Meal plan yale university,1 day water fast weight loss,lose weight elliptical bike - PDF Review

10.02.2014
There will be a unique opportunity for students to familiarize themselves with Microsoft Excel and PowerPoint.
At the conclusion of the unit, students will understand the important role the thyroid gland plays in hormone production and metabolic rate. It is widely known that the public school curriculum does not adequately address the physical needs of the current generation of elementary and middle school children.
The combination of large class sizes and a lack of urgency among teachers and students create major time constraints. The self-directed projects in the unit will allow students to calculate their daily calorie intake.
PowerPoint presentations are a fun interactive way for students to engage in new material, concepts, vocabulary, and note taking.
Published articles allow students to read and analyze different opinions on key issues in fitness and nutrition. Short films and video clips will expose students to nutrition and fitness as a real world phenomenon. Class debates and group discussions will synthesize a student's understanding of class notes, articles, short films, and documentaries.
Explicit vocabulary exercises will test each student's memory and high-order engagement with the human anatomy and common nutritional needs.
Ancient Egyptians were the first culture to record studies of the human anatomy dating back to the 3rd century BC. While the study of the human anatomy in the Middle Ages and Renaissance period in Europe focused on idealizing specific body parts, shape, and form, 20th century medical scientists moved towards deeper understanding of the different systems of the body7. In total, the human skull is made of 29 bones that are fused together to protect the brain.
Students may enter this unit with an understanding that joints are formed where two or more bones meet.
Students should work in teams of two to three to collect data on the foot length and height of as many of their peers, family members, and teachers as possible. There are over 600 muscles in the human body; each is made of small fibers that come together to form a person's shape and definition. While most muscular names and terminology originate from Latin or Greek roots, many muscle names are based in mathematical roots that describe their structure, function, or size12. With teacher assistance, students should be able to dissect long names in the muscular system to determine their location. Present the concept of muscular flexion and decreasing arm angles by presenting students with pictures of the bicep, forearm, and wrist at various points through the curling motion. Arteries, veins, and capillaries are the three main types of blood vessels in the human body.
The cardio-acceleratory center, located in the brain, speeds up heart rate during exercise or stressful moments. When a person is at rest, the cardio-inhibitory center, also located in the brain, works with the parasympathetic nervous system to slow the number of heartbeats per minute. From 1970 to 2008, healthy protein consumption (meat, eggs, and nuts) only increased 4 percent. Students can use this full interactive chart to compare the diets of Americans in 1970 to 2008.
Students should be able to calculate the percentage of total daily intake for each food category (see below).
Below is an extension activity for students who have already mastered the ability to chart data and calculate percentages.
Whole grains and other carbohydrates promote the sustained release of insulin, rather than a sudden spike31. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the number of calories the body uses to "run" its normal functions.
Before implementing teaching strategies for introducing the Body Mass Index to elementary students, teachers must have a serious discussion about obesity to prevent any teasing, mocking, or embarrassment of students who may be unhappy with their body mass index. 2) Why does eating less food not solve the problem for many American children who want to lose weight?
4) Name one of the two cardiovascular diseases we have studied that result from plaque buildup in arterial areas. Objective: Students will use the Body Mass Index chart to calculate the BMI of their favorite professional or Olympic athletes. Objective: Students will keep a journal and log what they eat and how many calories they consume daily. Topic: How many minute of activity am I doing each day & how many calories do I burn in a day? Objective: Students will follow the instructions of an interactive computer game to explore healthy food choices and balanced meals. Objective: Given a blank template of a plate, students use their new knowledge of nutrition to create a meal that incorporates the five main food groups and a healthy ratio of carbohydrates, proteins, and fat. Objective: Students will create a healthy eating chart or "cheat sheet" for their 1st grade reading buddies. Objective: Students will watch the short documentary and answer guided questions using their own words and interpretations of the film. Students will use relevant vocabulary to discuss the obesity and the business culture surrounding the U.S.
Each student will practice designing surveys, creating data logs, and presenting the results of their data.
Students will have a comprehensive and insightful understanding of why being too thin is just as dangerous as being too fat. In San Francisco, only one-fifth of elementary school students exercised for twenty minutes per day; thus meeting the state requirements4. Based on this measure, students can calculate how many minutes of exercise is needed to prevent unhealthy weight gain.
