This document describes keys you may find on your keyboard and some of the functions available when keys are used in combination with each other.
Despite all letter keys having a capital letter on them, pressing them on their own produces a lower case letter.  Capital letters are produced by pressing and holding down the Shift key and then pressing the corresponding letter on the keyboard. These keys usually run along the top of the keyboard, and are marked F1 to F12.  Many packages have defined these keys to be used as shortcuts for commonly-needed actions but you rarely need to use them. Situated on the right of the keyboard, these keys have numbers and control functions on them. If the NumLock key is not pressed, it means that the other items marked on these keys are operational.
When using word processors, the 'up arrow' moves your cursor up one line of typed characters at a time, the 'down' arrow moves it down one line of typed characters at a time.
The Home key moves the cursor to the beginning of the current line of typed characters, the End key moves it to the end. Some of these keys are used in conjunction with other keys to perform specific tasks within software packages. This key is used to send the cursor to the beginning of the next line (for instance when typing text in a word processing package).
Hold down this key and press a letter, to get an upper case letter, or press any other key, eg a number, to get the symbol above it.  Some keyboard shortcuts also use the Shift key.
Primarily used to cancel a command (instead of pressing Enter) or to escape from a process which may be in an odd state.
Used in conjunction with other keys to carry out functions specific to your computer system.
Used to produce the third character located on the key above the Tab key.  Hold this down and press the key above Tab. Allows the numeric keys to be used on the numeric keypad, rather than the cursor control keys. Used by the operating system and applications - actions variable depending on program used. Sends a copy of everything on your current screen to the Windows Clipboard.  From here you can paste it into an application, eg a Word document. This site contains information concerning the activities and assignments related to the 5th Grade Computer & Information Technology course! If you are a teacher who happens across my website and are interested in any of the slideshows here, please do not hesitate to contact me. Students use Type to Learn 4 to develop proper keyboarding skills using the keyboards homerow keys to become touch typists. Typing grades for the 1st through 3rd quarters will be based on students effort to develop those Touch Typist skills and their dedication to the task, and not on their speed and accuracy. By the end of the year, students have been assigned to achieve a typing speed of at least 12 words per minute and 80% accuracy. Students view a PowerPoint Presentation (available for download here as a PDF file) concerning Internet Safety. Students view a PowerPoint Presentation (available for download here) concerning Web Basics, Internet vs. Students will use the knowledge they learned gained the 2nd Quarter to conduct research on a variety of topics.
Students will use the information they acquired during the 3rd Quarter about their assigned Person, Place, & Thing to produce a PowerPoint Presentation. CyberBullying is a hot topic right now, and is one that I consider to be of extreme importance for the well being of my students.As a parent and teacher, bullying is an issue that I take very seriously and am always looking for new resources. The links here will lead you to resources you can use to complete assignments throughout the course!
Getting your piano tuned can cost a bit, but it is well worth while, and unless your piano is really old, or located in a hot or humid area, it should stay in tune for 5 years or so. To position your hands, place both your thumbs on middle C and each finger on both hands on one key each spanning outwards. When you look at the piano you will notice that the same patterns of notes keep repeating themselves. Because middle C marks the centre of high and low pitches on the keyboard, it is also the centre not between the bass scales. Most woodwind instruments use the treble clef, as well as high brass, violins, and tuned percussion.
In this first lesson, we are going to play a few short pieces, just using the right hand, which uses the notes of the middle C octave.
When I was learning the piano, I found co-ordinating my fingers one of the most difficult things to do. So, to help you out I have written a number underneath each note in all the pieces in these lessons. This technique that really does enable you to learn pieces much faster: it’s one I still use all the time! If you know the traditional melody My Bonny Lies Over the Ocean, then you will find your knowledge a great advantage when you first play this tune!
Bass Clef: This is the lowest clef, also known as the F clef because the inner curl and dots are around the line representing F. Crotchets: A crotchet is a note that is played for one quarter of the duration of a whole note.
Stave: In musical notation, the staff or stave is a set of five horizontal lines on which note symbols are placed to indicate pitch and rhythm. Treble Clef: This is the highest clef, also known as the G clef because the inner curl of the clef sign is wrapped around the line representing G.

