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Summary: How to install the venting duct system for a bathroom exhaust fan to make sure humidity and condensation are properly exhausted outdoors. When you install a bathroom fan do not let flexible ductwork sag because this will reduce air flow. How to Wire a Switch for an Inline Exhaust Fan – Each pair of wires will act as a switch to control one side of the low voltage power.
How to Install Bathroom Exhaust Fan Electrical Wiring – Fully Explained Photos and Wiring Diagrams for Bathroom Electrical Wiring with Code Requirements for most new or remodel projects. How to Wire a Switch for Bath Exhaust Fan and Light – You will be using multiple switches for individual functions.
Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area. Identify the panel circuits found in the project area, turn them OFF and Tag them with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
Electrical parts and materials for home wiring projects should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
Installing additional home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes with a permit and be inspected. I think your site offers the the clearest and best electrical information for homeowners I have ever seen on the net.You have given me confidence to do my own projects which I never had before.
I wish I found this site earlier, it is by far the best electrical related resource I have found on the web. Many people, when building a new home, anticipate spending a number of years, if not decades, living in it. Australian demographics are changing rapidly, with average households becoming both smaller and older as an increasing number of people live independently in their later years.
An adaptable house accommodates lifestyle changes without the need to demolish or substantially modify the existing structure and services. An adaptable house can be designed to easily enable a large family home to be eventually divided into two smaller housing units, so residents continue living in a familiar environment.
For those with limited mobility, reduced vision or other impairment, the ability to perform common tasks such as carrying shopping into the home, cooking a meal, using the bathroom or accessing items from high shelves may be unnecessarily limited by the physical design of a home. Livable house — designed to meet the changing needs of most home occupants throughout their lifetime without the need for specialisation. Accessible house — designed to meet the needs of people requiring higher level access from the outset, and usually designed and built with a specific person’s needs in mind. Adaptable house — adopts the idea of a livable house but in addition is able to be easily adapted to become an accessible house if the need should arise.
The livable house is based on the principles of ‘universal design’ — defined as the design of products and environments so that they are usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialised design. A livable house uses building features, fittings and products in combination to increase usability, benefiting people of all ages and abilities. When homes are retrofitted with ramps, handrails and other devices, they can take on an institutionalised appearance. Livable Housing Australia’s Design guidelines (2nd edition) provide technical advice and guidance on the key living features that make a home easier and safer to live in for people of all ages and abilities.
A livable house does not necessarily accommodate the higher access needs of occupants who require an adaptable or accessible house.
In addition to being designed to be usable by most people, the adaptable house has provision for further modifications should they be required to meet the specific needs of a disabled occupant. Australian Standard AS 4299-1995, Adaptable housing, provides guidance for designing houses to accommodate varying degrees of physical ability over time.
Starting from the basic premise that every house should be accessible to a visitor using a wheelchair, AS 4299-1995, Adaptable housing, requires the house to also be adaptable for an occupant using a wheelchair. Adherence to AS 4299 may be specified in the building contract and enables housing to be certified as adaptable to one of three classes based upon the inclusion of essential and desirable features. By meeting occupant needs over a greater period of time, the livable house and the adaptable house reduce the need to relocate to alternative housing, which can break community ties.
Design for adaptability enables rapid response to changing life needs which can be swift and unexpected. In the early stages of designing a new house or renovation, consider what type of use may be desirable and discuss your choices with your architect, designer or builder.
Is it desirable for the house to be accessible for elderly friends and relatives who have a disability? Is it desirable to make provisions for the future accommodation of an ageing or disabled occupant? Minor alterations to bathrooms or kitchens can incorporate many adaptable housing features at minimal extra cost, making significant savings when adaptations are required in the future.
The following sections show how spaces in and around a home may begin to accommodate both livable and adaptable housing principles.
For security, the house entrance needs to be visible from the entry point to the site or the car parking space.
The interior of the house should allow easy movement between spaces; often, this simply means slightly widening internal doors and passageways. Internal doors should have a minimum unobstructed width of 820mm and passageways a minimum of 1000mm, but any additional width is beneficial.
