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Like most journalists, Atlantic writers tend to be both curious and often hungry, which might be why we write so much about the price of food and drinks.
In fact, if you consider "cheap eats at home" the most important measure of social welfare, the United States is the greatest country on earth. One reason we spend so little money at home is that we spend so much more money under other people's roofs. This is all part of one of the happiest economic stories of the last century -- the falling relative price of essentials like food and apparel in the 20th century. But "average household" doesn't mean much in a country where the top 20 percent earns 15 times the bottom 20 percent.
The short answer is that relative food costs are low and falling fast for everybody -- but they're not falling for the poor. It's well understood that everybody needs food to live, no matter how much money they make. Deep inside the numbers, you see some pretty spectacular differences between rich and poor families' eating habits.
Overall, the falling burden of food costs is good news for lower- and middle-class families. In other words, we can't rule out that the lowest-income households only spend one-sixth of their money on food, not only because real food prices are falling, but also because they're forced to consume less, as mortgages and gas prices eat into the budget. Derek Thompson is a senior editor at The Atlantic, where he writes about economics, labor markets, and the entertainment business. The statewide black bear population in Washington likely ranges between 25,000 and 30,000 animals. Store food in double plastic bags and, when possible, place the bags in your vehicle's trunk or in wildlife-resistant food lockers.
If you cannot safely move away from the bear, and the animal does not flee, try to scare it away by clapping your hands or yelling.
The Department of Fish and Wildlife responds to cougar and bear sightings when there is a threat to public safety or property. If you encounter a cougar or black bear problem, and it is not an emergency, contact the nearest regional Department of Fish and Wildlife office between the hours of 8 a.m. If you need to report a non-emergency problem when Department of Fish and Wildlife offices are closed, contact the Washington State Patrol or nearest law enforcement agency. In the spring, black bear diets consist mostly of herbaceous plants, from emerging grasses and sedges to horsetail and various flowering plants. In summer, bears typically add ants, bees, grubs, and a host of later emerging plants to their diets. During late summer and fall, bears typically shift their diets toward tree fruits, berries, and nuts, but they still may consume a variety of plants. Fall is a critical season for black bears and they commonly acquire most of their annual fat accumulation at this time. Typically, a small proportion of the black bear’s annual diet is made up of animal matter, including insects, mice, voles, ground squirrels, fawns and elk calves, eggs, carrion (animal carcasses), and fish, but their availability varies and is often unpredictable. Black bears have adequate senses of sight and hearing, but their keen sense of smell and innate curiosity make them skilled scavengers. Black bears move in response to the seasonal availability of food, roaming constantly throughout their home range. Black bears den during the winter months (typically from mid October into April) when food is scarce and the weather turns harsh.
Bears do not urinate or defecate during denning—they recycle their waste into proteins and other nutrients.
Black bears in coastal areas may remain active throughout the winter, except for pregnant females, which den to give birth to cubs.
Black bears can take up residence in small dens, some scarcely bigger than a garbage can.
Summer beds are merely concealed places scratched in the ground among dense vegetation, by a rock, or under the branches of a fallen tree.
Following a gestation period of about seven months, females normally give birth to one or two cubs in the winter den during January or February.
At six months, cubs are able to locate food, but generally remain with their mother for over a year—usually denning with her during their second winter. Parental care is solely the responsibility of females; males sometimes kill and eat cubs. Other than humans, black bears have few predators—cougars, bobcats, and coyotes attack cubs if given the opportunity.
Black bears should be treated with respect and safely observed from a distance of at least 100 yards. When plants, insects, and animal carcasses make up most of a bear’s diet, its droppings are cylindrical and typically deposited in a coiled form, sometimes in individual segments.
On young conifers, particularly Douglas-fir trees, bears will rip strips of bark off with their teeth to reach insects or the sweet-tasting sap found inside (Fig. It has been debated whether bears mark trees to convey social information akin to territorial marking in other carnivores. Rotting logs and stumps are commonly turned over and torn apart to get at fat-rich grubs, ants, termites, worms, and spiders. Black bears may break off entire limbs of fruiting trees, such as apple and chokecherry, to reach the fruit.
If a bear walks toward you, identify yourself as a human by standing up, waving your hands above your head, and talking to the bear in a low voice.
Don’t throw anything at the bear and avoid direct eye contact, which the bear could interpret as a threat or a challenge. If you cannot safely move away from the bear or the bear continues toward you, scare it away by clapping your hands, stomping your feet, yelling, and staring the animal in the eyes.
