Exercises are broken into six sections that cover an increasing range of notes as the student progresses. Prior to diving into exercises, Notebusters contains the most common note reading methods to aid beginners in their quest to master music. NOTEBUSTERS is a music workbook designed to increase sight-reading skills through 240 one-minute exercises. Lots of teaching materials have been developed since I started teaching 10 years ago, and I feel like I have a pretty good line-up of lesson books and theory books to help students learn when they come each week. I already know how to read music, but I am not good at sight-reading-it can take me quite a while to figure out a piece of music! Place a marker (candy) in a liner and asks your piano student to re-arrange the liners so that the one next to it is either a step or a skip higher.
With a bit of ingenuity, the way you approach note reading and other theory concepts can make a big impact on your piano students… and can be far from boring. Yes, I have students actually tell me that sugar makes them crazy – like the third grader who then enacted a type of frenzy to demonstrate. I’ve always used candy in the past but now I find that parents are very careful not to allow their children to have candy and the only place they were getting some was at piano. Hi Cameron – yes, I have students who either react badly to candy or whose parents prefer them to not have it. I love these ideas, but with cold and flu season taking hold, the idea of handling all that candy and passing it back and forth kind of gives me the creeps! I love this idea I need to find a way to make it travel easier then carrying around a muffin tin try…maybe plastic cups?
Mnemonics are sometimes used to assist in remembering where the notes are located on the staff.
These charts are great to help beginners remember the note names on the piano keyboard.Learning Piano KeysLearning the piano keys amy seem difficult but it is actually very easy. As you start learning more advanced piano music you will sometimes see that you will need to play some notes lower than Middle C with the right hand and some notes that are above Middle C with the left hand.
Browse our free music worksheets, or click on the thumbnails below to see more in the same topic. Music Theory - Grade 1by JazzMaverick18 Jun 2009 Views: 74235 This is for those who want to be graded, or for those who are just generally keen on learning. This lesson took FOREVER to write because I needed to write out each example over and over again, apologies for the long wait!
This should cover close to all of the requirements for the official grading from companies, but each year supplies new targets and expectations, so keep that in mind.
The Octave (eight) is the term for the same note, higher or lower containing the same letter name. All of these notes can have no certain pitch or name until some distinguishing mark is placed at the beginning of the stave. The Treble Clef, which was originally a capital G, circles round the second line and fixes that line as G, so any note on that line represents the note G. The Bass Clef contains two dots, these dots are always either side of the fourth line, which defines F.
So now that we've seen these notes, there's one note that's missing from both of these clefs, that's "Middle C".
I'm sure most of us know what a scale is, but for those who don't: A scale is a group of notes which can be ascending or descending from the starting note.
Think of it like a position where you keep your hand still and each finger is tied to that individual fret. So as you can see, the two semitones are in the same place, and between all other notes the interval is a tone.
Now we can move onto the second of the two tetrachords, which may now be taken to form the first or lower tetrachord of a new major scale. But in order to preserve the correct order of tones and semitones, the distance between the third and fourth notes of the second tetrachord should be a semitone, not a tone.
Therefore, in every major scale, except C Major, there's at least one note which will need to be sharpened or flattened whenever it occurs, this is necessary for us to preserve the correct order of tones and semitones. But then, if we were to sharpen or flatten notes each time they occur, it would just get complicated and very confusing, so the sharps or flats are grouped together and written immediately after the clef at the beginning of each line.
So any sharps or flats occurring in the course of a piece other than in the key-signature are called accidentals. If you're thinking about taking an exam in music theory you should know that you're sometimes asked to write a scale without key-signatures. As you can see from this image, if the tonic is on a line, then the other two notes will be on the next two notes above; similarly, if the tonic is on a space, then the two remaining notes will be on the two spaces directly above the key-note.
The length of sounds is shown by notes of different shapes, which I mentioned near the beginning of the lesson.
The reason why the four of these are no longer used in modern times is because they're too slow and fast for modern music, which is why it died out around the romantic era. If you listen closely to some songs in music, some beats can be stronger than others, and those are called Accents. The beats almost always fall into a regular group of two or three, the first of each group being an accent.
The number of beats from one accent to the other splits the music into equal measures, each of which is called a Bar. At the end of a piece of music, or a section of a piece, two bar-lines are placed across the stave.