Electrical outlets are best placed at a minimum of 600mm above the floor; for light switches and other controls the ideal height range is 900?1100mm.


Window sills should be low enough to allow unobstructed views to the exterior from standing, sitting and lying positions where appropriate. In homes accommodating an elderly or disabled person it is advisable to provide a living space separate to the bedroom and main family areas for additional privacy. As a person’s physical abilities deteriorate over time, the kitchen is one of the main rooms in the house where the impact of physical limitations is felt. To accommodate a wheelchair user or other seated occupant, portions of the work surfaces should be constructed at a lower level than those for standing users, with leg room provided under work benches.
At least one bedroom in the house should be accessible to a person using a wheelchair and be sized to enable them to manoeuvre within the space. If separate bathroom and toilet facilities are preferred, install a removable wall between the toilet cubicle and the bathroom during construction.
One of the most common adaptations employed in residential bathrooms is the installation of grab rails for support and stability. Access to external drying areas should consider mobility issues and the need to use clothes baskets and trolleys. Although single level homes seem an obvious choice for accessible housing, two or more storey houses and apartments can also be suitable for adaptation.
To facilitate multi-level access, floor plans should allow for the future installation of vertical lifts or staircase lifts. Make rubbish bins, recycling storage, letterboxes, clotheslines and garden tool storage accessible along paths (see ‘Access and entry’ above). Provide access and circulation space to external areas such as patios and terraces (see ‘Living spaces’ above). Provide private, sheltered areas with access to northern sun in winter, visible from inside the home. Locate car parking close to the entry with at least one covered parking space sized to enable wheelchair access.
Allow secure space for future storage and recharging of a wheelchair or other mobility device such as a scooter. Ensure that garden and fence layouts do not compromise security by limiting visibility through the site.
The low voltage relay is located near the in-line exhaust fan where it will act as a switch for the 120 volt power for the in-line exhaust fan. The balance between home and work life also places altering demands on our houses as many people choose to work from home. Most people can expect temporary or permanent variations in their physical capabilities in their life due to injury, illness or age. An accessible house meets Australian Standard AS 1428.1-2001, Design for access and mobility, and is able to accommodate wheelchair users in all areas of the dwelling. The intention is to simplify life for everyone by making more housing usable by more people at minimal extra cost. It ensures that rooms and services within the home are of a size and type usable by as many people as possible.
Universal design does not propose special features for the aged or disabled but instead promotes the use of standard building products and practices to overcome access and usability problems. The guidelines were developed and endorsed by industry, community and government, and aim to improve the design and function of new homes in the mainstream and social housing market.
The inclusion of livable design features may reduce or eliminate the cost of retrofitting a home to improve access in the future.
Although such a need is unlikely in every home, the standard specifies wheelchair space requirements, as circulation and access present the greatest difficulties. It recommends that adaptable features incorporated into a dwelling be clearly documented with ‘before’ and ‘after’ drawings. They are also attractive housing options for the greatest number of people and therefore provide a sound investment for resale and rental. It also increases the building’s serviceable life span before remodelling, with associated financial, energy and material savings.
Features and dimensions prescribed by AS 4299 and AS 1428.1 may vary over time as these documents are periodically revised.
The entry itself should provide a level sheltered landing that is dimensioned for wheelchair manoeuvrability and is adequately lit for visibility from inside the home. Ideally, access should be easy throughout the entire home but it may be considered necessary only in some parts such as between living spaces, kitchen, bathroom and one bedroom. The use of two-way switches at each end of corridors and where spaces have more than one entry is desirable. Where different floor surfaces meet, they need to be level and fitted with cover strips to prevent tripping. To accommodate a range of activities and tasks it is advisable to install thermal conditioning and services to suit a variety of furniture layouts.
Detailed documentation for designing kitchens and joinery for wheelchair users is widely available; however, as people’s maximum reach and strength vary greatly, even among wheelchair users, so kitchens designed specifically for people with disability vary greatly too. To facilitate such changes kitchen joinery can be installed using modular components that allow for easy removal or modification of individual parts rather than the reconstruction of the entire joinery layout. The location of the accessible bedroom should take into account who is likely to use it, be it a family member with a temporary physical limitation, visitors of various abilities or an ageing resident.