Don’t run from the bear unless safety is very near and you are absolutely certain you can reach it (knowing that bears can run 35 mph). In the unlikely event a black bear attacks you (where actual contact is made), fight back aggressively using your hands, feet, legs, and any object you can reach. The number one reason for conflict, (95% of the calls to offices) are the result of irresponsibility on the part of people: Access to trash, pet food, bird feeders, and improper storage of food while camping make up the majority of the calls.
Secondarily, young bears (especially young males) are not tolerated by adult bears and they wander into areas occupied by humans.
If bears are common in your area, consider investing in a commercially available bear-proof garbage container.
Watching wildlife is fascinating, but when large carnivores such as black bears are drawn to garbage, pet food or bird feeders, the situation can become dangerous. Bears can be lured into licking or sniffing the electrified wire by rubbing molasses, bacon grease, or peanut butter on the fence. Bears can be dissuaded from climbing a tree by attaching 4-foot long, 1 x 4 inch boards with 2-inch long wood screws screwed all the way through them every 6 inches.
Wildlife offices throughout Washington respond to bear sightings when there is a threat to public safety or property.
Problem bears can be live trapped by specially trained wildlife professionals and moved to more remote areas; however, such removals are expensive, time consuming, and seldom effective. When other methods have failed, lethal removal of problem animals may be the only alternative.
Contact your local wildlife office for additional information and, in the case of an immediate emergency, call 911 or any local law enforcement office, such as the state patrol.
Bears are not considered a significant source of infectious diseases that can be transmitted to humans or domestic animals. The killing of a black bear in self-defense, or defense of another, should be reasonable and justified. Because bears’ legal status, hunting restrictions and other information change, contact your local wildlife office for updates.

Written by: Russell Link, Urban Wildlife Biologist, with assistance from WDFW Biologists Rich Beausoleil and Rocky Spencer. It’s a long held belief that eating fewer calories and exercising more leads to weight loss.
Recent studies have shown that not all calories are absorbed in the same way within the body. This is because many people who focus solely on calorie restriction end up eating low calorie, highly processed foods that slow the metabolism and stimulate hunger. Finding the right diet plan to lose weight not only involves restricting calories but also deciding on what foods to consume. Given the rise of obesity in recent years, science has begun to reevaluate guidelines for weight loss and questioning the way calories are absorbed.
Disclaimer: All content on this website is for informational purposes only and should not be considered to be a specific diagnosis or treatment plan for any individual situation. Over the last century, Americans have spent more and more on food they didn't prepare at home. So how do poor families food budgets compare to the rich -- and how that changed over the last 30 years? It means they can devote more money to things like health care and education and energy and homes, which are getting expensive faster than their wages are rising. As human populations encroach on bear habitat, people and bears have greater chances of encountering each other. Double-wrapped food may also be placed in a backpack or other container and hang it from a tree branch at least 10 feet above the ground and 4 feet out from the tree trunk.
Try to stay upwind and identify yourself as a human by standing up, talking and waving your hands above your head. As a last resort, should the attack continue, protect yourself by curling into a ball or lying on the ground on your stomach and playing dead. Bears may forage up to 20 hours a day during fall, increasing their body weight by 35 percent in preparation for winter. They consume carrion when they can find it, and are notorious for taking advantage of human irresponsibility with food, garbage, and bird-feeder management. Black bears are notorious for taking advantage of human irresponsibility with food bird-feeder management. This drowsy condition allows bears to defend themselves (and their cubs) more effectively should a predator visit the den. By not defecating, bears keep their dens essentially scent-free, protecting them from potential predators like cougars. Den sites include tree cavities, hollow logs, small caves, and areas beneath large roots, stumps, logs, and rural buildings. Older males frequently have extensive scars on their heads and necks from fights in previous breeding seasons. Following fertilization in early summer, a bear’s embryo goes dormant, free-floating in the uterus.
The hind feet of an adult black bear average 7 to 9 inches long by 3 to 5 inches wide; the front feet are 4 to 5 inches long by nearly the same width.
Because young bears often climb trees, trees in high bear density habitats will show the telltale claw marks and hairs indicating that a bear has previously climbed the tree. Rubbing is a favorite summer pastime among black bears, relieving the torment of parasites and loosening their thick, matted winter coat. Marks on trees made by black bears vary from claw marks left by climbing to peeling and biting left when larger bears (generally females) feed on insects and sap found under the bark.. Huckleberries and other fruiting shrubs may show signs of being crushed under a bear’s feet.