So by looking at these time-signatures, you can see that the numbers are placed one above the other.
I advise you not to use these old signs, even though their meaning should be known, but they often lead to confusion. The effect of the first dot is to increase the value of the note by half, and the second dot adds again half the value of the first dot.
Here's a table showing simple time signatures, which are ordinary notes like minim, crotchet, etc.
If a passage contains sharp accidentals only, you then need to find which sharp is the last in the key-signature order. The last sharp is always the seventh degree of the scale, so the key-note will be a semitone above. The last sharp in order in the above tune is C sharp; therefore the key-note (a semitone above) will be D, and the key D Major, because of the presence of F sharp in the tune.
But, if a passage only has flats (there's only one flat key in this grade) the key-note will be four notes below this flat. As time goes on, this will be easier to remember, but for now, just keep recapping everything I've covered. Also, check out my music listed on Sound Cloud (link below) if you like it follow me on facebook!
Grade 2 has been started, just going to be a while before it's completed, hope you don't mind waiting! A lot of people are talking about this so I'll try and write a lesson to make it easier for everyone. The best thing to do would be to get a music program that focuses on musical notation, write it up that way and paste it into your lesson, topic, lick, and carry on that way.
In truth, most people will not be motivated enough when just simply reading something - what you need is a real teacher, in front of you to show you what's right and what isn't.
The lessons that are on here are just something to help guide you, but a teacher is a much better choice. Mister Bass Clef books for piano, written by Joyce Lundeen, focus on note reading, improvising and theory. Mister Bass Clef® teaches Note Reading is a supplementary series of books designed to teach the names of the notes and their positions on the keyboard.
The Say and Play Sheets are timed making them exciting for the student and giving them a goal to reach.
Fingering constantly changes to prevent the student from associating a certain note with a specific finger. The Practice Sheets in the back of the book can be used by a parent who doesn't know the note names or for self study.
The Say and Play Sheets should be studied until the student can say each exercise in 20 seconds or less for Book B, 15 seconds or less for all the other books and play each exercise in 20 seconds or less for Book B, 15 seconds or less for all the other books (ignoring the time value of the notes). Before playing a Say and Play Sheet or one of the songs in Book C or the Primer Level, the student should first find the hand positions to be used by locating the fingering for the left hand below the staff and the fingering for the right hand above the staff.
Mister Bass Clef® teaches Note Reading Book B begins by having the student locate the keys on the piano by letter name. Mister Bass Clef® teaches Note Reading Book C continues to reinforce the names of the notes on the staff through Say and Play Sheets and songs.
Mister Bass Clef® teaches Note Reading Primer Level begins by having the student locate the keys on the piano by letter name. Mister Bass Clef® teaches Note Reading Level 1 continues to teach the names of the notes on the staff through Say and Play Sheets. Mister Bass Clef® teaches Note Reading Level 2A reinforces the names of the notes on the staff through Say and Play Sheets. Mister Bass Clef® teaches Note Reading Level 2B reinforces the names of the notes on the staff through Say and Play Sheets. At the completion of Mister Bass Clef® teaches Note Reading Level 2B, the student will be able to read and locate thirteen treble clef notes and thirteen bass clef notes and play them in all the 5-finger major and minor positions. The one-minute drills are great for my daughter and the layout is simple and just the right amount of challenging that she enjoys completing them.
One concept that is necessary when playing the piano but can be difficult to teach is that of sight-reading — NOTEBUSTERS has been a great resource for my students! He loved the bright colors and the fact that the exercises were timed (probably that they were only 1 minute as well) and is working through it pretty quickly. For set-up, simply draw the following on the inside of your paper muffin liners:  Middle C, D, E, F, G and Bass C, D, E, F, G. How music is written and played, based on certain mathematical principals, and why these mathematical principals form the basis of all musical compositions. The aspiring musician should at least have some knowledge of basic music theory, as playing music and learning music are not quite the same. Note that the intervals from B to C and from E to F are only a Half step, so there is no need for a Black Key between them.
Since the music staff has only 5 lines it would be difficult to write orchestrations for a large group of instruments without being able to designate the individual pitch ranges on the staff. Each line can represent a specific percussion instrument within a set, such as in a drum set.
