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Fire can purify water, cook food, signal rescuers, provide warmth, light and comfort, help keep predators at a distance, and can be a most welcome friend and companion. Shelter is the means by which you protect your body from excess exposure from the sun, cold, wind, rain or snow. First Aid is not just the basic medical needs, it is the primary way in which you act to survive.
This entry was posted in Emergency Management Articles and tagged basica, doomsday, prepper, shtf, skills, survival by Michael. Due to the file size restrictions for the free site hosting, this document is broken into 12 segments: Parts A-L. Introducing the exclusive tokidoki back-to-school collection, featuring innovative bags, stationery, and coloring products. For every outdoors person, there may come a time when you will need to know how to stay alive in the backcountry. Note: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be necessary after cleaning the airway, but only after major bleeding is under control. In a survival situation, you must control serious bleeding immediately because replacement fluids normally are not available and the victim can die within a matter of minutes. You can control external bleeding by direct pressure, indirect (pressure points) pressure, elevation, digital ligation, or tourniquet. The most effective way to control external bleeding is by applying pressure directly over the wound.
If bleeding continues after having applied direct pressure for 30 minutes, apply a pressure dressing.
Leave the pressure dressing in place for 1 or 2 days, after which you can remove and replace it with a smaller dressing. In the long-term survival environment, make fresh, daily dressing changes and inspect for signs of infection.
Raising an injured extremity as high as possible above the heart's level slows blood loss by aiding the return of blood to the heart and lowering the blood pressure at the wound.
A pressure point is a location where the main artery to the wound lies near the surface of the skin or where the artery passes directly over a bony prominence (Figure 4-3). If you cannot remember the exact location of the pressure points, follow this rule: Apply pressure at the end of the joint just above the injured area. Maintain pressure points by placing a round stick in the joint, bending the joint over the stick, and then keeping it tightly bent by lashing. You can stop major bleeding immediately or slow it down by applying pressure with a finger or two on the bleeding end of the vein or artery. Use a tourniquet only when direct pressure over the bleeding point and all other methods did not control the bleeding. If you must use a tourniquet, place it around the extremity, between the wound and the heart, 5 to 10 centimeters above the wound site (Figure 4-4).
If the victim is conscious, place him on a level surface with the lower extremities elevated 15 to 20 centimeters. If the victim is unconscious, place him on his side or abdomen with his head turned to one side to prevent choking on vomit, blood, or other fluids.
Maintain body heat by insulating the victim from the surroundings and, in some instances, applying external heat. If wet, remove all the victim's wet clothing as soon as possible and replace with dry clothing. Use warm liquids or foods, a prewarmed sleeping bag, another person, warmed water in canteens, hot rocks wrapped in clothing, or fires on either side of the victim to provide external warmth.

