343.4 persons per square kilometer in 2010, ranking seventh among countries with a population of 10 million or more. The life expectancy at birth for men exceeded 80 years for the first time, setting a new all-time record for both genders. They rose again in the late 1980s, but in recent years, they have been on a declining trend in general. In 2013, the number of divorces totaled 231,000 couples, and the divorce rate (per 1,000 population) was 1.84. The largest single city was the 23 wards (ku) of central Tokyo, with 8.95 million citizens. Population density in the Kanto major metropolitan area was 2,631 persons per square kilometer. Stock and land prices continued to rise rapidly, and large-scale urban developments and resort facility developments in rural areas progressed at a very fast pace.
After that, however, Japan's national wealth began to decrease due to the collapse of the bubble economy. Japan's financial and economic systems, which were excessively dependent on land, consequently approached collapse. With the global decline in IT demand from mid-2000, Japan's exports to Asia dropped, necessitating adjustments of excess inventory and production facilities.
The Great East Japan Earthquake that took place on March 11, 2011 and the nuclear power plant accident it caused weakened the economic recovery. During the 1980s, the secondary industry's share of employed persons and GDP also began to decline gradually.
The proposal is then discussed, and an initial budget is approved usually before the fiscal year begins in April.
Since fiscal 2009, bond issues have exceeded tax revenues in most years, but since fiscal 2013, tax revenue exceeded borrowing (on an initial budget basis) in three consecutive years. The latter covers the budgets of independently accounted enterprises such as public enterprises (water supply and sewerage utilities, hospitals, etc.), the national health insurance accounts and the latter-stage elderly medical care accounts. Furthermore, the local public finance plan, which consists of the estimated sum of ordinary accounts for the following fiscal year for all local governments, amounted to 86 trillion yen. Their issue volumes have increased mainly due to, for example, economic stimulus measures and decreasing tax revenues after the bubble economy ended at the beginning of 1990. The average outstanding money stock in 2014 was 587 trillion yen in M1 and 875 trillion yen in M2. The household sector (including the business funds of individual proprietorships) had assets of 1,624 trillion yen, in the forms of deposits, stocks and other financial assets. At the end of 1989, the total market capitalization of the first section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange was 591 trillion yen, but only three years later, at the end of 1992, it had dropped by more than 50 percent to 281 trillion yen. The ratio of Japanese stocks held by foreign investors (total of corporations and individuals) was 30.8 percent in value terms, the highest ever recorded.
This was due to the rice output decreasing despite outputs of vegetables and fruits and nuts increasing. The most common cause for the decrease was degraded farmland, accounting for approximately 50 percent of all cases, followed by land-use conversion for residential and other land uses, making up approximately 30 percent. Meanwhile, Japan's forest growing stock is 4,901 million cubic meters, of which 3,042 million cubic meters are from planted forests.
Currently, Japan depends mostly on imported lumber for pulp, woodchip, and plywood materials.
However, approximately one out of six workers was aged 65 and over, highlighting the aging of the labor force.


The number of workers in the fishery industry aged 44 years and younger was 43,000, representing a 1.0 percent increase from the previous year. The principal cause for the drop in the food self-sufficiency rate is the fact that the diet of Japanese people changed significantly, leading to a lower consumption of rice, while there was an increase in the consumption amount of livestock products such as meat that domestic agricultural production alone cannot supply sufficiently. This was attributable to a decrease in the production and shipment of plastic (materials), industrial organic chemicals, etc. The decrease in total shipments was caused by a fall in metal products for building and in fabricated structural metal products. Meanwhile, the number of housing construction starts (in the case of apartment buildings, the number of apartment units was counted) decreased for owned houses and built-for-sale units alike, totaling 0.89 million housing units. Other sources were also used, though only in small quantities, including energy from waste, geothermal, and natural energy (solar photovoltaic, wind power, biomass energy, etc.). Final energy consumption in fiscal 2012 decreased by 1.3 percent compared to the previous fiscal year. The number of people who used the Internet exceeded 100 million people for the first time, accounting for 82.8 percent of the population 6 years of age and older. For over a century, residential schools made use of a strategy of Westernization, taking in children with the dual expectation of converting them to Eurocentric ideology before having been fully influenced by the culture of their own parents, and leaving them incapable of passing on indigenous knowledge to younger generations.