Below is a download of the chart which contains a layout of piano keys.The chart shows the piano keyboard along with the grand staff. There are only twelve notes that you need to learn.Once you learn these twelve keys all you have to do is repeat them all the way up the piano keyboard.

The mark is called a Clef (which translated means "Key") and the clef then lets you know what notes are what on the Stave. So the 7th fret's notes will always be played with the first finger, the 8th fret's notes will always be played with the middle finger, 9th the ring finger, and 10th with the little finger. So for us to correct this notated piece, we need to put a sharp (#) before the F to raise it a semitone. This is what indicated the key; which is the set notes of which the piece is built, with each note having a definite relation to a note known as the key-note.
The tonic triad in a major key is a chord of three notes, consisting of the tonic, third and fifth of the scale (doh-me-soh).
In order for us to know where these splits are, a line is placed across the stave, which is called a Bar-line.
For now, it's best to think of the top number as showing how many beats there are in a bar, and the bottom number as the value of each beat. The effect of the dot is to increase the length of the note or rest by half its original value.
The first note only is sounded, but it's held on for its own length plus that of the following tied note.
It took ages to write out and think of examples, but it'll really benefit everyone who's interested. Seems like that's a big gaping hole in a lot of people's theory to bridge this classical stuff to modern music.
I'm sure this will help a lot of people, and its extremely cool of you, JazzMaverick, to take the time to post this.
There's no point in keeping knowledge to myself - and I'm not skilled enough to make a book, so I may as well share for free!
Depends if you want music to be your profession or not - but if you really want something, you should know you have to put in the effort to learn it. You told Gshred a few posts up that you knew how it worked and you were going to PM him about it. It's the only way you can be easily pointed out on your mistakes without the risk of waiting around, doing what's wrong and finding out months later via websites that you've actually been doing it wrong the whole time.
His mom told me his guitar teacher loved the workbook and is now making it a requirement for all his beginning students.
Pythagoras is generally considered to be the creator of these math based rules which came about more as a need to standardize the composition of music, as well as the design and construction of the instruments of the time period. It shows each note on the staff and what note on the piano that goes along with that note.Also, we have a chart showing the treble clef notes and bass clef notes. Make sure to print it off and set it next to your piano or keyboard are a music tool to help you. On this site, as I hope you already know, the low E is always the bottom string and the high E is always the top string. The time of a piece of music is shown by the Time-Signature, and this is ALWAYS placed immediately after the key-signature at the beginning of the piece. In early days music in three time was represented by O, the circle or symbol of perfection; music in two or four time by C, the imperfect or incomplete circle.
It’s easy to employ kids to do these quick exercises on a regular basis, and is the perfect way to see improvement in accuracy and speed. They are allowed to watch you play.  After the 3 markers have been dropped, check to see if they are in the correct liners. Learning music, or at least some basic music theory will certainly do no harm and will open the door to a better understanding of music, and increase your versatility as a musician. This clef is used very often in music written for bassoon, cello, and trombone; it replaces the bass clef when the number of ledger lines above the bass staff hinders easy reading. It may also be drawn with a separate single-line staff for each un-turned percussion instrument.
These charts are helpful so you can remember the notes that fall on the lines and the spaces on the treble and bass clef.The Piano Note ChartHere is an image of the piano chart. Freebie liners just chill out for this one ?? Set a stacking time goal and if your student beats it, they get a treat.
Notes below Middle C, (bass), are usually played with the left hand, while those above Middle C, (treble), are played with the right hand. This chart is an easy to use reference guide that will show you the notes on the staff, and where they are on the piano keyboard. I stopped writing them for a while because I lost Sibelius so once I get that up and running again I'll finish with the examples, and post the rest of the lessons. The music staffs are divided by Middle C, with the treble staff being above and the bass staff being underneath. Look at piano keyboard diagram that we have included and you will notice how C repeats itself.Knowing where middle C is important because this is generally where the notes split between staves.
If we extend the ledger lines that pass through the notes that appear below the treble staff, or above the bass staff, we can see the continuation of the music scale, from the bass staff on up through the treble staff.
Middle C can be played with the right hand or the left hand, it depends where the note falls on the staff. If it is on the treble clef then you play it with the right hand, if it is on the bass clef then you play it with the left hand.This note is most generally where the two clefs split.

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