If the victim is conscious, slowly administer small doses of a warm salt or sugar solution, if available. If you are a lone survivor, lie in a depression in the ground, behind a tree, or any other place out of the weather, with your head lower than your feet.
There comes a time when every prepper will say enough with all of the food and enough with all of the gear. Interpersonal skills are sometimes referred to as people skills, social skills or communication skills.
Having strong interpersonal or social skills will be invaluable when it comes to bartering for goods or services or for controlling a potentially deadly situation with reason instead of force. The ability to think on your feet is going to be critical following a disaster or collapse. Fire, flashing light, bright color markers, flags, mirrors, whistles all will help you be found. The other three membership forms complement the Membership, Capability, Competency, Skill, Ability, Talent Matrix  and the matrix allows you track membership advancements.
Enabling JavaScript in your browser will allow you to experience all the features of our site. Author Bradford Angier and editor Lamar Underwood set these basic, crucial skills out of you in clear and concise pages.
Look for the cause of the injury and follow the ABCs of first aid, starting with the airway and breathing, but be discerning. Using a finger, quickly sweep the victim's mouth clear of any foreign objects, broken teeth, dentures, sand. Using the jaw thrust method, grasp the angles of the victim's lower jaw and lift with both hands, one on each side, moving the jaw forward. With the victim's airway open, pinch his nose closed with your thumb and forefinger and blow two complete breaths into his lungs. If the forced breaths do not stimulate spontaneous breathing, maintain the victim's breathing by performing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. See FM 21-20, the American Heart Association manual, the Red Cross manual, or most other first aid books for detailed instructions on CPR. This pressure must not only be firm enough to stop the bleeding, but it must also be maintained long enough to "seal off" the damaged surface. This dressing consists of a thick dressing of gauze or other suitable material applied directly over the wound and held in place with a tightly wrapped bandage (Figure 4-2). However, elevation alone will not control bleeding entirely; you must also apply direct pressure over the wound. You can use digital pressure on a pressure point to slow arterial bleeding until the application of a pressure dressing. Maintain the pressure until the bleeding stops or slows down enough to apply a pressure bandage, elevation, and so forth. If you leave a tourniquet in place too long, the damage to the tissues can progress to gangrene, with a loss of the limb later. After a year or more of seeking out the best stuff at the best price you just might want to stop a€“ at least for awhile a€“ and focus on something else.
But regardless of what you call it, interpersonal skills will dictate your ability to work with others in a positive and productive manner.
In practical terms, this means that you will need to very quickly evaluate a situation and come up with the best possible coping strategy for surviving under dire if not incomprehensible circumstances. Its a good list and while i am not a prepper because I simply cant afford it, its still great knowledgeand info to have in mind if and when the shit does hitthe fan.

A Review of No Rinse Personal Care Products Vote With Your Feet Can You Make a Food Storage Bag From a Mylar Emergency Blanket? Collect firewood you think you will need for the night and then collect the same amount again, experience shows you will need it. Clothing is the first line of shelter protection, have the right clothes for the right environment. A person may die from arterial bleeding more quickly than from an airway obstruction in some cases. A cut artery issues bright red blood from the wound in distinct spurts or pulses that correspond to the rhythm of the heartbeat.
It should be tighter than an ordinary compression bandage but not so tight that it impairs circulation to the rest of the limb.
Pressure point control is not as effective for controlling bleeding as direct pressure exerted on the wound.
An improperly applied tourniquet can also cause permanent damage to nerves and other tissues at the site of the constriction. Use a stick as a handle to tighten the tourniquet and tighten it only enough to stop blood flow. In a buddy system, however, the buddy can release the tourniquet pressure every 10 to 15 minutes for 1 or 2 minutes to let blood flow to the rest of the extremity to prevent limb loss.
By getting along with others, you will be able to build good community relationships and will become known as a responsible and honest person who can be trusted.
Conserve fuel by making a “star fire” where the ends of large logs meet in the fire only, push inward as more fuel is needed.
Stand by, reassure the victim, and be ready to clear his airway and perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation should he become unconscious. Because the blood in the arteries is under high pressure, an individual can lose a large volume of blood in a short period when damage to an artery of significant size occurs. Once you apply the dressing, do not remove it, even when the dressing becomes blood soaked. When you have tightened the tourniquet, bind the free end of the stick to the limb to prevent unwinding. Make a reflector from your SPACE BLANKET on the back wall of a shelter to reflect heat of your survival fire to your back, sit between fire and back shelter wall. The most important element is to keep your brain functioning rationally, this is basic first aid for survival. Odds of Event Occurring '1 in' Per Lifetime or CenturyWhat Is Your Area at Risk For?  What Are the Odds? If his airway is completely obstructed, administer abdominal thrusts until the obstruction is cleared.
Use EMERGENCY STROBE light at night to help attract attention from those that may be in the area. Analyze your needs before every trip, create a medical checklist and carry a small personal kit with you at all times.
Most survival situations require only dressing for small cuts, bruises and personal medication needs, make sure you know what you have with you and how to use it. Practice building a quick lean-to shelter in case you can not find your campsite, do not wait until you need to make one.

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