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admin | Category: What Cause Ed | 13.05.2014
Acquired heart disease is the morphological change of heart valve developed during the life of the patient as a result of disease or traumatic injury of the heart. The cause of the defeat of valves are often rheumatism, atherosclerosis, infectious endocarditis. The patient may be concerned about increased heart rate, shortness of breath, swelling and other symptoms of heart failure. The sensing of the heart cavities and angiography are performed only when the indications for surgical treatment of malformations. Conservative treatment is aimed at preventing recurrence and complications of the underlying disease, the correction of cardiac arrhythmias, prevention and treatment of heart failure. On our website describes the most common disease of adults and children, causes and symptoms of these diseases, as well as the most effective treatments for these diseases.
The information on this health site are for informational purposes only, professional diagnosis and treatment of the disease should be done by the doctor in the clinic. The heart is a strong muscle that pumps blood to the lungs, other organs and tissues of the body. The heart obtains its own supply of oxygen from the blood, which circulates through the coronary arteries. Smoking is known as a major factor that puts stress on the heart, increases the risk of developing blood clots and damages the arteries.
Your doctor will evaluate your medical history, physical examination and laboratory tests to determine if you have heart disease. Echocardiogram to view the inside structure of the heart and observe its pumping action under stress, such as while walking on a treadmill. Electrophysiological test, which records the electrical activity of the heart upon stimulation with a guided catheter.
The choice of procedure depends on the patienta€™s health status, personal choice, the number and type of coronary arteries blocked, previous procedures and more. Medications or surgery alone does not cure the disease, and patients must maintain a healthy lifestyle to control the disease. Chest pain or angina, tightness, heaviness, burning, squeezing, aching, or mild pressure in the chest which lasts for 30 seconds or more.
Ask your doctor if it is advisable to take low dose of aspirin daily if you are at risk for developing CHD. Premenopausal women may want to discuss the heart benefits of taking estrogen replacement therapy with their doctors.
Each year, roughly 550,000 Americans are diagnosed with congestive heart failure (CHF), joining the nearly 5 million Americans living with the disease. A normal healthy heart pumps enough oxygen-rich blood out of the heart and into the system to nourish all parts of the body.
The primary causes of heart failure are high blood pressure, heart attack, coronary artery disease, and diabetes.
In addition to checking for risk factors such as diabetes, your doctor will likely listen to your heart with a stethoscope. Rontgen ray exposure, widely used in medicine, is one of the most potent teratogens agents known. At children and young people the most frequent cause is considered rheumatic fever or acute poliarticular rheumatism.
If a vigorous treatment it’s not establish at the first signs of disease, this form of severe rheumatism can reach the heart, giving the final damage. When the rheumatic infection includes the heart muscle (rheumatic  myocarditis ), cardiac rhythm disturbances occur frequently. Healthy lifestyle and peaceful mind is not something people can expect in this fast moving world. Pericarditis, myocarditis and endocarditis are developed when bacterium, chemicals or virus reach the heart muscle.
Inflammation of blood vessels, other inflammatory conditions, lupus, tissue disorders can also cause heart infections.
Physical activity will reduce the chances of high cholesterol, diabetes, stress and blood pressure. Polyunsaturated fats like omega-3 fatty acids can help decrease your risk of heart abnormalities.
Ginger which is commonly used in cooking is a great natural source for prevention of heart disease.
Bilberry is quiet similar to blue berry and is an effective remedy to treat different kinds of problems in the body. Research suggests that coronary heart disease (CHD) begins with damage to the lining and inner layers of the coronary (heart) arteries. If the plaque ruptures, blood cell fragments called platelets (PLATE-lets) stick to the site of the injury.
In addition to the factors above, low estrogen levels before or after menopause may play a role in causing coronary microvascular disease (MVD). Ischemic heart disease, especially myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death occurs in 80% of patients with massive myocardial infarction.
Valvulopathies: mitral stenosis, aortic stenosis, mitral regurgitation, aortic regurgitation, prosthetic valves, infective endocarditis. Congenital heart malformations: patent ductus arteriosus, tetralogy of Fallot, interatrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, atrioventricular septal defect, coarctation of the aorta.