Most experts recommend carrying pepper spray when recreating in areas of high bear density. If the bear seems unaware of you, move away quietly when it’s not looking in your direction. If you are in a group, stand shoulder-to shoulder and raise and wave your arms to appear intimidating. Climbing a tree is generally not recommended as an escape from an aggressive black bear, as black bears are adept climbers and may follow you up a tree (Fig. Climbing a tree is generally not recommended as an escape from an aggressive black bear, as black bears are adept climbers and may follow you up a tree.
Food may also be scarce in some years—a late spring and poor forage conditions may be followed by a poor berry crop, causing bears to seek food where they ordinarily would not. Often people leave food out for bears so they can take pictures of them or show them to visiting friends. Bears will expend a great amount of time and energy digging under, breaking down, or crawling over barriers to get food, including garbage. Bears naturally avoid people, but once a bear associates humans with food, it loses its instinctive fear and can become increasingly aggressive.
Remove bird feeders (suet and seed feeders), which allow residue to build up on the ground below them, from early March through November.
Place livestock pens and beehives at least 150 feet away from wooded areas and protective cover.
Electric fencing can be used where raids on orchards, livestock, beehives, and other areas are frequent (Fig. A sighting or the presence of a bear does not constitute a threat to property or public safety. A person taking such action must have reasonable belief that the bear poses a threat of serious physical harm, that this harm is imminent, and the action is the only reasonable available means to prevent that harm. However, plenty of individuals follow this formula, but they still struggle to lose those pounds and fit into their favorite pair of skinny jeans. Generally, diets high in carbohydrates slow the metabolism while diets high in fat and protein increase the metabolism.
David Ludwig, the director of the obesity program at Boston Children’s Hospital, conducted a study in 2012 on the effects of certain foods for weight loss maintenance. The best diet plan will include a balanced diet of unprocessed whole grains, healthy fats, lean protein and natural fiber.
The best way to achieve weight loss is by eating a well balanced diet in a calorie conscious plan along with exercising at least three times per week for one hour. Use of this website and the information contained herein does not create a doctor-patient relationship. The most important difference between rich families and poor families when it comes to food spending isn't really what they eat, but where they spend their food money. But we shouldn't rule out the possibility that those accelerating costs are putting pressure on poor families to spend less on food. Same general idea, though, but keep in mind that richer households are more likely to save more, so dividing by income will always give you a lower number than dividing by spending.
In Washington, black bears live in a diverse array of forested habitats, from coastal rainforests to the dry woodlands of the Cascades’ eastern slopes.
Bears usually avoid people, but when they do come into close proximity of each other, the bear’s strength and surprising speed make it potentially dangerous. Bears will eat anything that smells appealing and will help them prepare for their long winter sleep. They’ll occasionally excavate a den in the side of a hill near shrubs or other cover. After the female dens in late fall, the embryo implants in the uterine wall and development of the fetus proceeds rapidly. In late summer and fall, feeding keeps them active throughout the day so they can gain the weight needed for winter. The toes form a rough semicircle in front of each foot, with the middle toe being the longest.

Bits of hair, fur, bone, insect parts, and plant fibers distinguish these droppings from human feces, as does the large size of the deposit.
The bear’s teeth leave long vertical grooves in the sapwood and large strips of bark are found around the bases of trees they peel. Good scratching trees may be used repeatedly for several years, and are easily identified by the large amounts of long black or brown fur caught in the bark and sap. Human structures such as utility poles, footbridges, and even outbuildings may also be chewed.
Bears may also dig for the starchy roots of some plants, to excavate seed caches of squirrels and mice, and to capture mice, voles, and ground squirrels.
If you have a pickup service, put garbage out shortly before the truck arrives—not the night before.
Most of these encounters could be avoided if people refrain from feeding wildlife, either on purpose or by allowing access to garbage or other food sources, said the late Rocky Spencer, a WDFW carnivore specialist.
Install 24-inch long wood or metal bar extensions at an outward angle to the top of the fence with two strands of barbed wire running on top. Typically, no attempt will be made by a wildlife agency staff to remove, relocate, or destroy the animal. A property owner or the owner’s immediate family, employee, or tenant may kill a bear on that property if it is damaging crops or domestic animals. Similarly, high glycemic foods like sugar, bread and potatoes stimulate hunger and cravings, which makes dieting more difficult.
