We’ve already seen that the notes on a piano are named after the first seven letters of the alphabet.
If two notes have the same pitch but are represented by different letter names and accidentals, they are enharmonic. Here’s some more information on the layout of piano keys as well as a printable piano keyboard template for beginners. In this 88 key-piano you can see that this pattern of black and white keys repeats several times.
Check out How To Read Music Fast: A 4-Step Beginner's Guide To Reading Music Quickly And Easily. Does any body fancy drawing a piano note name cut out like the one my daughter made in this photo below. When first  sold (in the early 90's), it came with a keyboard which had an rs-232 - like serial interface instead of midi and the software ran under MS-Dos!
Hopefully, Piano booster can grow to fulfil the potential that this early package was not able to deliver.
I have a few changes, perhaps it should be on two pages and then we could write instructions on the sheet. This sheet can be used with Piano Booster to label the names of each note on your piano keyboard. I also think it should have two stave's that run right across the two pages with a treble and base clef so that it looks more like standard piano music. If you graphed all the frequencies of the piano keyboard, you get a nice exponential curve. The difference in frequencies between two notes is equal on the logarithmic scale, when you look at both white and black keys.
There is a piano maker in Newcastle Australia called Stuart & Sons that make pianos with more than 88 keys. So from a physics point of view, there is a nice consistent relationship between the 12 notes in an octave.
I find this interesting, because most songs that we listen to are not based on the chromatic scale. In Western music, as we will explore in lesson 500, the music we listen to are built on scales with lots of tones and some semi-tones. If you understand the 12-key pattern on a piano keyboard, you will have no problem labelling any keyboard. As can be seen above, on the piano keyboard the black notes are grouped together in groups of two and three. A historical lookOn today's piano keyboard, the white notes are longer and larger, while the black notes (sharps and flats) are shorter and smaller.


TodayToday's digital pianos are patterned after acoustic pianos and try to replicate their touch and feel.In addition to acoustic pianos, there are many brands of musical keyboards such as Yamaha, Roland, and Korg.
For instance, (as can be seen in the piano key chart or piano keyboard chart above) C is one semitone (one half step) higher than B and can be called B sharp. This can really help beginners who want to learn to read music and it works especially well now I have included the note names in the next release. I found these to be enormously helpful in forming the neural pathways needed to auto associate the printed staves with both note locations on the keyboard AND fingers to use. Towards the end it worked with Windows and any midi keyboard, which is the one that I still have and occasionally use.
Certainly it did not have the active community forum around it and so was not able to tap in to collaborative development resources. To help you understand this better let's talk for a moment about what is known as a semitone. It's all about repetition!There is really no difference in labeling any keyboard no matter how many keys it has. But on many keyboard instruments dating from before the nineteenth century, the colors of the keys were reversed.
We’ve already looked at a simple piano keyboard diagram (free piano keyboard chart) here but this time we take things a little further. For instance, the note one semitone higher than C is C sharp, but since it is one semitone lower than D it is also called D flat. Enharmonic notes are usually used by composers to make the note’s place in the harmonies of a piece of music clearer to the performer. Just like the white keys, the black keys are named after the first seven letters of the alphabet except for one thing. Sadly, it wasn't open source so when those who built it went on to other things, development and even sales of the system stopped. Sounds like a lot of keyboards, but the principle behind the layout of keys on every piano keyboard is the same. As the term middle C suggests, on piano or keyboard, middle C lies around the middle of your keyboard. What you need to do is to recognize that there are two black keys then a gap with no black key, then 3 black keys, a gap with no black key, then 2 black  keys, and the pattern keeps repeating over and over. These instruments include the harpsichord, clavichord, organ, electric piano, digital piano, synthesizer, electronic keyboard, celesta, melodica, glasschord, dulcitone, accordion, and carillon. Darker colored keys were used for the white notes while black keys were used for the white ones. In the same way the note one semitone higher than D is D sharp, but since it is one semitone lower than E it is also called E flat.


Using this same principle the note one semitone higher than E is F, but it can also be called E sharp. So if necessary, a composer may very well prefer to write an E sharp or even a D triple sharp instead of an F.
Most digital pianos have 88 keys while other keyboards can have 49 keys, 61 keys, 76 keys and so on. No matter how many keys your keyboard comes with, this is the note pattern of the white keys on a piano. So how about the black keys? Electric and electronic instruments with this feature included Vox's electronic organs of the 1960s, Roland's digital harpsichords, Hohner's Clavinet L, and one version of Korg's Poly-800 synthesizer.Acoustic pianos come with 88 weighted keys. Strictly speaking the keys on your keyboard aren't actually called A, B, C, D, E, F, and G.
Well on a piano there are 8 "C notes"; the one in the middle of the piano is known as middle c.
Keys are heavier in the lower registers of the piano keyboard and lighter in the higher registers. They do not have to be tuned, they are portable, they are cheaper, they can be used with headphones (to avoid disturbance), they are computer compatible, and they have a wide variety of sounds (unlike pianos which only have one). How are Westerners culturally wired to accept these patterns as "sounding right"?
If you take a good look at the black keys you will realize that it's a pattern of a set of two black keys followed by a set of three black keys, followed by two black keys, followed by three black keys and so on. Between B and C, and E and F, there are no black notes and therefore the interval between them are also semitones. To further clarify my point, C-sharp is one semitone higher than C, C is one semitone lower than C-sharp, D is one tone higher than C, and so on.As you may have noticed above, all the black keys on a piano have two different names. Many of them think that a black key means a sharp or flat while the white keys are neither sharp nor flat. So C-sharp is also known as D-flat, D-sharp is also known as E-flat, F-sharp is also known as G-flat, G-sharp is also known as A-flat, and A-sharp is also known as B-flat. C sharp and D flat are enharmonic equivalents because while they are played by the same key, they have different note names.
As we saw earlier the 12 notes are C, C-Sharp (or D-Flat), D, D-sharp (or E-Flat), E, F, F-Sharp (or G-Flat), G, G-Sharp ( or A-Flat), A, A-Sharp (or B-Flat), and B.Take a look at the pattern of two and three black keys once again.



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