Sudden cardiac death occurs mainly in patients with heart diseases that have been mentioned above, in the presence of precipitating factors, such as myocardial ischemia, electrolyte disturbances (hypokalemia, hypomagnesaemia), acid-base disturbances, hypoxia, anemia, drug toxicity (digoxin, antiarrhythmics). Malignant ventricular arrhythmias (sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation), where exist a ventricular electrical activity, but mechanical ventricular contractions are inefficient. Patient history obtained from the caregivers, may reveal a history of heart disease and may indicate what patient was compiling for, in the minutes preceding sudden cardiac death.
Physical examination detects changes that are caused by the loss of pump function of the heart: the abolition of consciousness, lack of response to painful stimuli, cyanosis, respiratory arrest, seizures, bilateral mydriasis which does not respond to light stimuli (fixed mydriasis). ECG is the main paraclinical investigation that can determine the way in which sudden cardiac death occurred. The presence of fixed mydriasis certify brain death and makes useless to undertake or to continue the resuscitation maneuvers.
If it is not a prompt and competent intervention, sudden cardiac death lead to death or loss of brain function.
When the Cholesterol plaque is build up in the coronary arteries, it restricts the blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart.
It completely blocks the supply of oxygen and nutrients to cardiac muscles leading to premature death of muscle cells which ultimately leads to heart failure. It can be either because of occlusion of blood vessel which is called ischemic stroke or because of rupture of blood vessel which is called as hemorrhagic stroke. RHD is the consequence of an acute rheumatic fever which is caused by a poor autoimmune response to group A streptococci. Valvular heart cause excessive loads on the respective parts of the heart, hypertrophy of the myocardium and ultimately to heart failure. Much less common heart defects due to syphilitic lesions, trauma, diffuse connective tissue diseases (ankylosing spondylitis, systemic scleroderma, dermatomyositis) or degenerative changes of the valves with the inclusion of salts of lime. The patient with acquired heart disease needs in a timely consultation of the surgeon, not missing deadlines effective surgical treatment. It helps supply the body, including itself, with nutrients and oxygen, and promotes elimination of wastes and carbon dioxide. However, this supply may be compromised when a condition called atherosclerosis leads to coronary heart disease, which reduces blood flow to the heart muscle. Although cholesterol is important for healthy cells, too much of it in the blood can lead to heart disease. Chronically high systolic pressure (140 mm Hg or greater) during heart contractions or a high diastolic pressure (90 mmHg or greater) between contractions signals an abnormal blood pressure, which can lead to heart disease. High blood sugar levels may lead to diabetes, a chronic disease that can, in turn, increase your risk of developing heart disease. Blood clots that form within your coronary artery (thrombosis) will cause the blood vessel to narrow and prevent the flow of blood to the heart muscle. Aspirin reduces the risk of developing blood clots, which helps reduce your risk of having a heart attack. Coronary artery disease is the most common form of heart disease and the most common cause of heart failure. Some of the many causes of heart muscle damage, also called cardiomyopathy, include infections, alcohol abuse, and the toxic effect of drugs such as cocaine or some drugs used for chemotherapy. If your heart and its chambers or valves haven't formed correctly, the healthy parts of your heart have to work harder to pump blood through your heart, which in turn may lead to heart failure.

Chronic diseases such as diabetes, severe anemia, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, emphysema, and lupus and a buildup of iron (hemochromatosis), protein (amyloidosis) or inflammatory cells (sarcoidosis) also may contribute to heart failure. These drugs, which include losartan (Cozaar) and valsartan (Diovan), have many of the same benefits as ACE inhibitors.
This drug, also referred to as digitalis, increases the strength of your heart muscle contractions. This class of drugs not only slows your heart rate and reduces blood pressure but also limits or reverses some of the damage to your heart. Often called water pills, diuretics make you urinate more frequently and keep fluid from collecting in your body.
If severely blocked arteries are contributing to your heart failure, your doctor may recommend coronary artery bypass surgery. If a faulty heart valve causes your heart failure, your doctor may recommend repairing or replacing the valve.