Allow students who have earned special recognition for their effort and engagement to take turns acting as the clicker. Students should keep a journal reflecting on each newspaper, magazine or website article they read. Experimental studies will entertain students while teaching them about the urgency of changing their eating and fitness habits.
After reading controversial or conflicting articles, students should have the opportunity to talk through the concepts of diet and fitness that most affect their own lives.
Students who master the specific vocabulary of each mini-unit should produce more persuasive arguments and written work. The Ancient Egyptian practice of mummification involved two stages: embodiment of the deceased and wrapping of the body. Location, composition, and function are the three lenses at which we study and compare different systems within the body. Joints represent pockets where cartilage, soft tissue, protects two bones from rubbing against one another. Joints allow bones to move; however, ligaments are the strong fibers that keep everything together while giving us the flexibility and dexterity to move. Students should be able to use the following equations to fill in the missing measurements.
Students must create a spreadsheet to fill in an individual's name, height, and foot length. These internal body parts send oxygen, blood, and other nutrients throughout the body cells, muscles, tissues, and organs. Arteries take blood away from the heart and push it out to the rest of the body, veins bring blood back to the heart, and capillaries connect arteries and veins.
It is necessary for the heart to circulate oxygen at a faster rate during exercise and stress because muscles need oxygen faster in order to perform at their peek. Eating too much fatty food increases a person's chance of building up plaque that can block blood flow to coronary arteries. Students can then analyze trends and point out the year of minimum and maximum percentages for each category. The online website (Civil Eats) allows students to breakdown carbohydrate intake into three separate categories: grains, vegetables, and fruit. Currently, children eat less than recommended amount of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Calories are burned at different rates depending on the frequency, duration, and intensity of activity.
Doctors and physical trainers use a standard BMI chart to label a person as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. Students should keep their height and weight measurements to themselves to avoid unhealthy competition.
Next, guide students in the process of finding BMI measurements for various heights and weights across. Please discuss this person's symptoms and relate them to your studies of diabetes and insulin regulation.
Then, students will compare and contrast the BMI categories of athletes that play different sports. More important than the diets themselves, students should be able to explain how both athletes maximize their caloric intake through intense workout routines.
This activity is designed to show students exactly what they put in their bodies on a daily basis. They will learn that exercise not only makes you feel better, but also helps with memory, mood, and brain function. The objective of the game is for kids to reach Planet Power by fueling their rocket with food and physical activity.
Students will include their favorite food choices for each food group and a suggested number of servings.
The Pocket Calorie Counter: The Complete, Discrete, and Portable Guide for Managing Your Health. Questioning and research over hundreds of thousands of years has increased our knowledge of energy, waste, nutrition, and exercise. They will walk away with an awareness of how water and other essential nutrients regulate the human body. Legislatures in the Miami-Dade School District threatened to cut all physical education classes for sixth, seventh, and eighth graders in the 2011-2012 school year.


Students come to school and substitute gum, candy, potato chips and soda for the school breakfast. Documentaries will also engage students in the more complex vocabulary and insight into the human body and food industry by showing them footage studies and scientific research. Students who grasp the material and develop a passion for nutrition and exercise can become community and school advocates through volunteer work or the formation of a health, fitness, or well-being club. As a person ages, some of the spongy bone in the body loses calcium and may become thin, and fragile. Pretend you are a forensic anthropologist trying to figure out the approximate relationship between foot length and a person's height. Any subject who declines to give their name but is willing to participate can write "anonymous" under that section.
There should be at least one femur bone or one intact foot for every victim to give students enough information to determine the number of victims, approximate height of each victim. That figure can be 5-10 percent less for children or higher in Olympic and professional athletes. Conversely, a muscle with either minor or brevis in its name describes a muscle that is small or short.
Students will need a pencil and protractor in order to accurately measure the different angles. In other words, the cardiovascular system is responsible for blood flow throughout the human body, thus earning its nickname as the circulatory system. Blood vessels act as guides creating pathways for blood to flow from the heart to the rest of the body. The right side of the heart pumps all blood that lacks oxygen to the lungs where blood cells receive new oxygen to carries throughout the body. The thyroid releases a hormone that either speeds up or slows down the rate of chemical reactions and transmission of nerve impulses inside the body22.
This powerful evidence that the cheap-food policy instituted by Nixon-era USDA chief Earl Butz was a huge success from the standpoint of policy makers. The 2008 food system data reported that the American diet now contained roughly 482 calories of protein. Overall, students should be aware that fat and carbohydrate intake increased from 1970 to 2004 while protein intake decreased.