Budget" published by a Vancouver accounting firm in February 2006, an Aboriginal child stands a chance of removal by MCFD 10 times higher than a non-native child on a per capita basis. Public Law 95-608, the Federal Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 was passed to remedy the problem of disproportionately large numbers of Indian children being placed in foster care. This policy of "cultural assimilation" is clearly for the purpose of assimilating (and hence destroying) native culture and families until the Aboriginal people ceased to exist as an independent sovereign nation. During this time span, hundreds of thousand of Aboriginal families were destroyed when their children were forcibly removed and placed in government-sponsored residential schools. We have developed a new page titled "Australian Experience" to further elaborate on what is known as the "stolen generation", which is part of the theme in the 20th Century Fox movie "Australia" (2008). This system of "education" was a joint endeavor between the federal government and missionaries (mainly Roman Catholics and the rest by various Protestant denominations). Deliberate murder at a residential school, something that has never gone to any court in Canada and yet something that has been recounted by hundreds of survivors.
Mass graves nearest to the Lower Mainland are in Squamish and Fraser River Heritage Park (formerly St.
Brenda Norrell's web site gives very specific locations of the 2 grave sites in this former school.
State sponsored child removal became the mandate of provincial and territorial governments in the modern child protection era. Aboriginal people are not granted the right to vote until the Canadian Bill of Rights received Royal Assent in 1960.
Minister of Children & Families Tom Christensen (2009): our social workers do take this step (child removal) lightly.
Aircraft and spacecraft trends are affected by funding for military aircraft, missiles, and spacecraft and by different national flight regulations.
For context, selected data are presented on wealth, productivity growth, and ICT infrastructure of selected economies, with a focus on the United States and other economies in which KTI industries play a particularly large or rapidly growing role.
This represents 30% of estimated world gross domestic product (GDP), compared with a 27% share of a much smaller global economy 15 years earlier (figure 6-2 and appendix table 6-2).
In India and Russia, the KTI shares each rose 2–4 percentage points to reach 19% and 20% of GDP, respectively, driven by the increases in commercial and public KI service shares. Public KI services, especially education, also increased their share of the growing global GDP (figure 6-2 and appendix tables 6-4 and 6-5). The differences among these economies reflect their stage of development and government policies, and may also reflect differences in the difficulty in measuring economic activity of service industries. The growth trend in health care for these two developed economies was similar to that in education. In most nations, the HT manufacturing share of the economy remained flat or declined somewhat (figure 6-3). The ICT share of the global economy, and of most major economies, showed little change between 1995 and 2010 (increasing from a 4% to a 6% share of GDP) (appendix table 6-2).
After lagging behind the United States and the EU in the 1990s, Japan's growth accelerated to reach the rate of the United States and the EU in the 2000s. Per capita GDP in China and Brazil remains at less than a fifth of that in the United States and in Russia at less than half. South Korea is the leading country in fixed broadband penetration, with nearly 100% of its households having broadband access (figure 6-8). In all of these countries, the ICT investment share has declined by large percentages since 2000; this most likely reflects rapidly falling prices of semiconductors, computers, and other ICT goods. South Korea and Japan have significantly higher scores in consumer infrastructure than the other developed economies, reflecting their lead in deployment of 3G connectivity and advanced mass-market broadband over other developed economies. China's relatively weak score in ICT business infrastructure reflects very low penetration of secure Internet servers and limited international Internet bandwidth. Russia's business infrastructure score reflects a relatively high penetration of personal computers and telephones offset by low penetration of secure Internet servers and limited international Internet bandwidth.
In addition, multiproduct companies that produce a mix of goods and services, only some of which are KTI, are assigned to their largest business segment. Each sector was weighted according to its share of the total output among the 13 countries, using purchasing power parities as exchange rates. It consists of the main islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa, and more than 6,800 smaller islands of varying sizes. Because of this feature, the northwest monsoon in the winter brings humid conditions with heavy precipitation (snow) to the Sea of Japan side of Honshu but comparatively dry weather with low precipitation to the Pacific Ocean side. However, Japan's population growth has slowed in more recent years, with the annual pace of population growth averaging about one percent from the 1960s through the 1970s. Although the Japanese population has shifted into decline, the number of households is expected to continue to increase for some years to come, as the size of the average household will shrink further. In share terms, it accounted for 61.3percent of the entire population, continuing its decline since 1993. In 2011, 662,000 couples married, marking the first time this number fell below 700,000 couples.
In the Chukyo major metropolitan area, it was 1,288 persons per square kilometer, and in the Kinki major metropolitan area, it was 1,484 persons per square kilometer.