A biventricular pacemaker sends timed electrical impulses to both of the heart's lower chambers (the left and right ventricles), so that they pump in a more efficient, coordinated manner. These mechanical devices are implanted into the abdomen or chest and attached to a weakened heart to help it pump. Smoking damages your blood vessels, raises blood pressure, reduces the amount of oxygen in your blood and makes your heart beat faster. Too much sodium contributes to water retention, which makes your heart work harder and causes shortness of breath and swollen legs, ankles and feet.
Your doctor likely will recommend that you don't drink alcohol if you have heart failure, since it can interact with your medication, weaken your heart muscle and increase your risk of abnormal heart rhythms.
Moderate aerobic activity helps keep the rest of your body healthy and conditioned, reducing the demands on your heart muscle. When you're anxious or upset, your heart beats faster, you breathe more heavily and your blood pressure often goes up. If you're having shortness of breath, especially at night, sleep with your head propped up at a 45-degree angle using a pillow or a wedge. With all of the medical misinformation available online, patients should have a trusted resource at their fingertips. According to the CDC, heart failure is responsible for over $34 billion in annual direct and indirect costs. One of them is the birth defects that are the result of environmental factors that cause  the heart to stop develop in the embryo.
For this reason, the use of radiological examinations in the initial period of pregnancy is contraindicated.
Rheumatic lesions are frequently localized in the aortic or mitral orifice, causing narrowing or lack of tightness, meaning stenosis or insufficiency.
Localization of the pericardium  infection ( pericarditis ) causes inflammation of the foil from which is made, with the appearance of a liquid in the pericardial sac, which acts as a buffer on the heart.  Prevention of rheumatic infection is possible by detecting streptococcal carriers among children and treatment with penicillin, by providing those who suffer from this disease, preventive treatment with oily penicillin administrated at rare intervals, but regularly. There may be the possibility that the heart to suffer because of other base affections, like pulmonary chronic diseases, diabetes, hyperthyroidism or other endocrine disorders.
To stay healthy and prevent the most common disease from affecting your body, you need to know how the heart works. This hardening of the arteries is known as Atherosclerosis and can restrict the blood flow to other organs and tissues in the body. The conditions that result in this abnormality are drug abuse, coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects (birth defects), diabetes, smoking, drug abuse, stress, high blood pressure, consumption of alcohol or caffeine (excessive), valvular heart disease, few over-the-counter medication, dietary supplements, herbal remedies and prescription medications. Some conditions like connective tissue disorders, rheumatic fever, infectious endocarditis, certain medications or other radiation treatments for cancer.
Exercise of 30 minutes each day is recommended, but if you can allocate an hour every day, it could do wonders to your body. Excess weight means that there are larger chances of heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. However the BMI can show imperfect results as a muscular and physically fit person’s BMI may be higher.
Adding a mixture of everything to your diet and eating foods that are low in fat, salt and cholesterol. They will help you reduce cholesterol and other risky elements in the body that trigger heart disease.
The seeds or ground powder is used to cure many ailments including digestive problems, lowering blood sugar and lowering cholesterol.
Diabetes, asthma, arthritis and epilepsy are just a few ailments that can be cured by consuming aloe vera.
She has done her masters in English and has done her graduation from Banaras Hindu University. Hardened plaque narrows the coronary arteries and reduces the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart. If a clot becomes large enough, it can mostly or completely block a coronary artery and cause a heart attack. Most cases of sudden cardiac death are caused by arrhythmias, but sometimes can be the first expression of a heart disease, unknown until that moment.
The prognosis depends primarily on promptness with which the saviors intervened and also on the disease that caused sudden cardiac death. Given that the prognosis is reserved, the most effective measure is to prevent sudden cardiac death. It is characterized by abnormalities in myocardial functions and neurohormonal regulation that results in fatigue, retention of fluids and reduced longevity. The heart consists of four chambers: the left atrium and ventricle, between which is the mitral valve and right atrium and ventricle, between which is located the tricuspid valve.
In the folds of the valves in inflammation, leading to their damage, destruction and scar deformation.