The Chester Creek LearningBoard helps kids of all ages learn the location of letters and other keys on a standard QWERTY keyboard with vibrant color-coded vowels, consonants, numbers and function keys. For additional information on Keyboards and product reviews, please visit our Keyboards product guide. Try this colorful QWERTY Keyboard which has been color coded to identify the the fingers used on each key! Just for fun you might want to take it even a step further and paint your nails the same color as the correct keys on the keyboard as shown below! The Patented KeyRight QWERTY Look & Learn Keyboard and Typing Tutor Software can replace a regular keyboard and works on both PC and Mac. The KeyRight Tutor software bypasses the Home Keys method by encouraging the Direct Reach Method aimed at the Key-Finger Groups. Unfortunately the colorful keyboard seems hard to come by and the only place I can find to buy it is from the KeyRight Website directly.
Keep your elbows by your side and forearms parallel to the ground and don’t bend your wrists! Have the screen directly in front of the keyboard, sit a comfortable distance from the keyboard and adjust the screen to a comfortable reading distance that does not require too much bending of the neck or any eyestrain. All of the lessons and games included in the course aid in improving computer and typing skills such as finger-key association, key familiarity, and typing speed and accuracy.
The introduction of the course begins with the comical meeting between an alien named Blob and a boy named Harvey. Once you've successfully completed the course you win a certificate and the title of Type-E-Chi Grandmaster!
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This article lists a number of sites with some great typing games that are not only fun to play, but are sure to help increase your student or childs typing skills in a very short time span. These generally consist of punctuation (including accents and quotes) and mathematical symbols. This facility is often used by data entry operators who need to input vast amounts of numerical data by touch. PgUp is an abbreviation for Page Up, and moves your cursor up one page, and PgDn moves it down one page. The decimal point key beneath the number 3 key also has a Del function, allowing deletion of items at the current cursor position. It is also used to finish a command and tell the computer to execute the command just typed. You can also click and drag to highlight text and then press the Backspace key to delete text.
Setting tab positions allows you to move the cursor to defined positions, for instance when typing figures in columns. Also used to enter ASCII codes, including non-English characters, by holding down the Alt key and entering the number from the numeric keypad. Num Lock mode is activated by pressing the key once and is indicated by a light on the panel above the numeric keypad. This site serves as a resource for students throughout the course of the year they will spend here in the Middle School Design Lab.
Touch typing means that students can accurately type text on a screen without the need to look down at the keyboard. Achieving these two goals will result in a grade of Good, and exceeding those goals will result in a grade of Outstanding for each category. All of the grades for the individual 3 categories will be averaged together with technique being worth 50% of their score.
They will investigate an invention and an inventor as well as information about one of 50 states as part of the People, Places, & Things activity. If there is any time remaining in the school year after completing the Presentation, students will either complete an additional Internet Scanvenger Hunt, or work with the Lego Mindstorm Robotics equipment. The more out of tune a piano is, the worse it will sound, which can be rather discouraging!
To keep your piano in tune longer, it’s a good idea to play it as often as you can (pianos work better the more they are played) and position it against an internal wall, rather than one of the exterior walls of the house.
You can easily remember where middle C is, because it is right in the middle of your piano, just above the brand name written on the front panel. The notes above middle C are notated on the treble clef, while the notes below middle C are shown on the bass clef.
On the piano, the right hand usually is written in treble clef, while the left hand is written in bass clef.
The stem can either point up or down, depending on whether the note is below or above the middle stave line. However, don’t worry too much though, as I will be revisiting all of these terms and concepts in later lessons.
It may sound laughable (and you may not struggle with it the way I did!), but as the pieces in these lesson gradually contain more and more notes, it does become an issue. In the graphic below, you can see how each finger on both of your hands has been given a number.
Because I’m already familiar with the rhythm by the time I start to play the piece, this lets me just focus on playing the notes correctly.
Just as clapping a rhythm before you play a piece helps you learn to play faster, so you will find already knowing a song really well means that you can launch into it with much greater gusto! Being familiar with a tune already allows you to concentrate on where your fingers are going and the sound you are making, rather than worrying about counting out the timing.

The clear, unfilled notes are called minims, and these are held for two beats as they are worth twice the value of crotchets.