However, excessive funds flowed into the stock and real estate markets, causing abnormal increases in capital asset values (forming an economic bubble).
In 1998 and 1999, the government injected public money into the banking sector to stabilize the financial system. On the other hand, the tertiary industry's shares of both employed persons and GDP have risen consistently. In the event that the Diet does not approve the budget by the end of March, an interim budget comes into effect. Therefore, after eliminating duplications between national and local accounts (35 trillion yen), the net total of both national and local government expenditures combined was 290 trillion yen. A rising amount of public bond redemptions and an increase in social security expenditures associated with the progression of an aging society in recent years has resulted in public bonds and social security expenditures making up a high percentage of government expenditures net of overlaps. The ratio subsequently decreased due to the decline in tax revenue arising from the recession that ensued after the bubble economy ended, reaching 21.2 percent in fiscal 2003.
It is the combined total of banknotes in circulation, coins in circulation, and current account balances. In the course of the financial system reform, mergers and restructuring progressed among major banks, resulting in their being reorganized into three major financial groups. In Japan, the household sector holds more than 50 percent of its financial assets in cash or relatively secure forms of assets. The market recovered to reach 442 trillion yen at the end of 1999, later dipped again, and then increased to 539 trillion yen at the end of 2006. However, since the Great East Japan Earthquake, the percentage of fossil fuels has been increasing, as a substitute for nuclear power as fuel for power generation.
While energy consumption in the industrial sector has remained mostly level, there were sharp increases in energy consumption in the commercial and residential sector and in the transport sector. Observation by age group shows that the individual Internet usage rate exceeded 90 percent among people in each age group between 13 and 59, although the rate drops as the age increases. Like modern child protection law, the residential school system was not an exclusively Canadian construct. This exceptionally high ratio based on the government statistics between 1999 to 2001 warrants further research to examine why. The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) requires that Indian children be placed in Indian homes for foster care or adoption and gives the children´s tribe certain rights to participate in the placement procedure. The Australian stolen generation and the Canadian residential schools are results of cultural assimilation policy imposed on the Aboriginals.
Like predators in the animal world targeting the young and the weak for food, human beings are of no difference when striving for survival, money, fame and power. Growth of the residential school system was ensured through an amendment to the Indian Act in 1920, making attendance mandatory for Native Indian children between the ages of 7 of 15. Today, the only physical remaining traces are some cement foundations scattered throughout Fraser River Heritage Park.
The Gay Pride Movement, for instance, has been very successful in using this tactic to further their cause. For example, 4-month old infant Delonna Sullivan died after 6 days in foster care in Edmonton, Alberta. National regulations covering drug approval, prices, patent protection, and importation of foreign pharmaceuticals can affect pharmaceuticals.
The KTI share increases in the economies of South Korea and Taiwan were larger, rising by 7–10 percentage points to 29% and 32%, respectively, with increases occurring in both manufacturing and service industries. The second-largest, finance, provided $3.9 trillion (36% of global value added) (appendix table 6-9).
Russia's and India's outputs, starting from a low base, expanded more than fivefold and threefold, respectively (table 6-1). In contrast, the ICT share of the Chinese economy doubled from 3% to 6%, driven by its huge expansion in ICT goods produced for export and rapid growth of its communications services. South Korea's productivity slowed but continued to grow twice as fast (3%) as most of the large developed economies. India's and Indonesia's per capita GDP remains at less than 10% of that in the United States. The United States is in the next group with household penetration of about 60% along with Australia, Canada, and Germany. India scores the lowest among the four in the three indexes, reflecting factors such as limited availability of public telephone lines, modest Internet usage and subscriber levels, and very low penetration of secure Internet servers. Nevertheless, data based on the OECD classification allow researchers and analysts to trace, in broad outline, the worldwide trends towards greater interdependence in science and technology and the development of KTI sectors in many of the world's economies.
Indirect intensities were calculated using the technical coefficients of industries on the basis of input-output matrices. Its surface area totals approximately 380,000 square kilometers, a figure equivalent to 0.3 percent of the global land mass.
As a result, the ratio of the dependent population (the sum of aged and child population divided by the productive-age population) was 63.2 percent. The interim budget is effective from the beginning of April until such time when the proposed budget is approved.
Regional banks and credit depositories operating in their respective regions have been making efforts to their expand operations bases through corporate mergers, but there have been no major mergers recently. The subprime mortgage problem surfaced after August 2007 and the September 2008 "Lehman shock" led to a fall in total market capitalization, which amounted to 251 trillion yen at the end of 2011. Afterwards, in April 2014, there were impacts caused by a response to last-minute demand associated with the increase in consumption tax.