Students can fill in a blank chart and calculate the percentage of calorie intake relative to each category.
Denser foods have more calories and provide more energy just as diesel gas gets better engine mileage than regular unleaded. People who want to gain healthy weight and muscle mass should multiple their calculated BMR by 1.2 to find the number of calories to eat per day alongside a proper workout routine.
Factors that are less controllable include body weight and metabolic rate, yet they both play a very important role in calculating the calories a person expends, or burns off, during exercise. Discuss the legitimacy of using one fixed scale to compare the bodies of children, adults, and athletes alike.
Michael Phelps is able to maintain a 12,000 calories diet because he spends upwards of 8 hours per day training—he only has to perform occasionally at his peak.
Students will develop and share strategies for finding time and space to practice different forms of exercise and physical activity. Scientists of the human body make a living studying and testing theories to help us maximize our potential. Students will better understand what their body needs to perform at its peek physical and mental capacity.
While administrative educators and policy-makers blame falling property values and budget cuts for the cuts in physical education, our children face serious and life-threatening diseases and health risks. After the body was washed with sweet-smelling palm, the Egyptians would make an incision and begin to remove the internal organs. The human skeleton is located underneath the layers of skin, fatty tissue, and muscular fibers.
The elderly and adults who do not take in enough calcium are susceptible to breaking their hip because of the natural process of calcium depletion. The patella (knee cap) is attached to both the femur and upper tibia (lower leg bone) by the patella tendon. Students will begin by calculating the length of the femur given the height of the person, then they will use the reverse formula to find the height of a person given the length of the femur.
The first pile contained an assortment of burned clothing—everything from hats to sneakers, to sweatpants, to what looked like a leather jacket.
While the average adult has 50-60% fast twitch muscle fibers, the body of professional sprinters may contain higher than 80% fast contracting fibers17. Students should be able to measure the angle and label it as straight, obtuse, right, or acute. Blood must travel smoothly everywhere from our hair to our toenails and from the cornea of our eyes to the enamel in each of our teeth19.
A mix of fat and cholesterol is the most common form of plaque build up to block the arteries and stop blood flow to part of the heart muscle. Thus, the thyroid gland is involved in muscle contraction during physical activity and workouts as well as preventing blood clots. Thus, 812 calories or 37 percent of the American diet came from additives, unhealthy calories. The year 2008 marks the beginning of a national awareness to the issue of obesity and proper nutrition in the country. Calories from added sugars often come from soda, fruit drinks, dairy desserts, pizza, and whole milk.
It helps convert food to energy, cushions and protects vital organs in the human body, and helps the intestines digest and absorb nutrients into the body. For example, tomatoes and other foods that contain lots of cartenoids may prevent depression and slow memory loss and dementia in older adults29. Whole-grain graham crackers or two cups of air-popped popcorn are highly recommended foods that have the ability to enhance a person's mood32. While our body needs calories to exercise, function, and ultimately survive, it is important not to overeat. People who want to lose healthy weight should decrease their net calorie intake by approximately 500 calories per day36. Ray Allen, on the other hand, maintains an equally powerful diet in a couple thousand calories. They will look up the number of calories consumed in each meal and break the meal into its primary nutritional ingredients.
Enrichment exercises for advanced students will include creating algebraic equations to express net intake (food consumption – energy burned). Bloomberg of New York and Michelle Obama have teamed up to bring childhood obesity back to the forefront1.
Title I ensures that students in low-income neighborhoods receive free or reduced breakfast and lunch; however, most students pick at the meat, toss the vegetables, and consume other foods that are high in sugar or saturated fats.
Students may relate to this process through a discussion of frog, mouse, or insect dissections. Most sources conclude that the average adult has 206 bones that make up the entire skeleton.
The breastbone and ribs serve a similar protective function: they keep the heart and lungs safe from pressure and impact. Since the periosteum is made of cells that repair broken bone, bones heal themselves on the outside first. Hinge joints allow either vertical or horizontal movement (but not both), and pivot joints allow for one bone to swivel around the other9. Please use what you know about the femur and foot bone lengths to help the police figure out the possible ages and heights of the victims. The purpose of the activity is not for students to necessarily solve the crime, but for them to use what they know about foot length and femur length and height to create a profile for the victims. Students may have a good grasp of what it means to be parallel or they may need to relate this concept to a horizontal plane. Although people are born with specific distributions of fast and slow twitch muscles, exercise can increase their resistance to fatigue. In addition to sending nourishment to the proper areas of the body, the cardiovascular system aids the digestive system in waste removal.