Learn to touch-type, finish homework, e-mail and communicate with friends and family with a keyboard that will withstand hard-handed use, yet provide smooth and dependable key action.
Now if you were to Break Commandment Number One of Typing – and most of us will admit to sneaking a peak here and there!!! University trials showed that this KeyRight Look & Learn Keyboard with software to teach you how to type is 192% more effective than learning to touch type on a regular keyboard!!! The Home Keys Technique requires keeping at least one finger on the left hand on the A-S-D-F keys and at least one finger on the right hand on the J-K-L-; keys while reaching for all the other keys. Place the screen at right angle to window to avoid glare and reflection and avoid rebound reflection from fluorescent lights. When you type use the weight of your fingers and thumbs only not the weight of the force of the wrist or arms. Using Typing Tutor Software such as Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing, Typing Instructor Platinum or TypingMaster Pro or Touch Typing Software that includes Typing Games for Kids can help increase the speed of your typing as they keep track of the keys you are having troubles with and get you to do repeated practice on those keys. The goal of the program is to earn medals and trophies while participating in the Type-E-Chi Virtual Typing Tournament. After the introduction, Harvey gives a demonstration on how to use icon bar which will enable you to move through the course. These characters are obtained by pressing and holding down the Shift key before pressing the required key. To use the numeric option, press down the NumLock key above the 7 key.  There is usually a light above the numeric keypad that lights when the NumLock key has been pressed. The arrows are known as cursor control keys (the cursor is the flashing bar on the computer screen that shows your current position). By holding down the Shift key then pressing Tab, you can move to the previous tab position. Scroll Lock mode is activated by pressing the key once and is indicated by a light on the panel above the numeric keypad. You can also click and drag to highlight text and then press the Delete key to delete text. It can also be a resource for parents to learn more about what their students are doing from day to day.
Students practice their skills using Practice & Lessons in the Typing Tutor software. Speed and accuracy will each be worth 25% of their overall keyboarding score during the last quarter. Afterwards, they will go to a number of kid friendly websites to use what they learned to play some fun Internet Safety related games! Students will then complete a group activity to evaluate a website that their group will be assigned, in addition they will also complete an online scavenger hunt using age appropriate search engines and their research skills they learned!
This activity will actually run for the second half of the year, the focus for this quarter will be on information gathering. Just run your fingers along the keys and see if any stick or have a tinny, reverberating sound. Your elbows should be positioned approximately at your waist with your forearms stretching out at a 90 degree angle from your upper arm, not on an angle. There are a couple of other clefs as well, but we won't be looking at those in these lessons.
In vocal music, both soprano and contralto parts now use the treble clef, while tenor and bass parts use the bass clef. When you see this number underneath a note, you know that this is the finger that I recommend you use to play the note with. Also, to help you learn the note names, the letter names for each note have been included in the music. Using a Typing Tutor like Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing or Typing Instructor will help you with this as they show a picture of your hands on the computer screen while you get used to not looking at the keyboard. Well I do anyway ; ) Here are some thoughts on How to Break that Rule Really Really Well!!! This makes half of the strokes involved in normal text generation awkward and some physiologically impossible.
Some of them such as Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing have been around for so long the software is amazingly cheap and you can always buy an older version from Amazon if you want to get it at a bargain price. When you have finished typing the numbers you want you can press the NumLock key again to release it (and turn the light off).  You would do this if you want to use the other options on these keys (see Cursor control keys). All students are encouraged to find a comfortable typing speed where they can be the most accurate, and to increase their speed as they become more comfortable with the keyboard layout and the inability to see the keyboard layout due to the use of keyboard covers. As you continue to play, you will be constantly going over everything again and again, and you will find that it gradually all comes together.
Take plenty of time to play fun typing games or practice typing something you are dying to read like your latest novel, magazine or whatever inspires you and makes you smile! You must complete the lessons in the Bronze, Silver, and Gold arenas before moving on to the Type-E-Chi Tournament; therefore, the course should be done in a sequence. These same notes are repeated all the way up and down the piano and the notes within each octave are called scales.
The Tournament contains 10 interactive typing games that include Karate Time, Shoot the Balloon, Puzzle Time, and more.

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