Ring Tones Text Transfer Language (RTTTL) is a text format that you use to create ringtones that can be uploaded to your mobile phone.
Is a set of values separated by commas, where each value contains a key and a value separated by an = character, which describes the melody defaults. Duration is measured relative to other notes using a system of whole notes (1), half notes (2), quarter notes (4), eighth notes (8), sixteenth notes (16) and thirty-two notes (32).
If d=8, the eight note is the single unit of measure, in which each eight note receives one beat. If any of the parameters is missing from the default value section, the following defaults are assumed: d=4,o=6,b=63. A dotted quarter note C, octave 6 (4c6.) has a value of a quarter note plus an eighth note.
A dotted eighth note F#, octave 5 (8f#5.), has a duration value of an eighth note plus a sixteenth note.
A dotted whole note D, octave 7 (1D7.), has a duration value of a whole note plus a half note.
There are so many notes to learn it can seem almost impossible to completely understand it all. We are going to take an in depth look at the piano keyboard and find an easy way to make sense of it all.I have included an easy to use piano key chart that will help you practice and master the notes on the piano.
When you are first learning piano notes you can use this piano note diagram to help you easily find any note on the piano.
Dissecting The PianoThe keys on the piano are organized in a pattern that repeats itself throughout the piano keyboard.The first thing that you notice is the white and black keys. Notes on the PianoNow that you can easily find C, you can now name any white note on the piano.Using the piano keyboard diagram you can now label the rest of the white notes by counting up the alphabet.


Asking the same to Anglo-Saxon organists can result in hearing five (or even more) different answers. The fact that Anglo-Saxon answers deviate from an European answer is due to the fact that the European system is exact. This is comparable to sheet music or score: On paper is not the pitch, but the key to play. Because of all the differences globally below we present a comparative matrix of known systems.
Dean Eckmann, former employee at Fisk Organ Building told me that Fisk uses the system shown in in the last column. For pitch notation used throughout this study, we defer to Percy Scholes' Oxford Companion to Music [92]. We will therefore use the convention that the bottom key of a modern 61 key organ manual of normal 8' pitch is referred to as CC, middle c is c and the top key is c3 or c'''.
Tony Newnham also pointed out to me that some English Organ builders have a system not shown in the matrix.
Thanks to Dean Eckmann, Tony Newnham, Robert Allan and Brian Styles for their contributions to this page. From the book 'Faszination Klavier' 300 Jahre Pianofortebau in Deutschland' I took a diagram showing the development of the keyboard size in time.
Below is the diagram showing pipelenghts.A  Some of the lengths shown have never been built, and are theoretical lengths. Unless otherwise indicated, any note identified will be played in the fifth octave, indicated by the notation o=5.
There is an easy to follow pattern throughout the entire piano that makes it easy to learn every note fast.


They feel as though they need to rely on the piano keyboard diagram rather then only using it when its necessary. Writing things down is a form of learning that helps reinforce a concept.You can use the piano keyboard diagram to help reinforce and review the notes on the piano keyboard by writing the notes on a blank diagram.This exercise is great for kids!
This means that the white note next to C is D, the note next to D is E, and so on.Continue up the alphabet until you reach G. Historic organs are fitted with keyboards of 4 octaves, modern organs have keyboards of 4,5 octaves.
It could be argued that some departments (in particular the pedals) are not based on 8' but on 16' pitch and so on, but we shall also refer to the bottom pedal as CC as it typically pulls down the lowest CC manual key when couplers are in use. The tempo for this melody (how fast it goes) will be 112 beats per minute, as indicated by the notation b=112.
Once at G you start back over at A.See the pattern?As soon as you reach A, you have now started the pattern that will continue throughout the entire piano keyboard.
It will focus only on those notes rather than on the entire piano keyboard.Focus on learning one octave.
The result: A stopped pipe only needs half the length of an open pipe to sound the same pitch.



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