In this way, the cardiovascular system is responsible for replenishing tissue fluid throughout the body with new nutrients and fresh oxygen.
When the organs have consumed most of the oxygen, veins coming from each organ carry the blood to the superior and inferior vena cavae. In addition, fat buildup that blocks the cerebral arteries can also affect blood flow to the brain. The final duty of the thyroid gland is to regulate the amount of calcium in the bloodstream.
The intense production of corn, soy, and processed goods made food more affordable, but Americans are paying the price for eating what is cheap and affordable. Yes, french fries come from baked potatoe, but it is the combination of fat carbohydrates, and chemicals put in processed foods that "pollute" our diets25. However, too much cholesterol can block arteries and prevent blood from flowing to the heart and brain27. The National Institute on Aging recommends one serving (about a cup) of fresh tomatoes or natural tomato juice a day to see the full nutritional benefits of its cartenoids30. Dark chocolate, or any chocolate that contains at least 60 percent cocoa, has also been linked to increased serotonin levels and mental alertness33.
Calories that are not consumed by muscles to rebuild or that are not burned off in the form of energy are stored in the body as fat34. A BMI under 18.5, "underweight," tells doctors that someone has very little body fat or muscle. The activity is designed for students to become comfortable collecting data and organizing data in a table using Excel.
Students should be able to use their knowledge of the limits of the BMI scale to explain in detail why most football players, basketball players, sprinters, and body builders are not unhealthy or "overweight" despite their high BMI.
Ray must be more careful about when he eats certain foods because he has to perform at peak capacity three or four times in a given week. Each day they will receive a grade for their calculations and the overall balance of their diet.


This unit addresses the problem of obesity and lack of knowledge about diet and nutritional health in many urban communities. A dramatic rise in obesity statistics created a perfect opportunity for them to convince policy makers that obesity was prevalent and creating serious health risks for the low-income and minority populations.
This unit will allow students to learn first hand the effects of every food they put in their bodies.
The Ancient Egyptians made the world aware of the decomposition of important internal organs of which other civilization may not have been aware.
Bones in the arms, shoulders, torso, and legs are important because they serve a function of movement. The number of victims, actual bone sizes, and items found at the crime scene is at the discretion of the teacher's creativity. A prefix added on to ceps can also inform a person of the number of origins or heads that muscle has. Having students move around and perform small exercises to test directional movements is an appropriate teaching method.
Students need to learn that skeletal muscle fibers are strong, but have very little endurance.
If waste and toxins are not removed from cells on a regular basis, then the cells become poisoned and die. The superior and inferior vena cavae return the blood into the right side of the heart where it travels to the lungs once again21.
If there is a shortage of blood flow to the brain, there is a very sudden change in brain activity. Looking at eating habits next to trends in exercise will give a more accurate picture of a person's overall health. Therefore, high blood cholesterol is one of the biggest risk factors for long-term health problems, especially heart disease.
Student must understand the following concepts if nothing else: people gain weight if they consume more calories than they use on a daily basis and people lose weight if they consume less calories than they use on a daily basis. Next, students can highlight their tables and create a bar graph or line plot to display the Body Mass Index measurements of the data they created.
Additionally, students should be able to explain why some soccer players are in great shape even though they may have a very low BMI.
Students will work together in pairs or small groups to analyze the information and discuss trends. Teachers and students will analyze the effects of diet, exercise and genetics on the human body. In New York City alone, the number of students receiving no physical education classes in an average week rose 6.1 percent in 10 years2.
Later, in the 5th century BC, Greek physician Hippocrates continued to advance the world's knowledge of the human body. For instance, the biceps and triceps of the upper arm have two and three origins respectively14.
It is the role of white blood cells to find and kill bacteria and viruses before they infect the body20. Not only does water compose 75% of the human brain, but it also makes up roughly 80% of blood in the body and more than 20% of bones. With proper exercise, the body first burns un-stored calories in the form of carbohydrates and fats. Students may then compare graphs and determine who came up with the most obese or most in shape group of people. What does BMI tell us about athletes if it does not give us an accurate measurement of their body fat?