The level of dependence on petroleum, which had been on a declining trend in recent years, increased to 47.2 percent in fiscal 2012. In the commercial and residential sector, energy consumption by the commercial sector in particular has risen in recent years.
Such institutions were a widespread tool of colonization, including regions such as the United States, Australia and New Zealand. This is the first case in Canadian legal history in which child protection workers are found liable for misfeasance in public office, breach of fiduciary duty and breach of the standard of care. First and foremost, atrocities like the residential school and the Sherry Charlie tragedy are possible because government has the authority to remove children from their families based on the opinion of bureaucrats and supported by financially motivated service providers of the child protection industry (hereinafter known as the industry unless otherwise specified).
By 1930, the residential school program had reached its peak with roughly 80 institutions, mostly in Western provinces but stretching northward into the territories and eastward to Quebec.
Ironically, most Native children were worse off in residential schools where parental love and care are both absent. Influencing children, often under a noble cause, is also an extremely effective weapon to destroy a sovereign power. Most of the increase in the KTI share of the world economy stemmed from growth in KTI industries in the United States, the European Union (EU), Japan, and several developing economies. Increases by these large developing economies coincided with the rapid expansion of university enrollments and graduation of new degree holders.
In China, the HT share increased from 7% to 13% of its total manufacturing base, similar to the proportion in the EU. OECD then assumed that, for a given type of input and for all groups of products, the proportions of R&D expenditure embodied in value added remained constant. Another unique characteristic of Japan's climate is that it has two long spells of rainy seasons, one in early summer when the southeast monsoon begins to blow, and the other in autumn when the winds cease. A vicious circle developed, in which the long-term economic stagnation exacerbated the bad loan situation, while the bad loans hindered economic growth.
Declining exports contributed to a large drop in production and a sharp rise in unemployment. If it becomes necessary to amend the budget in the course of a fiscal year, the government submits a supplementary budget for Diet approval.
In 2012, the high yen in Japanese economy was corrected due to expectations toward anti-deflationary economic and fiscal policies by the new government, and share prices soared. However, the economy has continued a gradual upward momentum, and improvements in earnings can also be seen in enterprises in the manufacturing industry. As open massacre and ethnic cleansing are not viable options in those so-called "democratic and free" nations, oppression to achieve a political end is done in a more subtle and discreet, but equally effective, manner sugar coated by a noble cause. Some suffered emotional, physical and sexual abuse (confirmed by Prime Minister Stephen Harper's 2008 apology below) from their caregivers in a system where there was little or no accountability. This invasive concept has been used repeatedly in the course of history to achieve political results.
Politicians in the residential era had more liberty to speak their minds without fearing any political consequences.
Child protection workers came to remove the child of Jamie's roommate who was not home at that time. This likely reflects a shift of final assembly of these goods from other Asian economies and developed economies to China. From summer to autumn, tropical cyclones generated in the tropical seas develop into typhoons and hit Japan, sometimes causing storm and flood damage.
Second, there was another vicious circle, in which the continuing economic slump led to pessimism about the future on the part of corporations and consumers, and their hesitation generated further recession. As the economy continued to recover with foreign demand and economic measures after April 2009, the government defined March 2009 as the trough of the economic cycle. A recent example is the well planned Anglo-American induced "Occupy Central with Love and Peace" movement (aka Umbrella Movement) in Hong Kong that began on 28 September 2014. Their statements surrounding child removal are more informative on the real intent of the child removal regime than those from their successors in modern time. The real motives of instituting residential schools are replacing the First Nation as a sovereign power with a white regime through cultural assimilation, seizing resources and land, subjugating helpless Native children and parents under guns. Contrary to what its name suggests, there is neither love nor peace but only violence and hatred in the 79-day long riot. Modern child protection is all about power, money and fame backed by its muscle - the police and rule of law. It should be noted that several nonmanufacturing industries have R&D intensities equal to or greater than those of industries designated by the OECD as HT manufacturing.
Hereafter, there is a possibility that the taxation burden will become heavier due to an increase in welfare and pension-related spending as the population ages. If you have evidence of misfeasance or abuse of children in foster care, please come forward and contact us. Taking the moral high ground will put perpetrators in a better position to garner support, to evade responsibility when their activities backfire and, above all, to get more tax dollars to feed the racket.



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