We all know that in English history the Elizabethan Era is the one which is known as the Golden Era. You will find that during this period the popularity of music had grown to vast proportions.
Harpsichord - this keyboard instrument has various strings which run from the front to the back of the horizontal box which is wing shaped and soundboard.
It existed in a very simple form during the 14th Century and had started getting importance from the 16th century.
Clavicytherium - this is another type of a harpsichord where the strings are vertical and it faces the player.
So the courtier should turn to music as if it were merely a pastime of his and he is yielding to persuasion, and not in the presence of common people or a large crowd.
Since there were not many sources of entertainment in the Elizabethan era, music formed an integral part of it. Even as new instruments were being made, need and demand for even more instruments surfaced, especially in the Elizabethan courts as the Queen was fond of music.
Since dancing was a well liked pursuit in the Elizabethan era, music was specially composed for such occasions.
Elizabethan composers like William Byrd, Orlando Gibbons, John Dowland, Robert Johnson, Thomas Tallis, John Farmer and Thomas immortalised Elizabethan music and were the ones to witness and perform the birth of an organised orchestra. The Renaissance instruments, many of them inherited from the Medieval times, offered a wealth of artistic possibilities. However, like any Celtic harp, it has a strong framing, and can bear a considerable draught of wire. The characteristic feature of these instruments is the sound box, formed by a rectangular or triangular case. Due to its sides depth and the flatness of the back the sound was soft and slightly reedy or nasal, but very penetrating. The viol was not yet as much valued as the lute, but its unique singing tone was appreciated.
The main keyboard instruments were the organ, the clavichord, the harpsichord and their relatives.

The Renaissance organ was of two kinds: the Positive which was intended to remain in a fixed place and the small portable organ, in use until after the Reformation. The disposition of the pipes was usually the same in both organs, ascending from the longest pipe in the bass to the shortest in the treble. A keyboard instrument, named clavicytherium by the earliest writer on musical instruments, Virdung, is in fact a spinet set upright.
A well-known keyboard instrument from the Renaissance period is the Queen’s Elizabeth Virginal.
Renaissance period the name Regal was applied to any small organ which served a similar purpose, even though it did not wholly consist of reed pipes. Popular Renaissance percussion instruments were the drum, tambourine, and other clashing, time marking instruments, as sistrums, cymbals, castagnettes, and triangles. During Queen Elizabeth's reign, the size of the military drum was two feet in depth and two feet in diameter. The instrument produces the sound by the vibration of two flat pieces of thin cane whose edges are set in motion by the breath of the player. During the Renaissance, the Trumpet continued to be the instrument associated exclusively for noble purposes and pageantry.
In early Renaissance many pieces were composed for a single instrument, but the idea to combine instruments followed quickly. Renaissance composers and the public began to recognize instrumental music as distinct from the vocal, and this was one of the most important advances of the 16th century. It was during this Golden Era that music was a vital part of the lives of the people of that time.
It can produce sounds with the help of pipes which have a supply of air from bellows and it is controlled with the help of a large musical keyboard which is very complex. What distinguishes them from each other is their forma€”the term harpsichord refers to the grand form of the instrument in which the strings run vertically front to back; the term virginal, or spinet, is applied to the square form of the instrument whose strings run horizontally. As the jack ascends, a quill that protrudes from it plucks the string, then as it descends, the quill pivots to prevent a second pluck, and a cloth damper silences the string. And although he may know and understand what he is doing, in this also I wish him to dissimulate the care and effort that are necessary for any competent performance, and he should let it seem as if he himself thinks nothing of his accomplishment which, because of its excellence, he makes others think very highly of.

With the advent of new and different musical instruments, music in the Elizabethan era gained even more popularity. A few or more people would play different instruments in harmony, thereby, increasing the emotional value of music. For equal distribution of weight upon the sound board, some positive organs had the pipes arranged in a circular manner. Sixteen century writers are mentioning that the name originated from the fact that the instrument was preferred by the ladies. In the large cities, it became associated with the municipal customs, and horns were used for example to sound the curfew. The keyboard instruments are those instruments which have different keys generating different sounds. This instrument has a keyboard and a mechanism in which the quills plucked the strings which are horizontally stretched.
You will find that here the jack will move in a horizontal manner it does not even need the assistance of gravity. One had only to go to operas, street side musicians, theatre or the court where even better musicians played. The Elizabethan era boasts of soulful and more expressive music than earlier period in England. The difference between a modern guitar and a lute was that the latter had only three strings and was more often than not used as a accompaniment for story - telling. They even have add-on which will help to generate their sounds like pedals and stops and so on.

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