Coronary heart disease (or CHD) develops when cholesterol and fat in your blood accumulate and form plaques on the inner walls of your blood vessels (a process called atherosclerosis). Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) or bad cholesterol is a type of cholesterol that builds up on the inner walls of your coronary arteries and increases your risk of CHD. Diabetes can make the inner linings of the blood vessels become thicker, thus restricting blood flow to the heart. This usually occurs at the same site where atherosclerosis is present, which may eventually lead to a heart attack. Overall, heart failure is responsible for more hospitalizations than all forms of cancer combined. While heart failure is a very serious condition, it does not mean that the heart has stopped beating. Over time, arteries that supply blood to your heart muscle narrow from a buildup of fatty deposits, a process called atherosclerosis. If your blood pressure is high, your heart has to work harder than it should to circulate blood throughout your body. A damaged valve, due to a heart defect, coronary artery disease or heart infection, forces your heart to work harder to keep blood flowing as it should. In addition, whole-body diseases, such as lupus, or thyroid problems can damage heart muscle. Causes of acute heart failure include viruses that attack the heart muscle, severe infections, allergic reactions, blood clots in the lungs, the use of certain medications or any illness that affects the whole body. ACE inhibitors are a type of vasodilator, a drug that widens blood vessels to lower blood pressure, improve blood flow and decrease the workload on the heart.
Commonly prescribed diuretics for heart failure include bumetanide (Bumex) and furosemide (Lasix). They are potassium-sparing diuretics but also have additional properties that may reverse scarring of the heart and help people with severe heart failure live longer. In this procedure, blood vessels from your leg, arm or chest bypass a blocked artery in your heart to allow blood to flow through your heart more freely. The surgeon can modify the original valve (valvuloplasty) to eliminate backward blood flow.
It's implanted under the skin in your chest with wires leading through your veins and into your heart.
Many people with heart failure have problems with their heart's electrical system that cause their already-weak heart muscle to beat in an uncoordinated fashion. Doctors first used heart pumps to help keep heart transplant candidates alive while they waited for a donor heart. For people with heart failure, the daily recommended amount of dietary sodium is no more than 2,000 milligrams (mg) a day — check with your doctor for the restriction recommended for you.
If you have severe heart failure, your doctor may also suggest you limit the amount of fluids you drink.

Before you start exercising though, talk to your doctor about an exercise program that's right for you. This can make heart failure worse, since your heart is already having trouble meeting the body's demands. Until the last few years, personal health management meant endless manual journaling -- a process that few maintained.
With patient engagement, health outcomes and the corresponding financial burden can improve. The sickening of the heart in the second childhood at adolescents and young adults under 30 years, has as common cause an affection often met and followed by very serious consequences: the rheumatic infection produced is a virus, strep, that produces a disease called rheumatic fever.
Among these factors are: rubella virus, which can cause congenital heart malformations in the fetus if the disease is pregnant in the first two months of pregnancy and syphilis.
Among the factors that may cause congenital heart malformations are also included vitamin deficiencies, and heredity.
Unhealthy diets, lack of exercise, obesity or smoking are the main risk factors for this disease. Try to stay as conscious as you can by taking the stairs, walking your dog or even gardening.
To identify whether your body is healthy or prone to heart risk, you need to check your BMI. Low-fat dairy products, fruits, vegetables and whole grains are rich food that can protect your heart.
Crackers, bakery products, margarines, packed snack food and fast food (especially deep fried) are the major sources of Trans fat.
I hope that everyone will take these prevention measures and decrease the risk of heart disease. At the exit into the aorta and pulmonary artery is respectively aortic valve and the valve of the pulmonary artery. Severe reduction in blood flow and oxygen supply damages the heart muscle, which leads to symptoms of heart disease. Blood moves slowly through narrowed arteries, leaving some areas of your heart muscle weak and chronically deprived of oxygen-rich blood. Over time, the heart muscle may become thicker to compensate for the extra work it must perform. Addtionally, your doctor may order blood tests to check kidney and thyroid function and for a chemical called brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) which may indicate heart failure. Examples include enalapril (Vasotec), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril) and captopril (Capoten). These medicines reduce the risk of some abnormal heart rhythms and lessen your chance of dying unexpectedly. Unlike some other diuretics, spironolactone can raise the level of potassium in your blood to dangerous levels, so talk to your doctor if increased potassium is a concern, and learn if you need to modify your intake of food that's high in potassium. Surgeons also can repair the valve by reconnecting valve leaflets or by removing excess valve tissue so that the leaflets can close tightly. Heart transplants can dramatically improve the survival and quality of life of some people with severe heart failure. If you have high blood pressure, are 51 or older or are African-American, you should aim for no more than 1,500 mg of sodium a day in your diet.
