On November 12, 1853, President Antonio LA?pez de Santa Anna announced a competition to write a national anthem for Mexico.
Officially since 1943, the full national anthem consists of the chorus, 1st stanza, 5th stanza, 6th stanza and 10th stanza.
An urban legend about the copyright status of the anthem states that years after its first performance, family sold the musical rights to a German music publishing company named Wagner House. In the second chapter of the Law on the National Arms, Flag, and Anthem (Ley sobre el Escudo, la Bandera y el Himno Nacionales), the national anthem is described in very brief terms. Chapter 5 of the Law goes into more detail about how to honor, respect and properly perform the national anthem. Article 42 states that the anthem may only be used during the following occasions: solemn acts of official, civic, cultural, scholastic or sport character. Mexican soccer fans sing the Mexican national anthem before an association football match in March 2009. At the time the anthem was written, Mexico was still facing the effects of a bitter defeat in the Mexican-American War at the hands of the United States. On the rare occasions when someone performs the anthem incorrectly, the federal government has been known to impose penalties to maintain the "dignity" of the national symbols.
Though the de facto language of Mexico is Spanish, there are still people who only speak indigenous languages. Officially, the national anthem has been translated into the following native languages: Chinanteco, HA±a HA±u, Mixteco, Maya, Nahuatl and Tenek. After purchase, you can download your MP3 from your Sheet Music Plus Digital Library - no software installation is necessary! After purchase, you can download your Smart Music from your Sheet Music Plus Digital Library - no software installation is necessary! Make a wish list for gifts, suggest standard repertoire, let students know which books to buy, boast about pieces you've mastered: Music Lists are as unique as the musician! The anthem first started being used in 1854, although it was not officially adopted de jure until 1943. The competition offered a prize for the best poetic composition representing patriotic ideals.
The modification of the lyrics was ordered by President Manuel A?vila Camacho in a decree printed in the Diario Oficial de la FederaciA?n.[5] When the anthem is played at sporting events, such as the Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup, the only parts of the anthem that are played are the chorus, 1st stanza and the chorus.
Originally, NunA? was supposed to have turned the music rights over to the state in exchange for a prize from the Mexican government. It is true that NunA?, Henneman and Hill did register the music with the company BMI (BMI Work #568879), with the Edward B. While Articles 2 and 3 discuss in detail the coat of arms and the flag, respectively, Article 4 mentions only that the national anthem will be designated by law.
Article 38 states that the singing, playing, reproduction and circulation of the national anthem are regulated by law and that any interpretation of the anthem must be performed in a "respectful way and in a scope that allows [one] to observe the due solemnity" of the anthem.


The anthem can also be played to render honors to the Mexican flag and to the President of Mexico. The country felt demoralized and also divided, due to the cession of more than half of its territory due to its defeat to the United States. One example is when a performer forgot some of the lyrics at a soccer match in Guadalajara, she was fined 400 MXN by the Interior Ministry and released an apology letter to the country through the Interior Ministry.[13] In addition, the anthem is sometimes used as a tool against people who might not be "true Mexicans". On December 8, 2005, Article 39 of the national symbols law was adopted to allow for the translation of the lyrics into the native languages. The lyrics of the national anthem, which allude to historical Mexican military victories in the heat of battle and including cries of defending the homeland, were composed by poet Francisco GonzA?lez Bocanegra after a Federal contest in 1853. Francisco GonzA?lez Bocanegra, a talented poet, was not interested in participating in the competition. This rejection caused a second national contest to find music for the lyrics.[2] At the end of the second contest, the music that was chosen for GonzA?lez's lyrics was composed by Jaime NunA?, the then Catalan-born King of Spain's band leader. When opening and closing television and or radio programming, stations have sometimes played a modified national anthem consisting of the chorus, 1st stanza, chorus, 10th stanza and chorus.
Article 39 prohibits the anthem from being altered in any fashion, prohibits it from being sung for commercial or promotional purposes, and also disallows the singing or playing of national anthems from other nations, unless you have permission from the Secretary of the Interior (SecretarA­a de GobernaciA?n) and the diplomatic official from the nation in question. If the national anthem is being used to honor the national flag or the President, the short version of the anthem is played. According to historian Javier Garciadiego, who spoke at a 2004 ceremony commemorating the 150th anniversary of the anthem's adoption, the anthem disregards divisions and strife and encourages national unity.
In one case, a young man of Afro-Mexican descent was stopped by police and forced to sing the anthem to prove his nationality.[14] In a separate incident in Japan, police officers asked four men to sing the Mexican anthem after they were arrested in Tokyo on charges of breaking and entering. Later in 1854 he asked, Jaime NunA? to compose the music which now accompanies GonzA?lez's poem.
He argued that writing love poems involved very different skills from the ones required to write a national anthem. At the time of the second anthem competition, NunA? was the leader of several Mexican military bands.
The Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Public Education (SecretarA­a de EducaciA?n PA?blica), in Article 40, must grant permission for all reproductions of the national anthem to be produced, unless the anthem is being played during official ceremonies carried on radio or television. Article 43 says that special musical honors may be paid to the President and the flag, but no more than once during the same ceremony. On that same date, Mexico City and other parts of the country stopped what they were doing and performed a nationwide singing of the anthem.
However, when the men could not sing the anthem, it was discovered that they were Colombian nationals holding forged Mexican passports.
We do not use or store email addresses from this form for any other purpose than sending your share email. The anthem, consisting of ten stanzas and a chorus, effectively entered into use on September 16, 1854.


He had been invited to direct these bands by President Santa Anna, whom he had met in Cuba. Article 44 says that during solemn occasions, if a choir is singing the anthem, the military bands will keep silent.
Individuals from other nations participated, mostly at diplomatic offices or at locations where a high concentration of Mexican expatriates are found.
Under false pretenses, she lured him to a secluded bedroom in her parents' house, locked him into the room, and refused to let him out until he produced an entry for the competition. About the time that NunA? first came to Mexico to start performing with the bands, Santa Anna was making his announcement about creating a national anthem for Mexico. Article 45 says that those who are watching the national anthem performance must stand at attention (firmes) and remove any headgear.
Inside the room in which he was temporarily imprisoned were pictures depicting various events in Mexican history which helped to inspire his work. NunA?'s anthem music composition was made like masterpieces of classical music, with a high quality in composition, and was chosen.
The extra requirement for television programming is that photos of the Mexican flag must be displayed at the same time the anthem is playing.
Article 46 states that the national anthem must be taught to children who are attending primary or secondary school; this article was amended in 2005 to add pre-school to the list. After four hours of fluent (albeit forced) inspiration, Francisco regained his freedom by slipping all ten verses of his creation under the door.
Out of the few musical compositions submitted, NunA?'s music, titled "God and Freedom" (Dios y libertad), was chosen as the winner on August 12, 1854.[3] The anthem was officially adopted on Independence Day, September 16 of that same year. The article also states that each school in the National Education System (Sistema Educativo Nacional) will be asked to sing the national anthem each year.
Feel free to recommend similar pieces if you liked this piece, or alternatives if you didn't. Article 47 states that in an official ceremony in which is need to play another anthem, the Mexican anthem will be played first, then the guest's anthem. Article 48 states that at embassies and consulates of Mexico, the national anthem is played at ceremonies of a solemn nature that involves the Mexican people. Avoid disclosing contact information (email addresses, phone numbers, etc.), or including URLs, time-sensitive material or alternative ordering information. All submitted reviews become the licensed property of Sheet Music Plus and are subject to all laws pertaining thereto. If you believe that any review contained on our site infringes upon your copyright, please email us.



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