If possible, make the entire bathroom fully accessible for a wheelchair user, ensuring that all the facilities can be used by residents with limited mobility or who need the assistance of a carer.


To reduce the amount of work required later, install such a wall as a non-loadbearing partition after the floor and wall finishes are completed.
To avoid demolishing sections of wall to insert support points, fix 12mm structural plywood to any stud wall framing behind the finished wall materials. The ground floor of a multi-level house can be accessible to visitors with a disability or even accommodate an occupant with a temporary disability.
A vertical lift requires space for a hole through each floor adjacent to circulation space on all levels. Whatever the intention, any new home is likely to have to accommodate changing needs over its lifetime.
A single space may act at different times as a home office, a teenage retreat, a family study or a bedroom for an elderly relative. The Australian Bureau of Statistics reports that the percentage of individuals with a disability increases significantly with age, rising to more than 50% of people aged over 60. For example, slightly wider doorways or passageways are more easily navigated by users of mobility devices such as walking frames, wheelchairs or a child’s pram.
For example, designing an entry without steps removes the need for the later addition of a ramp and handrails for wheelchair users, while improving access for children’s prams.
The guidelines detail three performance levels for livability — silver, gold and platinum — which range from basic requirements through to best practice. By allowing enough space for wheelchairs, other equipment such as walking frames, prams and trolleys can be better accommodated. This avoids relying upon recollection and enables the information to be readily passed on to contractors or subsequent owners.
Entry door locks and lever handles should be fitted at appropriate heights and be able to be used with one hand. Circulation space around doors to allow wheelchair access is required, with special attention given to providing enough space to reach and operate the door lever.
Lighting design needs to respond to the specific use of different spaces by evenly distributing light to avoid shadows, especially over work surfaces. The design of a kitchen should not limit a person’s independence and ought to be adaptable to accommodate a specific individual’s needs.
Additional services such as two-way light switches, telephone outlets, additional electrical outlets and TV outlets are recommended to ensure maximum usability and security. Similarly, install items such as vanity cupboards, toilet bowls or shower screens which may require relocation or modification, as removable fixtures after all surrounding surfaces are completed. In addition, allow leg space around handbasins and locate items such as mirrors, electrical outlets and controls so they can be used by people both standing and seated.
In addition to access between living, kitchen and bathroom spaces, include an accessible bathroom and a space appropriate for use as a bedroom on the ground floor. Initially the hole in the upper floor can be filled in or the space used for storage until adaptation is required.
Maybe they will inspire you to create a great design of your house, garden, office, bathroom, kitchen or any other place. A livable and adaptable house is one that is able to respond effectively to these needs without requiring costly and energy intensive alterations.
Longer life spans and higher proportions of older people in our society make it more likely that every home will be required to respond to the needs of a person with a physical limitation whether they are the primary resident or a visitor. People with limited hand function find screw-type sink taps more difficult to use than lever-type taps, which can be used by everyone. Compliance with this standard enables a design to be certified as an adaptable house, clearly identifying and recognising its adaptable features. Ensure no obstructions or level changes limit access by a wheelchair user or are a tripping hazard to others. Lighting should also be able to provide stronger illumination when required for those with impaired vision. The Center for Universal Design, North Carolina State University, College of Design, Raleigh, NC. Whether or not a designer is seeking certification, the certification document provides useful information.
With the assistance of our site, you can also learn their secrets and add these components to your apartments. Remember that picking the right lighting for your house makes a large impact on the styling you create. You will be able to create magic with special lighting effects, and alter the atmosphere from special to occasional and even expressive with shades of light.
So feel free to browse the WinLights site, watch photographs, read articles and create a unique ambience in your apartment. You may also be interested in information about Modern Bathroom Lighting, Bathroom Lighting Options Dual Sinks, Murray Feiss Bathroom Lighting.



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