To improve your sleep at night, prop up your head with pillows and avoid big meals right before bedtime.
The good news is that mHealth offers a solution that is at once less labor intensive and more effective than manual tracking. At  adults and elders the high number of illnesses due to cardiovascular disease is attributed to hypertension, frequently associated with atherosclerosis. Recent studies have shown that respiratory virose are incriminated in the production of genetic mutations if the disease has been contacted in the first two months of pregnancy. Foods that can reduce the risk of heart disease include beans, certain types of fish and other low-fat sources of protein.
Single glass of grapefruit juice will double the calcium channel blocker amount available in the body. Your body compensates by holding onto salt and water, which increases the amount of blood in your bloodstream. In some cases, the blood flow to the muscle is just enough to keep the muscle alive but not functioning well. Eventually, your heart muscle may become either too stiff or too weak to effectively pump blood.
A slow heartbeat may prevent your heart from getting enough blood out to the body and may also lead to heart failure. Beta blockers may reduce signs and symptoms of heart failure, improve heart function, and help you live longer. Because diuretics make your body lose potassium and magnesium, your doctor may also prescribe supplements of these minerals. Sometimes repairing the valve includes tightening or replacing the ring around the valve (annuloplasty).
If the heart starts beating at a dangerous rhythm, or if your heart stops, the ICD tries to pace your heart or shock it back into normal rhythm. Implanted heart pumps can significantly extend and improve the lives of some people with severe heart failure who aren't eligible for or able to undergo heart transplantation or are waiting for a new heart. However, candidates for transplantation often have to wait months or years before a suitable donor heart is found. Record your weight every morning and bring the record with you to your doctor's visits. Keep in mind that most of this salt is already added to prepared foods, and be careful when using salt substitutes. Check with your local hospital to see if it offers a cardiac rehabilitation program; if it does, talk to your doctor about enrolling in the program.
Also, discuss with your doctor changing the time for taking medications, especially diuretics. The severity of hypertension consists in cardiac, kidney and cerebral applications, and also in the association with atherosclerosis and with rapid and progressive degradation of arterioles, like in the case of malignant form of arterial hypertension. And some medicinal substances can have similar effects when administered during early pregnancy. If a man’s waist is greater than 101.6 centimeters (40 inches) then he is considered as overweight. Improving the cardiovascular system and bringing the blood pressure into the normal range are the major changes Cayenne does in the body.
Isolated malformations of tricuspid valve are rare, less than 1% of cases, but in combination with other vices valves defeat tricuspid valve is found in half of patients. In a further cavity of the heart expands, decreases contractility of the heart muscle, there are signs of heart failure. An ECG helps diagnose heart rythm problems and an echocardiogram helps distinguish systolic heart failure from diastolic heart failure. If you're taking a diuretic, your doctor will likely monitor levels of potassium and magnesium in your blood through regular blood tests. Some transplant candidates improve during this waiting period through drug treatment or device therapy and can be removed from the transplant waiting list.
Taking diuretics earlier in the day may keep you from having to urinate as often during the night.
Extra fat on different parts of the body will cause discomfort and give rise to harmful diseases in the long run.
Blood-thinning can prevent a few diseases in the body but too much of it may result in other kinds of problems. When your heart can no longer keep up with the increased blood, fluid starts to build up in the body, which makes you feel weak and out of breath. This causes a blood clot to block blood flow to an area of the heart muscle, weakening the heart's pumping ability. In valve replacement surgery, the damaged valve is replaced by an artificial (prosthetic) valve. Nicotine in cigarette smoke narrows the blood vessels making it harder for the heart to function normally. Heart disease can be caused due to heart or blood vessel problems like building up of fatty plaques in the arteries, lack of flexibility and strength of the arteries.

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