This same information will be used to compare the diets of students at Roberto Clemente to the diets of world-class athletes and people with diabetes and other diseases and conditions related to poor nutrition.
The lessons and activities in the unit are designed to better inform students about their bodies. In 2012 alone, more than one-fifth of high school students in New York were not even given an opportunity to work off some of the empty calories and fat they consumed during breakfast and lunch3. However, the clavicle and top of the skull are made from connective tissue that is not comprised of cartilage.
Children who engage in sports and high impact activities are likely to develop bigger and stronger bones because high-tension (think running and jumping) can increase bone growth. To their dismay, the only person who provided any information was the old man walking his dog who called 911 in the first place. Running, jumping, brushing your teeth, and even smiling involve the contraction of muscle tissue.
The transverses abdominis in the abdomen is an example of a muscle that contracts at a right angle to the midline of the body.
Running, cross training, and weight lifting are the most common ways of creating stronger skeletal muscle.
White blood cells are one of the most important players in the circulatory system because they prevent bodily infections that have the potential to become life-threatening diseases. Symptoms of a stroke include: sudden paralysis to one side of the body, loss of sensation, loss of speech, vision impairment, confusion, or disorientation. The 2008 average calorie consumption for added sugar and added fats climbed to 459 and 641 calorie respectively. Without sufficient hydration, our body does not perform at peak physical or mental capacity.
Many more probably choose to sit out of gym and not maximize this time for needed cardiovascular and muscular fitness. Even though metabolic rates are high for elementary and middle school children, poor nutrition and lack of routine or daily exercise has caused childhood obesity to more than triple in the past 30 years5. Thus, muscles contractions throughout the body are responsible for walking, running, and lifting objects.
The word femoris tells us that the quadricep muscles are related to the femur of the skeletal system.
The obliques, side muscles in the stomach, do not move in a straight line perpendicular to the midline.
A cross-section of skeletal muscle will show students that muscle fibers do not simply rest side by side. Thus, 1,100 calories or more than 41 percent of the average American diet contained sugars and fat. Persons falling in the obese category are at higher risk of diseases that may occur with more body fat37. Doctors are careful to check the blood pressure and heart rate of athletes with a high BMI. They will also develop eating habits that are relative to rest, physical activity, and particular times of the day.
In 1980, the percentage of children aged 6-11 years old in the United States who were obese was 7%.
Thus, the ability to memorize skeletal structures and their given names will greatly help students to explore and breakdown complex terminology in the muscular system. Skeletal muscle is an intricate bundle of fascicles and connective tissue called perimysium16. High BMI levels increase a person's risk for heart disease, problems related to high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, respiratory problems, and even certain cancers. Discussions will begin on the skeletal system and move towards muscle formation and cardiovascular function. A similar study in 2008 showed that nearly 20% of children aged 6-11 years old were overweight.
The rectus abdominus, known to many students as the "six pack" muscle, runs parallel to the midline. A sheath, the epimysium, wraps and protects the bundle of fibers and connective tissue to complete the muscle composition.
Eating fewer calories alone will not make you lose fat, since some of the weight loss may come from muscle.
On the other hand, the BMI is very simple and is criticized for overestimating body fat in athletes. Bone development and the impact of aerobics at an early age will be an important lesson that may have a real tangible impact on many students who are concerned with or want to maximize their own physical form. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention defines obese or overweight as having excess body weight or fat.
Strong, flexible muscles allow people to perform more complex movements and physical tasks without increasing their risk of injury. Tears or strains in skeletal muscle can be painful and may require treatment with ice and rest to heal. Limiting sodium intake to 2,000 milligrams per days is also recommended to avoid fluctuations in water weight and high blood pressure. For example, a body builder or athlete is going to weight a lot more than a sales associate or a professor who is the same height.
In addition, students will be able to contrast the effects of protein and fat intake on lean muscle formation.
Students might also find it interesting that muscular contraction uses energy to create heat.
The BMI might label this athlete as obese even though he or she is perfectly healthy and probably in better shape than the other person. Children and teenagers under the age of 17 have a 70% chance of developing a risk factor for cardiovascular disease6.
Conversely, BMI calculations may give the impression that an elderly person, who has lost a lot of muscle mass, has less body fat38.
The biggest goal of this unit is to teach children about the potential health risks of an improper diet and provide them with the tools and motivation to develop a fitness routine that fits their personality and lifestyle.



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