Moreover, the balanced plate approach should ideally be composed of 25 percent protein, 25 percent unprocessed whole grains and 50 percent natural produce. Eating healthy will also reduce cravings and assure the body gets a healthy dose of daily nutrients, which will make dieting easier. Always consult with your own doctor in connection with any questions or issues you may have regarding your own health or the health of others. It's a global trend: Food is getting cheaper relative to incomes everywhere with rising incomes.
In the last three decades, food's share of the family budget has fallen for all but the poorest families, where it's stayed the same. So how are rich people earning so much more, but spending nearly the same share of their budgets on food? In general, black bears are strongly associated with forest cover, but they do occasionally use relatively open country, such as clearcuts and the fringes of other open habitat. Although the total gestation time is approximately seven months, the actual developmental period for the bear fetus is less than three months. Front foot tracks have small footpads, whereas hind foot tracks characteristically show an extended footpad, resembling a human foot.
Color ranges from dark brown to black, and when grasses are being heavily eaten droppings are often green. Evidence of digging ranges from well-defined holes to large areas that appear to have been rototilled. In this video, Spencer offers simple precautions to avoid attracting bears to your property or campsite.
Livestock food also attracts bears and must be kept in a secure barn or shed behind closed doors. If necessary, a 2-foot wide underground apron of chain-link fencing or steel mesh can be staked down and attached to the fence to keep bears from digging under the fence. If necessary, a 2-foot wide underground apron of chain-link fencing or steel mesh can be staked down and attached to the fence to keep bears from digging under the fence. While individuals may lose weight in the simple formula of consuming less calories and exercising more, eating a healthy, balanced diet of mostly unprocessed food may be easier to stick to and will keep the weight off in the long term. Dariush Mozzaffarian at Harvard Medical School rejected the idea that human beings gain weight by consuming more calories than they expend, after studying the effects of different foods on weight gain. All bears should be given plenty of respect and room to retreat without feeling threatened. The claw marks are about ½ inch in front of the toe pads, but often the claw marks do not show in a track.
This foraging activity is common in tree plantations where large stands of trees are similarly aged and of a single species.
The sad reality is that these bears will likely die, being killed by someone protecting their property, or by a wildlife manager having to remove a potentially dangerous bear. Bears will go right through electric fencing once they are food-conditioned and know that food is available. If wood or other heavy-duty corner stakes are not used, the corner posts will need to be carefully braced.
His study concluded that while 100 calories of fat, protein or carbohydrates are equal in a thermodynamic sense, the way these nutrients influence the complex human body and how it stores fat is not the same because certain foods aren’t absorbed equally.
We spend less of our cash on food than any other country -- "half as much as households in France," according to Dorothy Gambrell.
If they are receiving handouts they can be most active at midday; if they are feeding at dumps or trashcans, they become active at night. For example, the Harvard study found that foods rich in fiber like nuts and vegetables had only 75 percent of their calories absorbed while the rest were excreted from the body and left unused.
Wash the grill or burn off smells, food residue, and grease; store the equipment in a shed or garage and keep the door closed.
When emus sense danger, they run at a great speed which is the ultimate defense of these birds.
With their exceptionally strong legs, they can tear out even wire fence on their way.What Do Emus Eat?Emus predominantly feed on insects, flowers and several types of plants.
The primary insects include grasshoppers, crickets, caterpillars, bogong, lady birds, leaves, pods, saltbush, lizards, small invertebrates, moth, larvae, and ants. These insects comprise the regular diet of emus for the reason that they contain proteins which are the primary requirements of these flightless birds.
Emus travel too much in Western Australia and for the same reason they largely feed on seeds in this part of the world.
Though occasionally, emus also eat wheat, crops and fruits of any kind that are within their reach. Like ostriches, emus also swallow stones or small pebbles so as to ensure a smooth digestion process. Under captivity, emus have also eaten non-eatables apart from stones, such as jewelry, nuts, glass, bolts, and marbles.
Now you got an idea of what do emus eat?Emus are not the regular drinkers however when they drink it goes to the large amount. One of the strange emu habits is that these flightless birds tend to examine water before drinking. Emus feel comfortable in drinking water with animals like deer, donkeys, camels, and kangaroos.
EmuWhere Do Emus Live?European explorers were the first to discover emus back in 1696 when they visited Western Australia.
These birds are native to Australia and were previously termed as Tasmanian Bird for the reason that few of these species once lived in Tasmania.
Recently, these birds have been introduced in India and North America however, still they’re not as extensively found in these areas as in Australia.
They are also found in scrublands or grasslands in New South Wales.More Interesting Facts about EmuEmu Bird FactsWhat Do Emus Eat?

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