I disagree with fact number 12, in a grand the hammer must overcome gravity, in an upright the hammer does not have to use as much force to hit the string, therefore reacting quicker. Suggest your Music Keyboard-related website for editorial review and possible inclusion in this product and service provider directory.
When talking about piano history, mention must be made of the early instruments that paved its way. At the time of Bartolomeo Cristofori’s invention of the piano, the most popular keyboard instruments were the harpsichord and the clavichord.
A major drawback of the harpsichord was the fact that the dynamics (loudness or softness) of each note couldn’t be controlled. The piano was likely formed as an attempt to combine the loudness of the harpsichord with the control of the clavichord.
Cristofori was able to solve the fundamental mechanical problem of piano design: the hammer must strike the key but not remain in contact with it.
Cristofori’s new instrument was known as the pianoforte because it allowed players to produce notes at different dynamic levels by controlling the inertia with which the hammers hit the strings.
Many years after the first version of the piano was created it was still called a harpsichord.
When speaking about the history of the piano, mention must be made of Johann Sebastian Bach. The second half of the eighteenth century was characterized by rapid development of the piano.
During the late 18th century, piano-making flourished in the Viennese school which included the likes of Johann Andreas Stein and the Viennese makers Nannette Streicher and Anton Walter.
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Even though piano is a stringed instrument, it’s placed in the Percussion section in a symphony orchestra.


This page will change each day when you come back, listing a different event in music history. Up to the 13th Century the scales were diatonic (as in GABCDEF) rather than the twelve tone chromatic scale we use today.
The 14th and 15th Centuries saw the development of different kinds of keyboard stringed instruments.
That was the problem with the clavichord: the tangent remained in contact with the clavichord string, thus dampening the sound. The original Italian name for the instrument is clavicembalo (or gravicembalo) col piano e forte (literally harpsichord capable of playing at the normal level, and more strongly). This has made it difficult to know this specific aspect of the history of the piano, whether the great composers of the age such as Scarlatti or Vivaldi knew of its existence. Subsequently, many piano builders started their work because of what they read in that article. When Silbermann first showed Bach one of his early instruments in 1736, he did not like it. The instrument was made by a number of manufacturers with a focus on coming up with a more powerful, sustained sound.
Viennese-style pianos featured wood frames, two strings per note, and leather-covered hammers.
The first instrument in history to have a keyboard was the Hydraulis, the precursor of the modern organ. The major difference between them and a modern day piano is the way their sound was produced.
Additionally, it was imperative that the hammer return to its rest position without bouncing violently, and that the instrument allow one to repeat a note rapidly.
There were English pianos with a heavier mechanism and louder volume while Austrian pianos had a lighter mechanism and softer timbre.


Some of these pianos came with black natural keys and white accidental keys, the opposite of modern day pianos and keyboards. In a clavichord the strings are struck by tangents, while in a harpsichord they are plucked by quills.
While it still plucked at strings, it allowed the strings to continue vibrating as long as the key was depressed. The first pianists began to perform in public on this new generation of pianos produced by Broadwood, Stein, Streicher, Zumpe and Tschudi. Many different approaches to piano actions followed, all modeled after Cristofori’s piano action. The pianos of the Mozart era had a softer more ethereal tone than today’s pianos or English pianos, and had less sustaining power. The technically more advanced clavichord became very popular but it still had its weaknesses. Although Cristofori’s early instruments came with thin strings and were much quieter than the modern piano, they were significantly louder and had more sustaining power than the clavichord. Although it allowed artists to be more expressive, the tone of the harpsichord was too delicate. It was not suited for large hall performances and would often be drowned by other instruments. Having a piano in the home became the height of fashion for high-ranking nobles in these colonies.



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