Getting your piano tuned can cost a bit, but it is well worth while, and unless your piano is really old, or located in a hot or humid area, it should stay in tune for 5 years or so.
To position your hands, place both your thumbs on middle C and each finger on both hands on one key each spanning outwards. When you look at the piano you will notice that the same patterns of notes keep repeating themselves. Because middle C marks the centre of high and low pitches on the keyboard, it is also the centre not between the bass scales.
Most woodwind instruments use the treble clef, as well as high brass, violins, and tuned percussion.
In this first lesson, we are going to play a few short pieces, just using the right hand, which uses the notes of the middle C octave.
When I was learning the piano, I found co-ordinating my fingers one of the most difficult things to do. So, to help you out I have written a number underneath each note in all the pieces in these lessons. This technique that really does enable you to learn pieces much faster: it’s one I still use all the time! If you know the traditional melody My Bonny Lies Over the Ocean, then you will find your knowledge a great advantage when you first play this tune!
Bass Clef: This is the lowest clef, also known as the F clef because the inner curl and dots are around the line representing F. Crotchets: A crotchet is a note that is played for one quarter of the duration of a whole note.
Stave: In musical notation, the staff or stave is a set of five horizontal lines on which note symbols are placed to indicate pitch and rhythm.


Treble Clef: This is the highest clef, also known as the G clef because the inner curl of the clef sign is wrapped around the line representing G. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation. The more out of tune a piano is, the worse it will sound, which can be rather discouraging! To keep your piano in tune longer, it’s a good idea to play it as often as you can (pianos work better the more they are played) and position it against an internal wall, rather than one of the exterior walls of the house.
You can easily remember where middle C is, because it is right in the middle of your piano, just above the brand name written on the front panel.
The notes above middle C are notated on the treble clef, while the notes below middle C are shown on the bass clef. On the piano, the right hand usually is written in treble clef, while the left hand is written in bass clef.
The stem can either point up or down, depending on whether the note is below or above the middle stave line. However, don’t worry too much though, as I will be revisiting all of these terms and concepts in later lessons. It may sound laughable (and you may not struggle with it the way I did!), but as the pieces in these lesson gradually contain more and more notes, it does become an issue. In the graphic below, you can see how each finger on both of your hands has been given a number. Because I’m already familiar with the rhythm by the time I start to play the piece, this lets me just focus on playing the notes correctly.


Just as clapping a rhythm before you play a piece helps you learn to play faster, so you will find already knowing a song really well means that you can launch into it with much greater gusto! Being familiar with a tune already allows you to concentrate on where your fingers are going and the sound you are making, rather than worrying about counting out the timing. The clear, unfilled notes are called minims, and these are held for two beats as they are worth twice the value of crotchets. Just run your fingers along the keys and see if any stick or have a tinny, reverberating sound. Your elbows should be positioned approximately at your waist with your forearms stretching out at a 90 degree angle from your upper arm, not on an angle. There are a couple of other clefs as well, but we won't be looking at those in these lessons.
In vocal music, both soprano and contralto parts now use the treble clef, while tenor and bass parts use the bass clef.
When you see this number underneath a note, you know that this is the finger that I recommend you use to play the note with.
Also, to help you learn the note names, the letter names for each note have been included in the music.
As you continue to play, you will be constantly going over everything again and again, and you will find that it gradually all comes together. These same notes are repeated all the way up and down the piano and the notes within each octave are called scales.



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