Due to essential repairs, this website may be unavailable at times during September 6 (Tue) and 7 (Wed). However, modifying keyboard layoutsa€”let alone creating entirely new keyboard layouts, such as for a new scripta€”by directly editing the XML text is tedious and error-prone. Ukelele aims to simplify keyboard layout editing by providing a graphical interface to .keylayout files, where the desired characters can simply be dragged onto keys as needed. In addition to simple assignment of single character codes to keys, Ukelele can assign multiple-character strings and can create "dead keys", where a keystroke sets a new state that modifies the output of the following keystroke. For more information about Mac OS X keyboard layouts, as well as existing layouts available for download, see Input Resources.
Fixed issues of printing and saving with keyboard layouts not part of a keyboard layout collection. Creating a new key map as a copy of an existing key map produced an invalid keyboard layout.
Preferences were not being updated correctly, making some impossible to change (particularly the keyboard type). The XML output has been tweaked so that attributes now appear in the order that you would expect. All of the sample keyboard layouts have been converted to Unicode rather than other scripts. You can now remove an icon or language for a keyboard layout in a keyboard layout collection. Removed some unused code and cleaned up some other internal things to make preparation for some future features. Keyboard IDs are now set automatically, so that they will always match the selected script, and the user is never asked to set the ID, though it can be seen in the inspector window.
Corrected the problem that the alias to the Keyboards Layout folder did not work as expected. The name of the keyboard layout collection or keyboard layout is now suggested as the initial name for the disk image..
Temporary files created when creating a keyboard layout from the current keyboard input source are now cleaned up, rather than leaving them to be removed on the next system reboot. There were issues when starting Ukelele without any previous documents open, leading to a non-functional keyboard layout window. If Ukelelea€™s preferences had an old colour theme name, but there was no colour theme with that name present, the keyboard layout window would be black.
Changed the menu item from just a€?Newa€? to a€?New Keyboard Layout Collectiona€? to make it clearer what would be created.
When saving a keyboard layout collection (a bundle), the file names of the files for the keyboard layout(s) included in the collection have their names set so that they are consistent with the keyboard layout name. Colour themes are now available again, with an editor so that you can change or create themes.
Earlier betas implemented pasting a key incorrectly, which led to the keyboard layout being invalid, so that it could neither be used nor opened by Ukelele.
When an invalid keyboard layout was in a bundle, error messages were generated multiple times. A change was made so that Ukelele should work successfully on systems running OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion). An error in the XML generated by Ukelele 3.0b1 caused the system to reject keyboard layouts. Text in key caps for small sizes (such as function keys and arrow keys on MacBook models) was positioned too high, and the top was cut off in print view.
When changing output of a key using the popover (default, rather than sheet), the input text is accepted if the user clicks outside the popover, not just when the Done button is clicked or the user presses the return key. Ukelele 3.0 is a completely new version, rewritten almost entirely apart from the core code that handles the actual keyboard layout structure. The preferred document format is now the keyboard layout collection, which is also referred to as a bundle, after the way that it is packaged. The main keyboard layout window now uses a tabbed interface rather than having a drawer for the modifiers and the (somewhat confusing) comments view. Some interactions have been simplified by introducing the idea of selecting a key and then operating on it. Ukelele provides a Quick Look capability, giving you a way to see a keyboard layout from the Finder.
When creating a new keyboard layout, you have a wider choice of standard keyboard layouts: QWERTY, AZERTY (French), QWERTZ (German), Dvorak and Colemak.
Many dialogs have been redesigned, sometimes combining two or more in a series so that an interaction is completed in a single dialog.

