Woodworking glue tips,Boot Box Plans,How To Build A Corner Bookcase,Wood Knife Display Case - Reviews

A weak joint will split in the glueline, either because the glue was too thick or the glue didn’t penetrate the wood correctly.
Wet both surfacesIt is important to get even, continuous glue coverage on the surfaces to be bonded, so apply yellow glue to both surfaces when you can.
Instead of dovetails or other right-angle joinery I simply miter the joint, and glue end grain to end grain. From my own gluing experiences, I think that how well the joint fits before the glue is applied, along with proper glue application technique, are both likely to affect the long-term strength of the joint much more than the kind of glue that was used.
In my limited experience, the 2-layer method of glue application matters mostly in situations where the wood tends to "wick" away the glue, usually only in end-grain glue-ups or rotten wood.
Also, in most cases I have seen, two layers of glue on an edge glueline is just a liability; the first drier layer of glue is more likely to make bumps and high spots to hold your joint apart than it is to stabilize your glue surface. I have seen some people apply a light layer of glue; then they wait a few minutes for it to start to dry and then they apply a second heavier layer. Polyurethane glue is appropriate for a variety of projects, as it may be used indoors and outdoors.
A wide variety of products are available for bonding wood veneer to a substrate, including wood glue and contact adhesive. When you use steel bar clamps or pipe clamps, and wood glue comes in contact with the clamp, the moisture in the glue can cause the steel to leave a dark mark on your wood. When you’re gluing large surfaces, an inexpensive notched plastic trowel works great for spreading the glue.
Wood glue makes boards slippery, so it can be hard to keep them lined up correctly while you apply clamps.
A simple test is to place a sharp chisel exactly on the glueline, and strike it with a mallet.

This provides instant wetting of both surfaces without relying on pressure and surface flatness to transfer the glue from one surface to the other. Allow to soak in 'till dry to the touch and then apply the glue full strength to both surfaces and clamp. So I think the take-home lesson is that it's POSSIBLE to create a strong, long-lived glue joint with hide glue, but without knowing how many glue joints were made that didn't survive through the years, we can't even say that it's PROBABLE that a joint made with hide glue will last a long time.
Since hopefully you're not spending a great deal of time gluing rotten wood with yellow glue, it'll matter most to you on end-grain joints. As you know, end-grain gluelines are far weaker than edge and face joints, but sometimes you will find that full dowels, splines, shaped joints, biscuits, or various other methods are too time consuming for a quick project requiring little joint strength.
Titebond I yellow glue has been around for about 55 years, II for less than 20 years, and waterproof Titebond III for 6 years.
It is amazing how many of the really old pieces don't have glue failure no matter how hard you try to break them at the glueline. Check in every weekday for news, information, projects, and answers to questions from Fine Woodworking readers everywhere. But for a strong glue joint, you have to keep the joints free of finish (glue doesn’t stick to varnish or stains very well). You will, however, have to work fast as the open time for yellow glue can be around five minutes at a temperature of 70O F (21O C) and relative air humidity of 50%. But in general, the glueline reaches around 80% of its ultimate strength after 60 minutes of clamping.
Indeed, even with the first layer of prep glue on an end-grain joint, I RUB small amounts of glue onto the surface, wiping off any excess to avoid obscuring the actual joint surface, leaving the joint with no glue lying on or above the wood. Before using carpenter's glue to attach two pieces of wood edge-to-edge, place a line of masking tape down one side of the joint, spanning the crack with the tape.

After applying the glue, immediately clamp the pieces together, and allow 24 hours for the glue to dry. When using white glue to bond two pieces of particleboard, use a rubber paint roller to spread the glue evenly over the wood.
For leg glue-ups like we show here, cut your parts extra long and place the brads where they’ll get cut off during the finishing process. After this, joints can be released from the clamps, but the full glue strength won’t develop for about 24 hours. If I remember correctly, he feels if several boards are glued, this amount of glue gives longer working time. The first layer of glue tends to soak quickly and deeply into the joint, which can starve the glueline nearly instantly. We think that in most cases the best method is to wait about 30 to 60 minutes—just until the glue turns a darker color and changes to a gel—and then shave it off with a sharp chisel.
However, the thin first coat that quickly dries will saturate the wood fibers to prevent soaking or wicking, but still provide a bonding surface for your second coat of glue. You may still have a little cleanup to do, but it’s a lot less work than cleaning up wet glue or removing hard glue.

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