When creating a new key map as a copy of an existing map, the new key map had the same index as the old one, so the keyboard layout was invalid. When creating a new key map as a copy of an existing map, the selected index was off by one. When creating a keyboard layout based on an existing keyboard layout or from the current keyboard input source, a random keyboard ID is generated. New state names are validated to avoid some obscure problems (basically, dona€™t call a state a€?0a€? or a€?nonea€?). Creating a new keyboard layout from the current keyboard input source was crashing on PowerPC machines due to the tool used being Intel-only. Fix a crashing bug when creating a new modifier combination and choosing a copy of an existing key map.
Ensure that you cannot create a dead key state with no name, which would cause the keyboard layout to be invalid and hence not usable.
Fixed a problem in the Save As Bundle dialog where the Save button was labelled inaccurately as Open.
The interface is partly adapted for high-resolution displays such as the Retina MacBook Pro. By saving a keyboard layout in a bundle, it will become compatible with the a€?press and holda€? mechanism for entering diacritics, introduced in OS X 10.7 (Lion). Automatically repair missing key maps when opening a keyboard layout, putting empty key maps with only the special keys defined. Detect and repair an invalid keyboard ID when opening a keyboard layout, automatically generating a valid keyboard ID for the script specified in the keyboard layout. Open files now remember the colour theme, keyboard type and zoom level after quitting Ukelele and restarting, as long as files are automatically reopened (Lion and later). When editing output of a special key, there is now a button to insert the standard output automatically. Fixed some situations where the selected colour theme was ignored and the default theme was used. Fix the print dialog extension (PDE) so that the Ukelele options in the print dialog now appear and work again. Add a preference to allow the user to choose whether to reopen the documents that were open when Ukelele was last quit.
Update the Unicode tables to the current draft of the Unicode Character Database, version 6.1. Fix a bug that could lead to a new keyboard ID being set to 0 instead of the value in the dialog. Show the default output for special keys in the status bar when editing a key within the window.
Write characters outside the Basic Multilingual Plane as hexadecimal values, to get around an apparent bug in Applea€™s XML parser.
When a new modifier combination was added, it did not affect the display in the Ukelele window immediately.
Fix a crash when trying opening a keyboard layout within a bundle when either the bundle did not contain any keyboard layouts, no keyboard layout was chosen, or the cancel button was pressed. Made some changes to the property list which may help with the problem of Ukelele appearing to claim non-Ukelele documents, particularly bundles.
Added a new preference which enables the user to choose to use a sheet dialog for editing key output on double-click (the previous behaviour, and the default) or edit in the same window.
Corrected issues with French and Belgian keyboard layouts supplied with Ukelele which caused them not to open. Made changes to the manual to better explain what is going on with control key combinations. Fixed some problems with adding and deleting modifier combinations, some causing crashes, others creating keyboard layouts that could not be opened. Fixed an issue with adding and deleting modifier combinations, which could lead to a keyboard layout that could not be used.
Found a work-around for keyboard layouts that have actions with an empty string for the id.
Replaced the colour options with a new preference panel, colour themes, which are now accessible from the View menu as well. Adjusted some code to prevent Ukelele producing a keyboard layout file that cannot be used by the operating system.
Relaxed some restrictions related to using keyboard layouts with unusual key maps using base maps.
Instead of a black frame on dead keys, they are now a red colour, and the selected keys (for swapping keys) are framed.

Key colours are swapped, so that the darker colour is now in the centre of the key, the lighter at the edges. A word of explanation about removing plain text support: This was only necessary for opening some old files, and was not a supported save format.
Printing now uses more printer-friendly colours a€” black on white, with no background colour, and grey highlights on modifiers that are down. Major rewrite, based on the Nano framework, meaning that it is restricted to Mac OS X 10.4 and later, but utilising many more modern features, such as sheets and drawers.
Redesigned interface, with a toolbar window and a drawer, bringing most elements into a single window. The keyboard window is more scalable, allowing any value between 50% and 500%, including an option to fit the keyboard to the screen.
Many interactions have been reworked, using a status bar to give instructions, leading to fewer dialogs that have to be navigated. More information is now available about code points in the info inspector palette, based on the Unicode 5.2 standard.
Combining diacritics are now shown with a placeholder character, which is configurable in the preferences. Comment handling is much improved, now handling all comments in the file, not just those at the beginning, and allowing comments longer than 255 characters.
Support for bundles, so that keyboard layouts can be saved as bundles, or into existing bundles, optionally grouping the keyboard layout file with an icon file (usually the flag icon). It is now possible to capture the current keyboard input source to create a keyboard layout. For some types of layout, particularly with large numbers of dead-key sequences, creating a layout with the text-based tool KeyLayoutMaker may be a useful alternative.
This software is provided in the hope that it may be useful, but with no warranty, expressed or implied, and with no guarantee of support or future upgrades. In theory, this makes no difference, but it does make the XML easier to understand for a human reader. The disk image has the keyboard layout collection (or plain keyboard layout) and an alias to the Keyboard Layouts folder in Library, which allows the user to drag and drop the keyboard layout (collection) to install. This means that all changes are automatically saved rather than having to be saved by the user.
Keyboard layout collections can contain one or more keyboard layouts, with optional icons and intended languages for each of them. You can install for yourself, or for all users on your computer, without having to save the keyboard layout and drag it into the correct folder in the Finder. So, for example, you could select a key and then turn it into a dead key with a single click and a single dialog. Since no current Apple keyboard, or any Cocoa-based application, distinguishes between left and right shift, option or control keys, treating them all as the left modifier key, it is only worthwhile using left keys. New information fields include which modifiers are currently active and which modifier set they match. Text should appear sharp, but the toolbar buttons and other graphic elements such as icons are not yet converted for high-resolution display.
For this purpose, an a€?intended languagea€? can be supplied (default is the system language), which will determine which possibilities are offered in the pop-up. For each category of key (normal, dead key, selected) and state (up or down), the gradient type, colours and text colour can be set individually.
Hopefully this solves problems in opening old files, without causing problems with saving them.
Key up and key down have inner and outer colours, with a gradient from the outer colour at the corners to the inner colour in the centre of the key cap. This may not work all that well for different font sizes, and I will look at a more robust solution. This allows easier conversion of older resource-based keyboard layouts, and use of the systema€™s keyboard layouts (which are no longer provided as XML as of 10.5, Leopard). To create a new document, choose Duplicate from the File menu, give a new name, and save to the new location. Ukelele can simplify the modifier combinations defined by a keyboard layout to eliminate use of separate left and right modifier keys. This makes the modifier combinations easier to understand, without losing anything in current Apple systems.

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